Edited and Prepared By Pandit Satyakam Vidyalankar
'Vedic Concept of Creation
The theory of evolution is one of the greatest revelations of modern scientific thought. Various philosophers, physicists and scientific men, working independently of one another and in different domains of Nature, have, have established the truth of this theory, so that, instead of remaining a theory, there are evident signs of its soon becoming a proven fact. The theory enunciates the great truth that all complexity came out of simplicity, heterogeneity out of homogeneity, perfection out of imperfection, variety out of uniformity. All this beauty and grandeur with apparent paradoxes is the result of the struggle which Nature wages towards the attainment of order and perfection. In the beginning of the present order of things, in some far-off period, in some distant point of time, the whole universe existed in a state of Paramanu (atoms), invisible, subtle and un-manifested. That which we know now as the earth, the sun, the moon and the stars was then, in the beginning of the Ka1pa, but formless matter in its most elemental and attenuated condition—ether, no doubt our ancient Aryan philosophers called it—non-being (Asat). We involuntarily exclaim with our glorious Rishis:—"Before, 0 child, this was a mere state of non-being (Asat), one only, without a second. Thereof verily others say: Before this was non-being, one alone, without a second, from that non-being proceeds the state of being."
There is nothing, therefore, inappropriate in the name which the ancients gave this ether-spirit, viz., the anima mundi—the divine inflatus, the Hiranyagarbha. The Aryan title Hiranyagarbha —the womb of light—is far more expressive and scientific than the name ether.
The Evolution of Heat and Light
In the beginning, there was neither nought nor
Then there was neither sky nor atmosphere above.
What then enshrouded all this universe?
In the receptacle of what was it contained?
Then was there neither death nor immortality,
Then was neither day, nor night, nor light,
Only the Existent One breathed calmly,
First in the beginning, therefore, was this Hiranyagarbha, one only without a second. The next step towards evolution was the generation of heat. The atoms of ether came closer together and united in different proportions and formed molecules. Thus the various elements were first evolved out of the homogeneous atoms of ether. This union necessarily implies the contraction of the primeval mass. Thus, these two processes, namely, of chemical union and contraction, gave rise to a great deal of heat.
This intense heat raised the elements to a state of gaseous incandescence, and the whole mass would be now a luminous vapour of all elements, iron, Old etc. This self-luminous vapour has been called by the Aryan Rishis Prajapati (the Lord of all creations) and modern scientists have called such incandescent vapours nebulae (clouds), from their resemblance to white clouds. Thus, there arose light where there was formerly only darkness.
The findings of astrophysicists of today have now reaffirmed the statements of the Vedic declarations, with the help of sophisticated and ultramodern scientific equipments. They have gathered information about the circulation of energy and material in space. Astrophysicists are studying how the universe began. Did it all begin with a terrific explosion, the "big-bang"? With the aid of the radio telescope, the scientists in Effelsberg can pick up signals that were sent 15,000 million years ago—when the "big-bang" is believed to have taken place. From these signals and what is now going on in space, it is possible to look back to the beginning of evolution, as if through a window in time: one can reconstruct the "big-bang".
Dr. Schmid-Burgk describes what is supposed to have taken place: "The cosmic material was originally densely packed and very hot. Because of the high temperatures, the atoms had been broken down into nuclei and electrons; even earlier, the nuclei of the atoms had been reduced to their elements, the protons and neutrons. During the hottest moments, the first few fractions of microseconds of the 'big-bang', not even individual protons and neutrons could exist, but only what they are made up of, the quarks." The signals from space, however, also tell how the universe cooled down, expanded, how stars were born and died. With the passage of billions and billions of years, the time lapse has resulted slowly but surely in the loss of heat, the cooling down of planets which were all a part of the "Fire Ball" once.
The moon was also at one time a part of the earth, and of course being but a smaller body, it has lost almost all its heat. The sun, which was the nucleus. 4 of the primitive rotating nebula, still retains a great deal of its heat, but it is not so intense as it must have been in the beginning. However, a time will come when the sun will cool down to darkness and no more be a fountain of light and heat to its planets, when there will be perfect darkness and intense cold—in fact, when this present cycle will come to an end. Long, long before that time arrives, this our earth will become a desolate wilderness—lifeless, silent and obscure. Seas, rivers, lakes, and oceans will be congealed to ice; even the very air will be a mass of solid. That time, according to Aryan calculations, is 2,333,227,018 years distant.
Modern scientific findings have reaffirmed the statement of this Vedic declaration.
The Whole of This Universe
Is stationed in the Omnipresent
And the Omnipotent God.
We see Him in various forms.
He brings to light
All these worlds.
Him they call the Kala, Infinite,
Pervading the infinite space.
(Atharva 19.53 3)
In The Beginning
The non-existent was not then,
Nor was the existent,
The Earth was not, nor the firmament,
Nor that which is beyond.
(When there was nothing then), what could cover what,
And where and in whose care did the waters and the bottomless deep then exist?
There was no death nor immortality then;
There was no sign of night, nor of day.
That one breathed without extraneous breath
with His own nature.
Other than Him there was nothing beyond.
In the beginning there was darkness,
Intensified darkness, indistinguishable darkness,
All this visible world was reduced to its primordial nature.
This primordial world which was enveloped by the
All-pervading power of One
Before whom the world of matter is a trifle became One (that is, came into existence)
Through the force of His intense activity and spiritual fervour.
In the beginning the Divine Will arose.
This was the first seed of the mind of the Creator.
Those who can see beyond by putting their mind and heart together
Found the binding link of the existent in the non-existent,
The non-existent existing in the existent.
The rays of the Divine Will spread across the whole world.
They spread below and above And the result was that small and big organisms bearing seeds were born.
As the existence of Earth was dependent on the Divine Will of the Creator,
The position of matter was lower than the spirit which acted with the Divine Will.
Who truly knows, and who can declare whence it cometh
And whither it vanisheth?
The divine people who know were born.
Much after Creation came into being.
Who then knows whence it has come about?
Whence this Creation has come;
Who holds or does not hold;
He who is its surveyor in the highest heaven
He alone knoweth,
And yet doth He know?
Bless that the sun,
With extensive radiance,
Rises for peace.
May the four quarters of the horizon
Be auspicious for peace and harmony.