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Islamic Ideology ( 13 Jan 2015, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Hadith Is Not a Divine Scripture of Islam – a la Qur’an

 

 

By Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

14 January, 2015

(Muhammad Yunus, co-author (Jointly with Ashfaque Ullah Syed), Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009)

This condensed article aims at corroborating the above claim made in Sultan Shahin Sahab’s article now under debate, ref:

Muslims Must Confront Islamist Terror Ideologically: An Islamic Reformation Required

Since the commentaries are not debating the issue as raised in the article in a focused way and instead going around it and debating an irresolvable issue, whether the Qur’an is created or uncreated, the need is felt for this focused article.

It consists of some simple questions and quotations from some of the most eminent scholars of Islam. The Ahadith quoted are all from the most reputed of Hadith compilations – that of Imam Bukhari.

Question 1. Will it be correct to claim the following today? 

        The sun goes down every day under the Throne (of God) and takes permission to rise again [Vol.4/ Acc.421].

        Fever is from the heat of hell [Vol.7/ Acc. 619, 620, 621, 622/Volume 7],

        Cupping operations or branding (cauterization) offer best for healing of wounds [Vol.7/ Acc. 584, 585 and 587, 605],

        One should run away from the leper as one runs away from the lion. [Vol.7/ Acc.608/],

        No contagious disease is conveyed to others without Allah's permission

        The majority of the dwellers of hell-fire will be women [Acc.28, 301/Vol.1, Acc. 541/Vol.2].

        A woman (`that is sterile or discontented or impudent') can be a bad omen [Vo.7/ Acc.649, 666.]

Q.2 Can anyone claim infallibility of the following Ahadith which are self-contradictory

        Hajj is redemption of all past sins [Vol.2, Acc. 596]. The reward for hajj is commensurate to the hardship undertaken for it [Vol.3, Acc. 15].

        The dog is a clean animal as dogs used to roam about the Prophet’s mosque and even urinate there [Vol.1, Acc. 174]. The dog is an unclean animal, and so if a dog eats from a container, it is to be washed seven times to purify it before human use [Vol.1, Acc. 173].

        The dog is a blessed creature as a man was promised Paradise by God because he brought water from a well to quench the thirst of a dog [Vol.1, Acc. 174]. The dog is an accursed creature as its sale is forbidden [Vol.3, Acc. 439, 440].

        The Prophet forbade the killing of women and children [Vol.4, Acc. 257, 258]. The Prophet tacitly approved the killing of pagans at night when women were also exposed (and could be killed during attack) [Vol.4, Acc. 256].

3. Can anyone claim eternal validity of the following Ahadith that were specific to the era?

Muslims must not carry the Qur’an to a hostile land [Vol.4, Acc. 233],

They must not keep agricultural implements at homes [Vol.3, Acc. 514], take the price of a dog [Vol.3, Acc. 439, 440], or sell fruits until they are ripe and red [Vol.1, Acc. 565]

4. Can anyone claim that the Hadith that project the Prophet as a sadist and sexually obsesses person as quoted in my last article [2] divinely revealed? 

The answer to the above four simple questions is “No”

5. Did the Prophet show any of the various miracles as great many Ahadith claim? 

The answer in ‘No’ because the Qur’an which is the infallible word of God repeatedly refutes such notion (6:37, 11:12, 13:7, 17:90-93, 21:5, 25:7/8, 29:50), though it claims its own miraculous character [1].

Now let us quote some of the most eminent scholars of Islam including the compilers of the Hadith:

1.       Imam al-Bukhari: “Why do people impose conditions which are not in Allah’s book (Kitab il Lah)? Whoever imposes such conditions as are not in Allah’s Laws (Kitab il Lah), then that condition is invalid even if he imposes one hundred such conditions, for Allah’s conditions (as stated in the Qur’an) are truth and more valid.”[Acc. 364, 735/Vol.3].

2.       Imam Muslim: "If we discuss about all those accounts which are held authentic (Sahih) before the learned, and suspect by a critical scholar (who demands a proof of personal meeting between the narrators and transmitters of Hadith in each generation), - we would simply be tired (because they are so large in number)." …‘This argument is novel in its approach, and it is wrong that early scholars did not believe in this. Neither is its denial by those who came later, any ground for its repudiation... and God is there to help repudiate what is wrong in the religion of the learned and I trust in Him” – Imam Muslim [Concluding pages of Muqaddimah of his compilation]

3.       Shibli Noumani: “Caliph Umar is reported to have remarked: Fanan Shaqaluhum Jar’rethul Qur’ana (Do not mix things with the Qur’an), and Wa Qil’lur Rawa’ayata Un Rasul’illahe” (Quote sparingly from the Prophet). [Shibli Noumani, al Faruq, 1898, Karachi reprint 1991]

4.       Yusuf Guraya records, on the strength of al-Tabari:4  

“The seven jurists of Madinah were primarily Fuqaha as their epithet suggests, and it was only secondarily that they related to Ahadith. They were Sa'id b. al-Musayyib (d. 93 A.H.)... These were the people who laid down the foundations of Madinese Fiqh. They were not strictly traditionalist, and the majority of them preoccupied themselves with juridical opinions and Fiqh, rather than Hadith.” [Yusuf Guraya, Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence, Delhi 1992, p. 29/30]

Conclusion: The above illustrations are more than enough to establish that the Hadith could not be divinely revealed – parallel or complementary or even remotely synergetic to the Qur’an as the article claims. Any further elaboration, which can no doubt be added, will, however, be like killing the scarecrow and tax the readers. Indeed we need the Hadith to know the ways the Prophet performed the Islamic rituals like prayer, fasting and hajj but we cannot consider it divine or even indirect revelation (Wah’i) because then we will make a gross error by elevating what is fallible and historically derived, era specific to the level of divinity – an open shirk.

The evolution of Hadith sciences is a highly technical subject and those interest may read the following articles posted on this website sometimes back:

Related Articles:

Evolution of Hadith Sciences and Need for Major Paradigm Shift in Role of Hadith Corpus and Scope of Madrasa Education

http://newageislam.com/islamic-sharia-laws/evolution-of-hadith-sciences-and-need-for-major-paradigm-shift-in-role-of-hadith-corpus-and-scope-of-madrasa-education/d/6581

Defending the Hadith and Its Compilers – The Great Imams Who Are Sometimes Misunderstood and Even Reviled

http://newageislam.com/islamic-sharia-laws/by-muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/defending-the-hadith-and-its-compilers-–-the-great-imams-who-are-sometimes-misunderstood-and-even-reviled/d/8011

Muslims Must Confront Islamist Terror Ideologically: An Islamic Reformation Required

http://www.newageislam.com/islam,terrorism-and-jihad/sultan-shahin,-editor,-new-age-islam/muslims-must-confront-islamist-terror-ideologically--an-islamic-reformation-required/d/100918

Notes

1.       The Qur’an challenges its audience successively “to produce a discourse (hadith) like this, if they are truthful” (52:34); “to forging ten or producing a single chapter like it (11:13, 2:23)” and warned them that they can never do it (2:24). It further claims that it is of such a literary grandeur that only God Almighty could be its Author (10:37).

Muhammad Yunus, a Chemical Engineering graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, and a retired corporate executive has been engaged in an in-depth study of the Qur’an since early 90’s, focusing on its core message. He has co-authored the referred exegetic work, which received the approval of al-Azhar al-Sharif, Cairo in 2002, and following restructuring and refinement was endorsed and authenticated by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl of UCLA, and published by Amana Publications, Maryland, USA, 2009.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/hadith-is-not-a-divine-scripture-of-islam-–-a-la-qur’an/d/100996

 

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  1. Lodhia
    You are following GM unconsciously in not picking. You mmust define cult mentality?
    What is a cult and what is cultist mentality? What you call if somebody kills and being killed for the love and honor of prophet?
    What do you call somebody who can sacrifices his parwnts , children and relatives for the sake of unconditional love for prophet?
    By rational mohammed yunus 06/02/2015 00:16:14
  2. Sultan Shahin Saheb,

     

    Subject: What Is Cult Mentality?  

     

    One of your forum’s most favorite commentators wrote to Muhammad Yunus Saheb, “Is it not cult mentality?

     

    You of all know well that Yunus Saheb is very well versed in the subject related to our Holy Quran. Therefore, I remain baffled by this particular question.

     

    For sure, those readers who have a highest respect for Muhammad Yunus Saheb, (which includes this humble Muslim), will certainly appreciate your kind response.

     

    Mohammed Rafiq Lodhia    

    By Mohammed Rafiq Lodhia 05/02/2015 23:09:49
  3. Mohammed yunus saheb
    Many commentators are absent. Those who could write in support of fanciful attributes to the prophet. 
    Now to core of my objection against you.
    In this comment you called attributes of prophet fanciful not derogatory of insulting. Playing with words. You call it derogatory if I quote them and my comment hate speech for which I can be booked under law.
    Who attributed these derogatory and insulting stories to the prophet hz Mohammed who is dearest to you than anything in the world even parents who gave birth to you and brought you to a respectful position. Is it not cult mentality?
    Why fabricators of insulting stories are great personalities to you and quoter the lowest creature? Is justice dear you? You go in silence when I ask this question. 
    Muslims do khatm e bukhari for blessing and you call it derogatory. 
    You are applying double standard. Why harsh words are not for fabricators from your tongue?
    Is everything attached to Islam just beautiful? 
    I am sorry to say that you played double standard. Do you learn it from the Quran. I never quoted a false quotation. It can be verified. You have verified. 
    How can you be with victims of Charlie habdo killing if you have intense hate for who insult Islam in your view. You proved stand of killers with verbal war. They used guns you used words. Yet you show solidatory with victims. Is it due to your living in west?
    By rational mohammed yunus 05/02/2015 22:57:22
  4. Dear Rational,
    You said " If you wrote an article to show that the prophet had no shadow or ilm e ghaib etc there will be a pile of comments from Sufi muslims"

    Well this is what I wrote in another article referenced below:

    The truth is the simple Muslims in early Islam created fanciful imageries around the person of the Prophet to make him a legendary and extra-ordinary figure. That included, among other things, colourful details about some of his marriages, which may sometimes be as imaginative as the stories surrounding the birth of the Prophet: a blaze of white light on Abdullah’s forehead as he went to consume marriage with his bride that led to the conception of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), light from Amina’s pregnant belly illuminating the night sky right up to Syria,  a violent earthquake made the palace of Chosroes the Great tremble, and shattered fourteen of its towers; the sacred fire, kept alight for more than a thousand years by Persian worshippers went out, all the idols of the universe were found with their heads bowed down in great shame and so forth. The early listeners of these accounts listened to them with awe and admiration as the bizarre and the fantabulous fired their imagination. Narrated today, they are simply gossipy or Islamic mythology rubber stamped as theology or weak Hadith.

    Ref: Defending the Prophet of Islam against Vulgar Charges from both Islamophobic and Radical Islamic Intellectuals and So Called Rationalists

    Only five or six people commented including yourself.

    Don't you differentiate between myth and truth. Have you really read the Qur'an with its simple meaning or are you among those who try to understand the Qur'an in light of Hadith and take all embellishments on their face value.    
    By muhammad yunus 05/02/2015 09:33:01
  5. Article draws but a few comments. Why?
    Because either the article is not worth responding or Muslims specially sufis under the cloack of modernism opt silence. Majority of Muslims including moderates consider Hadith equal to the Quran or a key to understand the Quran.
    Best way to hide one's favor to hadith is silence. Their voice will expose the disease. So few keep writing to pull down the hadith one paddle below but the majority keep revering hadith equal or even higher than the Quran.
    The article is not well taken by peaceful Sufi Muslims of the site. If you wrote an article to show that the prophet had no shadow or ilm e ghaib etc there will be a pile of comments from Sufi muslims.

    By rational mohammed yunus 28/01/2015 21:49:53