By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam
10 June 2019
Cooperating with ISIS or any other “Islamist” terror outfits is forbidden and an act of severe oppression. The reason is that such outfits are committing sins of transgression whereas Almighty Allah says in the Quran, “And Cooperate in righteousness (birr) and piety (Taqwa), but do not cooperate in sin (Ithm) and transgression (‘Udwan). And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty (5:2)”.
In this Quranic verse, Almighty Allah commands Muslims to cooperate with one another in righteousness, good deeds and avoiding sins. God Almighty forbids Muslims from helping one another in committing sin and aggression. The divine message of this verse is general in its approach and a definitive proof for forbiddance of cooperation with the terror organizations such as ISIS and Al-Qaeda whose acts are those of sins and transgression.
Explaining the words ‘Ithm’ (sin) and ‘Udwan’ (aggression/transgression), Ibn Jarir Tabari said, “Ithm means abandoning what Allah has commanded to do, while transgression means overstepping the limits that Allah has set in your Religion (Din) and overstepping what Allah has imposed upon you concerning yourselves and others.” (Tafsir Tabari, Arabic version, Vol. 9, 490)
From the perspective of Quran, Sunnah and the details given in classical books of Islam, when we judge the acts of ISIS, we find them as nothing but acts of transgression.
Allah Almighty says,
“Do not exceed the limits; and Allah does not like the transgressors” (2:190).
This command of God Almighty, as per majority of classical Islamic scholars, is Muhkam and not abrogated (Mansukh). They use this Divine command to discuss the usual rules of war, such as the prohibition against killing women, children, old people, monks, hermits, the chronically ill, peasants and those who offer peace etc.
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The phrase “do not exceed the limits” renders “do not kill women, children, old men, or those who offer peace and restrain their hand. If you do that, you will have transgressed against them”. (Jamiul Bayan, vol. 2, p. 110-111, printed at Beirut Darul Ma’rifa)
Now please observe all the ghastly terror attacks perpetrated by ISIS and weigh up all limits set by Allah Almighty and the Hadith of Hazrat Ibn Abbas mentioned above. A man of faith and sincerity will not refuse to accept that the ISIS is perpetrating acts of transgression. With this observation, please ponder over this divine command “....do not cooperate in sin (ithm) and transgression (‘Udwan). And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty (5:2)”.
This divine command clearly substantiates the fact that those who cooperate in acts of transgression and sins committed by ISIS will be accountable to God Almighty and bear the severe penalty.
A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).
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