Go to Jericho!
By Daanish Mustafa
22 Feb, 2013
On the seemingly desolate road to Jericho, I thought I was lost. (Un) happily I came upon an Israeli military patrol which had pulled over a donkey cart with two Palestinian children: one was no more than 12 years old and held the reins in his hand, and the other was an 8-year old with a shotgun. The young Israeli women soldiers - they looked like teenagers - gave us directions and proceeded to have a conversation with the little Palestinians. Without waiting to see what would happen, I just drove on towards the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.
On the entrance to the city is the gigantic Oasis Casino, one of the first investments by the Palestinian Authority (PA). It was not open to Palestinians unless they held foreign passports. The irony of a casino that is open only to Israelis, in Palestinian-controlled territory, across from a Palestinian refugee camp, basically encapsulates what the peace process, Yasir Arafat, and his PA did for the Palestinians, and why Hamas has now made inroads into the Palestinian polity.
The wonderful archaeological sites in the city, including Hisham's palace and the ruins of the Neolithic-era old city, are somewhat overshadowed by the beautiful banana groves that surround the city and the towering Mount of Temptation where, according to tradition, Christ was tempted by the devil. Today most of Jericho's economy is based on Christian tourism to the city. Jericho is also the last major settlement on the Jordan River before it terminates in the Dead Sea. Today the river is no more than a trickle, thanks to excessive water withdrawals by Israel to provide its populace and settlers a lifestyle more appropriate for New Jersey than for the Levant. Jordanians are also to blame, though to a lesser extent. But the net result is that Palestinians are starved of water, as is the Dead Sea, which is rapidly shrinking and is now divided into two parts connected by an artificial canal.
To go to Bethlehem, about 10 km from Jerusalem, one has to take a 45-minute taxi ride to avoid the Israeli check posts. Skirting the extensive Israeli settlement of Har Homa, somehow one gets to Bethlehem. What is the point of a "separation wall" - built ostensibly to keep out Palestinian "terrorists" - if even a taxi can evade the check point? (And here we come upon the real motivations behind Israel's walling off of Palestinians.)
Bethlehem, the birthplace of Christ, is predominantly a Christian town, with hoards of Christian pilgrims from all over the world. It is one of the better places, if one can use that adjective in this context, to experience the separation wall. Like a brooding giant with a clownish face, it divides neighbourhoods and casts a malevolent shadow over the city. But the graffiti on the wall is an affirmation of the humanity and spirit of the Palestinians interred in the city. With some help from the inimitable graffiti artist Banksy, Palestinians defy the most odious symbol of Israeli malice with humour and creativity. I wondered if this sense of humour is more effective at undermining the moral and political authority of Israel than the protests, armed resistance and grave speeches at international forums. (I wondered too if the ferocious changing-of-the-guards ceremony at Wagah edifies Pakistan's supposed adversary India...)
To avoid Israeli check points it takes two and a half hours to get to Ramallah from Bethlehem. The journey should really be no more than an hour over the 30 km distance between the two cities, through East Jerusalem. Ramallah is the seat of the Palestinian Authority and located at a height of 2800 ft. It was a hill resort in pre-partition Palestine. Despite its recent violent history, the town still has the feel of a carefree resort rather than one of the epicentres of the longest running nationalist conflicts of the past seven decades. Yasir Arafat's tomb and the adjacent PA authority secretariat is a modern white marble complex at one end of the town. Mr. Arafat's body had been exhumed a few days before for forensic tests to address suspicions about his death. Handsome and friendly Palestinian guards, with the ever-present cigarette in their hands, manned the complex. In fact, if you ask Palestinians for directions they are more likely to take you to your destination instead of simply giving you directions. Palestinians are probably some of the most generous people on earth-certainly with their time. Massive unemployment in Palestine may also have something to do with this.
Ramallah probably has some of the finest bars and restaurants in Israel and Palestine. The food is excellent and well-heeled Palestinians are not averse to letting their hair down to throbbing music. They consume some of the finest wines and micro-brews in the world. In fact, according to young Palestinians, Ramallah anchors the young Palestinian party circuit including Bethlehem and Amman. Hebron, Jenin, Jericho and Raffah are evidently the more conservative small towns looked down upon by sophisticated Palestinians.
Palestinian Christians are at the forefront of the political, cultural and social life of Palestine. After all, it was George Habash who formed the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), which predated the better-known Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Today Palestinian Christians are some of the few Christian Arab communities that have kept an airtight solidarity with their Muslim brethren and vice versa-unlike the Lebanese Christians-despite insidious European imperialist and later Zionist attempts at drawing a wedge between them.
A walk through the Qalandia checkpoint through the separation wall ushers one onto a bus that takes one back to Jerusalem. Standing in line to get through the iron gates as one is directed through a walkway resembling a cattle pen, a Palestinian artist standing next to me started up a conversation. Upon finding out that I was a Pakistani, he said, "You guys have the atomic bomb, right? Man if you could lend one to me I would certainly like to drop one on these bas*#@$ [Israelis]". The intensity of emotion in his voice while waiting in that horrid space to be interviewed by a teenage Israeli soldier was understandable. But the hate and frustration in his voice was frightening. I just responded that my country's possession of the bomb was not much of a point of pride for me. All its possession meant to me was that my country and my countrymen, who were proud of the bomb, were as stupid and vain as the Americans, Russians, Israelis and others who have the bomb. In my admittedly fanciful world, I would like to believe that we are better people than them. But I could also sense the hollowness of my moralizing in the face of that Palestinian artist's daily humiliating reality.
Back in Jerusalem, sitting in a sauna, I was surrounded by senior Israeli citizens who probably fought in the 1956 invasion of the Sinai and then the 1967, 73 and 82 wars. One kind-looking gentleman asked where I was from. Hearing my response he practically exclaimed, "Pakistan?! That is a very bad enemy country!" I protested that an enemy 3,000 miles away could do no harm to him. "Yes you can-our enemies don't have to be close to hurt us." And then he walked out. Just as well: now I had the sauna all to myself.
The Two-State Solution Is Effectively Dead
I wonder why Israelis have to look for enemies when they have friends like American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), Evangelical Christians in the US, Israeli settlers and above all ultra-right wing Jews who want all of the West Bank (Judea-Sumaria) as part of greater Israel and the construction of the 3rd Temple over Haram-al-Sharif. Travelling in and out of Jerusalem one cannot miss the gigantic Israeli settlement of Ma'ale Adumim-housing more than 35,000 settlers on decidedly Palestinian land. The scale and permanence of the settlement is evidence enough that Israelis have no intention of abandoning their occupation: the facts on the ground speak louder than any empty statement of intent. Thanks to these settlers and their maximalist position on the Palestine-Israel conflict, the two-state solution is effectively dead. There is no way that there can be a viable Palestinian state with the ongoing settlement expansion-and the Israelis know it. They also know that the status quo cannot continue in perpetuity.
Ironically, the religious Jewish right wing was most hostile to the socialist-secular Zionist movement when it set out to create Israel. Of course once the State was formed the same right wing has become its most extremist champion. (I am sure this sounds familiar to Pakistanis.) As an instance of almost poetic justice, the maximalist position of the Israeli Right and its appropriation of the political discourse in Israel seems to constitute the biggest existential threat to the Jewish character of the State of Israel. Palestinians will be a demographic majority in Israel, sooner or later and in the absence of a full Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories, Jews will be a minority in Israel. I don't think the consequences of our religious right wing's maximalist positions vis-a-vis Pakistan bear repeating here.
Israel is supposed to be a refuge for the Jewish populace of the world. It is based upon denial of the wonderful contribution of Jewish people to diverse cultures across Eurasia and Africa. Not only that it is predicated upon replacement of the longstanding cultural and linguistic heritage of Jews from across the world with a constructed unitary, cultural, religious (according to the religious right in Israel) nationalist identity. We in Pakistan are sadly too familiar with that story. Today, Israel for Jews has become the most dangerous place on earth, as Pakistan has for South Asia's Muslims.