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Islam, Women and Feminism ( 18 Dec 2014, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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ISIS Sharia Punishment Guide Calls for 'Stoning' Women for Even 'Beautifying' Eyelashes

New Age Islam News Bureau

18 Dec 2014

Schoolchildren hold candles and placards as they pray in the northern Indian city (Munish Sharma/Reuters)


 Saudi Cleric’s Wife Shows Face on TV, Sparks Uproar

 Peshawar School Attack: Taliban's 'Revenge' For Malala Yousafzai's Nobel Peace Prize

 Woman in Spain Arrested For Allegedly Procuring Wives for ISIS

 Girl on Heathrow Plane 'Stopped From Flying to Syria Conflict'

 Oakland Women's Colleges Lead Push to Redefine Gender Rules

 Girl-Hating Taliban Attack 1,000 'Un-Islamic' Pakistan Schools in Last Five Years

 Strangers Hug Muslim Women Laying Tributes to Victims of Siege at Martin Place

 Men at Work, Women At Home Is Best Recipe for High-Income Nation: Isma

 Child Abuse Training for School Personnel in Abu Dhabi

Compiled by New Age Islam News Bureau





ISIS Sharia Punishment Guide Calls for 'Stoning' Women for Even 'Beautifying' Eyelashes

Dec 18, 2014

Islamic State (ISIS) militants have released a comprehensive set of "guidelines" that call for harsh punishments such as "stoning" women who "beautify their eyelashes."

The ISIS guide lists out 11 set of "offences and punishments" based on the principles of Sharia law. Islamic State militants, who are Sunni Muslims, want to establish an Islamic kingdom governed by the Sharia law. Since June after the group took over large swathes of land in Syria and Iraq, it has been ruthlessly punishing people who break the Sharia law.

The ISIS penal code based on the Sharia law draws out some violent responses such as execution, crucifixion, mutilation, stoning and other forms of punishment for petty crimes such as stealing or even insignificant issues as a woman using make-up.

The ISIS penal code that is strictly imposed across Syrian and Iraqi territories controlled by the Islamic State was recently released in print as an official ISIS circular in Syria's Aleppo province.

Since then several ISIS followers and supporters have shared it widely on social media platforms and other online forums.

The penal code under the Sharia law lists the "offences and punishments" imposed for a selection of crimes against Islam and society in general.

Complete List of "Offences and Punishments" Laid out by ISIS under Sharia Law

Crime Punishment

Insulting Allah          To be killed by beheading or any other form found suitable

Insulting Messenger of Allah Beheading, even if the offender repents for his crime

Insulting the religion to be killed

Zinah (a woman using makeup or one found using make-up to 'beautify her eyes')     If married, stoned to death. If not married; 100 lashes and banning from the land for the period of 1 year.

Homosexuality                                                 Killing the one who does such an act, and the one who it's done to.

Stealing                                                             Cutting the hand

Drinking alcohol                                                   80 lashes

Slander                                                                80 lashes

Spying for Kuffar (any enemy of ISIS) interests     To be killed by any form found fit

Turning back on Islam (apostate)                         To be killed by any form found fit

A bandit who kills and takes money                                Should be killed and crucified

A goon who threatens people                                         Should be banished from the land



Saudi Cleric’s Wife Shows Face on TV, Sparks Uproar

18 Dec, 2014

DUBAI: A Saudi cleric has sparked uproar by appearing on television along with his wife — whose face was uncovered in an open challenge to strict tradition in the ultra-conservative kingdom.

Sheikh Ahmed al-Ghamedi, who has said covering the face, is not a must for women under Islam, sat alongside his wife Jawaher bint Ali as she spoke to Dubai-based Saudi MBC television, in a programme broadcast at the weekend. Saudi women rarely show their faces in public.

Sporting trendy sunglasses, light makeup and varnished nails, but also wearing the traditional black abaya cloak, Ghamedi’s spouse spoke of the problems their children have at school because of their father’s controversial fatwas or edicts.

“Our children complain that some teachers tell them: why does your father say this and that?” she said of fatwas that have enraged zealots in the kingdom.



Peshawar School Attack: Taliban's 'Revenge' For Malala Yousafzai's Nobel Peace Prize

18 Dec, 2014

The Taliban has killed dozens of children at a Peshawar school in a revenge mission for Pakistani schoolgirl activist Malala Yousafzai being awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

Ahmed Rashid, an expert on the Islamic militants, told the BBC the insurgents had various reasons to attack the school, one of which was to send a message to the supporters of Malala, who advocates education for women and children.

In response to the events at the school in Pakistan, education campaigner Malala has condemned the "atrocious and cowardly" attack.

As reported by the Guardian, she said: "I am heartbroken by this senseless and cold-blooded act of terror in Peshawar that is unfolding before us.

"Innocent children in their school have no place in horror such as this.

"I condemn these atrocious and cowardly acts and stand united with the government and armed forces of Pakistan whose efforts so far to address this horrific event are commendable.

"I, along with millions of others around the world, mourn these children, my brothers and sisters - but we will never be defeated."

At least five militants entered the school, in north-west Pakistan, wearing security uniforms and massacred 126 people, mainly children, on Tuesday (16 December).

The Pakistani army officials said hundreds of students were evacuated but it is not yet clear how many are still in the building.

Rashid also believes the Taliban targeted the school to demoralise the military.

"Many of the soldiers and officers fighting the Taliban have their children in this school so this is an attempt to demoralise the military," he said.

The Taliban said the massacre was a "revenge" attack following an army offensive against Islamic extremists in North Waziristan and in nearby Khyber.

"We selected the army's school for the attack because the government is targeting our families and females," said Taliban spokesman Muhammad Umar Khorasani. "We want them to feel the pain."

Malala attacked by the Pakistani Taliban in 2012

Malala, the youngest ever Nobel Prize winner, was shot by the Pakistani Taliban in 2012 for advocating education for women in Pakistan.

She was attacked on a school bus in the Swat valley, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, of which Peshawar is the capital. 

After she survived the homicide attempt, Malala moved with her family to the UK to receive treatment and finish her education, and has since become a worldwide symbol for the fight against oppression on women and the right to education.

A few days before the Peshawar attack, the Taliban warned that Malala had forged a pact with "Western satanic forces" and the Nobel committee gave their award to her to "promote Western culture and not education".

Gordon Brown, the United Nations special envoy for global education, has joined the condemnation of the attack.

He said: "The whole world will be shocked and heartbroken at the massacre in Peshawar that has destroyed so many innocent young lives.

"Prime Minister Sharif has called the attack a national tragedy and our thoughts are with families and school friends. Our hope is that emergency assistance can come immediately to those who are injured.

"We must remain resolute in saying that no terrorist group can at any time ever justify denying children the right to an education and we will do everything in our power to support the Pakistan authorities and make sure their schools are safe and protected.

"It has never been acceptable for schools to be places of conflict and for children to be subject to violence simply because they want to learn. Education is opportunity and hope for building nations.

"Too often innocent girls and boys have become targets for terrorists who want to deny children the right to education and schools have become theatres of war.

"No one has the right to deny a boy or girl their education and we will stand alongside the parents and the children against the Taliban's refusal to recognise every child has the right to education."



Woman in Spain Arrested For Allegedly Procuring Wives for ISIS

18 Dec, 2014

Spanish police have arrested a young woman on suspicion of being an ISIS recruiter tasked with convincing women to convert to Islam and then marry Islamic State fighters.

The arrest comes after a case in Austria in which police arrested a suspected ISIS member who approached Muslim parents asking if their daughters were of marriageable age and looking for husbands.

Spanish prosecutors confirmed the arrest of Francis Carolina Peña Orellana, 25, and six other people.

According to prosecution papers sent to Chilean Minister of Internal Affairs Rodrigo Penailillo and Chilean Secretary of State Mahmud Aleuy, the young woman had been born in Chile but left as a teenager.

"She left Chile when she was 16 and has not returned to the country since, according to the information we have been able to gather so far. Most probably, she left with her parents," Aleuy said.

He the family had not requested any diplomatic support from Chile over Orellana’s arrest.

Orellana and the six others were arrested— two in Morocco — as part of a police investigation into those believed to be recruiting members for the Islamic State.

According to Spanish Minister of the Interior Jorge Fernandez, the group was mainly focused on recruiting young women.

"The fact that the Islamic State is recruiting in Europe is not anything new, but this is believed to be the first time we have identified a case in which they were specifically targeting young women," Fernandez said.

He confirmed that police believed Orellana's main task was to convince the women to convert to Islam and make them marry or become girlfriends of ISIS fighters. According to her neighbors in Poble Sec, a section of Barcelona, she had converted to Islam when she became the girlfriend of a Muslim man.

The woman reportedly booked tickets for trips to Syria and Iraq, and mainly targeted girls on social media platforms like Facebook to get them interested in Islam.

In August, two young women, one of them 14, were intercepted when they tried to cross the border from Spain into Morocco with the intention of travelling to Syria or Iraq.

In Austria, police arrested an Islamic preacher they said recruited two Austrian jihad “poster girls” and more than 160 others who joined ISIS.

Samra Kesinovic, 17, and Sabina Selimovic, 16, allegedly became radicalized through a cell led by unemployed benefits claimant Ebu Tejma, 33, who lived with his pregnant wife and five children in a council flat in Vienna.

The apartment was purportedly stuffed with jewelry, cash and savings books worth a fortune when it was stormed by Austria's special forces team WEGA. The valuables allegedly were provided by Muslims radicalized by the preacher and his cronies in a network that reportedly extended into the rest of Europe.

Tejma’s arrest was considered a major blow against the terrorist group. According to security forces, Tejma, whose real name is Mirsad Omerovic, was also involved in 166 more cases of European youths who departed to fight in the so-called holy war.

European authorities have noticed a sharp increase in the recruitment of women from Europe for ISIS in the past year, with at least 100 coming from France.

All seven of the people arrested in the Spanish case are in custody and the police investigation is continuing.



Girl on Heathrow Plane 'Stopped From Flying To Syria Conflict'

18 Dec, 2014

A plane about to take off from Heathrow was stopped over fears a girl on board wanted to join the Syrian conflict.

The 15-year-old from Tower Hamlets had bought an airline ticket to Istanbul in Turkey without her parents’ knowledge.

The Met said its counter-terrorism team stopped the plane, which was already moving, on 6 December.

It is thought the girl planned to join the Syrian conflict - a civil war between forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad and those against.

It has so far cost the lives of 200,000 people according to the United Nations.

BBC Home Affairs correspondent June Kelly said the police had acted on a tip-off from the local community that suggested the girl was on that particular flight.

The Evening Standard reported that another girl, also 15, was able to depart before police could intervene.



Oakland Women's Colleges Lead Push to Redefine Gender Rules

18 Dec, 2014

At a women's college, gender should be the easiest qualification for entry.

That's no longer the case. Women's colleges across the country are reconsidering their admission policies to adapt to a changing world in which gender norms are being challenged and more transgender students are seeking to enrol. It's a complicated calculus for many colleges, prompting concerns that these new considerations could affect the nature of single-gender schools.

Pressured by proactive student groups, some of the nation's 40-plus women's colleges are debating enrolment changes but also how to accommodate students who identify as men, such linguistics questions as the use of feminine pronouns, and whether school mission statements should be rewritten.

Mills College in Oakland last summer became the first in the nation to adopt a written policy on admitting transgender students, setting off a wave of self-examinations at many colleges. The latest to deal with the issue was Scripps College in Claremont.

Trustees there approved a new policy this month to admit applicants identified as female on their birth certificates. The school also will admit those who self-identify as women, which could include those born male who identify as female. The policy is effective for students applying for fall 2016.

College officials said the changes mostly reflect current practice and that the campus has graduated transgender students in the past, including some who transitioned while in school. Scripps, they insist, still will be a women's college.

"Colleges and universities have always led the way in policy discussions about social justice and expanding access," said Scripps President Lori Bettison-Varga. "It's not a surprise that students who we charge with thinking critically about institutions in general would be having these conversations at women's colleges right now. We're laying the foundation for a broader discussion about what it means to be a women's college in the 21st century."

Many alumnae agree but are troubled by the implications.

In a letter to the trustees, more than 100 alumnae raised several concerns, chiefly that these changes are part of a "systematic erasure of the female identity from women's colleges."

"Trans students argue that gender neutral language should be used to encompass their presence," the letter said. "But are we not, by erasing feminized language from our documents and rhetoric, erasing the female identities from a women's college? What could be more ironic?"

Scripps was founded in 1926 as part of the Claremont Colleges, a closely clustered consortium of five private liberal arts undergraduate campuses and two graduate campuses noted for academic excellence. Scripps alumnae include former Arizona legislator Gabrielle Giffords; the first female chief justice of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, Judith N. Keep; and human rights attorney Karen I. Tse.

Many current students sought a stronger policy. A petition presented to the board in October and signed by more than half of the 1,000 students urged trustees to include applicants who don't identify as either male or female, regardless of the gender they were assigned at birth.

Still, "as a first step it's really exciting," said student government President Alex Frumkin, 21, a senior majoring in environment, economics and politics.

Frumkin acknowledged the disconnect for many as to how a women's college can remain true to its mission while admitting students who identify as men. Is it still a sisterhood if brothers are included?

But the evolution has already been underway, she said. The student association changed its bylaws four years ago to adopt language that's gender inclusive — referring, for example, to Scripps "students" rather than Scripps "women. " Most bathrooms are gender neutral, and male students from other Claremont campuses have long been a presence in Scripps classrooms.

At other prominent women's colleges such as Smith and Wellesley, both in Massachusetts, the application and supporting materials, including transcripts and letters of recommendation, must identify the applicant as a woman. Both colleges recently announced the formation of advisory groups to study evolving gender issues and make recommendations to trustees.

Mount Holyoke, in South Hadley, Mass., the first of the Seven Sisters women's colleges, in September adopted a formal policy to welcome transgender students, including those whose gender identity is not clear.

Mount Holyoke President Lynn Pasquerella upheld the position as a human rights issue. Transgender students and women share a history of being marginalized based on their sex, Pasquerella said, and many transgender students suffer verbal and physical harassment at coed campuses.

Her campus, she said, is sensitive to those with philosophical or religious differences. She pointed to a case of a Muslim whose request to change dorms was accommodated after her roommate transitioned to a man.

"We want to make clear that if people feel uncomfortable, there are ways to address these issues," Pasquerella said.

Women's colleges began as a counter to a patriarchal social structure that excluded women from higher education. In the 1960s, these campuses became symbols of women's empowerment, graduating future judges, senators, business tycoons and astronauts.

The threat, argue some critics, is that the presence of trans men — and their potential to adopt the trappings of male privilege — may once again relegate the voices of women to the back of the classroom. Trans men have taken leadership roles at women's colleges, including the current student body president at Mills.

The alumnae coalition at Scripps unsuccessfully asked trustees to allow more time for those opposed to make their case. The group had advocated a more restrictive policy to admit only students who identify as female at the time of application.

"For many alumnae, the approval of the new admissions policy at Scripps is not just disappointing. It is heartbreaking," said Kelsey Phipps, a Washington, D.C. attorney and advocate in the LGBTQ community who graduated from Scripps in 2001. "With its decision to admit male-identified students, many alumnae who believe deeply in women's education feel abandoned by the college.... In the end, no argument, logic or passion could derail that hurtling train. We were steamrolled."

Some transgender students, meanwhile, say that adopting a more inclusive policy won't necessarily change attitudes. Eli Erlick is a trans woman enrolled at Pitzer College but attends most of her classes at Scripps because of her major in feminist, gender and sexuality studies. Attitudes toward transgender students at the women's campus are not always welcoming, said Erlick, a national transgender advocate.

"I'm very leery that a policy change is being used as a representation of actual change," Erlick, 19, said. "The atmosphere on campus is still very focused on gendered people, on women assigned female at birth. Change is still going to require a lot of education."

Adriana di Bartolo, director of the Queer Resource Center of the Claremont Colleges, said a big part of education is demystifying the language around gender identity and understanding that transgender students have a variety of experiences, and even appearances. The center provided training for Scripps trustees and faculty.

"What is amazing about the students at Scripps is that they're ready for this change, ready to have a more inclusive policy and to welcome new folks on campus," Di Bartolo said. "People are afraid of a tidal wave of trans students going to Scripps, and that's just not going to happen. But women's colleges are absolutely leading the way."



Girl-Hating Taliban Attack 1,000 'Un-Islamic' Pakistan Schools In Last Five Years

18 Dec, 2014

The Peshawar school attack in which at least 130 people, mostly children, were killed by the Taliban is not the first one carried out by the insurgents.

It is believed the latest attack was conducted to discourage military activity in the area. Some have also argued the attack was in revenge for Pakistani children's rights activist Malala Yousafzai being awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

However, reports by human rights groups have suggested that the militants have attacked at least 1,000 schools in the past five years.

A 2014 report by the Global Committee to Protect Education from Attack found that in Pakistan "there were 838 or more attacks on schools during 2009-2012, more than in any other country, leaving hundreds of schools destroyed.

"When the Pakistani Taliban did gain control of the Swat Valley, they first banned girls'

education and banned women from teaching, through an edict in December 2008, and later amended their edict to permit the education of girls, but only up to grade 4."

A June 2014 report by the International Crisis Group stated that the Taliban often target educational institutions, particularly girls' schools, as they are against education, which they see as a "promotion of Western decadence and un-Islamic teachings."

Malala herself was the target of an attempted homicide by the Taliban, who tried to kill her for her promotion of education to women and children in Pakistan.

The activist, the youngest ever Nobel Prize winner, was shot in 2012 on a school bus in the Swat valley, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, of which Peshawar is the capital.

"Militant jihadi groups have destroyed buildings, closed girls' schools and terrorised parents into keeping daughters at home," the report said. "More than nine million children do not receive primary or secondary education, and literacy rates are stagnant. Pakistan is far from meeting its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of providing universal primary education by 2015."

In 2012, Human Rights Watch urged the Pakistani government to take "immediate steps to protect students and teachers".

"Parts of Pakistan are among the most dangerous places in the world to go to school today," said Ali Dayan Hasan, Pakistan director at Human Rights Watch. "It's time Pakistani authorities understand that expressions of outrage alone are inadequate and such attacks will only end if they hold abusers accountable."



Strangers Hug Muslim Women Laying Tributes to Victims of Siege at Martin Place

18 Dec, 2014

Samar Taki was overwhelmed by the kindness of strangers who approached her and her friends as they laid a tribute to the victims of the Lindt cafe siege on Wednesday.

Ms Taki and her friends, who belong to the Seekers Hub, a Muslim spiritual group based in Riverwood, had come to pay their respects to the victims.

Laying a huge handmade wreath featuring the words “with love” at the scene, their presence was met with smiles, hugs and even requests for selfies from members of the public.

Ms Taki, Angela Rodgers, Nilofer Rafiuddin, Hend Zaid and Amal Taki had travelled by train from Bankstown to the makeshift shrine for the hostage victims, which has now spread to a second tribute site on Elizabeth St.

Ms Zaid said like all Sydneysiders, they wanted to show their support to the victims and their families.

“We hand-made this,” Ms Zaid said of the wreath. “When you love people you give support.”

NSW Premier Mike Baird said this mornning he has never been so proud of Sydney.

Returning to Martin Place for the fourth day in a row following the hostage crisis, Mr Baird said the floral tributes showed all that was good about Sydney and NSW.

“I was proud of this city and state before these events but my heart is beating louder and prouder because of what I’ve seen here,” Mr Baird said.

“All of those flowers are representative of hundreds and hundreds of people representing thousands of people across the state and millions across the country.

“We are saying to the victims and their families and friends and those still in hospital ‘we are with you, you’re not alone’ and we are saying to the world ‘we will get through this’.”

As Sydneysiders continue to come together to mourn the victims of the cafe siege, Premier Mike Baird said a permanent memorial will be erected in Martin Place.

“This is something that will be with us forever. We need to recognise that and pay tribute to the inspiring Australians that we have lost, and what they have given us,” Mr Baird told Macquarie Radio.

A steady stream of people has visited Martin Place since Tuesday to leave flowers and notes and shed tears for Katrina Dawson and Tori Johnson, the two hostages who lost their lives.

Despite reports of anti-Islamic sentiment in the aftermath of the tragedy, NSW Police said last night that incidents of hate or bias crime were minimal compared to the outpouring of support at Martin Place.

On Monday night, a simple spontaneous offer on Twitter to accompany Muslims on their commute after the siege went viral.

The hashtag #illridewithyou sparked hundreds of thousands of tweets and became a global phenomenon, trending worldwide as Australians took a stand against racism and bigotry.

Community leader and Belmore GP Jamal Rifi said #illridewithyou had empowered Australian Muslims.

“They have been humbled by the fact that ordinary Australians are putting their hands up to ride with Muslim girls and ladies to prevent any thugs and racist people from affecting those social cohesions,” he said.

“I felt that it impacted very well on their emotions, their well being, and strengthens the glue that binds our society together.”



Men at Work, Women At Home Is Best Recipe for High-Income Nation: Isma

18 Dec, 2014

KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 18 — Malaysia can still be a high-income nation if its men remain the main breadwinners and its women focused on raising children, Islamist group Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (Isma) argued amid concerns over the effect of youth marriages on the economy.

The group said while men can be “high achievers”, women should contribute to the nation in a way that “best suits them” instead of joining the workforce, although it did not elaborate on how to achieve that.

“A high income nation must not rely on women as the major contributor but rather men should lead the workforce and put their biggest effort in shaping the nation,” said Dr Nur Farrah Nadia Najib, who heads the group’s family and society bureau, on its website.

Citing the Wall Street Journal (WSJ), Dr Nur Farrah listed Japan as an example of a successful nation with low involvement of women in the workforce, making up about 40 per cent of the workforce and only 1.2 per cent of board members in major corporations.

However in September, WSJ reported that Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is urging more women to join the East Asian country’s male-dominated workforce which is dwindling due to aging population, and is affecting Japan’s productivity and global competitiveness.

“We just need the right person for the right job. Our male counterparts actively involved in workforce and being high achievers,” she suggested.

“Our females need to be highly educated in various skills to bring up healthy, successful girls and boys and must contribute to the community in a way that best suits them.”

Dr Nur Farrah also alleged that getting hitched early should be encouraged as a solution to social “issues” such as sex or pregnancies out of wedlock.

“If these young adults get married early because of the issues that I have shared above, then it means getting married early is not a problem, it is a solution,” she claimed.

“A solution that is not ideal but needed to counter the mishaps of poor morality and social values. A more productive way is to study why the younger society is susceptible to all these issues and lend them a helping hand to find a brighter future.”

On Tuesday, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) representative for Malaysia, Michelle Gyles-McDonnough noted the overwhelming number of Malaysians getting married at a young age and got into family life before they were fully equipped physically and mentally to bear the responsibility.

She said that more than 150,000 Malaysians married too early, at age below 19, and compromised their ability to get an education and be part of a productive labour force in a high-income nation, and instead relegated themselves to a life of dependency and under-employment.

Child marriages are largely frowned upon in Malaysian society but do occur here as the country’s Islamic judicial system — which runs alongside the civil courts — has laws that allow a Muslim girl below the age of 16 to marry, though only with the consent of the Shariah Court. Permission is granted on a case-by-case basis.

This provision under Shariah law however is at odds with Section 376 of the Penal Code, which criminalises sex with a minor as statutory rape.

The Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act — which applies to non-Muslims — allows for marriage between couples aged 18 and above, but exemptions are also made for girls aged 16 and above, whereupon the consent of the state’s chief minister or mentri besar, must be obtained first.

According to the population census in 2000, there were 11,400 children below 15 years of age who were married, of which 6,800 were girls and 4,600 boys.

Out of the 6,800 girls, 2,450 were Muslims, while 4,350 girls were non-Muslims comprising 1,550 bumiputeras; 1,600 Chinese; 600 Indians; and 600 other races.



Child Abuse Training For School Personnel In Abu Dhabi

18 Dec, 2014

ABU DHABI // School staff in Abu Dhabi will receive training in awareness of child abuse and neglect from the Ministry of Interior in collaboration with the Abu Dhabi Education Council (Adec).

Each of the 444 schools in the capital – including 189 private schools – will have one representative who will be responsible for the training programme.

Trainers from different police departments will also participate in the scheme.

The sessions will amount to 15 hours of intensive training in the concept of child protection, shielding youngsters from harm and abuse, and enhancing their safety and security.

The courses will include a session on the definition of assault on and neglect of children, the new child rights law and its penalties, how to support victims, how to detect and identify the risks surrounding children, and how to report on children who have been abused or neglected.

After training, caregivers are expected to do their part to protect the children in their schools.

Dr Amal Al Qubaisi, director general of Adec, said that because children spend most of their days in school it was vital to provide a safe and caring environment for their education.

Maj Gen Nasser Al Nuaimi, undersecretary to the office of the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior and chairman of the Higher Committee for Child Protection at the Ministry of Interior, said building the capacity of the various partners in the field of child protection enhanced their efforts to prevent abuse and neglect.

He said it was important to cooperate with those in the childcare field to ensure continuous improvement.

He called for those working with children to get to know the signs of abuse and how to report them.

Addressing parents, Maj Gen Al Nuaimi said it was important not to expose children to any kind of abuse – psychological or physical - and that families must provide a caring environment and positive emotional support.

This will create a healthy community, free of societal issues that could lead to its instability, he added.

Maj Mohamed Al Ali, director of the Child Protection Centre of the Ministry of Interior, said finding clear policies and procedures for protecting children in schools was absolutely necessary. He said cases of abuse or neglect should be reported and dealt with immediately.

He also said that the planned training courses should act as an example to caregivers for taking action.