By Nastik Durrani, New Age Islam
In Mecca, there were only two Rak’ats (cycles) in the Islamic prayers for both types of worshippers i.e. Muqeem (residents) and Musafir (travellers). But when the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) migrated to Medina and spent a complete month in it, two more Rak’ats were added to the prayers of the resident worshippers in the Islamic month of Rabi-ul-Sani. Hence, they were named “Salat-ul-Hazr” meaning the prayer of the residents. Afterwards, the previously performed prayers of the two Rak’ats were made exclusively specific for those travellers who left their normal places of residence for a certain period of time as enshrined in the Islamic Shari’ah.
The commandment of the specific prayers for the travellers was sent down in the first year of the Hijrah (1). However, there are some traditions saying that it was enjoined upon Muslims around a year after the Hijrah (Prophet Muhammad’s migration to Medina).
The scholars of Islam have determined a certain distance for a person to be deemed a Musafir (traveller) in the books of Hadith and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) (3). The ruling is actually pertaining to the prayers that have been obligated in Medina. The commandment of shortening the Rak’ats of the prayer while on a trip or travel has been mentioned in this Quranic verse: “And when you travel throughout the land, there is no blame upon you for shortening the prayer, [especially] if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you. Indeed, these disbelievers are ever to you a clear enemy.”(4).
The Prophet of Allah (pbuh) initially offered four Rak’ats (cycles) in his prayers, but then he performed the four Rak’ats in the prayer at the place of Zi Al-Halifa (5).
URL for Urdu Article: http://www.newageislam.com/urdu-section/history-of-namza-in-islam-(part-10)--namaz-of-a-traveller-and-that-of--a-settled-person-(اسلام-میں-نماز-کی-تاریخ---مقیم-اور-مسافر-کی-نماز-(10/d/35015