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Islam and Pluralism (25 Feb 2020 NewAgeIslam.Com)

O’ Mankind in the Quran—Believe or Accept Pluralism

By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

25 February 2020

Pluralism, worship of One God, belief in all the Prophets, good conduct, lawful means of subsistence, avoidance of satanic footsteps, occurrence of Resurrection and human embryology are the messages directly spoken to all mankind. The Quran addresses all human kind in both ways, directly and indirectly. The words ‘Ya ayyuh al-nas’ (O’ Mankind) in the Quran denote an expression of direct address (vocative case) by which all individuals of the mankind spoken to are set forth expressly within the verse. The following are a collection of the Quranic verses in which all mankind are directly addressees.

 “O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous” (2:21)

“O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy” (2:168)

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.” (4:1)

“O Mankind, the Messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so believe; it is better for you. But if you disbelieve - then indeed, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth. And ever is Allah Knowing and Wise.” (4:170)

“O mankind, there has come to you a conclusive proof from your Lord, and We have sent down to you a clear light.” (4:174)

“Say, [O Muhammad], "O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, [from Him] to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no deity except Him; He gives life and causes death." therefore believe in Allah and His Noble Messenger, the Prophet who is untutored (except by Allah), who believes in Allah and His Words, and obey him (the Prophet) to attain guidance.” (7:158)

“But when He saves them, at once they commit injustice upon the earth without right. O mankind, your injustice is only against yourselves, [being merely] the enjoyment of worldly life. Then to Us is your return, and We will inform you of what you used to do.” (10:23)

“O mankind, there has to come to you instruction from your Lord and healing for what is in the breasts and guidance and mercy for the believers.” (10:57)

“Say, [O Muhammad], "O mankind, if you are in doubt as to my religion - then I do not worship those which you worship besides Allah; but I worship Allah, who causes your death. And I have been commanded to be of the believers” (10:104)

“Say, "O mankind, the truth has come to you from your Lord, so whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] his soul, and whoever goes astray only goes astray [in violation] against it. And I am not over you a manager."And follow what is revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and be patient until Allah will judge. And He is the best of judges.” (10:108-109)

“O mankind, fear your Lord. Indeed, the convulsion of the [final] Hour is a terrible thing.” (22:1)

“O mankind, if you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then [consider that] indeed, We created you from dust, then from a sperm-drop, then from a clinging clot, and then from a lump of flesh, formed and unformed - that We may show you. And We settle in the wombs whom We will for a specified term, then We bring you out as a child, and then [We develop you] that you may reach your [time of] maturity. And among you is he who is taken in [early] death, and among you is he who is returned to the most decrepit [old] age so that he knows, after [once having] knowledge, nothing. And you see the earth barren, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and swells and grows [something] of every beautiful kind.” (22:5)

“Say, "O people, I am only to you a clear warner." And those who have believed and done righteous deeds - for them is forgiveness and noble provision.” (22:49-50)

“O mankind, an example is being illustrated therefore listen to it attentively; “Those whom you worship besides Allah can never create a fly even if they all come together for it; and if a fly took away something from them, they cannot retrieve that from it; how weak are the seeker and the sought!” (22:73)

“And Solomon inherited David. He said, "O mankind, we have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from all things. Indeed, this is evident bounty." (27:16)

“O mankind, fear your Lord and fear a Day when no father will avail his son, nor will a son avail his father at all. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver.” (31:33)

“O mankind, remember the favor of Allah upon you. Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded?” (35:3)

“O mankind, indeed the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver. Indeed, Satan is an enemy to you; so take him as an enemy. He only invites his party to be among the companions of the Blaze.” (35:5-6)

“O mankind, you are those in need of Allah, while Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.” (35:15)

“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” (49:13)

These Quranic verses are the calls from God Almighty towards all mankind. However He knew that there would be division between them in the sense that some would believe Him and some would disbelieve Him. The matter of belief is purely associated with heart and tongue. The heart believes it and the tongue declares it. By force one cannot establish faith in one’s heart; therefore the Quran clearly opines that since the faith of Islam is clear for all mankind, it says, “There is no compulsion in [matters of] Religion” (2:257).

If the mankind can’t agree with these calls, they can meet to know one another either by developing either of the two options; relationship in faith or relationship in humane ethos. Here the third option leading to violence should not be the leading objective of any different classes of human beings. In case of differences, pluralism is the best option which can be derived from a number of Quranic verses, such as 5:48, 11:118, 22:67, 30:22 and 49:13. The Quranic message on pluralism and diversity was also implemented through the Charter of Medina formulated by the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon him). This Charter brought together different ethnic and religious communities, granting them equal rights and responsibilities. The treaty made with the Christian monks of Najran for the protection of monastery and freedom of religion was one of the examples of testimony to pluralism.

So Let us recognize God Alone, His Attributes, Worship Him Alone, Believe in all His Prophets, Believe in all His revealed Books, His Angels. And If we can’t make our unity on this path of recognition and faith, then we should move forward with our human hearts to respect and encourage ethos of pluralism, despite our diversity in believing and disbelieving. For the believers, it is then extremely essential to avoid the path of extremism in their actions, and for the non-believers it is essential to avoid the path of another form of extremism to counter extremism.     

A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).

URL: https://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/ghulam-ghaus-siddiqi,-new-age-islam/o’-mankind-in-the-quran—believe-or-accept-pluralism/d/121148

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  • Subhanallah
    By Aasiya mariyam - 5/5/2020 6:17:17 PM

  • Hats Off lies again when he accuses me of hating white people. I do condemn white colonialists and imperialists as well as white supremacists and neo-Nazis, but I do admire Western freedoms and several aspects of their culture which I have enumerated for you before but which you conveniently must have forgotten.
    One does not have to be a psychiatrist to diagnose your monomania about Muslims who migrate, although you have nothing to say about all the others who migrate. Didn't your forefathers too migrate into India?
    It is sheer blind prejudice on your part to be so selectively critical about Islam and minimize equally deplorable pasts of others. This too is a monomania. It is a single-minded hate war that merges seamlessly with the hate war which has been mounted against Indian Muslims by the sanghis.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/17/2020 1:18:57 PM

  • if you hate white people so much why did you beg borrow and lie to crawl under their stones?
    that aside, it is mostly european authors, journalists and other kuffar who exposed the role of the europeans and americans in every one of their genocides.
    while all moderates muslim (aka pathological liars and haters of the anything and every thing western, but still prefer to beg their way into their communities) lie, distort, malign and denigrate the western societies while parasitizing them.
    also if you think that just because you are a medical professional you can you can make random diagnoses and think you are impressing the hoi polloi, you are totally unsurprising. because this is what all pseudo secular islamic supremacists always do. like nouman ali or other flotsam.
    it is pathetic when you evoke the real scotsman fallacy with regard to intolerant religions. you peck out one monstrosity after another from some stupid religion and start fidgetting "oh real such and such religion does not oh and so ho..." etc, etc.
    you are hopeless and you think you can gloss over it by pretending to be large hearted.
    no. you are not large hearted. you are just another of those gravy train raiders. you will live to see how your camouflage your dishonesty with good samaritanism will come more undone as your lies start convincing you.
    go home. get back.
    By hats off! - 3/17/2020 5:40:13 AM

  • Hats Off is lying again! Have Americans apologized to Iraqis for killing over 100,000 Iraqis for false allegations of WMDs? Have Spaniards apologized to Peruvians for decimating their population? Have the Brits apologized to Maoris for at least 311 frontier massacres over a period of about 140 years,  revealing "a state-sanctioned and organised attempt to eradicate Aboriginal people"

    Hats Off will always be an apologist for white people!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/16/2020 11:12:54 PM

  • by the way europeans have acknowledged their blood soaked past while moderate muslim liars keep lying that islamic conquests were paeceful that islam was not spread by sword and other half truths and full lies.

    while europeans have apologized to the natives and aborigines only moderate muslims continue to claim that everything western is sinful and everything islamic and muslims are sacred.

    while islam reserves the right spread islam among the kuffar they never give this right to other religions in their own islamic hell holes.

    so these moderates creep out from under the stones to infest other liberal countries and start pontificating from their own dunghills.

    now mr GM has come full circle. from over inclusion in the Qur'an to ayesha was 19. just shows us how he can speak from both sides of the tongue and its tip as well.

    By hats off! - 3/16/2020 6:43:41 PM

  • Poor Hats Off just cannot get out of his cesspool of lies and hate directed solely at Muslims! Muslim conquests were as brutal in olden days as the conquests of any of the other conquerors. European conquests of the Americas alone cost an estimated 11 million lives. Past histories of all communities are murky. When one community is picked  for special vilification it is for a  concrete political purpose. Half-witted apostates join such campaigns of hate in order to vent their own spiteful agenda.

    Hats Off's usual venom for Muslims who have migrated to Western countries is his unique psychopathology because I have not seen anyone else being so stupidly hostile to immigration.

    I do not know any progressive Muslims who are admirers of tahir ul qadri, yasir qadhi and nouman al. Earlier Hats Off was trying to smear me with the name of the Muslim Brotherhood! He is just throwing various labels at me to see if any will stick!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/16/2020 1:19:25 PM

  • moderate muslims are constrained to be immoderate liars in so far as they defend everything islamic and totally ignore the plight of communities that bore the onslaught of the islamic warriors also known as muslims. invaders always like to portray themselves as saviours.

    moderate muslims are most comfortable hunting with the hounds and running with the hares.

    they mostly crawl from islamic hell holes and beg, borrow or steal membership of the kuffar countries and continue their existence as separate and completely immiscible entities and start extracting preferential rights to denigrate other religions, cultures, communities and social systems.

    tahir ul qadri, yasir qadhi and nouman ali are the role models for these kind of conscienceless people. not to forget ali dawah.

    By hats off! - 3/16/2020 8:42:25 AM

  • کروناوئرس ایک متعدی بیماری ہے ۔امت کے حق میں اللہ تعالی سے دعا کرتے رہیں ۔اپنی بے کسی اور بے بسی کے اظہار کے ساتھ ساتھ احتیاطی تدابیر بھی اپناتے رہیں۔ ہر شیئ اللہ کے حکم سے پیدا ہوتی ہے ، مرض ہو یا شفا یابی ، سب اللہ کی مرضی سے ہی ہوتی ہے ۔احتیاط بھی برتیں ، صفائی کا دھیان رکھیں ، ایمان بھی رکھیں کہ اللہ تعالی کی مرضی کے بغیر یہ وائرس کسی کو بھی نقصان نہیں پہنچا سکتا ۔ ظلم وستم کی حد بڑھ جاتی ہے تو اس طرح کا متعدی وائرس ظہور پذیر ہوتا ہے ۔طاعون بھی اسی طرح کا عذاب تھا۔امت کے لیے دعا کریں یہاں تک کہ اللہ تعالی اس مہلک وبا کو دنیا سے اٹھا لے ۔

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 3/16/2020 4:40:40 AM

  • When the powerful persecutes and oppresses the weak and the regular unbearable crimes take place, the plague like Cronavirus has always taken place in the world. 
    Taun, Juzam were such contagious disease and our Prophet (peace be upon him) instructed the people to keep away from contagious disease. 
    The way the world and the health organization is fighting against Cronovirus was beautifully explained in the words of the Prophet peace be upon him. 
    The concept of isolation or quarantine was the instruction of the Prophet when he said, 
    "If you hear that it (contagious disease) is in a land, do not go there, and if it breaks out in a land where you are, do not leave, fleeing from it". This was meant to save the people from the contagious disease.  
    There are several other Ahadith in which such instruction has been given. I am collecting it and soon it will be before you.
    We need to seriously and actively deal with Coronavirus, showing our weakness before Allah Almighty and asking for forgiveness and mercy because there are still the pious slaves in this planet.   

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 3/16/2020 4:40:09 AM

  • उस मौलवी साहब ने दिल्ली दंगा के बारे में कुछ नहीं कहा क्या????
    By Abdullah - 3/16/2020 1:48:32 AM

  • एक मौलवी साहब ने अपनी फेसबुक पोस्ट पर लिखा, कांग्रेस में कुछ लोग निफ़ाक़ दिखाते हैं, सिंधिया को देखिये अपने मतलब के लिए चले गए, बीजेपी जो भी हो खुली दुश्मनी दिखाती है, अब कोई आप्शन नहीं है, बीजेपी को ही वोट दो, बीजेपी से बात करो, यही गुड रिजल्ट होगा, लेकिन बीजेपी को इसमें दिलचस्पी शायद नहीं है,

    जब गिदर की मौत आती है तो ................

    By Ravi Kumar - 3/15/2020 11:42:42 PM

  • इमान भी ना रखो, बिना ईमान के जन्नत भी जाना चाहो, मोमिनो से इज्ज़त का ख्वाब भी देखो, जब इज्ज़त ना मिले तो मोमिनो के मिटाने का खवाब भी देखो, वाह रे इंसान, हर तरह से आम तुम्ही खाओ हम गुठली गिनते रहें, तुम्हारे ख्वाहिशों को हम पूरा करते रहें, बदले में तुम हमे सिर्फ ज़िल्लत देते रहो, और अब बेवकूफ ना बनाओ हमे, बहुत हो गया, अच्छा काम पहले करो इज्ज़त मिलेगी दुनिया में भी आखिरत में भी, इज्ज़त मजाक बना कर या ज़बरदस्ती हासिल नहीं की जा सकती, जो भी इज्ज़त इस तरह तुम्हे मिले समझ लो वो इज्ज़त नहीं वो महज़ दिखावा है, झूट है, नज़रों का धोखा है, असली इज्ज़त तुम्हे तभी मिलेगी जब तुम अच्छा काम करोगे, ईमानदार रहोगे, ज़ुल्म ना करोगे, खुदा के बन जाओ, और इंसान से इंसानियत निभालो, तुम्हे हर तरफ इज्ज़त ही इज्ज़त मिलेगी, दुनिया में भी, मरने के बाद भी लोग याद रखेंगे   

    By Huzaifa - 3/15/2020 11:37:41 PM

  • we are living in the world where presenting victimhood narratives for justice is also akin to a crime. 
    then such a narrative is daily used in our Courts, Supreme or High.!!!
    Shocking affair of life!  

    By Abdullah - 3/15/2020 11:15:16 PM

  • It is believed that non muslim plays hypocrisy to show friendship with muslims 
    it is also believed that muslim plays hypocrisy to show friendship with non-muslims 
    the question is who knows if it is hypocrisy or genuineness, 
    surey, perception, doubts,---not sure ...what is true or untrue .....why to waste time in such unclear doubts ---------
    let the matter leave up to the people, and leave them alone with their narratives and come forward to make a community of humanity.
    All muslims are not the same 
    and all non muslims are not the same............

    By Anjum - 3/15/2020 11:12:04 PM

  • One of the Islamist narratives is that Kufr is a united community against Islam, so it can’t be trusted. This is used to brainwash the yongsters. Videos of victims are shown and narratives of persecutions are presented.

    You will never abe able to change such a mentality. You have lost your agenda. You just have courage to find out faults within Muslims and no courage to speak against the real corrupts and those who are actual responsible for producing terrorists.    

    By Truth - 3/15/2020 11:07:41 PM

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