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Islam, Women and Feminism ( 22 Aug 2016, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Muslim Women of Age 20-34 Remain Most Vulnerable To Divorce in India: Census















A Muslim woman wears a burkini, a swimsuit that leaves only the face, hands and feet exposed, on a beach in Marseille, France, August 17, 2016.

 

Germany Bans Muslim Student from Wearing Niqab Face Veil in School

Algerian Muslim Businessman Pledges to Pay Fines Imposed For Wearing Burkinis

French Burkini Bans Spark Sizzling Summer Debate on Islamic Fashion

Former Islamic State sex slave Nadia Murad calls on Australia to join Yazidi fight for justice

Of Women Who Run Away To Be Jihadis

Compiled by New Age Islam News Bureau

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam,-women-and-feminism/new-age-islam-news-bureau/muslim-women-of-age-20-34-remain-most-vulnerable-to-divorce-in-india--census/d/108341

 

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Muslim women of age 20-34 remain most vulnerable to divorce: Census

August 23, 2016               

The rates of divorce of Muslim women is one of the highest among all religious communities in India, Census 2011 figures released last week show. The Census figures also suggest that among all married Muslim women, those between the ages of 20 and 34 were the most likely to be divorced — a proportion that is higher than in any other religious community in the same age group.

The vulnerability of Muslim women to arbitrary divorce — the infamous ‘triple talaq’ — has been part of the public discourse in India for long, entwined inextricably with the issues of the independence of Muslim personal law and the Uniform Civil Code favoured by Article 44 of the Constitution. On occasions such as the Shah Bano case of 1986, it has taken on powerful political overtones. Another victim of triple talaq, Shayara Bano of Uttarakhand, has now gone to the apex court in a quest for justice whose progress will be keenly watched in the coming months.

The Census data, which list the marital status of individuals from all religious communities, shows that the refined divorce rate — or the number of divorces per 1,000 marriages — for Muslim women was 5.63, well above the national average of 3.10.

Buddhist and Christian women had higher refined divorce rates of 6.73 and 5.67, while the number for Hindu women was only 2.60, lower than the national mean.

Nearly 44% of divorced Muslim women belong to the age group 20 to 34. This age group makes up only 24% of the total female Muslim population of India.

The Census has recorded about 13.2 lakh individuals as divorced in India — 9.09 lakh, or 68%, are women, while 4.5 Lakh (32%) are men. The numbers are probably severely underreported, say activists. The refined divorce rate nationally stands at 2.3.

While Buddhist and Christian women reported higher divorce rates than Muslim women, what sets Muslim women apart is the stark disparity with men when it comes to divorce rates within the community. So, while Buddhist men have a divorce rate of 3.0 per 1,000 marriages and Christian men 2.92 per 1,000, Muslim men have a divorce rate of 1.6 per 1,000 marriages.

Which means that while divorce rates for men are lower than that for women in all communities, among Muslims, it is 3.5 times lower, as compared to 2.2 times for Buddhists and 1.9 times for Christians. Among Hindus, the rates are 1.47 per 1,000 for men, and 2.60 for per 1,000 for women.

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The lower rates for men in all religious communities suggest that men in general tend to remarry at a far quicker rate than women — and do not stay divorced for very long.

Activists say the high rates of divorce, and the discrepancy in divorce rates in men and women among Muslims underscores the ease with which Muslim men can divorce their wives.

“Among Muslims, marriage is not a sacrament but a contract, and it is relatively easy to get a divorce compared to other communities. However, the desertion of women is also a major issue, and it is something that is lesser in the community,” activist Flavia Agnes said.

According to activists, issues like the “oral triple talaq” must be addressed soon. “It is a known fact that Muslim women remain the most vulnerable group when it comes to divorces in the country. For long we have been seeking that oral triple talaq needs to be abolished and Muslim personal law is codified to ensure justice for women,” Noorjehan Safia, convener of the Bhartiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, said.

http://indianexpress.com/article/explained/muslim-women-triple-talaq-divorce-oral-talaq-2991234/

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Germany bans Muslim student from wearing niqab face veil in school

August 23, 2016

The school said good communication between teachers and students required the face to be seen. The niqab, shown here, leaves only the eyes exposed. Getty Images

A Muslim student has been forbidden from wearing her full niqab in classes by a German court after her school said it hindered her educational development.

Full report at:independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/germany-muslin-student-banned-niqab-face-veil-school-islam-a7204671.html

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Algerian Muslim Businessman Pledges to Pay Fines Imposed For Wearing Burkinis

Aug 22, 2016

A Muslim businessman has pledged to pay fines imposed on women for wearing Burkinis Nekkaz (pictured), born in Villeneuve-Saint-Georges from Algerian immigrants, said that the Burkini ban is 'unfair'. He's pictured here in Algeria demonstrating against the exploration of shale gas

He believes that the ban is 'unfair'.

Full report at: dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3754395/Wealthy-Algerian-promises-pay-penalty-Muslim-woman-fined-France-wearing-burkini.html

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French Burkini Bans Spark Sizzling Summer Debate on Islamic Fashion

August 23, 2016

Since Neslihan Cevik launched M-Line Fashion last December, her on-line company has been growing 20 percent monthly, fed by word of mouth alone. Today, the Turkish founder is looking beyond her stylish tunics and veils, hoping to launch a line of Muslim swimwear by next summer.

Full report at: voanews.com/a/french-burkini-bans-spark-sizzling-summer-debate-on-islamic-fashion/3476034.html

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Former Islamic State sex slave Nadia Murad calls on Australia to join Yazidi fight for justice

August 23, 2016

She will speak today with Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Foreign Minister Julia Bishop, and said she plans to ask them to take action against IS and to recognise the attacks on the Yazidis as genocide.

All of the men in Ms Murad's village were massacred, including her six brothers and mother, and all the women and children were enslaved.

Full report at: abc.net.au/news/2016-08-23/yazidi-survivor-nadia-murad-campaigns-for-justice/7776362

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Of Women Who Run Away To Be Jihadis

23rd August 2016

BENGALURU: Timeliness. It can add much value to a writer’s work. And Tabish Khair’s latest novel ‘Jihadi Jane’ could not have been more timely. It was released in June this year, the same month that Dhaka was attacked by ‘young and educated home-grown terrorists.’

The story revolves around two young British Muslim women who run away to join an extremist-Jihadi outfit in Daesh in Syria. Their story is akin to the US-born terrorist Colleen LaRose whose sexual victimisation at the hands of her father transformed her into a radical Muslim. Full report at: newindianexpress.com/cities/bengaluru/Of-women-who-run-away-to-be-Jihadis/2016/08/23/article3592043.ece

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URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam,-women-and-feminism/new-age-islam-news-bureau/muslim-women-of-age-20-34-remain-most-vulnerable-to-divorce-in-india--census/d/108341


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