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Debating Islam ( 19 Jan 2022, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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The Verses Of Jihad In Quran: Meaning, Reason Of Revelation, Context, And Background - Part 12

By Badruddoja Razvi Misbahi, New Age Islam

(Translated from Urdu by Newageislam.com)

20 January 2022

Explaining Verses 41:27 And 41:28 Out Of 26 Verses Presented By Wasim Rizvi In Supreme Court

Main Points Discussed In Part 12

1.      The critics have offered just verses 27 and 28 for their malicious objective, neglecting verse 26, which discloses the criminals' culpability.

2.      The Quran is in fact the book of Allah in which He Almighty has compiled all the realities of the world.

3.      According to the great scholars, “There is nothing in the universe that Allah's Book does not mention”.

4.      Despite their exceptional eloquence and rhetoric, the eloquent Arabs failed to respond to the Holy Quran.

……

 فَلَنُذِیْقَنَّ الَّذِیْنَ كَفَرُوْا عَذَابًا شَدِیْدًاۙ-وَّ لَنَجْزِیَنَّهُمْ اَسْوَاَ الَّذِیْ كَانُوْا یَعْمَلُوْنَ(۲۷)ذٰلِكَ جَزَآءُ اَعْدَآءِ اللّٰهِ النَّارُۚ-لَهُمْ فِیْهَا دَارُ الْخُلْدِؕ-جَزَآءًۢ بِمَا كَانُوْا بِاٰیٰتِنَا یَجْحَدُوْنَ (28(

Allah Almighty says, “But We will surely cause those who disbelieve to taste a severe punishment, and We will surely recompense them for the worst of what they had been doing. That is the recompense of the enemies of Allah - the Fire. For them therein is the home of eternity as recompense for what they, of Our verses, were rejecting.” (41:27-28)

In verses 26, 27, and 28 of Surah Fussilat (41), Allah Almighty has revealed both crime and punishment; yet, the critics have offered just verses 27 and 28 for their malicious objective, neglecting verse 26, which discloses the criminals' culpability.

The Quran is in fact the book of Allah in which He Almighty has compiled all the realities of the world, as Ibn Suraqah relates from Abu Bakr ibn Mujahid in Kitab Ul I'jaaz, who says, “There is nothing in the universe that Allah's Book does not mention." (Al-Itqan, Volume II, p. 160) And it is narrated by Ibn Burhan that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “There is nothing except it is in the Quran, or the origin of everything is mentioned in the Quran, whether it is near or far.” (Al-Itqan, p.160) This hadith implies that the Qur'an contains knowledge of everything. Now, if Allah has provided the seeker the ability of comprehension and understanding, he can extract knowledge of everything from the Qur'an according to his understanding. “Whatever you ask me about, I will tell you that it is in the Qur'an, that is, I will answer it from the Qur'an,” Hazrat Imam Shaafi’i (may Allah have mercy on him) once remarked in Makkah. (Al-Itqan, p.60) More evidence of this type can be found in Al-Itqan.

The Quran is a miraculous book of Allah Almighty in terms of language and expression. Despite their exceptional eloquence and rhetoric, the eloquent Arabs were unable to respond to this holy Book. In various places, Allah Almighty challenged them, saying that if they are committed to their pledge that the Quran is not a divine book, then they should bring forth a speech like this.

Allah says, “Then let them produce a statement like it if they should be truthful” (52:34)

Then Allah Almighty challenged them to answer any ten Surahs of the Quran if they couldn't answer the entire Quran.

Allah says, “Or do they say, "He invented it"? Say, "Then bring ten Surahs like it that have been invented and call upon [for assistance] whomever you can besides Allah, if you should be truthful.” (11:13)

Then Allah Almighty challenged them, saying that answering ten Surahs is a big deal, so they should just answer one of them!!

Allah says, “Or do they say [about the Prophet], "He invented it?" Say, "Then bring forth a Surah like it and call upon [for assistance] whomever you can besides Allah, if you should be truthful.” (10:38)

In this way, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) continued to challenge the Makkans in several dialects, but they were unable to respond to even a single verse of a single Surah. This challenge continues to this day. If Wasim Rizvi or anti-Islamic groups claim that the Quran is not a divine book or that some of its verses are a combination of human and divine language, they must not respond to the entire Quran, but simply to the verses about which they have expressed doubt.

Despite their zeal to reject the Quran and extinguish its light, the erudite Arabs were unable to respond to any verse of the Quran. They would have responded to the Quran if they had the power to do so. The fact is that they were secretly impacted by Quranic influences, as Ibn Abbas related when Waleed ibn Mughirah came to the Prophet's house and he read Qur'anic verses that caused Waleed ibn Mughira to feel sympathy.

This news was communicated to Abu Jahl. He approached Waleed bin Mughira and said, “O uncle! Your people want to amass some wealth for you.’ Why Waleed inquired? Abu Jahl explained, “they want to give it to you because you go to Muhammad (peace be upon him).” He [Waleed] remarked, “The people of Quraysh are well aware that I am the wealthiest of them”. Abu Jahl said, “Then, say something about Muhammad that indicates how much you despise him”.

“By Allah, you know perfectly well that there is not a man among you who is more knowledgeable about poetry and its composition than me,” Waleed added, expressing the truth. I am well-versed in the many forms of rhymes and poems, as well as in the poems about the Jins. By Allah, what he [the Prophet] says does not resemble any poetry. By Allah, the speech which he utters is sweet and graceful, and, indeed, the upper half of his speech is full of tasty fruits, while the lower part is devoid of dry leaves and branches. The words of God Almighty are about to rise. They can't be lowered by anyone. Anyone who steps on them will be trampled to pieces. (Al-Itqan, Part II, pp. 140, 150).

When the Quraysh of Makkah were unable to respond to the Quran and realized that the Quranic influence was growing and the Quraysh and nobles of Makkah were also embracing Islam, they grew obstinate and began insulting the Quran, claiming it was a work of magic. They would refer to it as a poem at times and claim that these are the stories of people from the past at other times. They even prepared for war, torturing and killing the Muslims. They began to persecute and imprison the poor Companions, legitimizing the shedding of their lives and plundering of their property. As they were still unsatisfied with that, they began to persuade their people that they should not be silent when Muhammad [peace be upon him] recited the Qur'an. Instead, they should make a loud noise, clap, and whistle so that the words of the Quran do not reach their ears. Verse 26 of Surah Fussilat refers to this situation, and it is this verse that the critics have ignored during their objections. In this verse, Allah says, “And those who disbelieve say, "Do not listen to this Qur'an and speak noisily during [the recitation of] it that perhaps you will overcome.” (41:26)

It was their ignorance and delusion that they would be able to defeat the founder of Islam and wipe out Islam in this manner. Since Allah Almighty is the Helper of His beloved Prophet, all obstructions would be eliminated. Allah Almighty outlines the punishment for their most heinous crime and repulsive behaviour in verses 27 and 28 of this Surah. All of this means to say, “O, ignorant!" You will know what you did after your result comes, and you are severely punished. The divine law of kama tudin tudan, which means "Just as one condemns, one will be condemned" or "What goes around comes around," was in effect, and governments around the world are following the same path.

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Maulana Badruddoja Razvi Misbahi, Principal of Madrasa Arabia Ashrafia Zia-ul-Uloom Khairabad, District Mau, UP (India) is a Sufi-minded, well-mannered, classical Islamic scholar, an expert teacher, an excellent writer, a good poet and orator. He has authored numerous books, some of which are as follows: 1) Fazilat-e-Ramazan, 2) Zad-ul-Haramain, 3) Mukhzin-e-Tib, 4) Tauzeehat-e-Ahsan, the commentary on  the well-known logical book “Mulla Hasan” 5) Muhazarat fi Halle Qutbi Tasawwurat, 6) Tahzib al-Faraid commentary on “Sharh al-Aqaid”, 7) Atayib al-Tahani fi Halle Mukhtasar al-Ma’ani, 8) Commentary on Sahih Muslim

Other Parts Of The Articles:   

The Verses of Jihad: Meaning, Denotation, Reason of Revelation and Background- Part 1

The Verses of Jihad: Meaning, Denotation, Reason of Revelation and Background- Part 2

The Verses of Jihad: Meaning, Denotation, Reason of Revelation and Background- Part 3

The Verses of Jihad- Meaning, Denotation, Reason of Revelation and Background- Part 4

The Verses of Jihad in The Quran - Meaning, Denotation, Reason of Revelation and Background - Part 5

The Verses of Jihad in The Quran - Meaning, Denotation, Reason of Revelation and Background - Part 6

The Verses of Jihad in Quran: Meaning, Reason of Revelation, Context and Background - Part 7

The Verses of Jihad in Quran: Meaning, Reason of Revelation, Context and Background - Part 8

The Verses of Jihad in Quran: Meaning, Reason of Revelation, Context and Background - Part 9

The Verses of Jihad in Quran: Meaning, Reason of Revelation, Context and Background - Part 10

The Verses of Jihad in Quran: Meaning, Reason of Revelation, Context and Background - Part 11

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