By Ahmed Mansour
Wahhabism and Islam
The current Wahhabi movement is working to restore the glorious time of the Muslim Empire and its Jihad against the Christian powers. The leaders of Wahhabism are applying the fanatic Sunni Shariah as it is stated in the old teachings of the old scholars: Ibn Taimiya and Abdel Wahhab and others.
1- To understand Islam as a religion of peace, tolerance, unlimited freedom of belief and speech, justice and human rights and democracy, you must read the Quran according to its codes, idioms and terminology.
To understand the contradiction between Islam and Muslims you can read their different traditions and their interpretation of the Quran and their fabrication of sayings or Hadeeth which they attributed to the prophet Mohammed (saw) some centuries after his death, to make their human tradition as sacred as the Quran.
This tradition is the real active religion of the three main Muslim cults: Sunni, the Shiites and the Sufi.
The Salafi Sunni tradition is their religious constitution that controls their life until now although it contradicts the Quran.
2- The real Islam was revealed to the Final prophet Mohammed, in the Arabic language in the Quran, the Final Divine Message from God that confirms all the Holy messages and prophets before Mohammed, and refines the Mellat Ebraheem, or the religion of Abraham, after Quraysh, the mighty tribe of the prophet Mohammed had distorted it.
In Arabic language and in the Quranic terminology, the Arabic word “Islam” means “Submission to the only one God, and to be peaceful in dealing with other people.
Islam in this meaning was revealed to all the prophets before Mohammed, and then was revealed to the prophet Mohammed in Arabic language , in the Quran, as the final message from God.
Quraysh, the mighty Arab tribe of the prophet Mohammed used to control Mecca and the Sacred Mosque and al Hajj or the pilgrimage and the religious rituals of the Arabs when Mohammed was sent to be the Messenger of God.
To keep its interests Quraysh persecuted Mohammed and his helpless followers and enforce them to escape twice to Ethiopia, and finally they immigrated to Al Madina where the prophet Mohammed established his Islamic democratic civil state.
After about ten years Quraysh had to convert to Islam to keep its interests according to the new order created by the new Islamic state.
After the death of the prophet Mohammed, Quraysh used Islam to invade and to establish its mighty empire between the borders of India and China to the borders of France.
Caliphates ( Emperors) from Quraysh ruled this empire; the four righteous rulers ,or the nearest friends of the prophet Mohammed from 732 to 661, and the Arabic Military Omayya dynasty, from 661- 750, and the Abbasy dynasty from 750- 1258.
Establishing this mighty empire in the first wave shortly after Mohammed’s death was a historic magic, and restoring it is the dream of the Salafi trend, regardless of the contradiction between this invade and the rules of Jihad in Islam.
Jihad in the real Islam of the prophet Mohammed is just to defend your country, but by Quraysh it has become to invade other countries and to enslave the other people and plunder their wealth.
Inside the Abbasy Empire[ 750-1258] most of the non Arab people converted to Islam, not the Islam of the prophet Mohammed, but they were influenced by their own tradition and culture before Islam and restored it under Islamic names. Muslims from that time have become three main cults, Sunni that represent the Arabs and their hegemony and supremacy, the Shiites that represents the Persian culture, and the Sufi that represents the peaceful masses of Middle East.
During the Abbasy Empire most of Muslim tradition was written, and to this period belong all the big sacred scholars of Sunni, Shiites and Sufi cults.
During the Abbasi period, the famous four Sunni schools were established, related to the biggest four Sunni Imams: Al Ahnaf of Abu Hanifah, Al Malekeyya of Malek, Al Shafe’eyyah of Al Shafe’ey, and Al Hanabela of Ibn Hanbal. The Sunni cult – generally - is more fanatics than the Shiites cult, while the most peaceful cult is the Sufi one.
Inside the fanatic Sunni four schools, the Hanabela was the most fanatic’s Sunni school.
After the Abbasy period the Hanbaly School produced its hardest line, Ibn Taimiya and his Wahabi School in the Mamluke period.
After the Mamluke Empire, Ibn Taimiya School has produced its hardest line, the current Wahhabi movement.
Let’s go back to the Abbasy time: During the weakness of the Abbasy Emperors, the most fanatic Sunni school, named Hanabelah, revolted against the regime and the free Muslim thinkers and philosophers.
The Abbasy Emperor Al Mutawakkil [847-861] gave al Hanabelah the influence which they used to persecute the Christians and the Jews along with the Shiites and the Sufi Muslims.
The Christians of Europe used to attack the weak Abbasy Empire from Minor Asia by the Roman Empire, and from Spain which was a battle fields between Muslims and Christians.
This bad situation of Muslims was the reason of establishing the first Wahabi movements in North Africa and Middle East to face and defeat the Christians and to restore the glory of the Arab Muslims as it used to be on the past.
So, the Morabeteen State was established in North Africa and the Muslim parts in Spain between 1096- 1204.Morabeteen means Mujahedeen.
During its weakness, the Sunni scholar Mohammed Ibn Tomart and his followers established another state named Al Mowahhedeen in North Africa and Spain between 1130- 1269. Al Mowahhedeen means the monotheism.
The Sunni Hanbali Scholar Ibn Taimiya in the 14th century in the Mamluke Empire revolted against the Sufi of his time. Ibn Taimiya was inspired by Ibn Tomart and had the same dream of establishing the Arabic Sunni State that restored the old Arabic Muslim Sunni glory instead of the Mamluke Emperors who were ignorant ex salves.
Ibn Taimiya was persecuted most of his life and died in the prison in 1327, leaving many books and messages that still enrich the hard line of the Wahhabi culture until now.
The Ottoman Empire inherited the Mamluke Empire in Muslim World, but it became weaker from the 18th century, giving the Christian powers the chance to control its policy.
In Najd the Hanbali Sunni scholar Ibn Abdel Wahhab, advocated the teachings of Ibn Taimiya calling for the fanatic Sunni Shariah and enforce on people. The prince Ibn Saud responded to him in1745.
This is the beginning of the first Saudi State [1745- 1818].
This Saudi State applied the Jihad according to its Wahhabi rule, killing the civilians, even women and children in and out the Arab Peninsula, until the Ottoman ruler of Egypt destroyed it in 1818.
The Christian European powers occupied many Muslim countries, and the Ottoman Empire was so weak that it was unable to help itself or other Muslim countries that belonged to it.
This Situation helped the Saudi Family to re-establish its second state in the last decades of the 19th century. However, this second state was destroyed by itself.
Then Abdel Aziz [Ibn Saud] has established the current Saudi State giving it his family name on 1932. His Wahhabi tough soldiers helped him in establishing this state. He taught them the Wahhabi teachings as the real Islam and how they must fight the others for enforcing them to accept it.
Abdel Aziz after establishing his Saudi State tried to stop his Wahhabi soldiers from attacking Iraq and Syria to appease the British Empire, and tried to improve his relationship with Egypt. This angered his Wahhabi soldiers and revolted against him. He defeated them in 1929, but instead of reforming the Wahhabi Culture to match the modern time, Abdel Aziz and his sons after him [Saud- Faysal- Khaled and Fahd] used the oil wealth to enforce the Wahhabi faith as the real Islam.
After the first Gulf War, it was clear that the Saudi kingdom was unable to defend itself that it asked the help from the U.S. This – with many other aspects were against the Wahhabi faith, and created the Saudi Wahhabi opposition which produced Osama Ben Laden and His Al Qa’eda net work, and its supporters around the world.