After the speech of Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan on 18th May in Jehangir Park, Karachi, Maulana Lal Husain Akhtar convened a conference of All Pakistan Muslim Parties in the Theosophical Hall, Karachi. The invitations for this conference were issued over the signatures of Maulana Ehtisham-ul-Haq Thanvi, Maulana Abdul Haamid Badayuni, Maulana Jafar Husain Mujtahid, Maulana Muhammad Yusuf and Maulana Lal Husain Akhtar as decided upon in an alleged representative gathering of important Muslim parties. The conference was held at the house of the convener on 2nd June. The proceedings of that conference have not been produced, but it appears from papers produced by Maulana Ehtisham-ul-Haq that in that conference the following demands were formulated:—
(1) That the Ahmadis be declared a non-Muslim minority;
(2) That Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan be removed from the office of Foreign Minister;
(3) That Ahmadis be removed from all key posts; and
(4) That in order to achieve the aforesaid objects an All Pakistan Muslim Parties Convention be called.
This conference was presided over by Maulana Sayyad Suleman Nadvi, under whose chairmanship a board was also constituted which was to make arrangements for the next meeting of the Convention. The resolutions passed at this conference were approved in a public meeting held in Karachi.
The members of the board were the following:—
(1) Sayyad Suleman Sahib Nadvi, Chairman, Board of Ta’limat-i-Islami;
(2) Mufti Muhammad Shafi Sahib, Member, Board of Ta’limat-i-Islami;
(3) Maulana Abdul Haamid Sahib Badayuni;
(4) Allama Muhammad Yusuf Sahib Calceuttavi;
(5) Allama Mufti Sahib Dad Sahib;
(6) Allama Sultan Ahmad Sahib;
(7) Allama Ahmad Nurani Sahib;
(8) Maulana Lal Husain Akhtar Sahib;
(9) Al-Haj Hashim Gazdar Sahib;
(10) Maulana Jafar Husain Sahib Mujtahid, Member, Board of Ta’limat-i-Islami; and
(11) Maulana Ehtisham-ul-Haq, Convener.
In a meeting of the board held at the house of Mr. Muhammad Hashim Gazdar on 13th July, it was decided to issue invitations for the Convention to the following parties:—
(7) Motamar-i-Ahl-i-Hadith, Punjab,
(8) Idara-i-Tahaffuz-i-Haquq-i-Shia, Punjab,
(10) Hizbollah, East Pakistan,
Representatives of the Jama’at-i-Islami to whom invitations were decided to be issued were Maulana Sayyed Abul Ala Maudoodi, Naeem Siddiqi, Chaudhri Ghulam Muhammad and Sultan Ahmad. The dates fixed for the Convention were 16th and l7th August but as will be pointed out later the Convention actually took place on 16th to 18th January 1953.
ALL MUSLIM PARTIES CONVENTION, LAHORE
Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan's speech in Karachi accelerated the pace of events, and the Ahrar clutched at a long-awaited opportunity which they exploited to the utmost. In the issue of the ‘Zamindar’ of 3rd July, an advertisement appeared that a contention of all religious jama’ats, which would be attended by ulama, khatibs, pirs, sajjada-nashins and leaders and workers of different political parties, would be held in the Barkat Ali Muhammadan Hall on 13th July, to chalk out a preliminary programme of action for the protection of the doctrine of khatm-i-nubuwwat. An invitation for the meeting, Ex. D. E. 138, was issued by Ghulam Ghaus Hazarvi over the signatures of:—
Maulana Ghulam Muhammad Tarannum, Sadr, Jami’at-ul-Ulama-i-Pakistan, Punjab, Lahore;
Maulana Mufti Muhammad Ha-san, Sadr, Jami’at-ul Ulama-i-Islam, Punjab, Lahore;
Maulana Ahmad All, Amir Anjuman-i-Khuddam-ud-Din, Lahore;
Maulvi Muhammad All Jullundri, Nazim-i-A’la, Majlis-i-Ahrar, Punjab Multan;
Maulana Sayyad Muhammad Daud Ghaznavi, Sadr, Jami’at-i-Ahl-i-Hadith, Punjab, Lahore;
Maulana Sayyad Nur-ul-Hasan Bukhari, Nazim-i-A’la, Tanzeem-i-Ahl-i-Sunnat-wal-ama’at, Pakistan; Lahore, and
Sayyad Muzaffar Ali Shamsi, Editor, Akhbar Shahid and former General Secretary, Idara-i-Tahaffuz-i-Haquq-i-Shia, Pakistan, Lahore.
Though only one of the signatories to this invitation, namely, Maulvi Muhammad Ali Jullundri, described himself as Nazim-i-A’la, Majlis-i-Ahrar, it is clear from the evidence of Maulana Akhtar Ali Khan that the da’ee committee which decided to issue the invitation, had a preponderant majority of the Ahrar, and Ghulam Ghaus Hazarvi who issued the invitation, appears to be the same person who was an active member of the Ahrar party and had been previously warned for his activities by the Governor of the Punjab. Neither the Ahrar nor the Majlis-i-Amal in their written statements have given details of the manner in which the da’ee committee was formed or who decided the names of the invitees to this convention ; but it appears from the pamphlet ‘The Majlis-i-Ahrar, Pakistan’ compiled by Mr. Anwar Ali, D. I. G., C. I. D., on information derived from C. I. D. records, that invitations were issued to some sixty religious divines and that the convention was attended, among others, by Maulana Ehtisham-ul-Haq Thanvi, Maulana Abdul Haamid Badayuni and Sayyad Suleman Nadvi from Karachi.
During the days that the convention was held, there was in force in Lahore an order under section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, prohibiting public meetings but in the decisions taken by the conference of District Magistrates, presided over by the Chief Secretary, on 5th July, it was decided to let the Convention take place and not to interfere with its proceeding. At this Convention the three demands, namely, that the Ahmadis be declared to be a minority, that Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan be removed from tae office of Foreign Minister and that the Ahmadis be removed from key posts in the State, were adopted and a Council of Action (Majlis-i-Amal) was formed of the following to decide upon the future programme of action:—
(1) Maulana Abul Hasanat Muhammad Ahmad of Jamiat-ul-Ulama-i-Pakistan—President;
(2) Maulana Amin Ahsan Islahi of Jama’at-i-Islami—Vice President;
(3) Master Taj-ud-Din Ansari of Majlis-i-Ahrar;
(4) Sheikh Husam-ud-Din of Majlis-i-Ahrar;
(5) Maulana Abdul Haleem Qasimi of Jami-‘at-ul Ulama-i-Islam;
(6) Maulana Muhammad Tufail of Jami’at-ul-Ulama-i-Islam;
(7) Maulana Muhammad Bakhsh Muslim of Jami’at-ul-Ulama-i-Pakistan;
(8) Maulana Ghulam Muhammad Tarannum of Hizbul Ahnaf;
(9) Maulana Ghulam Din of Hizbul Ahnaf;
(10) Maulana Daud Ghaznavi of Jami’at-i-Ahl-i-Hadith;
(11) Maulana Ata Ullah Haneef of Jami’at-i-Ahl-i-Hadith;
(12) Maulana Nasrullah Khan Aziz of Jama’at-i-Islami;
(13) Hafiz Kifayat Husain of Idara-i-Tahaffuz-i-Haquq-i-Shia;
(14) Muzaffar Ali Shamsi of Idara-i-Tahaffuz-i-Haquq-i-Shia;
(15) Maulvi Noor-ul-Hasan Bukhari of Tanzeem-i-Ahl-i-Sunnat-wal-Jama’at;
(16) Sahibzada Faiz-ul-Hasan of Anjuman Sajjada Nashinan-i-Panjab;
(17) Maulana Abdul Ghafar Hazarvi of Anjuman Sajjada Nashinan-i-Punjab;
(18) Allama Ala-ud-Din Siddiqi,—nominated;
(19) Maulana Akhtar Ali Khan,—nominated; and
(20) Maulana Murtaza Ahmad Khan Maikash—nominated.
The administrative position was considered by the authorities after the date of the Convention was announced but before it was actually held. Mr. Qurban Ali Khan in his note dated l4th July 1952, correctly read the motives of the Ahrar when he said:—
“That Ahrar are assisted by some one is accepted in all quarters. The Ahrar by themselves are not strong enough to have raised this demand but someone from amongst them or those who are behind them are clever enough to have foreseen that none of the so-called religious jama’ats would be foolish enough to lag behind on an issue over which every Musalman has the strongest feeling against the Ahmadis. That every single Muslim will rise on this issue cannot be denied. The cult of violence with which the Ahrar started the agitation and which compelled Government to step in, they know, is not being endorsed by the sensible section of the public. The Ahrar have realised this and I feel that they will not now advocate any step which is likely to pitch them against the law but they will do everything in their power to convert the rest of the jama’ats with them in their two most difficult demands against the Ahmadis. Their foremost endeavour would now be to face the Muslim League and its Government with this problem and to seek a policy from them. That a Government, no matter of which party, cannot possibly accept these recommendations is realised by most of the people. It will nevertheless be the strongest issue since the formation of Pakistan, on which the League will be challenged with the hope that if Government in power should give a verdict rejecting these demands the majority of Musalmans will go against them. There is not the slightest doubt of this happening if in the meantime Government does not devise ways and means to counteract the mischief which will now start in right earnest. What ways and means Government can find or employ it would be possible for them only to examine. No time should be lost. It is now a race and Government must be on its toes and let no grass grow under its feet.”
The Home Secretary thought that the Ahrar had succeeded to a very large extent in exploiting the sentiments of the people to avoid being isolated and thus finished for all times, but he felt that Government had succeeded in curbing them and that that was why they were making desperate efforts for seeking extraneous protection. He suggested that before any decisions were taken the Chief Minister should convene a meeting of I. G. P., D. I. G., C. I. D., and the Home Secretary, the Chief Secretary being away to Karachi on leave. Accordingly the subject was discussed at a meeting held on 16th July 1952 but there is no record of the decisions taken.
After the Convention was over, the speeches made on that occasion were examined with a view to considering whether any action against any speaker should be taken or not. Mr. Wali Ullah Khan, S. P. (B.), C. I. D., Punjab, expressed the opinion on 21st July 1952 that five of the speeches were actionable but he remarked that Bahawal Haq Qasimi and Allama Ala-ud-Din Siddiqi who had committed an offence under section 21 (ii) of the Public Safety Act should not be prosecuted because any such step would furnish an opportunity for further mud slinging in Court. Abdul Ghafar Hazarvi, he thought, was not of any substance and, therefore, his speech was to be treated with the contempt that it deserved. About Maulvi Muhammad Ali Jullundri, who had called the Government be-iman, he said, that the remark made by him was a solitary one and could be ignored. In the case of Abdus Sattar Khan Niazi his opinion was that he could be left out with the hope that he would be pulled up on some subsequent occasion. The D. I. G., C. I. D., sent up the case to the Home Secretary drawing his special attention to the speech of Abdus Sattar Khan Niazi and the Home Secretary forwarded it to the Chief Minister who initialled it on 25th July 1952.
The important papers in Lahore are the ‘Pakistan Times’ the ‘Civil & Military Gazette’, the ‘Nawa-i-Waqt’, the ‘Imroz’, the ‘Zamindar’, the ‘Ehsan’, the ‘Maghribi Pakistan ‘, the ‘Afaq’, the Jama’at-i-Islami paper the ‘Tasneem’, and the Ahrar paper the ‘Azad’. Of these, the first four did not engage themselves in the Ahmadi and non-Ahmadi controversy and the ‘Tasneem’ wrote about it only rarely. Of the remaining papers, for the first half of 1952 the ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ referred to this subject only thrice and the ‘Afaq’ not more than twice ; but the ‘Azad’ and the ‘Zamindar’ had thrown themselves wholeheartedly into the controversy and were consistently carrying on a campaign against the Ahmadis, their beliefs, their leaders and Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan. The ‘Afaq’ was practically Mr. Daultana’s paper, while the ‘Zamindar’, the ‘Ehsan’, and the ‘Maghribi Pakistan ‘ were all Government-patronised papers. The history and details of this patronage are in themselves an interesting subject to which we may refer here.
The Provincial Government, in consequence of the recommendations made by the Pakistan Advisory Board of Education in 1947, introduced an adult education system with the object of reducing illiteracy in the Province. The objects of this fund were:
(1) Establishment of libraries in villages,
(2) Use of radios and films,
(3) Provision of suitable type of literature, and
(4) Literary centres run by whole-time and part-time teachers and social workers.
The system was in the charge of the Education Department and a sum of Rs. 2,25,000 in 1949-50, Rs. 10,00,000 in 1950-51, Rs. 6,00,000 in 1951-52 and a similar sum in 1952-53 was allocated to it.
On 18th May, 1951, Mir Nur Ahmad, the Director of Public Relations, submitted to the Chief Secretary a proposal for purchasing copies of suitable newspapers for institutions such as hospitals, jails, schools and colleges, and asked for the sanction of Rs. 50,000 expenditure for this purpose. In making the proposal he said: “It will not be incorrect in case H. C. M. and H. M. E. agree, to sanction expenditure on this scheme against the grant for education because, apart from publicity, an important object of the scheme is to provide reading material as a help in the adult education campaign in the Punjab Jails, Education Departments, Adult Education Centres, etc. If the idea of debiting the expenditure to this head is approved, the amount will have to be placed at my disposal.”
He also added, but without giving any reasons, that further details of the scheme were to remain confidential. The proposal was supported by the Chief Secretary and forwarded to the Chief Minister for orders in consultation with the Education Minister but it was strongly opposed by the Education Department on the ground that newspapers could only be useful for the literate and not for those who had to be made literate. The officer noting on the case in the Education Department further thought that the proposed expenditure could not be rightly debited to the Adult Education Scheme. Despite this protest by the Education Department, however, the two Ministers decided on 26th May 1951 to sanction the amount and to place it at the disposal of the Director of Public Relations. From time to time the Director of Public Relations asked for, and received, from the Education Department further sums for 1951-52 and 1952-53, the total amount thus received being Rs. 2,03,000.
This Money Was Spent In The Following Manner:
I. Rs. 50,000 received in June 1951—
· To ‘Afaq’ … … … … 42,000
· To ‘Zamindar’ … … … … 4,000
· To ‘Zamindar’ again … … … … 4,000
· Total 50,000
II. Rs. 50,000 received in December 1951—
· To ‘Ehsan’ … … … … 18,000
· To ‘Afaq’ … … … … 18,000
· To ‘Zamindar’ … … … … 5,000
· To ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ … … … … 7,000
· Total 48,000
· Balance 2,000
III. Rs. 1,00,000 received in June 1952—
· To ‘Zamindar’ … … … … 10,000
· To ‘Afaq’ … … … … 40,000
· To ‘Ehsan’ … … … … 40,000
· To ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ … … … … 4,000
· To ‘Zamindar’ … … … … 7,000
· To ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ … … … … 1,000
· Total 1,02,000
IV. Rs. 3,000 received m December 1952—
· To ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ … … … … 3,000
It will thus appear that an aggregate amount of Rs. 1,00,000 was presented to the ‘Afaq’, of Rs. 58,000 to the ‘Ehsan’, of Rs. 15,000 to the ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ and of Rs. 30,000 to the ‘Zamindar’. The payments to these papers, two of which had a small circulation, was no less than a wind-fall, and out of sheer gratitude they could have had no scruples in adapting their policy if the Government so wished. The cuttings from these newspapers, however, show that they were all actively engaged in this controversy and went on fanning the agitation even during the days that they were receiving the payments. This activity of theirs was noticed by the Education Department, and Mr. Sana Ullah Khan, Officer on Special Duty in the Department of Public Instruction, had to note that these newspapers were doing more harm than good and that it was sheer waste of Government money to spend it on newspapers which were indulging in sectarian and political controversies. The case of the ‘Afaq’ is specially noticeable because Mir Nur Ahmad’s control of this paper having been. proved by documentary evidence, it was virtually his paper, and if the evidence of Professor Muhammad Sarwar, the editor of the paper, is to be believed, also Mr. Daultana’s paper. The initial payment to this paper was of Rs. 42,000 when it was about to convert or had just converted itself into a daily. Mir Nur Ahmad’s son, Mir Iqbal Ahmad, was the Advertising Manager of the paper and he continued on its staff in various capacities throughout and is now its Managing Director. A sum of Rs. 5,000 was presented to this paper by Mr. Daultana himself which had been collected by him from certain Muslim Leaguers in Lyallpur, and this amount eventually became the consideration for which later Mir Iqbal Ahmad purchased some shares in the newspaper. These substantial monetary presents to these papers, out of all proportion to their importance, became a scandal in the journalistic world in the hot weather of 1952 because, being the recipients of Government patronage, they earnestly engaged themselves in this unbecoming controversy and people began to suspect that Government itself was encouraging these newspapers to devote their energies towards promoting
sectarian hatred. Though in its issue of 1st June 1952 the ‘Afaq’ had declared itself unequivocally against all sectarianism, in its issue for 4th July 1952, that is to say, just after the receipt of the first instalment of patronage, it announced that it would devote special attention to the Qadiani question and. start writing special articles to show that Qadianis were a danger to the solidarity of Pakistan. Accordingly the first article on the subject was written on 5th July 1952, and a slip attached to a copy of this issue shows that free copies of it were distributed to Friday congregations in mosques. An attempt was made in this article to show that the differences between the Qadianis and the Muslims were fundamental, that the Qadianis were not a sect of Islam, that with them belief in the nubuwwat of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was an essential part of the dogma and a belief to the contrary kufr, that they were an entirely separate community, having their own Government, their own courts, and their own police and magistrates and that their aim was to acquire control of all departments of Government. Having attempted to establish the Qadianis as a separate community, the article suggested that all Muslim parties should rally round this issue and chalk out a programme of action to have that community declared a non-Muslim minority. Special stress was laid in this article on the advice that in attempting to achieve the objective recourse should not be had to force, rowdyism, riots, assaults, abuses, blackening of faces or breaking up of assemblies because such acts would be detrimental to the cause and that all activities in this respect should be kept within constitutional limits.
In the month of July alone there were fourteen articles on this subject in the subsequent issues of the ‘Afaq’. The trend of all these articles was that the Qadianis, for the reasons given therein, were a separate community and that a campaign should be organised to have them declared a minority but that all activities in prosecution of this campaign must be carried on in a constitutional manner and without resort to force or breaches of the law.
The article of 5th July was followed by an article in its next issue under the heading ‘Section 144 and Khatm-i-Nubuwwat’ in which the Ahrar were advised to abstain from making violent speeches which were calculated to lead to breaches of the peace and from committing acts of lawlessness. In the issue of the same date, there were two more articles one of which contained reports of speeches made in different places demanding the declaration ot Ahmadis as a minority and the removal of Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan, and the other held out an assurance to the Ahrar that if they refrained from indulging in lawlessness and avoided causing provocation, there was no reason why the unfortunate estrangement that had come to exist between the Musalmans and the Government in this respect, should continue for a moment. The article also reproduced some provocative addresses of Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad.
In the article of 9th July under the heading ‘Stop Lawlessness’ people were advised to make the issue a common issue for all the Musalmans and not to disobey orders passed under section 144 or to commit other breaches of the law. In the same issue there appeared another article in which Allama Iqbal’a views on the 17-year-old Ahmadiya movement were reproduced.
The issue of the 10th July published a statement by Maulana Ahmad Ali welcoming the Government’s clarification of the reasons for the promulgation of orders under section 144 and of their application to public meetings in the mosques and suggesting that the demand relating to the declaration of Qadianis as a minority had nothing to do with the Punjab Government and that the demand should be pressed in a constitutional manner without resorting to breaches of the law. Another statement published in the same issue was by Maulana Abul Hasanat who welcomed the communique of the Punjab Government and declared that he would not permit any party to achieve its political objective by exploiting religion and that those who advocated breaches of the law would not have his co-operation. The Maulana condemned disorders, lawlessness and provocative speeches and stated that the demand relating to the declaration of the Qadianis as a minority could be successfully pressed in a peaceful and constitutional manner. This issue also published a letter appreciating the newspaper’s services to the cause of khatm-i-nubuwwat and reiterating the view that the agitation should be carried on in a constitutional manner and not by breaking the law. The issue of 11th July published the views of Maulana Ghulam Murshid that the declaration of the Qadianis was a matter for the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. The issue of 13th July contained reports of speeches delivered in forty mosques of Lahore on Friday demanding the declaration of Qadianis as a minority.
By this time the ulama who were to participate in the conference that was to be held on 13th July had arrived in Lahore and the ‘Afaq’ in its issue of 14th July referred to the view expressed by some of them that the conference was likely to resolve that the demands in respect of the Ahmadis were to be pressed in a constitutional manner. The issue of 15th July published two significant articles in one of which it reported the proceedings of the All Muslim Parties Convention and pointed out that the Ahrar had dominated throughout the proceedings of the Convention, and that some of the fifteen resolutions which were passed by the Convention were calculated to serve the political interests of the Ahrar. The other article contained critical comments on some of the resolutions. It pointed out that the movement was likely to suffer by the folly and selfishness of some of its directors and that it appeared that some frustrated politicians and quondam opponents of Pakistan were trying to serve their own interests and behind the sacred cloaks of the religious divines were seeking to regain their lost political influence. It went on to remark that the exploitation of tahaffuz-i-khatm-i-nubuwwat movement for one’s personal or political ends was a crime and political hypocrisy and in this connection it referred to public statements of some of the ulama that they would not permit religion to be exploited for political ends. It supported the demands but pointed out that some of the resolutions were calculated to bring into importance a discredited political party and to produce disorder. Referring to the resolution condemning the orders promulgated under section 144 as an interference with religion and to that relating to the withdrawal of cases against the Ahrar leaders who were being prosecuted for defiance of such orders, it asserted that these resolutions were bound to bring the Ahrar into popularity. Another resolution disapproved was that condemning the lathi-charge in Gujrat, The resolution next severely commented upon was the yaum-i-mutaliba resolution according to which 18th July was to be observed as a ‘Day of Demands’. The article pointed out that there was no occasion for yaum-i-mutaliba because the demands were within the competency of the Constituent Assembly and that the method proposed had in it the possibility of a conflict between the Government and the sponsors of the movement.
The ‘Maghribi Pakistan’ in its issue of 10th July 1952 published an article ‘Khatm-i-Nubuwwat and the Mirzai Movement’ by Mubassir who attempted to prove that the Qadianis were kafirs who should be socially boycotted.
The ‘Azad’, which is an Ahrar paper edited by Master Taj-ud-Din Ansari, had since its very inception been consistently carrying on in its columns a vulgar, scurrilous and venomous campaign against the Ahmadis and their beliefs and leaders. Since the Punjab Government did nothing to restrain or discourage this paper in its activities, the Central Government by its letter No. 44/1/51-Poll-1, dated 24th May 1952, drew the attention of the Provincial Government to certain articles published in this paper, which were enclosed with that letter, and inquired whether the Provincial Government was contemplating to take any action against it. The Director of Public Relations ordered an examination of these and previous articles in the paper. The officer who scrutinised these articles reported that there were in them passages which were mischievous and amounted to a vilification of the Ahmadis. In his note dated the 22nd August 1952, the Director of Public Relations remarked that the propaganda in which this paper had been indulging against the Ahmadis amounted to a hymn of hatred and was actionable under section 4
(1) (d) of the Press (Emergency Powers) Act. He, however, recommended no action and suggested that the method of persuasion and warning should be further tried. The Home Secretary thought that this method had had no effect and that something more effective had to be thought of, but what this effective method was to be was not suggested, and though the case was seen by the Chief Minister on 28th August, no step against the paper was taken, and the letter from the Provincial Government, D. O. No. 788-PR-52, dated the 30th August 1952, to the Central Government merely informed the latter that a severe warning had been administered to the newspaper.
The ‘Mazdoor’ is an Urdu newspaper published from Multan under the editorship of Sayyad Abuzar Bukhari, the son of the prominent Ahrar leader Sayyad Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari. The main topic to which this paper devoted its attention was the anti-Ahmadiya movement, and in its issue of 13th June 1952 it published an article in the course of which it gave such a vulgar description in Arabic script of the head of the Ahmadiya community that decency does not permit us to explain it. If these words had been uttered in the presence of a member of the Ahmadiya community, we should not at all have been surprised if the result had been a broken skull. The words used reveal a shockingly depraved taste and constitute a most disrespectful ridicule of the language of the Qur’an and the language of the Holy Prophet. This article was examined by the Director of Public Relations and only a warning was decided to be given. Three days later, this paper in its issue of 16th June 1952 wrote another article abusing the Central Government, and though the paper was required to give a security of Rs. 3,000, the Chief Minister cancelled the order at the request of a deputation which waited on him.
THE DEPARTMENT OF ISLAMIAT
The decision to create a department of Islamiat was taken on 14th May 1951 at a meeting attended by the Chief Minister, the Chief Secretary, the Finance Secretary and the Director of Public Relations. A board of six ulama was set up and the Chief Secretary was appointed the head of the department. The Director of Public Relations became the controlling and disbursing officer while Maulvi Ibrahim Ali Chishti was appointed as Deputy Secretary on a salary of Rs. 650 per month. The amounts actually spent by the department were Rs. 49,815 in 1951-52 and Rs. 1,05,435 in 1952-53. Seventy-two persons were paid honoraria for writing articles in different periodicals and newspapers from September 1951 to February 1953. Out of these persons, Manlaua Abul Hasanat Muhammad Ahmad and Maulana Muhammad Bakhsh Muslim took a prominent part in the ariti-Ahmadiya agitation, the former being the President and the latter a member of the Punjab Majlis-i-Amal. The department employed eighteen persons as lecturers to deliver speeches in theology in schools, colleges and jails. Of these, the following eleven took a very active part in the movement:—
(1) Maulana Muhammad Bakhsh Muslim,
(2) Maulvi Ghulam Din,
(3) Maulana Abul Hasanat Muhammad Ahmad Qadri,
(4) Sahibzada Faiz-ul-Hasan,
(5) Allama Ala-ud-Din Siddiqi,
(6) Maulana Ghulam Muhammad Tarannum,
(7) Qazi Murid Ahmad,
(8) Hafiz Kifayat Husain,
(9) Professor Abdul Hamid,
(10) Manlana Salim Ullah, and
(11) Mufti Muhammad Hasan.
Seven of these gentlemen were arrested for their activities in connection with-the agitation. With the exception of Qazi Murid Ahmad, Professor Abdul Hamid and Mufti Muhammad Hasan., they were all members of the Majlis-i-Amal which directed the agitation. Qazi Murid Ahmad was the President of the District Council of Action, Sargodha, and Hafiz Kifayat Husain of the District Council of Action, Sargodha, and Hafiz Kifayat Husain of the District Council of Action, Lahore. Of the Board of Members, the following —
(1) Maulana Abul Hasanat Muhammad Ahmad Qadri,
(2) Maulana Ghulam Muhammad Tarannum,
(3) Maulana Muhammad Bakhsh Muslim and
(4) Mufti Muhammad Hasan, took an, important, part in the movement and the first two were arrested for their activities.