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The Quran: The Test of Science and a Standing Challenge (Part II B)



By Aiman Reyaz, New Age Islam

August 10, 2013

In this article I continue with where I had left. One thing that should be kept in mind is that the Quran tells us not to accept anything on just face value. The Quran says “Produce your proof if you are truthful”. Similarly the Quran also says “Ask from those who know” and “Whenever you get any information check it up before passing it on to the third person”. The Quran is always for critical thinking, analytical thinking.  Read, think and then believe.

The Quran says: “Exalted is He who created all pairs - from what the earth grows and from them-selves and from that which they do not know.” (Qur’ān 36: 36) Expanding on this verse the Quran itself elaborates:

 “‘And He has sent down water from the sky.’ With it have We produced diverse pairs of plants each separate from the others.”[Al-Qur’an 20:53]

“And fruit of every kind He made in pairs, two and two.” [Al-Qur’an 13:3] 

“Glory to Allah, Who created in pairs all things that the earth produces, as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things of which they have no knowledge.”[Al-Qur’an 36:36]

“That He did create in pairs – male and female, from a seed when lodged (in its place).” [Al-Qur’an 53:45-46]

But the Quran also says in 36:36 “that which do not know” (at the Prophet’s time). This phrase has quite important significance. The British scientist Paul Dirac, who proposed that matter is created in pairs, was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1933. This discovery, called ''parite'', maintains that matter is paired with its opposite: anti-matter. Anti-matter carries the opposite properties to matter. For instance, as opposed to matter, the electron of anti-matter is positively charged and its protons are negatively charged. This fact is stated in a scientific source in this way: "...every particle has its antiparticle of opposite charge and the uncertainty relation tells us that pair creation and pair annihilation happen in the vacuum at all times, in all places”.1, 2

The other way to deal with the Quran (36:36) is to divide it into three parts. First, dealing with pairs that grow from the earth i.e., plant that have species of differentiated sex; second, human pairs, males and females. It may also include human characteristics like honesty/dishonesty, love/hatred etc; and thirdly, pairs unknown which I have described above. Let us take the example of DNA. It is made up of thousands of different genes, and genes are made up of base pairs.

These "base pairs" are made of two paired up nucleotides. In order to form a base pair, we need to pair up specific nucleotides. The sequence, composition, and orientation of these "pairs" of nucleotides control the genetic information carried by the DNA. The DNA is a large long (up to 1 meter long) amino acid chain. It consists of a "pair" of spiral strands, connected with steps. Each step consists of a "pair" of chemical components, so-called nucleotides. There are 4 nucleotides. Adenine, Thymine, Guanine and Cytosine represented respectively by the letters A,T,G and C. Due to their shapes only A and T or G and C fit into one another.3, 4

It is only recently that modern science has discovered that in the places where two different seas meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity, and density. 5

The Quran mentions this phenomenon exactly in 55:19-20. It reads: “He released the two seas, meeting [side by side]; between them is a barrier [so] neither of them transgresses.”

But the Quran also says about the divider or a barrier between fresh and salt water. It mentions a “forbidden partition” with the barrier. God says “And it is He who has released [simultaneously] the two seas, one fresh and sweet and one salty and bitter and He placed between them a barrier and prohibiting partition.” Qur’ān 25:53

Modern science has discovered this phenomenon only recently. It has been discovered that what distinguishes fresh water from salt water in estuaries is a “pycnocline zone with a marked density discontinuity separating the two layers.” 6 This information has been discovered only recently only with the help of advance equipments to measure temperature, salinity, density, oxygen etc.

Allah says in the Quran ““Or [they are] like darknesses within an unfathomable sea which is covered by waves, upon which are waves, over which are clouds - darknesses, some of them upon others. When one puts out his hand [therein], he can hardly see it….” Qur’ān 24:40

According to Prof. Durga Rao, a world renowned expert in the field of Marine Geology, this verse is a miracle. Prof Rao says that scientists have only now been able to confirm, with the help of modern equipment, that there is darkness in the depths of the ocean. Below a depth of 1000 meters there is no light at all. Human beings are not able to dive more than forty meters without the aid of submarines or special equipment. Human beings cannot survive unaided in the deep dark part of the oceans, such as at a depth of 200 meters. 7

Another important miracle in this verse is that the Quran says “ a deep sea. It is covered by waves, above which are waves, above which are clouds....”. It is clear that the second set of waves is the surface waves that we see, because the verse mentions that above the second waves there are clouds. But what about the first waves? Scientists have recently discovered that there are internal waves which “occur on density interfaces between layers of different densities.”  It must be noted that internal waves cannot be seen by the human eye, but they can be detected by studying temperature or salinity changes at a given location. 8

The Quran is a book of ‘Signs’, some get convinced with even just one sign, some may need ten signs, some require a hundred, and some even when a thousand signs are given to them, yet they will not believe. The Quran calls such persons “they are deaf, dumb and blind, and they will not return to the true path”, and the Bible says “seeing they see not, hearing they hear not, nor do they understand”.


2. html, Henning Genz Ð Nothingness: The Science of Empty Space,p. 205

3.       International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (2004). “Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome”. Nature 431 (7011): 931–45.


5.       Davis, Principles of Oceanography, pp. 92-93

6.       Gross, Oceanography, p. 242.

7.       Oceans, Elder and Pernetta, p. 27

8.       Gross, Oceanography, p. 205.

URL of Part I:

URL of Part II A: