By New Age Islam Edit Desk
1 August 2014
Islam has been hijacked and turned into a joke by these marauders and terrorists called the ISIS and Al Qaida. Last month, on 30 July, Abu Bakr Baghdadi, a person of dubious background announced the establishment of Islamic State in Mosul and unleashed a reign of terror among Christians and Muslims alike, razing many religious structures of Shias and Sunnis and then issuing the order mandating FGM of millions of girls in the captured territory. Since the time Baghdadi parted ways with his Alma mater Al Qaida and rose to fame, Al Qaida was looking for an opportunity to assert its existence and strength. And as it cannot overpower ISIS in Iraq or Syria, it shifted its focus and strategy from Iraq to Libya where there was some scope of reclaiming the lost ‘glory’ as the land is at the moment without any authority or rule of law. So, an Al Qaida offshoot Ansar al Shariah conquered Benghazi in Libya and announced that an Islamic Emirate had been established there. But why an Emirate and not a Caliphate?
Perhaps, the Al Qaida is aware that Abu Bakr’s caliphate has drawn criticism and adverse Fatwas from the Islamic world on the basis that it was not sponsored by the Ijma of the Muslims and Abu Bakr was not elected by any Shura of the Elders. So if Al Qaida too had declared its government in Benghazi a Caliphate, it would have met the same fate. So probably to avoid any religious blowback or fatwa from Al Qaradhawi or any senior cleric, it avoided the use of the word Caliphate. By doing so, it will also not antagonise the two most powerful oil rich nations of the region – Saudi Arabia and Qatar -- as they will believe that an Emirate cannot be the enemy of an Emirate while the Caliphate is definitely an enemy of an Emirate or a Kingdom.
Two years ago, an offshoot of Al Qaida had established a temporary Caliphate in Timbuktu, burning libraries and destroying tombs apart from stoning the adulterers (their most favourite pastime) but the French forces drove them out.
In Pakistan too, they had been running Caliphate in Waziristan where they killed girl students for going to schools and colleges and for going out to vote and are now being eliminated by the government forces.
Going by the fate of the Caliphates all over the world, Al Qaida has decided not to call their government a Caliphate. They will call it Emirate and hope to live in peace for some time now. By not declaring Benghazi a Caliphate, the Al Qaida have cleverly tried to keep the religious circle out of the debate as it has never bothered about what Ulema think or say about their ways and ideology as it boasts of its own Ulema and ideologues and does not depend on the mainstream muftis and Ulema like the ISIS does.