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Books and Documents (22 Aug 2012 NewAgeIslam.Com)


THE ESSENCE OF THE QURAN by Sant Vinoba Bhave - Part-7

By Sant Vinoba Bhave

Read Part One Here

Read Part Two Here

Read Part Three Here

Read Part Four Here

Read Part Five Here

Read Part Six Here

Read Part Eight Here

Read Part Nine Here

Read Part Ten Here


XXII.AN HONEST  LIVELIHOOD

54.Non-Stealing

256. Prohibition of Interest

2|275|Those who devour usury shall not rise again except as he rises, whom Satan of the touch prostrates; that is because they say, 'Trafficking (trade) is like usury.' God has permitted trafficking, and forbidden usury. Whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord and gives over, he shall have his past gains, and his affair is committed to God; but whosoever reverts -- those are the inhabitants of the Fire, therein dwelling forever.

2|276|God blots out usury, but freewill offerings He augments with interest. God loves not any guilty ingrate.

257.Do Not Loan for interest But Gift Away in Charity

30|39|And what you give in usury, that it may increase upon the people's wealth, increases not with God; but what you give in alms, desiring God's Face, those -- they receive recompense manifold.

258.Right Measure And Right Weight

11|84|And to Midian their brother Shuaib; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You have no god other than He. And diminish not the measure and the balance. I see you are prospering; and I fear for you the chastisement of an encompassing day.

11|85|O my people, fill up the measure and the balance justly, and do not diminish the goods of the people, and do not mischief in the land, working corruption.

11|86|God's remainder is better for you, if you are believers. And I am not a guardian over you.

259.Unrighteous Earnings Reap Devil’s Harvest

83|1|Woe to the stinters who,

83|2|when they measure against the people, take full measure

83|3|but, when they measure for them or weigh for them, do skimp.

55.The Non –acquisitive Way

261. Miserliness Is Miserable

47|38|Ha, there you are; you are called upon to expend in God's way, and some of you are niggardly. Whoso is niggardly is niggardly only to his own soul. God is the All-sufficient; you are the needy ones. If you turn away, He will substitute another people instead of you, then they will not be your likes.

262. The Hoarder Preaches Miserliness

4|36|Serve God, and associate naught with Him. Be kind to parents, and the near kinsman, and to orphans, and to the needy, and to the neighbour who is of kin, and to the neighbour who is a stranger, and to the companion at your side, and to the traveller, and to that your right hands own. Surely God loves not the proud and boastful

4|37|such as are niggardly, and bid other men to be niggardly, and themselves conceal the bounty that God has given them. We have prepared for the unbelievers a humbling chastisement,

263.The End of The Niggard

3|180|But as for those who are niggardly with the bounty God has given them, let them not suppose it is better for them; nay, it is worse for them; that they were niggardly with they shall have hung about their necks on the Resurrection Day; and to God belongs the inheritance of the heavens and earth; and God is aware of the things you do.

264. Those Who Hoard Up Gold

9|34|O believers, many of the rabbis and monks indeed consume the goods of the people in vanity and bar from God's way. Those who treasure up gold and silver, and do not expend them in the way of God -- give them the good tidings of a painful chastisement,

9|35|the day they shall be heated in the fire of Gehenna and therewith their foreheads and their sides and their backs shall be branded: 'This is the thing you have treasured up for yourselves; therefore taste you now what you were treasuring!'

265.Attachment to Lands

9|38|O believers, what is amiss with you, that when it is said to you, 'Go forth in the way of God,' you sink down heavily to the ground? Are you so content with this present life, rather than the world to come? Yet the enjoyment of this present life, compared with the world to come, is a little thing.

266.Pitiful Story of Korah

28|76|Now Korah was of the people of Moses; he became insolent to them, for We had given him treasures such that the very keys of them were too heavy a burden for a company of men endowed with strength. When his people said to him, 'Do not exult; God loves not those that exult;

28|77|but seek, amidst that which God has given thee, the Last Abode, and forget not thy portion of the present world; and do good, as God has been good to thee.' And seek not to work corruption in the earth; surely God loves not the workers of corruption.'

28|78|He said, 'What I have been given is only because of a knowledge that is in me.' What, did he not know that God bad destroyed before him generations of men stronger than he ill might, and more numerous in multitude? And yet the sinners shall not be questioned concerning their sins.

28|79|So he went forth unto his people in his adornment. Those who desired the present life said, 'Would that we possessed the like of that Korah has been given! Surely he is a man of mighty fortune.

28|80|But those to whom knowledge had been given said, 'Woe upon you! The reward of God is better for him who believes, and works righteousness; and none shall receive it except the steadfast.'

28|81|So We made the earth to swallow him and his dwelling and there was no host to help him, apart from God, and he was helpless;

28|82|and in the morning those who had longed to be in his place the day before were saying, 'Ah, God outspreads and straitens His provision to whomsoever He will of His servants. Had God not been gracious to us, He would have made us to be swallowed too. Ah, the unbelievers do not prosper,

267.He Hath No Friend

69|33|Behold, he never believed in God the All-mighty,

69|34|and he never urged the feeding of the needy;

69|35|therefore he today has not here one loyal friend,

268.God Hath Honoured  And Also He Hath Humiliated

89|15|As for man, whenever his Lord tries him, and honours him, and blesses him, then he says, 'My Lord has honoured me.'

89|16|But when he tries him and stints for him his provision, then he says, 'My Lord has despised me.'

89|17|No indeed; but you honour not the orphan,

89|18|and you urge not the feeding of the needy,

89|19|and you devour the inheritance greedily,

89|20|and you love wealth with an ardent love

269.Rivalry is Riches Confounds The Mind

102|1|Gross rivalry diverts you,

102|2|even till you visit the tombs.

102|3|No indeed; but soon you shall know.

102|4|Again, no indeed; but soon you shall know.

102|5|No indeed; did you know with the knowledge of certainty,

102|6|you shall surely see Hell;

102|7|Again, you shall surely see it with the eye of certainty

102|8|then you shall be questioned that day concerning true bliss.

56.Charity

270.A discourse on Charity

2|261|The likeness of those who expend their wealth in the way of God is as the likeness of a grain of corn that sprouts seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. So God multiplies unto whom He will; God is All-embracing, All-knowing.

2|262|Those who expend their wealth in the way of God then follow not up what they have expended with reproach and injury, their wage is with their Lord, and no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.

2|263|Honourable words, and forgiveness, are better than a freewill offering followed by injury; and God is All-sufficient, All-clement.

2|264|O believers, void not your freewill offerings with reproach and injury, as one who expends of his substance to show off to men and believes not in God and the Last Day. The likeness of him is as the likeness of a smooth rock on which is soil, and a torrent smites it, and leaves it barren. They have no power over anything that they have earned. God guides not the people of the unbelievers.

2|265|But the likeness of those who expend their wealth, seeking God's good pleasure, and to confirm themselves, is as the likeness of a garden upon a hill; a torrent smites it and it yields its produce twofold; if no torrent smites it, yet dew; and God sees the things you do.

2|266|Would any of you wish to have a garden of palms and vines, with rivers flowing beneath it, and all manner of fruit there for him, then old age smites him, and he has seed, but weaklings, then a whirlwind with fire smites it, and it is consumed? So God makes clear the signs to you; haply you will reflect.

271. Give Good Things in Charity

2|267|O believers, expend of the good things you have earned, and of that We have produced for you from the earth, and intend not the corrupt of it for your expending; for you would never take it yourselves, except you closed an eye on it; and know that God is All-sufficient, All-laudable.

272. Let Your Left Hand Not Know What The Right Hand Giveth

2|271|If you publish your freewill offerings, it is excellent; but if you conceal them, and give them to the poor, that is better for you, and will acquit you of your evil deeds; God is aware of the things you do.

273. Give Unasked

2|273|it being for the poor who are restrained in the way of God, and are unable to journey in the land; the ignorant man supposes them rich because of their abstinence, but thou shalt know them by their mark -- they do not beg of men importunately. And whatever good you expend, surely God has knowledge of it.

2|274|Those who expend their wealth night and day, secretly and in public, their wage awaits them with their Lord, and no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.

274. Offering the Lord God Your Choicest Possessions

3|92|You will not attain piety until you expend of what you love; and whatever thing you expend, God knows of it.

275. Perform Acts of Charity Ere You Die

63|9|O believers, let not your possessions neither your children divert you from God's remembrance; whoso does that, they are the losers.

63|10|Expend of what We have provided you before that death comes upon one of you and he says, 'O my Lord, if only Thou wouldst defer me unto a near term, so that I may make freewill offering, and so I may become one of the righteous.'

63|11|But God will never defer any soul when its term comes. And God is aware of the things you do.

XXIII. ETHICALTEACHING

57. Power of Goodness

276. Discrimination between Good and Evil

5|103|God has not appointed cattle dedicated to idols, such as Bahira, Sa'iba, Wasila, Hami; but the unbelievers forge against God falsehood, and most of them have no understanding.

58.Moral Advice

277. Moral Aphorisms

16|99|he has no authority over those who believe and trust in their Lord;

278. Exhortation for Righteousness

17|23|Thy Lord has decreed you shall not serve any but Him, and to be good to parents, whether one or both of them attains old age with thee; say not to them 'Fie' neither chide them, but speak unto them words respectful,

17|24|and lower to them the wing of humbleness out of mercy and say; 'My Lord, have mercy upon them, as they raised me up when I was little.'

17|25|Your Lord knows very well what is in your hearts if you are righteous, for He is All-forgiving to those who are penitent.

17|26|And give the kinsman his right, and the needy, and the traveller; and never squander;

17|27|the squanderers are brothers of Satan, and Satan is unthankful to his Lord.

17|28|But if thou turnest from them, seeking mercy from thy Lord that thou hopest for, then speak unto them gentle words.

17|29|And keep not thy hand chained to thy neck, nor outspread it widespread altogether, or thou wilt sit reproached and denuded.

17|30|Surely thy Lord outspreads and straitens His provision unto whom He will; surely He is aware of and sees His servants.

17|31|And slay not your children for fear of poverty; We will provide for you and them; surely the slaying of them is a grievous sin.

17|32|And approach not fornication; surely it is an indecency, and evil as a way.

17|33|And slay not the soul God has forbidden, except by right. Whosoever is slain unjustly, We have appointed to his next-of-kin authority; but let him not exceed in slaying; he shall be helped.

17|34|And do not approach the property of the orphan save in the fairest manner, until he is of age. And fulfil the covenant; surely the covenant shall be questioned of.

17|35|And fill up the measure when you measure, and weigh with the straight balance; that is better and fairer in the issue.

17|36|And pursue not that thou hast no knowledge of; the hearing, the sight, the heart -- all of those shall be questioned of.

17|37|And walk not in the earth exultantly; certainly thou wilt never tear the earth open, nor attain the mountains in height.

17|38|All of that -- the wickedness of it is hateful in the sight of thy Lord has revealed to thee:

17|39|That is of the wisdom thy Lord set not up with God another god, or thou wilt be cast into Gehenna, reproached and rejected.

279. Luqman’s Advice to His Son

31|12|Indeed, We gave Lokman wisdom: 'Give thanks to God. Whosoever gives thanks gives thanks only for his own soul's good, and whosoever is ungrateful -- surely God is All-sufficient, All-laudable.'

31|13|And when Lokman said to his son, admonishing him, 'O my son, do not associate others with God; to associate others with God is a mighty wrong.

31|14|(And We have charged man concerning his parents -- his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years -- 'Be thankful to Me, and to thy parents; to Me is the homecoming.

31|15|But if they strive with thee to make thee associate with Me that whereof thou hast no knowledge, then do not obey them. Keep them company honourable in this world; but follow the way of him who turns to Me. Then unto Me you shall return, and I shall tell you what you were doing.')

31|16|'O my son, if it should be but the weight of one grain of mustard-seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, God shall bring it forth; surely God is All-subtle, All-aware.

31|17|O my son, perform the prayer, and bid unto honour, and forbid dishonour. And bear patiently whatever may befall thee; surely that is true constancy.

31|18|Turn not thy cheek away from men in scorn, and walk not in the earth exultantly; God loves not any man proud and boastful.

31|19|Be modest in thy walk, and lower thy voice; the most hideous of voices is the ass's.'

280. The Good House-Holder

46|15|We have charged man, that he be kind to his parents; his mother bore him painfully, and painfully she gave birth to him; his bearing and his weaning are thirty months. Until, when he is fully grown, and reaches forty years, he says, 'O my Lord, dispose me that I may be thankful for Thy blessing wherewith Thou hast blessed me and my father and mother, and that I may do righteousness well-pleasing to Thee; and make me righteous also in my seed. Behold, I repent to Thee, and am among those that surrender.'

46|16|Those are they from whom We shall accept the best of what they have done, and We shall pass over their evil deeds. They are among the inhabitants of Paradise -- the promise of the very truth, which they were promised.

XXIV.GOOD CONDUCT

59. GOOD CONDUCT

281. Intoxicants Prohibited

2|219|They will question thee concerning wine, and arrow-shuffling. Say: 'In both is heinous sin; and uses for men, but the sin in them is more heinous than the usefulness.' They will question thee concerning what they should expend. Say: 'The abundance.' So God makes clear His signs to you; haply you will reflect;

282. Greet more courteously in Return to other’s Greetings

4|86|And when you are greeted with a greeting greet with a fairer than it, or return it; surely God keeps a watchful count over everything.

283.When You Enter A House Other Than Your Own

24|27|O believers, do not enter houses other than your houses until you first ask leave and, salute the people thereof; that is better for you; haply you will remember.

24|28|And if you find not anyone therein, enter it not until leave is given to you. And if you are told, 'Return,' return; that is purer for you; and God knows the things you do.

284. Behavior in Assemblies

58|11|O believers, when it is said to you 'Make room in the assemblies', then make room, and God will make room for you; and when it is said, 'Move up', move up, and God will raise up in rank those of you who believe and have been given knowledge. And God is aware of the things you do.

285. Responsibilities Implicit in Recommendation

4|85|Whoso intercedes with a good intercession shall receive a share of it; whosoever intercedes with a bad intercession, he shall receive the like of it; God has power over everything.

286. Secret Counsels

58|9|O believers, when you conspire secretly, then conspire not together in sin and enmity and disobedience to the Messenger, but conspire in piety and godfearing. Fear God, unto whom you shall be mustered.

58|7|God has numbered it, and they have forgotten it. God is witness over everything. Hast thou not seen that God knows whatsoever is in the heavens, and whatsoever is in the earth? Three men conspire not secretly together, but He is the fourth of them, neither five men, but He is the sixth of them, neither fewer than that, neither more, but He is with them, wherever they may be; then He shall tell them what they have done, on the Day of Resurrection. Surely God has knowledge of everything.

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