By Allama Rahmatullah Tarique
Translated from Urdu by New Age Islam Edit Desk
06 August, 2014
Islam is a natural religion which does not support monasticism or Popedom. It neither teaches one to escape the world nor does it have any scope for the issuance of passports for salvation. When the holy Prophet pbuh came , he brought with him the light of the Quran which confidently claimed that Prophet Muhammad pbuh had come to free man by breaking the heavy shackles and yoke of worship, slavery and religious customs burdening man and showing him the right path. Thereafter, the world saw that the Prophet pbuh and the Quran brought about the revolution and equality had no precedence in the history of mankind. However, it also happened in the later stages that a section among men started preaching monasticism and religious detachment and gradually succeeded in convincing them. Though the Quran has said that the system on which the universe is running has not been created falsely, they started saying that the worldly life was purposeless, its colourfulness was unreal and its beauty was a delusion; one who gets immersed in it becomes detached from the Creator of the heaven and the earth. Piety here means only purifying the soul and concentrating on worship among the fellow-human beings.
This was a path on which there was no need to risk life for the implementation of laws nor did one have to sacrifice his life by suffering the oppression of the oppressive forces and tyrant kings. So, if tyranny was prolonging its rule, Monasticism was also indulging in supremacy of spiritual rule. In fact, in this rule, there was no room for defiance. The spiritual rulers had in fact conquered the minds so well and subjugated them to such a level that every individual believed in running the system of nature though the inner energy of these spiritual monarchs. Thus the mystics and the Sufis steered clear of accountability. At the same time they taught the common people not to confront the tyrant kings and rulers. On the other hand, the people also believed that these people were harmless and friends of God and so they could get the closeness of God by getting inspiration from them as the system of the world depends on their spirituality. If the Qutbs and Abdal are not in the world, the system of the world will collapse. This parallel and inner Shariat of Islam is called Sufism.
Late Allama Perwez in his literary and communicative language and Syed Abdul Wadud in his scientific language have proved Sufism weightless on the basis of facts and it should open the eyes of the wise people. The driving force behind the invention and running of the alternative system and damaging the unitary temperament of Islam are the efforts of Iranian scholars of Hadith. Though they themselves remained detached from idol worship to some extent, pushed people towards prophesies, dreams and inspiration by forcing them to wander in the wilderness of darkness.
People believed in their concocted Hadiths and formed the opinion that the Prophet pbuh himself showed the way to an alternative system in the objective situations. Now when the Sufis announced that the Prophet pbuh attained inspiration from God through angel Gibreel but they get inspiration from God directly. Muslims were not taken aback at this revelation; rather they expressed their bemusement at their superficial claims. Not only that if someone claimed that the flag of his spirituality was higher than that of the holy Prophet pbuh, instead of protesting and condemning the claim the Muslims shower their praises on them and thus commit blasphemy against the prophet pbuh.
The truth is that our Deen is complete. The guidance of the Quran and the Prophet pbuh inspires the humanity to take the straight and bright path which is the only path to salvation. In the presence of this path, getting deceived and trapped by some typical terminology of Sufism is not expected of wise people. Is Deen the name of blind faith or a awakening to the reality. You should think that you need not look up to any Mehdi or Messiah, Qutb and Abdal or mystic or Sufi. The evolution of the knowledge has taken the shape of observation whereas science and observation cannot go along with outdated and obsolete philosophy. You do not t ry to understand the meaning of the Quran and wander in the darkness of ignorance where there is nothing but mirage. By concocting Hadiths regarding the Wait, such scholars of Hadiths have not done justice to Islam. This wait has paved the way for hundreds taking help from spirituality.
335 Prophets came and every one chose from among them their supporters and well wishers and formed an obstacle against the guidance of the prophet pbuh and the Quran. Among those guides, the founders of Babi and Bahai movements played a big role. I would rather say unambiguously that the courage with which the Bahais have endured the noose and incarceration in the current history has no precedence. It can undoubtedly be said that they have written a major history of sacrifice. But did their education and guidance have the energy and strength to bear the burden of new requirements and save themselves from the ruthless onslaughts of science? The answer will definitely be in the negative.
Defending the Deen is my birth right. I have no grudge or hatred in my heart for any one. My prophet pbuh is the distributor of love and affection in the world. We have no complaints against the Bahais, Babis and Ahmadis. Our lips have been sealed by our own people. Now you can call them Kafirs on the bias of Fatwas. They will keep issuing prophethood with the help of Hadiths. You cannot afford to delete the Hadiths relating to the coming of Mahdi or Messiah from your holy scriptures Bukhari and Abu Dawud. And they cannot afford to alienate themselves from their false claims. Revolution is the essence of prophethood. Revolution, whether it is of thought or ideas, of economy or society, religious or political is basically the essence of prophethood. The prophets remove hatred from the hearts and preach love; they rid people of numerous gods and bring them together with one real God. They do not allow people to worship many gods. You can look around and find that whenever the prophets came and tried to bring reformation, the enemies of revolution, the prosperous individuals of their own community, religious leaders, rulers afraid of revolution and kings obstructed their way. The greatest revolutionary of the world Hadhrat Ibrahim a.s. challenged the kingdom of Nimrud, Hadhrat Musa a.s. challenged Pharaoh and the holy prophet pbuh challenged the rule of Caesar and the kings of Ajam. They taught people the ways of life, educated them about the ways of Deen and affairs. They made them aware of the dignity of human beings. They adopted the policy of defence in the struggle of life because only defence is synonymous with life and survival. Struggle for survival is the natural right of every living being. The community which is deprived of the resources for defence, whether ideologically or practically cannot protect its faith and life resources. The religious purposes and superiority is impossible without defensive protection. That is the reason, the Quran time and again enjoins on us to acquire the right to survive.
Challenging tyrants is the duty of the prophets. It is necessary to provide material support along with moral energies to the ideologies and beliefs. Otherwise, neither the beliefs can grow nor the moral values can be saved from ruin. When Hadhrat Nuh a.s. wanted to speak with the elites, they got enraged at the mention of revolution and said, ‘Nuh, we know that these lowly and humble people have incited you to bring a revolution but we have also decided to continue worshipping our deities. So, Wud, Suwa’a, Yaghuth and Yauq will remain here. The worship of Nasr will also continue. Similarly, when Hadhrat Shuaib a.s. invited the capitalists to establish the Islamic system, they said, ‘Do you want us to hand over our money and wealth to you so that you can distribute it to others. Why don’t you get out of this place?’ After that it so happened that the Shebi and Aksawi tribes attacked him and robbed him of cattle and other belongings and forced his companions and his family members to disperse.
Hadhrat Younus a.s. wanted to make his nation aware of the beauty of life but the nation considered the voice of revolution a threat to them and their reaction was so severe that he had to leave Ninewah. Hadhrat Musa a.s. wanted to free the weak and poor nation from the slavery of Pharaoh and to usher them into a new life under God’s protection. Pharaoh neither wanted to give the poor and weak nation the right to live nor did he tolerate the worship of a God other than him. Therefore, he beleaguered Hadhrat Musa from many sides. He even alienated his wealthy relatives like Qarun. This struggle of life did not abate until the struggle of Hadhrat Musa bore fruit. Now according to a preconceived plan, the Israelites left the country and their homes in the darkness of night across the seas. They still persisted on idol worship. However, after the compilation of the Torah, Hadhrat Musa had to resume his programme. The desert of Sinai was included in Egypt. He captured the kingdom of Pharaoh and freed them from the disease of slavery instilling in them the energy of freedom.
Like other pious people, Hadhrat Isa a.s. too wrote a history of bravery and piety. He was the scion of a monastic family. They were treated with respect. He was a soft hearted and soft spoken person by nature. Ironically, he was sent to guide a nation that was very rude. The result was that he was subjected to torture and criticism in the very first phase. Capitalist Jews insulted and criticised him. They brought the capitalists together by spreading the propaganda that with Hadhrat Isa only lowly and people from the lower class are associated. So they exhorted them to rise and protect their dignity. Therefore, their conspiracy succeeded and he was pushed into a situation from where he could not be traced.
Finally, we come to the struggles of the final prophet Hadhrat Muhammad pbuh who was the head of the revolutionaries. His nation was also very rude and unable to receive the word of guidance. However, the holy Prophet pbuh started his work with full zeal. Half the population of Makkah consisted of the far off relatives of Hadhrat Muhammad pbuh. That’s why they could not target his personality but were not ready to appreciate the revolutionary activities of the prophet pbuh. The prophet wanted to make them aware of the requirements of life but they were willing to accept death not life. Therefore, his detractors did not heed to his relatives and started torturing and harassing him in various ways. It culminated in his exile and migration. The king of Habsh granted him and his companions’ political asylum and provided them legal protection.
When the Makkans reached the court of King of Habsh, he did not listen to them and made them go back. After that when God instructed him to migrate to Madina, the Makkans attacked him and a fierce battle ensued at the Maidan of Badr. The holy Prophet pbuh defended himself with only 313 warriors. It is said that the spirit works more effectively than the skills of fighting. So in Badr also, the spirit of defence, God gifted resolve and the passion to uphold the name of Islam won them the day. And the Prophet pbuh hoisted the flag of the Deen in Madina. This group of Allah adopted the defensive jihad. They did not turn aggressive. They did not destroy their fields of crops, places of worship, did not set the towns and villages on fire and instead of molesting the women and girls, protected them like their own sisters and mothers. Despite eliminating religious hegemony of certain sections, he pbuh allowed the pastors, pundits and mystics of other religious a dignified life. He eliminated discrimination on the basis of caste, birth, race and gender from the concept of rights. He gave the world the message that if you let others live; you also get the right to live.
Source: Monthly Sawt ul Haque, Karachi, July 2014