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Islam and Spiritualism ( 8 Jul 2013, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Al-Ikhlas – One Third of the Quran and a Revelation



By Aiman Reyaz, New Age Islam

July 09, 2013

Al- Ikhlas means fidelity or purification, i.e., the purification of faith. And the Prophet described this Surah as being equivalent to one third of the Quran. It is reported by Abu Said that he heard the Prophet saying:

"Isn't every one of you able to recite one third of the Quran during a night?" They thought it was very difficult, so they asked: "Who is able to do that, O Apostle of God?" He responded: "He is God, the One and Only is one third of the Qur'an."

 “In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Say, “He is God, one and only

God, the Absolute, the Eternal

He neither begets nor is He begotten

And there is nothing like Him”.1

While glancing though the history of Muhammad (pbuh) one would come to know that when Muhammad (pbuh) was in Medina and a Christian deputation had come from Najran to meet him. They had heard that another Arab now is claiming to be in communion with God and claiming to be a Prophet. So these Christians went to meet him, question him and test him about God and religion. So they come to Medina and they are housed in the mosque of the Prophet (pbuh), they sleep in the mosque, they eat in the mosque and they have a dialogue in the mosque for three days and three nights.

During the course of the discussion one of the Christians posed a question, among many other questions: “Ok Muhammad, now tell us: what is your concept of God?” and Muhammad (pbuh), according to tradition, does not just start answering like us. He figuratively presses his spiritual button, trying to commune with God ‘Oh my Lord what shall I say?” He could have answered like us. When, at times we are asked questions and when we don’t have ready answers so what do we do? - We beat around the bush; we fumble and take time to gather our thoughts. We answer by using terms like ‘you know’, ‘I mean’, ‘you see’ etc and that is how we generally try to answer, if we are not prepared for it.

Suppose I ask the readers: ‘What is 10 times 10?’ or ‘what is 6 times 6?’And if you know Mathematics then there will be immediate answers:  “100” and “36”. But if you did not have the immediate answers then you will fumble and you would take time. That is how we generally talk, but Muhammad, (pbuh) does not do that. When he was asked “Ok Muhammad now tell us what is your concept of God?” he could have answered ‘you see our God is the same God that is identical to yours. We believe in the God of Moses, God of Abraham, and the God of Jesus. You see our God is very powerful ‘etc. This is how we talk, but not so Muhammad (pbuh). He was asked a question and he must get it from the highest authority, from the head-computer. So figuratively, he presses his spiritual buttons and the answer comes through his mouth. Every prophet of God is the mouth of God. Moses asked God, ‘what shall I say?’ He was told by God “Tell them thou shall not commit adultery, thou shall not steal” etc. Jesus said “I can of my own self do nothing, as I hear I judge and my judgement is just for I seek not my will but the Will of my Father”. Similarly Muhammad, whenever was asked any (theological) question, he became the mouth of God and God spoke through him.

When the Christian asked about the concept of God, God gives the answer through Muhammad:

“Say, “He is God, one and only

God, the Absolute, the Eternal

He neither begets nor is He begotten

And there is nothing like Him”.

And the chapter is over. After saying this he again got back to his normal way of speaking: ‘you see this is our concept of God’. He is first in his normal way of speaking, then suddenly God takes over his mind and when the message is delivered, Muhammad (pbuh) comes back to his normal.

The most noteworthy thing in this verse is the word “say”. When you were asked what is ten times ten, you replied “100”, when you were asked what is six times six, you replied “36”. You did not say “say 100” or “say 36”. Why did Muhammad (pbuh) said “Say: He is God one and only...” He is asking His God, ‘what shall I say?’ and then comes the answer “Say: He is God one and only..”

Imam Malik bin Anas has said that `Ubayd bin Hunayn heard Abu Hurayrah speaking:

"I was walking with the Prophet and we heard a man reciting "Say: He, God, is One" The God's Apostle said: "It is inevitable" I asked "what?": He responded: "Paradise."

A tradition on the authority of A’isha has been related in Bukhari, Muslim and other collections of the Hadith, saying that the Prophet sent a man as leader of an expedition. During the journey he concluded his recitation of the Qur’ān in every Prayer with Qul Huwa-Allahu Ahad. On their return him companions mentioned this before the Prophet. He said: “Ask him why he did so.” When the man was asked, he replied: “In this Sūrah the attributes of the Merciful God have been stated; therefore, I love to recite it again and again.” When the Prophet heard this reply, he said to the people: “Inform him that God holds him in great love and esteem.” 2

This is the importance of this chapter. It is short and it is unique.

1.       The Quran ch 112

2.       Quran-Saheeh International Translation, pg 670