By Aamir Mughal
April 14, 2013
2009: THE nation is heaving a sigh of relief as one of the most painful phases in Pakistan`s history has ended with Musharraf`s resignation. Should the matter end here? Gen Musharraf dismissed judges and violated the constitution but all dictators are guilty of that. His greatest crime was that he compromised Pakistan`s national interests to consolidate his power when he was an international pariah and brought Pakistan to the brink of Balkanisation by his dual track policy of covertly supporting the Afghan Taliban while allowing the Americans to conduct air strikes on Pakistan. But it is impossible to forgive him for insulting the people of Pakistan by telling them in the full glare of TV cameras that they should eat chicken if pulses are expensive (`daal mahngi hey to murgi khain`). Marie Antoinette of France said, “Let them eat cake” when confronted by the poverty of the people and shortage of bread. She was executed by guillotine at the height of the French Revolution in 1793 for the crime of treason. A section of our English-speaking elite believe Musharraf was trying to save them from the Taliban. This makes you wonder how ignorant one can be. He secured the evacuation of more than 3,000 Taliban and militants between Nov 15 and 23, 2001 from Kunduz in Afghanistan, where they had been trapped, to Pakistan`s tribal areas from where they were to later organise and conduct terrorist attacks. Musharraf used the intelligence agencies to rig the 2002 elections to enable the supporters of religious militants and Lal Masjid extremists, such as Chaudhry Shujaat and Ijazul Haq, to gain power in the centre and the religious elements to gain ground in the NWFP and Balochistan. The politics of fear and blackmail was practised, fully exploiting the apprehensions of Pakistanis and the West of religious extremists. This double game was played to a degree where it forced a former general and corps commander Faiz Ali Chisti to make a shocking statement to an international news agency on Jan 27, 2008. Chishti said he would “not be surprised” if Musharraf had engineered terror attacks to manipulate his image in the West. “Musharraf is an intellectually dishonest person. He is a clever ruler, who makes the US and the West believe that they can only effectively deal with Al Qaeda as long as he is in power,” Chishti said. REFERENCE: Musharraf must face an open trial By Yousuf Nazar August 19th, 2008 http://archives.dawn.com/archives/29140
He finishes the call with a dose of fair warning. "You should understand something," Pervez Musharraf says, finally to Benazir Bhutto. "Your security is based on the state of our relationship." She hangs up the phone feeling as though she might be sick. 2009 NEW YORK: The US intelligence agencies taped Benazir Bhutto's phone calls, prior to her arrival in Pakistan, in a bid to "play under-the-table, cut-throat games more effectively", a new book has revealed. "The Way of the World" authored by a Pulitzer Prize winning US journalist Ron Suskind, is full of disclosures, with its fair portion about Musharraf-Benazir conversation including Musharraf's quote "You should understand something, your security is based on the state of our relationship". Suskind writes that Benazir Bhutto's case of returning to Pakistan was strongly backed by Condoleezza Rice-led State Department and equally opposed by Vice President Dick Cheney who considered Bhutto "complicated and unpredictable". The book said whenever Benazir Bhutto went harsh on Musharraf, the US ambassador in Islamabad advised her to "tone down any criticism of Musharraf". The author said Bhutto often regretted that Vice President Cheney never called Musharraf asking him to "behave" and instead kept her pressing for coming to terms with him. As Musharraf, during telephonic conversations, refused entertaining her demand of revoking provision barring her becoming PM for third time, Bhutto said: "What you can give me (then)? May be some real reform in election commission". Musharraf said: "She should not be hoping for much there (reforms), either". The book revealed US intelligence once intercepted Bhutto's conversation with her son, Bilawal. "They've been listening to her calls for months, including an earlier call she made to her son.
“Telephonic conversation with Musharraf:
Referring to conversation that took place three weeks before her return when she was meeting US lawmakers at Capitol Hill, including John Kerry, and State Department officials, he writes: "Suddenly the couple (Bhutto-Zardari) turns. One of Bhutto's aides is rushing towards them, saying he's just gotten a call from one of Musharraf's aides. The aide says that Musharraf can't support Bhutto on a key demand — the repeal of the provision prohibiting a third term for the prime ministers — and he wants to talk to her... Bhutto takes the call from Islamabad. "The twice-elected provision is important to me," she tells Musharraf. "If you're retreating from that, what can you give me? May be some real reform in the election commission?" He says she shouldn't be hoping for much there, either. In their many calls, he's been surprisingly cordial, often quite reasonable. But something has changed. His voice is harsh, almost mocking her. She asks if the US officials have had conversation with him that makes it clear that her safety is his responsibility. "Yes, someone has called", Musharraf says, and then laughs. "The Americans can call all they want with their suggestions about you and me, let them call," he tells her... He finishes the call with a dose of fair warning. "You should understand something," Pervez Musharraf says, finally to Benazir Bhutto. "Your security is based on the state of our relationship." She hangs up the phone feeling as though she might be sick.
Condoleezza Rice Vs. Dick Cheney:
“The initiative to reinsert Bhutto into Pakistan, was, in fact, launched and led by Rice and her State Department. Cheney's position, expressed to the president on several occasions, was 'don't mess with this,' according to one of his senior foreign policy advisers. 'Our feeling,' said Cheney's adviser, summing up the view of the vice president, "was that arranging this marriage can only backfire on us. Bhutto is complicated and unpredictable. It's best to just support Musharraf, give him whatever he wants or needs to stay in power.' 'Our position,' the advisor added, 'is that this whole thing with Bhutto is being run out of state. Let them fly or fall on their own." Reference: Musharraf linked Benazir’s security to her ties with him Umar Cheema Saturday, August 09, 2008 http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=16506&Cat=13&dt=8/9/2008
The fighting had begun in January 2005, following the refusal of General Pervez Musharraf's regime to prosecute an officer alleged to have raped a local doctor. Insurgents loyal to Nawab Bugti responded by storming the Sui, shutting down the source of an estimated 45 per cent of Pakistan's gas fields. Later, there were attacks on senior military commanders — including General Musharraf himself. “Don't push us,” General Musharraf warned Baloch leaders after that attack. “It isn't the 1970s when you can hit and run and hide in the mountains. This time you won't even know what hit you.” General Musharraf had, in fact, helped precipitate the crisis. In 2002, his military regime helped bring an Islamist coalition, the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, to power in Balochistan. In an insightful article, the journalist Najam Sethi noted this alienated “the old non-religious tribal leadership as well as the new secular urban middle classes of Balochistan who [saw] no economic or political space for themselves in the new military-mullah dispensation.” REFERENCE: Inside Balochistan's dirty war BY PRAVEEN SWAMI February 24, 2012 http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/inside-balochistans-dirty-war/article2926166.ece
2008 US wants Musharraf fairly treated WASHINGTON Now that the political leadership is firmly in control, the United States does not want any ambiguities about ISI`s role in the war on terror, a State Department official told Dawn. In an exclusive briefing, the official also said the United States wanted President Pervez Musharraf to be treated with respect even after his ouster. Since officials conducting such briefings are not named, Dawn cannot identify the official who explained in detail how the United States stayed engaged with Pakistani leaders throughout the process that led to a peaceful resolution of the impeachment dispute. “I think it is going to be very important that every organisation, every institution, is completely lined up to protect the nation,” said the official while explaining how Washington expected Pakistan`s political leadership to fight terrorism. “That means there can`t be any ambiguities about ISI anymore,” said the official. Asked if there were ambiguities about ISI`s role in the war on terror, the official said “Sure, there have been for years.” Asked if the United States made sure that Mr Musharraf was not arrested or tried for alleged violations of the Pakistani Constitution, the official said “I would not say we had made sure. We have always said he is a friend of ours and he needs to be treated with respect.” Asked if the US would continue to use its influence to ensure that Mr Musharraf was not arrested or tried after his ouster, the official said “Our desire to see him treated with respect will always be the case. How it plays out, what exact deals they make, is up to them.” The official said the United States also encouraged Britain and Saudi Arabia to get involved in the process that led to Mr Musharraf`s resignation.
The Saudis sent their intelligence chief Prince Muqrin bin Abdul Aziz and the British sent their former ambassador in Islamabad, Mark Lyall Grant, to negotiate the terms for Mr Musharraf`s departure. “He is a free man, he can go where he wants,” said the official when asked if the US administration would allow Mr Musharraf to live in the United States, particularly because it might no longer be safe for him to live in Pakistan. “Will you let him come to the US?” the official was asked again. “He is free to go where he wants,” he said. “Will the US give him a visa?” “I don`t see any reason why he would not qualify for a visa. I don`t know where he wants to go,” the official said.
ISLAMABAD: Retired Gen Pervez Musharraf who returned to the country last month with a slogan to “save Pakistan” is now struggling to save himself and stay relevant in the coming polls after rejection of his nomination papers in three out of four constituencies. The rejection of the former military ruler’s nomination papers by the returning officers for the National Assembly constituencies in Islamabad (NA 48) and Karachi (NA 250) came on Sunday, a day before the Supreme Court is set to take up five petitions seeking his prosecution for high treason and for stopping him from participating in the polls. A bench comprising Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja and Justice Khilji Arif Hussain will hear the petitions filed by representatives of various bar associations and some other lawyers, asking the court to convict the former dictator for abrogating the constitution and to stop him from taking part in the polls. Earlier, the nomination papers of Gen Musharraf, who had formed his own party, the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML), had been rejected by the returning officer (RO) in Kasur (NA 139).Although the RO for NA 32 in Chitral accepted Gen Musharraf’s papers on the ground that the ex-president had not been convicted in any case, his plan to contest the polls could be jeopardised because the lawyers have announced that they will challenge the decision in high court. The ROs in Karachi, Islamabad and Kasur rejected Gen Musharraf’s papers on the basis of articles 62 and 63 of the constitution for his act of imposing emergency in the country in November 2007 in violation of the constitution and for keeping judges of the superior judiciary under unlawful detention. The ex-military ruler was also accused of not disclosing his source of income in his nomination papers whereas he has declared assets worth more than Rs760 million. REFERENCE: Musharraf allowed to run for Chitral seat BY Amir Wasim Dated 8 April 2012 http://dawn.com/2013/04/08/musharraf-allowed-to-run-for-chitral-seat/ ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court on Friday extended the transitory-bail granted to former military ruler Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf until April 18 during the hearing pertaining to the judges detention case, DawnNews reported. The court also ordered the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) chief, who had personally appeared before the bench, to submit a bond amounting to Rs 500,000 and to appear in the next hearing over the case which was also adjourned until April 18.The DawnNews report added that the APML leader left the court towards his Chak-Shehzad residence in the suburbs of the federal capital city, after the hearing. Earlier Pervez Musharraf arrived, amid strict security arrangements, at the IHC to appear before the bench hearing the case of ‘illegal confinement’ of 62 judges after the former military ruler had declared a state of emergency in the country on November 3, 2007. REFERENCE: IHC extends Musharraf's transitory bail until April 18 http://dawn.com/2013/04/12/ihc-approves-interim-bail-for-musharraf/
Supreme Court Verdict on 3rd Nov 2007 Emergency Declaration by General Pervez Musharraf http://www.scribd.com/doc/135856311/Supreme-Court-Verdict-on-3rd-Nov-2007-Emergency-Declaration-by-General-Pervez-Musharraf
Supreme Court Verdict on 3rd Nov 2007 Emergency Declaration by General Pervez Musharraf by Aamir Mughal
Daily Dawn: Text of Supreme Court judgment August 1st, 2009 http://archives.dawn.com/archives/76175Daily Time - Text of Supreme Court verdict Saturday, August 01, 2009 http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2009%5C08%5C01%5Cstory_1-8-2009_pg7_51
2008 - Musharraf’s ball in government’s court, but judiciary still matters BY Muhammad Ahmad Noorani
ISLAMABAD: The SC judgment has paved the way for the initiation of high treason proceedings against Musharraf, who committed these unconstitutional acts by imposing emergency as the COAS and holding the Constitution in abeyance, top legal experts say. Athar Minallah, while talking to The News, said that now it will be very easy for the federal government to initiate high treason proceedings against the “dictator and usurper” Musharraf for committing the Nov 3rd acts. He said that there was a dire need to educate the masses that the courts could not take up such matters that were to be dealt with by the federal government according to the law. “Yes, because of Pakistani people’s sacrifices and the movement for the independence of the judiciary, the common people have many expectations from the judiciary,” Athar said, adding, “But the judiciary could only go to the extent it is permitted and defined in the Constitution.” He said that it was clearly defined in the High Treason (Punishment) Act-1973 that only the federal government would initiate high treason proceedings. “I am of the view that the Supreme Court should not be dragged into this as according to the High Treason Act, it is the duty of the federal government alone,” Athar added. When asked if the federal government didn’t initiate the high treason proceedings against Musharraf even now after such a clear and wonderful judgment, Athar replied that even then some aggrieved person would approach one of the provincial high courts. “Someone will file a petition in the high court,” he said, adding “The petitioner will have to prove himself as an aggrieved party in the high court.” Athar said, “The response of the federal government will be of great importance in this case as it will either have to initiate these proceedings or will have to give strong basis and reasons for not starting high treason proceedings against dictator Musharraf.” He said that a politician or a political party could easily prove itself as an aggrieved party. He said even some provincial government could also prove itself as an aggrieved party. Athar said he hoped that the federal government and parliament would now play its role and there would be no need to approach the superior courts for this. Athar said that it should be appreciated that the superior judiciary was passing through a reformation process and it shouldn’t be overloaded with unnecessary things. The executive should also go through similar reformation and remove all problems in way of its smooth functioning. The Supreme Court has handed down the historic verdict and paved the way for constitutionalism in the country, he said. Athar said that it was high time for parliament and the government to set an example by punishing the conspirator Musharraf in accordance with the Article Six of the Constitution so in future no Army adventurism could be possible and the poor country could move towards having a sustainable democracy. REFERENCE: Musharraf’s ball in government’s court, but judiciary still matters BY Muhammad Ahmad Noorani Sunday, August 02, 2009 http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=191060&Cat=2&dt=8/2/2009
The 1973 Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/constitution/part1.html
6. High treason. [4A] [(1)Any person who abrogates or subverts or suspends or holds in abeyance, or attempts or conspires to abrogate or subvert or suspend or hold in abeyance, the Constitution by use of force or show of force or by any other unconstitutional means shall be guilty of high treason.]
(2) Any person aiding or abetting [4B][or collaborating] the acts mentioned in clause (1) shall likewise be guilty of high treason.
[4C] [(2A) An act of high treason mentioned in clause (1) or clause (2) shall not be validated by any court including the Supreme Court and a High Court.]
(3)  [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] shall by law provide for the punishment of persons found guilty of high treason.
Iftikhar Chawdhry taking Oath under PCO by RohailAsghari
July 01, 2005 ISLAMABAD: Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was sworn in as chief justice of Pakistan on Thursday. President Pervez Musharraf administered oath to him at the presidency. Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, National Assembly Speaker Chaudhry Amir Hussain, cabinet ministers, chief ministers and other dignitaries including several foreign diplomats attended the ceremony. Justice Iftikhar will serve as chief justice for a record period of eight and half years till December 11, 2013, and almost all serving judges except for Justices Tassaduq Hussain Jillani and Nasirul Mulk will retire without having a chance of becoming chief justice. Justice Iftikhar started his professional career in 1974. He was a lawyer for more than 16 years and became a judge of the Balochistan High Court on November 6, 1990. He became chief justice of the Balochistan High Court on April 22, 1999. Later, he was elevated as judge of the Supreme Court on February 4, 2000. He is also the chairman of the Enrolment Committee of the Pakistan Bar Council, which issues licenses to lawyers to practice in the Supreme Court. Justice Iftikhar was the most senior judge of the Supreme Court after Chief Justice Nazim Hussain Siddiqui, who retired on June 29. He was designated chief justice by the president by an announcement last month. All bar associations and representatives of other judicial departments have hailed Justice Iftikhar’s appointment for being in consonance with the principles of seniority and merit. Justice Iftikhar has authored several landmark judgements and was a bench member for almost every important case. His fellow judges acknowledge his acumen and prudence in constitutional and statutory matters besides his sagacity in adjudication of public litigation. REFERENCE: Justice Iftikhar sworn in as CJP Friday, July 01, 2005 http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_1-7-2005_pg7_6 Five judges elevated to SC 5 February 2000 DAWN WIRE SERVICE http://www.lib.virginia.edu/area-studies/SouthAsia/SAserials/Dawn/2000/05feb00.html#five
Where has US aid to Pakistan gone? BY Mariana Baabar Saturday, June 02, 2007 ISLAMABAD: The billions of dollars in US military aid to Pakistan since September 11, 2001, without any accountability, has now been billed as a “tsunami of new funding”. Washington’s Centre for Public Integrity, in its report, says that today human rights activists, critics of the Pakistani government and members of Congress want to know, where most of the money — totalling in the billions — coming through a Defence Department programme, subject to virtually no Congressional oversight, has disappeared to. The Centre says that this is a major finding of more than a year of investigation by the Centre for Public Integrity’s International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). US military aid to Pakistan since September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks includes almost $5 billion in coalition support funds, a programme controlled by the Defence Department to reimburse key allies in the global war on terror. Pentagon reports that the ICIJ obtained through the Freedom of Information Act requests show that Pakistan is the No 1 recipient of these funds — receiving more than 10 times the amount that went to the No 2 recipient, Poland — and that there is scant documentation of how the money was used. Pakistan also benefited from other funding mechanisms set up in the aftermath of the 2001 attacks. In three years after the attacks, Pakistan was the third-largest recipient of the Pentagon’s new regional defence counter terrorism fellowship programme, designed to train foreign forces in counter terrorism techniques. More than $23 million was earmarked for Pakistan in fiscal 2006 for “improving counter terrorism strike capabilities” under another new Pentagon programme referred to colloquially as Section 1206 training, which allows the Pentagon to use a portion of its annual funding from Congress to train and equip foreign militaries. Pakistan finished first in the race for this new Pentagon-controlled training.