Books and Documents

Spiritual Meditations (21 May 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Religion per se Is More Than A Dispenser of Wisdom and Knowledge; It Brings People Together and Inspires Them to Work Together For Peace and Harmony

By Tajender Singh Luthra

May 21, 2019

The debate about the relevance of religion is an ongoing one in the modern secular world. One view that is current today is that religion is not required. However, if used with a sense of balance and proportion, religion could be beneficial in many ways for everyone, including agnostics and atheists.

Let’s first examine the wisdom and knowledge generated by the modern secular world. We get knowledge from our teachers, various books, movies, journals and newspapers. But however much we like a book or an article, after some time, we often forget its lesson. Sometimes, we even forget the title of the book. We surf the internet, talk to our friends, or search our bookshelves to reconnect with the book or the article to refresh our memory of its lesson. The same happens even with our favourite movies. With the passage of time, we forget the story, the protagonist, characters and the fine nuances of the plot. The modern secular world struggles with ways and means of retaining its knowledge and wisdom perhaps because we are so distracted by multitasking and our focus gets dissipated.

Religion has ingenious ways and means to help seekers retain its knowledge and wisdom. It offers and emphasises regular repetition that engenders retention, comprehension and propagation of knowledge and wisdom acquired from religious teachings. Most ancient religious teachings are universal and timeless; hence it is important to appreciate this priceless heritage and conserve it for present and future generations.

Religion per se is more than a dispenser of wisdom and knowledge; it brings people together and inspires them to work together for peace and harmony – and for the common good. In many cases, it provides solace to the suffering, hope to the hopeless and stimulates the intellect of those who seek answers to profound existential questions.

The sense of togetherness is evident when we visit a place of worship and when we feel at ease with complete strangers. It’s the ambience created by prayerful individuals who come with faith in their hearts and a prayer on their lips. There is no negativity to upset the feeling of oneness.

On the other hand, technology of the modern secular world can connect us, give us information, news, lots of material goodies but it cannot by itself create a sense of belonging and affiliation among its followers. We neither feel assured nor have a sense of belonging when we meet a stranger who is on the same social media network. Thus, though, technology connects us at one level, it does not create a sense of belonging and affiliation.

We get connected through technology yet we don’t feel confident of forging lasting, meaningful friendships. Those who are members of a religious satsang, for example, would perhaps experience a deeper sense of understanding and empathy with their group members, as they try to practice the hallowed teachings of their guru or faith.

In the modern secular world, it is one’s absolute choice to be an atheist or a believer, but an open-minded approach towards religion and its best practices may help us enhance our emotional well-being. This would contribute to a more stable and positive approach to life.

Tajender Singh Luthrar, an officer of the Indian Police Service, is a practitioner of positive psychology

Source: timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/toi-edit-page/place-of-religion-in-a-modern-secular-society/

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/spiritual-meditations/tajender-singh-luthra/religion-per-se-is-more-than-a-dispenser-of-wisdom-and-knowledge;-it-brings-people-together-and-inspires-them-to-work-together-for-peace-and-harmony/d/118658


  • Dr. Anburaj,
    Your ignorance in these matters is amazing but you have a perfect right to make a fool of yourself on a daily basis. I shall continue to express my opinion both on your ignorance and your communal hatred.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 4/7/2020 10:53:24 AM

  • Mr.Ghulam Mohiyuddin  is hysterial about my comments on the Biography of Jesus, whose titile to christ  is yet to be confirmed.The Jewish community which rejected Jesus,  is still waiting for the Christ/ Messenger of God. I have posted some lesser known facts about Jesus/Christ 
    to Mr
    Maria Sanchez .At this context why Mr.
    Ghulam Mohiyuddin  is encroaching into my freedom for free discussion.
    Mr. Ghulam Mohiyuddin stop barking at me.

    By Dr.A.Anburaj - 4/6/2020 11:26:48 PM

  • Dr. Anburaj,
    Your letter is hogwash. Nobody would reply to such a letter.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 4/6/2020 11:53:50 AM

  • I  hope Maria Sanchez , scholar ,would post her / his comment on my letter.

    By Dr.A.Anburaj - 4/6/2020 6:19:26 AM

  • Does anyone know what Dr. Anburaj is trying to say? Has the story of Jesus's alleged coming to Kashmir thrilled him?
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 4/4/2020 3:56:06 PM

  • Go ye not unto Gentiles,But Jews only-This is one of the commandments  of Jesus.He loved Jews only.
    Elia should precede  Christ.
    This is the testing stone for Christ. Jesus claimed to be  the Christ/Messenger of God and for Elia He indicated John, the baptist. Elia must descend  from Heaven/sky   and on that score John's title to be  the Elia is rejected by the Judiciary .Moreover the Court declared Jesus  1.Not Christ 2. Has committed blasphemy.
    Hence to be condemned on the Cross.Jesus was crucified and Jesus had viewed this as desertion  by God .
    Jesus was rescued before 18 hrs from the cross.He must be alive.He was not buried and kept in a Tomb which is out of practice. This add cement to the belief that Jesus did not die on the Cross. He recovered himself and met the disciples under disguise.Later he moved over to countries where Jews were living. He is claimed to have come to India to meet Jews and died and cremated in Kashmir....  etc.

    By Dr.A.Anburaj - 4/3/2020 11:39:23 PM

  • Did Jesus die on the cross or just swoon?
     Problem:  Many skeptics believe that Jesus did not die on the cross.  Some say that He took a drug that put Him in a coma like state and that He later revived in the tomb.  Yet the Bible says repeatedly that Christ died on the cross (cf. Romans 5:8; 1 Corinthians 15:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:14).
     Solution:  Jesus never fainted or swooned, nor was He drugged on the cross.  In fact, He refused the drug customarily offered to the victim before crucifixion to help deaden pain (Matthew 27:34), and He accepted only “vinegar” later (v. 48) to quench His thirst.  Jesus’
    actual physical death on the cross is supported by overwhelming evidence.
     First of all, the Old Testament predicted that Christ would die (Isaiah 53:5-10; Psalms 22:16; Daniel 9:26; Zechariah 12:10). And Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah (cf. Matt. 4:14-16; 5:17-18; 8:17; John 4:25-26; 5:39).
     Second, Jesus announced many times during His ministry that He was going to die (John 2:19-21; 10:10-11; Matthew 12:40; Mark 8:31). Typical is Matthew 17:22-23 that says, “The Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men and they will kill Him, and the third day He will be raised up.”
     Third, all the predictions of His resurrection, both in the Old Testament (cf. Psalms 16:10; Isaiah 26:19; Daniel 12:2) and in the New Testament (cf. John 2:19-21; Matthew 12:40; 17:22-23), are based on the fact that He would die.  Only a dead body can be resurrected.
     Fourth, the nature and extent of Jesus’ injuries indicate that He must have died.  He had no sleep the night before He was crucified.  He was beaten several times and whipped.  And He collapsed on the way to His crucifixion carrying His cross.  This in itself, to say nothing of the crucifixion to follow, was totally exhausting and life draining.
     Fifth, the nature of the crucifixion assures death.  Jesus was on the cross from 9 o’clock in the morning until just before sunset.  He bled from wounded hands and feet plus from the thorns that pierced His head.  There would be a tremendous loss of blood from doing this for more than six hours.  Plus, crucifixion demands that one constantly pull himself up in order to breathe, thus sending excruciating pain from the nails.  Doing this all day would kill nearly anyone even if they were previously in good health.
     Sixth, the piercing of Jesus’ side with the spear, from which came “blood and water (John 19:34), is proof that He had physically died before the piercing.  When this has happened, it is a medical proof that the person has already died (see point eleven below).
    When the soldier pierced the side of Jesus his blood, which had already separated into the plasma and the hemoglobin, came pouring out together. That only happens when the circulation has stopped and death has occurred.
    Seventh, Jesus said He was in the act of dying on the cross when He declared “Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit” (Luke 23:46).  And “having said this, He breathed His last” (v.46).
    John renders this,  “He gave up His spirit” (John 19:30).  His death cry was heard by those who stood by (vv. 47-49).
    Eighth, the Roman soldiers, accustomed to crucifixion and death, pronounced Jesus dead.  Although it was a common practice to break the legs of the victim to speed death (so that the person can no longer lift himself and breathe), they did not even break Jesus’ legs (John 19:33).
    Ninth, Pilate double-checked to make sure Jesus was dead before he gave the corpse to Joseph to be buried.  “Summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time.  And when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph”  (Mark 15:44-45).
    Tenth, Jesus was wrapped in about 75 pounds of cloth and spices and placed in a sealed tomb for three days (John 19:39-40; Matthew 27:60).  If He were not dead by then, which He clearly was, He would have died from lack of food, water, and medical treatment.
    Eleventh, medical  authorities who have examined the circumstances and nature of Christ’s death have concluded that He actually died on the cross.  An article in the Journal of the American Medical Society (March 21, 1986) concluded:
    Clearly, the weight of historical and medical evidence indicates that Jesus was dead before the wound to his side was inflicted and supports the traditional view that the spear, thrust between his right rib, probably perforated not only the right lung but also the pericardium and heart and thereby ensured his death.  Accordingly, interpretations based on the assumption that Jesus did not die on the cross appear to be at odds with modern knowledge (p. 1463).
    Twelve, there are dozens of verses in the Quran signifying that the Quran came to confirm the Torah and the Injil of both Jews and Christians.  Likewise, the Quran mentions Christ’s death, resurrection and ascension to heaven in many other places; for example Sura Al Imran 3:55:  “When God said, ‘Jesus, I will take thee to Me [Arabic: mutawaffika, which means “cause you to die”].’”  Also Sura al-Ma’ida 5:117, where Christ says, “But when Thou didst take me to Thyself   [Arabic: tawaffaytani, which means “cause me to die”], Thou was Thyself the watcher over them.”  Christ also says in Sura Maryam 19:33, “Peace be upon me, the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised up alive!”
    Isn’t it strange that Christ’s crucifixion would be denied by someone who lived 600 years after it occurred?  The crucifixion of Christ is an historical fact recorded by Romans, Greeks, Jews, and Christians.  At the Council of Nicaea, which was held in A.D. 325, the bishops of all Christendom made a creed confessing the crucifixion of Christ for our salvation.  This creed is recited today by countless Christians throughout the world!  Ancient artifacts of Christians from all over the world carry the sign of the cross.  How then can anyone deny the historicity of Christ’s crucifixion? 
    By Detra Andrews - 4/2/2020 1:18:03 PM

  • Why believe in Christianity over all other religions?
     By Matt Slick
     Critics often ask why Christianity is any better than any other religion in the world. After all, of all the religions that exist, how can it be that only Christianity is true? If God exists, why can't God use different religions? Don't all paths lead to God? Skeptics ask these kinds of questions all the time; and, unfortunately, few Christians have the answers. Therefore, in an attempt to demonstrate why Christianity is true and all other religious systems are false, I've prepared the follow list of reasons for Christianity's superiority.
     There are such things as absolute truths
     If truth is relative, then the statement that truth is relative is an absolute truth and would be a self-defeating statement by proving that truth is not relative. But, if truth is absolute, then the statement "truth is absolute" is true and not self-defeating. It is true that truth exists. It is true that truth will not contradict itself as we have just seen. In fact, it is absolutely true that you are reading this paper.
     If we can see that there is such a thing as truth in the world, then we could also see that there can be spiritual truth as well. It is not absurd to believe in spiritual absolutes anymore than physical or logical absolutes. Even the statement that all religions lead to God is a statement held to be a spiritual absolute by many people. This simply demonstrates that people do believe in spiritual truth. Why? Because truth exists. However, not all that is believed to be true actually is true. Furthermore, all belief systems cannot be true since they often contradict each other in profound ways--and truth is not self-contradictory.
     Religions contradict each other; therefore, they cannot all be true.
     Mormonism teaches that there are many gods in existence and that you can become a god. Christianity teaches that there is only one God and that you cannot become a god. Islam teaches that Jesus is not God in flesh where Christianity does. Jesus cannot be both God and not God at the same time. Some religions teach that we reincarnate while others do not. Some teach there is a hell, and others do not. They cannot all be true. If they cannot all be true, it cannot be true that all religions lead to God. Furthermore, it means that some religions are, at the very least, false in their claims to reveal the true God (or gods). Remember, truth does not contradict itself. If God exists, He will not institute mutually exclusive and contradictory belief systems in an attempt to get people to believe in Him. God is not the author of confusion (1 Cor. 14:33). Therefore, it is reasonable to believe that there can be an absolute spiritual truth and that not all systems can be true regardless of whether or not they claim to be true. There must be more than a mere claim.
     Fulfilled Prophecy concerning Jesus
     Though there are other religions that have prophecies in them, none are 100% accurate as is the Bible; and none of them point to someone like Jesus who made incredible claims and performed incredible deeds. The Old Testament was written hundreds of years before Jesus was born. Yet, the Old Testament prophesied many things about Jesus. This is undoubtedly evidence of divine influence upon the Bible.
     Please consider some of the many prophecies of Jesus in the following chart.
    Old Testament Prophecy
    New Testament Fulfillment
    Born of a virgin
    Isaiah 7:14
    Matt. 1:18, 25
    Born at Bethlehem
    Micah 5:2
    Matt. 2:1
    He would be preceded by a Messenger
    Isaiah 40:3
    Matt. 3:1-2
    Rejected by His own people
    Isaiah 53:3
    John 7:5; 7:48
    Betrayed by a close friend
    Isaiah 41:9
    John 13:26-30
    His side pierced
    Zech. 12:10
    John 19:34
    Psalm 22:1
    Psalm 22:11-18
    Luke 23:33;
    John 19:23-24
    Resurrection of Christ
    Psalm 16:10
    Acts 13:34-37
    Fulfillment of prophecy can have different explanations. Some state that the NT was written and altered to make it look like Jesus fulfilled OT prophecy (but there is no evidence of that). Others state that the prophecies are so vague that they don't count (but many of the prophecies are not vague at all). Of course, it is possible that God inspired the writers and Jesus, who is God in flesh, fulfilled these prophecies as a further demonstration of the validity of Christianity.
    The Claims and Deeds of Christ
    Christianity claims to be authored by God. Of course, merely making such a claim does not make it true. Anyone can make claims; but, backing up those claims is entirely different. Jesus used the Divine Name for Himself (John 8:58)--the same Divine Name used by God when Moses asked God what His name was in (Exodus 3:14). Jesus said that He could do whatever He saw God the Father do (John 5:19), and He claimed to be one with the God the Father (John 10:30; 10:38). Likewise, the disciples also called Him God (John 1:1, 14; John 10:27; Col. 2:9). By default, if Jesus is God in flesh, then whatever He said and did would be true. Since Jesus said that He alone was the way, the truth, and the life and that no one can find God without Him (John 14:6), His words become incredibly important.
    Again, making a claim is one thing. Backing it up is another. Did Jesus also back up His fantastic words with miraculous deeds? Yes, He did.
     ·         Jesus changed water into wine (John 2:6-10).
    ·         Jesus cast out demons (Matt. 8:28-32; 15:22-28).
    ·         Jesus healed lepers (Matt. 8:3; Luke 17:14).
    ·         Jesus healed diseases (Matt. 4:23, 24; Luke 6:17-19)
    ·         Jesus healed the paralytic (Mark 2:3-12).
    ·         Jesus raised the dead (Matt. 9:25; John 11:43-44).
    ·         Jesus restored sight to the blind (Matt. 9:27-30; John 9:1-7).
    ·         Jesus restored cured deafness (Mark 7:32-35).
    ·         Jesus fed the multitude (Matt. 14:15-21; Matt. 15:32-38).
    ·         Jesus walked on water (Matt. 14:25-27).
    ·         Jesus calmed a storm with a command (Matt. 8:22-27; Mark 4:39).
    ·         Jesus rose from the dead (Luke 24:39; John 20:27).
    ·         Jesus appeared to disciples after resurrection (John 20:19).
     The eyewitnesses recorded the miracles of Jesus, and the gospels have been reliably transmitted to us. Therefore, we can believe what Jesus said about Himself for two reasons: One, because what He said and did agrees with the Old Testament; and two, because Jesus performed many convincing miracles in front of people who testified and wrote about what they saw Him do.
     Christ's resurrection
     Within Christianity, the resurrection is vitally important. Without the resurrection our faith is useless (1 Cor. 15:14). It was Jesus' resurrection that changed the lives of the disciples. After Jesus was crucified, the disciples ran and hid. But when they saw the risen Lord, they knew that all that Jesus had said and done proved that He was indeed God in flesh, the Savior.
     No other religious leader has died in full view of trained executioners, had a guarded tomb, and then risen three days later to appear to many many people. This resurrection is proof of who Jesus is and that He did accomplish what He set out to do: provide the only means of redemption for mankind.
     Buddha did not rise from the dead. Muhammad did not rise from the dead. Confucius did not rise from the dead. Krishna did not rise from the dead, etc. Only Jesus has physically risen from the dead, walked on water, claimed to be God, and raised others from the dead. He has conquered death. Why trust anyone else? Why trust anyone who can be held by physical death when we have a Messiah who is greater than death itself?
     Why should anyone trust in Christianity over Islam, Buddhism, Mormonism, or anything else? It is because there are absolute truths--because only in Christianity is there accurate fulfilled prophecies of a coming Messiah. Only in Christianity do we have the extremely accurate transmission of the eyewitness' documents (gospels), so we can trust what was originally written. Only in Christianity do we have the person of Christ who claimed to be God, performed many miracles to prove His claim of divinity, who died and rose from the dead, and who said that He alone was the way the truth and the life (John 14:6). All this adds to the legitimacy and credibility of Christianity above all other religions--all based on the person of Jesus. If follows that if it is all true about what Jesus said and did, then all other religions are false because Jesus said that He alone was the way, the truth, and the life and that no one comes to the Father except through Him (John 14:6). It could not be that Jesus is the only way and truth and other religions also be the truth.
    Either Jesus is true and all other religions are false, or other religions are true and Jesus is false. There are no other options. I choose to follow the risen Lord Jesus.
    By william bellz - 3/21/2020 8:58:57 PM

  • Is the Quran Infallible? Geographical Questions The Sun Sets in a Spring We read in Sura al-Kahf 18:83-86: “They will question thee concerning Dhu al-Qamain. Say: ‘I will recite to you a mention of him.’ We established him in the land, and We gave him a way to every thing; and he followed a way until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring, and he found nearby a people.’ Al-Baidawi in his commentary Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta’wil says the following with regard to these verses: The Jews asked Muhammad about Dhu al-Qarnain (Alexander the Great), and he said to them that God established him in the land so that he could reach the place where the sun sets. He found that it set in a muddy spring, and all around the spring were idolatrous people! He also walked to the place where the sun rises and discovered that people lived there who went about naked, with no homes to shelter them from the sun. After that he walked to a site that lies to the north, between the place where the sun rises and sets, which he found to be between two mountains. He poured on these two mountains a mixture of iron and molten brass, thereby setting up an impassable barrier which only God can reach on the Day of Resurrection. Al-Baidawi added that “Ibn ‘Abbas heard Mu’awiya read ‘aynin hamiya [hot spring], so he told him it was hami’a [muddy]. Therefore, Mu’awiya sent to Ka’b al-Ahbar, asking “Where do you think the sun sets?’ He said to him, ‘In water mud.’” Question 1: As the sun is many times larger than the earth, how then could Dhu al-Qamain see it set in a spring filled with water and mud, surrounded by people? The Earth is Stationary We read the following in the Quran: “He created the heavens without pillars you can see, and He cast on the earth firm mountains, lest it shake with you” (Sura Luqman 31:10). “It is He who stretched out the earth and set therein firm mountains” (Sura al-Ra’d 13:3). “And the earth – We stretched it forth, and cast on it firm mountains, and We caused to grow therein every thing justly weighed” (Sura al-Hijr 15:19). “And He cast on the earth firm mountains lest it shake with you, and rivers an ways; so haply you will be guided” (Sura al-Nahl 16:15). And We set in the earth firm mountains lest it should shake with them” (Sura al-Anbiya’ 21:31). Al-Baidawi explains the verse in Sura al-Ra’d as follows: “ ‘Stretched out the earth’ means it was flattened in width and length so that feet may be steady on it and animals may roll on it.” He explained these verses in his commentary on Sura al-Nahl 16:15 as follows: “And He cast on the earth firm mountains lest it should shake with you,” or lest it should turn aside and be thrown out of balance. For before the mountains were created on it, the earth had been a light-weight sphere of simple substance. It floated about freely in orbit like the planets, and would advanced with the slightest movement. Its sides varied in dimensions when the mountains were created on its surface, and they centred it, thus serving as wedges to keep it from moving. It was also said that, when God created the earth it started to sway and swing, so that the angels said, “None can have a resting place on its surface.” So it was made stationary by the mountains. Question 2: How could the earth be stretched out, flattened and motionless? How can anyone say that the mountains keep the earth from moving when it is evident that it rotates on its axis once every 24 hours, causing the cycle of day and night? It also revolves around the sun once a year, effecting the changing of the seasons. The Postponed Month is Unbelief We read in Sura al-Tawba 9:36,37: “The number of the months, with God, is twelve in the Book of God, the day that He created the heavens and the earth; four of them are sacred. That is the right religion. So wrong not one another during them. And fight the unbelievers totally even as they fight you totally; an know that God is with the god-fearing. The month postponed is an increase of unbelief whereby the unbelievers go astray; one year they make it profane, and hallow it another, to agree with the number that God has hallowed, and so profane what God has hallowed. Decked out fair to them are their evil deeds; and God guides not the people of the unbelievers.” Question 3: Is this really unbelief? Scientist determine dates by the solar calendar, which is different from the lunar calendar by roughly one month, so how can a natural astronomical calculation be considered unbelief? Thunder Is an Angel We read in Sura al-Ra’d 13:13: “The thunder proclaims His praise, and the angels, in awe of Him. He looses the thunderbolts, and smites with them whosoever He will; yet they dispute about God, who is mighty in power.” Al-Baidawi said, “Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Prophet was asked about the thunder. He answered, “It is an angel entrusted with the clouds. He has entwined shreds of fire with which he drives the clouds and the angels, in awe of God.’ Another opinion says that the pronoun him refers to the thunder itself.” Al-Tirmidhi brought out, quoting Ibn ‘Abbas, that “the Jews came to Muhammad and said, ‘Tell us about the thunder. What is it?’ He said, ‘One of the angels who is entrusted with the clouds. He has entwined shreds of fire with which he drives the clouds wherever God wills.’ They asked, ‘What is this sound, then which is heard?’ He said, ‘It is his rebuke to the clouds, that they should stop where they have been commanded.’ They said, “You have spoken the truth!’” Question 4: Why does the Quran say that thunder is an angel, when primitive peoples regarded it as a god? In reality it is the electricity generated by the collision of positively and negatively charged ions in the clouds. The Sun Runs to a Resting Place We read in Sura Ya Sin 36:38: “And the sun, it runs to a fixed resting-place; that is the ordaining of the All-mighty, the All-knowing.” Al-Baidawi said: “The sun – it runs to a fixed resting-place” refers to a certain limit at which its cycle comes to an end. It is compared to the resting place of a traveler after his journey, or to the centre of the sky where it moves slower, so that one thinks it has come to a halt. [The poet says, “The sun is gone astray and revolves in the sky.”] It can also mean a settled and certain course, or an appointed end for each day from the east to the west. For it has a cycle of three hundred and sixty sunrises and sunsets; it rises every morning from a rising place and sets in a setting place, only to return to them the following year. This could also be a reference to the destruction of the world when it ceases to rotate. Another reading is: “with no resting-place to it”; namely, it does not rest, but moves all the time. Question 5: How can the Quran say that the sun runs, or that it has a resting place to which it is bound to go? The sun is a stationary star that does not move anywhere. Rather, it is the earth that revolves around the sun. As for the claim that a variant reading of the Quran points to the sun running and not stopping, this only proves that the Quran had widely different interpretations which change the meaning. Thus the commentator himself contests the alleged soundness and accuracy of the Quran. Historical Questions Haman Is Pharaoh’s Minister We read in Sura al-Qasas 28:8,38: “Pharaoh and Haman, and their hosts, were sinners…. And Pharaoh said, ‘Council, I know not that you have any god but me.Kindle me, Haman, a fire upon the clay, and make me a tower, that I may mount up to Moses’ god; for I think that he is one of the liars.’” We read in Sura Ghafir 40:36 that Pharaoh said, “Haman, build for me a tower, that haply so I may reach the cords.” The Quran says that Haman was Pharaoh’s minister, while history attests that Haman was the minister of King Ahasuerus, and that there is a thousand years’ difference between them! Besides, Pharaoh was king of Egypt, while Haman served in the Persian Empire! Question 6: Being so separated from one another by distance and time, how could Haman have been a minister to Pharaoh? The book of Ester in the Old Testament says that Haman was a minister of Ahasuerus, king of Persia, who is called Xerxes l by the Greeks. The Golden Calf Was Made by a Samaritan We read in Sura Ta Ha 20:85-88: “He said, ‘We have tempted thy people since thou didst leave them. The Samaritan has led them into error.’ Then Moses returned very angry and sorrowful to his people, saying, ‘My people did your Lord not promise a fair promise to you? Did the time of the covenant seem so long to you, or did you desire that anger should alight on you from your Lord, so that you failed in your tryst with me?’ ‘We have not failed in our tryst with thee,’ they said, ‘of our volition; but we were loaded with fardels, even the ornaments of the people, and we cast them, as the Samaritan also threw them, into the fire.’ (Then he brought out for them a Calf, a mere body that lowed; and they said, ‘This is your god, and the god of Moses, whom he forgotten.’)” Question 7: How could a Samaritan have made a golden calf for the Israelites? The city of Samaria did not exist when the Israelites came out of Egypt and travelled through Sinai. Moreover, it was Aaron who made the calf for them as they wanted. How then can we imagine a Samaritan making them the calf? Aaron’s Sister and Amram’s Daughter? We read n Sura al-Tahrim 66:12 : “And Mary, Imran’s daughter, who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our Spirit, and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Books, and became one of the obedient.” We also read in Sura Maryam 19:27, 28: “Then she brought the child to her folk carrying him; and they said, ‘Mary, thou hast surely committed a monstrous thing! Sister of Aaron, thy father was not a wicked man, nor was your mother a woman unchasete.’” Question 8: The Bible says that the Virgin Mary was the daughter of Heli (Luke 3:23). How come the Quran says she was the daughter of Amram [Arabic: Imran], the father of the prophet Moses, and that she was the sister of Aaron, Moses’ brother? [See Exodus 6:20.] In fact, the difference between Mary and Amram, Moses, and Aaron is roughly 1,400 years! Jesus Speaks from the Cradle We read in Sura Al Imran 3:46: “He shall speak to men in the cradle, and of [middle] age, and righteous he shall be.” We read also in Sura al-Ma’ida 5:110: “When God said, ‘Jesus son of Mary, remember My blessing upon thee and upon thy mother, when I confirmed thee with the Holy Spirit, to speak to men in the cradle, and of [middle] age.’” Sura Maryam 19:29 says: “Mary pointed to the child then; but they said, ‘How shall we speak to one who is still in the cradle, a little child?’” Question 9: How could Jesus speak from the cradle when the Bible says that when Jesus came in the flesh He matured naturally in body, intellect and thought? The Gospel according to Luke 2:52 asserts this fact: “And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favour with God and men.” Christ never spoke from the cradle! A Denial of the Crucifixion! We read in Sura al-Nisa’ 4:157 -158: “And for their saying, ‘We slew the Messiah, Jesus Son of Mary, the Messenger of God” – yet they did not slay him, neither crucified him, only a likeness of that was shown to them. Those who are at variance concerning him surely are in doubt regarding him; they have no knowledge of him, except the following of surmise; and they slew him not, of a certainty – no indeed; God raised him up to Him; God is All-mighty, All-wise.” Question 10: Why does the Quran deny the crucifixion and death of Christ at the hands of the Jews, even though the Jews confess it and the Christians confirm it and rejoice in it? The Gospel is the good news of Christ’s crucifixion and redemption of mankind. There are dozens of verses in the Quran signifying that the Quran came to confirm the Torah and the Injil of both Jews and Christians. Likewise, the Quran mentions Christ’s death, resurrection and ascension to heaven in many other places; for example Sura Al Imran 3:55: “When God said, ‘Jesus, I will take thee to Me [Arabic: mutawaffika, which means “cause you to die”].’” Also Sura al-Ma’ida 5:117, where Christ says, “But when Thou didst take me to Thyself [Arabic: tawaffaytani, which means “cause me to die”], Thou was Thyself the watcher over them.” Christ also says in Sura Maryam 19:33, “Peace be upon me, the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised up alive!” Jesus died on the cross, as indicated by several facts: a. The nature of crucifixion, including the discovery of Yohanan’s skeleton, reveals both the nature and assurance of death by this method. b. The explanation of Jesus’ heart wound indicates that it would have killed him even if he had been alive. c. The death of Jesus is the most recorded event in ancient, non-Christian history. d. The trustworthy Gospels give accurate accounts of Jesus’ death. e. Medical authorities who have examined the circumstances and nature of Christ’s death have concluded that He actually died on the cross. An article in the Journal of the American Medical Society (March 21, 1986) (p. 1463). concluded: Clearly, the weight of historical and medical evidence indicates that Jesus was dead before the wound to his side was inflicted and supports the traditional view that the spear, thrust between his right rib, probably perforated not only the right lung but also the pericardium and heart and thereby ensured his death. Isn’t it strange that Christ’s crucifixion would be denied by someone who lived 600 years after it occurred? The crucifixion of Christ is an historical fact recorded by Romans, Greeks, Jews, and Christians. At the Council of Nicaea, which was held in A.D. 325, the bishops of all Christendom made a creed confessing the crucifixion of Christ for our salvation. This creed is recited today by countless Christians throughout the world! Ancient artifacts of Christians from all over the world carry the sign of the cross. How then can anyone deny the historicity of Christ’s crucifixion? Theological Questions The Command to Commit Ungodliness We read in Sura al-Isra’ 17:16: “And when We desire to destroy a city, We command its men who live at ease, and they commit ungodliness therein, then the Word is realized against it, and We destroy it utterly.” Question 11: Does God desire to destroy the people He created? Would He really command people who live at ease in a certain place to commit ungodliness, so they would be worthy of punishment, together with the poor who live among them? Is this compatible with God’s justice, holiness and faithfulness? How could anyone ascribe to God such infamy, injustice and ungodliness? Besides, the Quran contradicts this statement in many other places. Among these are: “Follow not the steps of Satan; he is a manifest foe to you. He only commands you to evil and indecency” (Sura al-Baqara 2:168,169). “Surely God bids to justice and good-doing and giving to kinsmen; and He forbids indecency, dishonor and insolence” (Sura al-Nahl 16:90). “And wherever they commit an indecency they say, ‘We found our fathers practicing it, and God had commanded us to do it.’ Say: ‘God does not command indecency; what, do you say concerning God such things as you know not?” (Sura al-A’raf 7:28) Prayer Atones for Sins We read in Sura Hud 11:114: “And perform the prayer at the two ends of the day and nigh of the night; surely the good deeds will drive away the evil deeds.” Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (5:427) quoted Abu al-Yusr as having said, “A woman who wanted to buy dates came to me. I said [to her]. ‘There are dates in the house better than these.’ So she went into the house with me, and I fell on her and kissed her. So I went to the Prophet and told him. He bowed his head in silence for an hour, till God revealed to him: ‘Perform the prayer at two ends of day and night and nigh at nightfall; surely good deeds shall drive away evil deeds.’ He said, ‘Is it for me in particular, or for people in general?’ Muhammad said, ‘It is for people in general’” (al-Suyuti in Asbab al-Nuzul of Sura Hud 11:114). Question 12: How can people commit all sorts of evil and then receive atonement by the five prayers? Doesn’t this contradict God’s holiness and justice? Sin cannot be atoned for except by the shedding of blood, as the Bible says: “Without shedding of blood there is no remission” (Hebrews 9:22). How can anyone take lightly the hideousness and terrible enormity of sin? Christ taught, “Whoever looks at a woman to lust after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart” (Matthew 5:28). The Fast of Ramadan Pardon Sins We read in Sura al-Qadr 97:3-5: “The Night of Power is better than a thousand months; in it the angels and the Spirit descend, by the leave of their Lord, upon every command. Peace it is till, the rising of dawn.” Ibn ‘Abbas said: “When the Night of Power [or Portion] comes, God commands Gabriel to descend to the earth, together with seventy thousand angels of the inhabitants of the lotus-tree of the seventh heaven, having with them banners of light. They focus their banners on the sacred mosque, Muhammad’s mosque, and the far mosque in Jerusalem. Gabriel focuses a green banner on the black Ka’ba. Then the angels disperse to all the countries of the world, and go to every believer they find in prayer or remembrance [of God] and salute him, shake hands with him, say Amen to his prayer, and ask for forgiveness for the entire Muslim nation until daybreak.” It is reported in another hadith: “God releases on every day of Ramadan sixty thousands slaves from hell. When the last day [of Ramadan] comes, he releases as many as he had already released.” Question 13: Does the mere fasting of Ramadan lead to salvation and remissions of sins? Isn’t this in conflict with the justice and holiness of God? God, in His wisdom, has reconciled His justice to His holiness through the incarnation and vicarious death of Christ. The risen Christ gives repentant sinners the power to live a righteous and holy life. To rely solely upon the mercy of God, without availing oneself to His salvation, does away with the justice of God. This makes God look like a king who issues a decree but neglects implementing it and, therefore, does not punish those who break it! Grammatical Questions A Nominative Noun That Should Be Accusative We read in Sura al-Ma’ida 5:69: “Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Sabaenas….” This verse in the original Arabic has the word for Sabaeans (sabi’un) in the nominative, but it ought to be in the accusative because it is added to all the previous nouns that are accusative themselves as a result of following inna. Thus the word for Sabaeans should have been sabi’ina, which appears in Suras al-Baqara 2:62 and al-Hajj 22:17. The Subject Is Incorrectly Accusative We read in Sura al-Baqara 2:124: “My covenant shall not reach the evildoers.” This wrong and awkward translation is in fact a result of an unbelievable grammatical mistake in the Arabic Quran. The Quran meant to say, “The evildoers shall not attain to My covenant,” but since the word al-zalimin [“the evildoers”] appears in the accusative rather than the correct nominative, the translator ended up saying that the covenant does not reach the evildoers, an image that is very foreign to the Arabic mind. In fact, the Quran should have simply said al-zalimun, and the problem would have been solved! A Feminine Subject with a Masculine Predicate We read in Sura al-A’raf 7:56: “Surely the mercy of God is nigh….” In this verse, the Arabic for “nigh” is qaribun. This predicate is masculine while the subject rahmah (“mercy”) is feminine. Had the Quran preserved the agreement between the subject and the predicate, it would say qaribatun. Wrong Gender and Incorrect Use of Plural We read in Sura al-A ‘raf 7:160: “And We cut them up into twelve tribes, nations.” They Arabic rendering of this verse reads: “Wa qatta’nahum ithnatay ‘ashrata asbatan.” There are two grammatical errors in this sentence; the first is the feminine number ithnatay ‘ashrata, and the second is the plural noun asbatan. The word “tribe” is masculine and requires a masquline number; also, a noun used in conjunction with a number above ten should be singular. Therefore the Quran should have said: “Ithnay ‘ashra sibtan.” An Incorrect Plural Verb and Pronoun We read in Sura al-Hajj 22:19: “These are two disputants who have disputed concerning their Lord.” This sentence reads thus in Arabic: “Hadsan khasman ikhtasamu fi rabbihim.” The verb ikhtasamu (“disputed”) is plural, and the possessive pronoun in the word rabbihim refers also to a plural antecedent. The Quran ought to have attached a dual ending to the verb and a dual possessive pronoun to the word rabb. The sentence should be: Hadsan khasman ikhtasama fi rabbihima.” A Relative Pronoun in a Wrong Singular Form We read in Sura al-Tawba 9:69: “You have plunged as they plunged.” The Arabic relative pronoun alladhi, unlike our English “who” or “that”, is subject to declension. That means it does not remain the same with every noun it refers to. It can receive a plural or a dual ending. The word “as” in this verse is actually the translation of the relative pronoun alladhi in singular form. It should have been in the plural form since it refers to a plural pronoun. Thus the Arabic should read: “Khudhtum kalladhina (instead of alladhi) khadhu.” A Plural Pronoun Refers to a Singular Antecedent We read in Sura al-Baqara 2:17: “The likeness of them is as the likeness a man who has kindled a fire, an when it lit all about him God took away their light.” The Quran ought to have attached a singular possessive pronoun to the singular antecedent “man”. Thus the verse should read: “… a man who has kindled a fire…God took away his light.” Legal Questions Severing a Thief’s Hand We read in Sura al-Ma’ida 5:38: “And the thief, male and female, cut off the hands of both, as a recompense for what they have earned, and a punishment exemplary from God; God is Almighty, All-wise.” Question 14: The Quran has established the law of cutting off the hands of a thief. But isn’t this an offense to humanity? Those who had their hands cut off, even after they have repented, become a burden to society, living with bitterness and resentment. Cutting off the hand of a thief deprives him of the opportunity to work and earn his own livelihood. Apart from this, Shahrastani, in Al-Milal wa al-Nihal, says that cutting the hand of the thief was pre-Islamic punishment. Why did Muhammad demand that his followers adhere to this despicable heathen tradition as part of Islam? Until She Marries Another Husband We read in Sura al-Baqara 2:230: “If he divorces her finally, she shall not be lawful to him after that, until she marries another husband.” Al-Baidawi explained this verse, saying, “Rifa a’s wife said to the Messenger of God, ‘Rifa ‘a divorced me finally, and ‘Abd al-Rahman married me. But what he has is as [limp] as the hem of the garment.’ The Messenger of God said, ‘Do you want to return to Rifa ‘a?’ She said yes. But he said, ‘No, not until you enjoy intercourse with him, and he with you.’” Sometimes an influential man divorces his wife in a fit of anger, Later, as is often the case, he regrets what he has done and desires to have his wife back. But Islamic law compels this woman to have intercourse with another man before she can return to her husband. How inhumane and degrading this is! Women Are Beaten and Denied Their Rights We read in Sura al-Nisa 4:34: “And those you fear may be rebellious admonish; banish them to their couches, and beat them. If they then obey you, look not for any way against them; God All-high, All-great.” Question 15: Why does the Quran make it a law for a man to beat his wife? We read in Sura al-Baqara 2:282: “And call in witness two witnesses, men; or if the two be not men, then one man and two women, such witnesses as you approve of, that if one of the woman errs the other will remind her.” Why is the witness of two women equal to that of one man, even though a woman may, in many cases, excel her husband in soundness of mind, education and personality? We read in Sura al-Nisa 4:11: “God charges you, concerning your children: to the male the like of the portion of two females.” Why does the Quran grant a woman only half of what it gives a man, when life is often harder for a woman? In fact, granting a man double portion owes his origin to pre-Islamic practice. We read in Bulugh al-Arab fi Ahwal al-Arab (vol. 1, p. 184): “The first one to give the male the portion of two females was Amir Ibn Jahm al-Jahmi.” Polygamy We read in Sura al-Nisa 4:3: “Marry such women as seem good to you, two, three, four; but if you fear you will not be equitable, then only one, or what your right hands own; so it is likelier you will not be partial.” Al-Baidawi explained “what your right hands own” as being concubines. But haven’t polygamy and concubinage been contrary to God’s law from the beginning of creation? God created one Eve and one Adam. We pay respect to mankind when we respect mothers, sisters, daughters and wives. Whoever corrupts the home, corrupts humanity. Polygamy corrupts the husband’s morals because it promotes injustice, limitations regarding children and humiliation of the wives; moreover, it hinders social progress and national security. Divorce We read in Sura al-Baqara 2:236: “There is no fault in you if you divorce women….” The Quran gives absolute and unconditional license to a man to destroy his family, undermine its foundations and scatter it through divorce. It is indeed pitiful to see a Muslim man away from his household to hear him swear three times that he will divorce his wife if such-and-such thing occurs (or does not occur).and then find that man casting his unsuspecting wife out of the house. Muslims say, “Divorce is the most hateful thing God made lawful.” Question 16: How can God make lawful something He hates? Wouldn’t it be more appropriate to forbid it altogether? Lexical Questions Useless Words There are some useless, meaningless words that appear in the openings of 29 suras in the Quran. Following is a grouping of these words with their references in the Quran: Alif Lam Ra: Yunis 10, Hud 11, Yusuf 12, Ibrahim 14, al-Hijr 15; Alif Lam Mim: al-Baqara 2, Al Imran 3, al-Ankabut 29, al-Rum 30, Luqman 31, al-Sajda 32; Alif Lam Mim Ra: al-Ra’d 13; Alif Lam Mim Sad: al-A’raf 33; Ha Mim: al-Mu’minum 40, Fussilat 41, al-Zukhruf 43, al-Dukhan 44, al-Jathiya 45, al-Ahqaf 46; HaMim Ain Sin Qaf: al-Shura 42; Sad: Sad 38; Ta Sin: al-Nami 27; Ta Sin Mim: al-Shu’ara’ 26, al-Qasas 28; Ta Ha: Ta Ha 20; Qaf: Qaf 50; Kaf Ha Ya ‘Ain Sad: Maryam 19; Nun: al-Qalam 68; Ya Sin: Ya Sin 36. Question 17: Considering that only God knows the meaning of these words, as Muslim claim, what do they benefit us? God never inspires a man with profitless words; His words are clear and His oracles are a guidance to the people. Foreign Words The following verses in the Quran attest to the fact that the Quran was revealed in Arabic: “Truly it is the revelation of the Lord of all Being, brought down by the Faithful Spirit, upon thy heart, that thou mayest be one of the warmers, in a clear, Arabic tongue” (Sura al-Shu ara 26:193-195). “An Arabic Quran, wherein there is no crookedness” (Sura al-Zumar 39:28). “And We know very well that they say, ‘Only a mortal is teaching him.’ The speech of him at whom they hint is barbarous; and this is speech Arabic, manifest” (Sura al-Nahl 16:103). Question 18: How can the Quran be “Arabic, manifest,” when it contains many foreign words from the Persian, Assyrian, Syriac, Hebrew, Greek, Egyptian, and Ethiopian languages, to mention but a few. Of these we list the following: The Word The Reference The Language Abariq (ewers) al-Waqi ‘a 56:18 Persian Abraham al-Nisa 4:4 Assyrian Adam al-Baqara 2:34 Akkadian Allah (God) al-Fatiha 1:1 Hebrew (Eloah) and Syriac (llaha) Firdaws (Paradise) al-Kahf 18:107 Pahlavi Habr (rabbi) al-Tawba 9:31 Hebrew (Haver) Harut al-Baqara 2:102 Aramaic Injil Al Imran 3:48 Greek Marut al-Baqara 2:102 Aramaic Mishkat (niche) al-Nur 24:35 Ethiopian Sabt (Sabbath) al-Naml 27:124 Hebrew Sijjil (baked clay) al-Fil 105:4 Persian Sirat (path) al-Fatiha 1:4 Latin Sura al-Tawba 9:124 Syriac Tabut (ark) al-Baqara 2:247 Egyptian Taghut (idols) al-Baqara 2:257 Syriac (Teghutha) Tawrat (Torah) Al Imram 3:50 Hebrew Zakat (freewill offering) al-Baqara 2:110 Syriac (Zkuhtha) Zanjabil (ginger) al-Insan 76:17 Pahlavi
    By Rebecca Sanchez - 1/15/2020 11:58:12 AM

  • Science and the Bible: Cosmos and Creator
    By Mark Eastman, M.D.
    They have been called the two greatest questions that face mankind: Does God exist, and if He does, what is His nature?  Since the time of the ancient Greek philosophers, the answer to these questions have been sought by examining the nature of the universe and its life forms. 
    The Cosmos
    When Albert Einstein published the first of his relativity theories in 1905, he shocked the physics community with a staggering new view of space, time, matter and energy.  Though he did not know it at the time, his theories provide dramatic insights into the attributes of the Creator of the cosmos.
    Among other things, what Einstein’s theories revealed was that the flow of time and the structure of space were relative to the velocity, mass and acceleration of the observers.  That is, their observed values were not fixed: they were relative.
    For thousands of years, scientists and philosophers believed that time was nothing more than an abstract notion, conceived in the minds of men, and used to describe the change seen in the physical world.  Time, it was believed, was not a thing, it was a mental contrivance.  Einstein showed that this was wrong.  Time, Einstein showed, was “plastic.”  That is, it is a physical property of the universe, and that the observed rate that time flows depends on the physical conditions present at the measuring device.
    Several years after Einstein’s theories were published, astronomer Willem de Sitter found a mathematical error in Einstein’s equations.  When corrected, he found a startling mathematical prediction buried within his equations: The universe was finite!  Space-time, matter, and energy had a beginning.
    In his book, It’s About Time, popular author and physicist Paul Davies remarks on this incredible discovery.
                   Modern scientific cosmology in the most ambitious enterprise of all to
                   emerge from Einstein’s work.  When scientists began to explore the
                   implications of Einstein’s time for the universe as a whole, they made
                   one of the most important discoveries in the history of human thought:
                   that time, and hence all physical reality, must have had a definite origin
                   in the past.  If time is flexible and mutable, as Einstein demonstrated, then
                   tt is possible for time to come into existence, and also to pass away again;
                   there can be a beginning and an end of time. (Paul Davies, It’s About Time,
                   Touchstone Books/Simon and Schuster, 1995, pg. 17.)
    The Skeptic
    I recently had an opportunity to speak on the origin of life at a major public university in Southern California.  In attendance were a number of professors who are self-described agnostics.  During the question period, one of the professors admitted that the evidence is compelling that the universe was indeed finite.  He said that while he could not believe in God (because he couldn’t see Him, or study Him scientifically) he said he did believe that someday scientists would discover a law that would explain the origin and order of the universe and its life forms.
    After pointing out that he had just expressed faith, the belief in things unseen, but hoped for, I asked him if he believed that the laws of physics, which work in our space-time domain, also had a beginning.  He was forced to concede that they did because they would have no place to act before the space-time domain existed.
    The final blow came when I asked him if he then believed that some “law” of physics could explain the origin of the laws of physics!  He saw the point: The laws of physics cannot be the cause of the laws of physics!  The cause of the universe and its laws must be independent of the space-time domain, exactly as the Bible claimed 3,500 years earlier!
    Apostle Paul’s statement regarding the attributes of God being discerned by an examination of the nature of the universe is quite staggering, considering the state of scientific knowledge in the first century A.D.  At that time it was commonly believed that the universe was eternal.  In the face of that commonly held bias, the Bible clearly taught that the universe was finite, and the Creator is independent of time and space, exactly as 20th century cosmology suggests.
                   In the Beginning God created the heavens and the earth…  Genesis 1:1
                   …God, (v.9) who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not
                   according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace
                   which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began.   
                   2 Timothy 1:8-9
                   …in hope of eternal life which God, who cannot lie, promised before
                   time began.    Titus 1:2
    The finiteness of space-time not only points to a Creator who is independent of the cosmos, but it also gives us insight into the minimum resume of such a Being.
    The Uncaused Cause
    In my discussion with the agnostic professors, I asked them to give me the caveat, for the sake of my next argument, that God did indeed exist.  They agreed.  I then asked them what would be the minimum “resume” of such a Being.  Remarkably, they were quite insightful in their deductions.  They quickly recognized that such a Being would not only have to be independent of space-time, but must also be incredibly powerful, incredibly intelligent and able to act unencumbered, simultaneously inside and outside the time domain.  Remarkably, without recognizing it, they had described the resume of the Creator as revealed in the Biblical text!
    Among other things, the law of cause and effect asserts that a cause is always greater than its effect.  Applied to the cosmos it means that the Creator must be more powerful than all the energy stored in all the stars in all the galaxies in the entire universe.  Physicists believe that there are at least 10 exp80 particles in the universe.  Einstein’s famous equation, E=mc2 indicates that the energy stored in the mass of the universe is equal to the mass times the speed of light squared!  From this perspective, the Creator must be an all-powerful, omnipotent Being.  This very attribute is credited to God throughout the Bible’s text.
                   Ah Lord GOD! Behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy
                   great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for
                   thee.     Jeremiah 32:17
                   Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh: is there anything too hard
                   for me?     Jeremiah 32:27
    In my discussion with the professors even they admitted that all the chemists, molecular biologists and physicists in the world combined have been unable to create a DNA molecule from raw elements: hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus, etc.  Moreover, molecular biologists admit that living cells are metabolic machines which are vastly more complicated than any machine made by mankind.  They agreed in principle that the nature of these cellular “machines” would require a Being possessing unfathomable intelligence.  Such a Being would be, from our limited perspective, an all-knowing, omniscient Creator.  Throughout the Bible’s text God is described in such terms.  For example, in Jeremiah 1:5, God’s omniscience is illustrated in his foreknowledge of the prophet even before he was born:
                   Before I formed you in the womb I knew you; Before you were born I
                   sanctified you; I ordained you a prophet to the nations.    Jeremiah 1:5
    The infinite knowledge of God is proclaimed in 1 John 3:20 and in Psalm 147:5:
                   For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knows
                   all things     1 John 3:20
                   Great is our Lord, and mighty in power; his understanding is infinite.
                   Psalm 147:5
    Finally, if our space-time domain is the direct creation of God, then once he created the cosmos, in order to organize and uphold the galaxies, solar systems and its life forms, the Creator must be able to act simultaneously, inside and outside the space time domain.  This attribute we call omnipresence.  This too is an attribute that is ascribed to God throughout the Bible’s text.
                   Am I a God near at hand,” says the LORD,”And not a God afar off?  Can
                   anyone hide himself in secret places, So I shall not see him?”  says the
                   LORD; “Do I not fill heaven and earth?” says the LORD.   Jeremiah 23:23-24
                    For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in
                   the midst of them.     Matthew 18:20
    By Jess Dei - 1/15/2020 11:56:08 AM

  • Jesus – Was He God? Many times Jesus referred to His own deity, both directly and indirectly. Although Jesus confirmed that He was the Messiah (Mark 14:62,63), He did not use the term Messiah to refer to Himself, perhaps to differentiate His deity from the widespread expectation of a human Messiah. Jesus used the terms “Son of Man” and “Son of God” often. Both referred to His divine nature (Daniel 7:13,14; Matthew 26:63,64). Jesus also used the specific words I am (Ego eimi in Greek, Ani bu in Hebrew) on several occasions (e.g., John 8:56-58). God used these same words to describe Himself to Moses. Jesus also states specifically that He and God are “one” (John 10:30), meaning, the same substance, nature and essence. (Greek word: homoosious, translated: "of the same substance.” And Jesus clearly indicated He had authority over issues controlled only by God, such as forgiveness of sin (Mark 2:5-10), the timeless power of His words (Matthew 24:35), and reception of glory (John 17:5). Perhaps as significant was Jesus’ acceptance of worship (Luke 5:8; John 20:28). The intense monotheistic foundation of the Jews would absolutely forbid any worship of anything but the one true God. Overall analysis of Jesus’ life, His compassionate miracles, His perfect lifestyle, and His love, indicate that His claims alone are trustworthy, and perhaps the strongest evidence of His divinity. Did Other People Consider Jesus to Be God? The disciples clearly came to view Jesus as God in human flesh, and they worshiped Him as such (Luke 5:8; John 20:28). Certainly, the witnessing of the resurrection and the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-5) provided irrefutable evidence to them. New Testament writers and early Christian writing define Jesus to be God … our Lord … here on earth (1 Corinthians 8:6, 1 Timothy 2:5). Is There Other Evidence of Deity? Many people say that Jesus’ miracles are evidence of deity. But miracles have been recorded as being performed by other individuals (in the Bible and elsewhere). The Bible states that perfect fulfillment of prophecy proves God’s intervention (Deuteronomy 18:21,22). The odds of all Old Testament prophecies about Jesus coming true in any one man is beyond statistical possibility without divine intervention. And Jesus prophesied with perfect accuracy regarding such things as the precise timing of His death, the detailed manner of His death, His resurrection, and His later appearance in Galilee. Prophetic perfection combined with a claim to be God verifies Jesus’ deity. Why Do People Reject Jesus? The evidence regarding Jesus is so overwhelming that it seems incredible that many people still reject Him. After all, the promises of inner peace and joy on earth and eternal life in heaven are not bad promises … and they’re easy and free. Rejection of the Messiah, however, should not be surprising. It was often prophesied (Isaiah 53:1-3; Psalm 118:22; Matthew 21:42-46; Luke 16:19-31). Ignorance – Perhaps the greatest reason for nonbelief in Jesus is ignorance. Most people take far too little time to investigate their religious beliefs. As a result, world opinion often becomes the basis for the most important issue in life. Views about Jesus may come from a family belief, friends, or a dominant church in the community. People sometimes think a church is teaching biblical Christianity when it’s not. We are individually responsible for comparing teaching to the Bible. In the end, it doesn’t matter what the reason is, if you are wrong. Nor does sincerity matter. As history has shown too often, people can be very sincere, yet sincerely wrong. Apathy – Many times people have a false sense of security that God will take care of everyone. This idea is sometimes accompanied with the thought that hell doesn’t exist, or that God will send everyone who “tries to be good” to heaven anyway. The Bible reveals that God’s promises are reserved for His people, and there are many reasons why others “don’t hear” (Matthew 13:11-43). The reality and horror of hell is clearly stated, including the narrow path to get to heaven, which is available to all (Matthew 7:13). Fear – Some people fear that becoming a Christian means “giving up fun” or living a strange, secluded life without friends. Nowhere in the Bible does it say that we must start a dull life and turn away from having parties with other people. It says the opposite. The Bible promises that knowing Jesus will let us live life to the fullest (John 10:10). And not only will such freedom draw us to have fun with friends, the Bible says even the angels in heaven throw a party when we accept Jesus as Lord (Luke 15:10). Tradition – This reason for rejecting Jesus is often the strongest. But we are each accountable for our own actions. Even society doesn’t send parents to jail for their children’s crimes. Jesus knew He would, at times, cause people to break away from traditional family beliefs (Matthew 10:21,22). Some people think that believing in Jesus and being good are the secret to heaven. The Bible says otherwise. It says that religion, speaking in Jesus’ name, and being good are of no value if Jesus doesn’t know us (see Mathew 7:21-23). Knowing Jesus is more than just a belief about Jesus. It means repenting and accepting Jesus’ sacrifice and His claims to be God. Jesus Shows God’s Love for Us We are all separated from God by imperfection. Even the most righteous people have had unholy thoughts considered sinful by God (see Matthew 5:28). Since God is perfect and holy, His requirement for an eternal, heavenly relationship with Him is perfection that no human can ever offer. So God provided an alternative method to rejoin us with Himself through one perfect sacrifice, forgiving all of our imperfections. The only way for God to have such a perfect sacrifice was for God to fulfill it Himself. By sending His Spirit into Mary (Luke 1:35), God essentially came to earth in human form as Jesus, to be sacrificed and who His love for mankind (see John 3:16). To fully appreciate God’s love, we need to be aware of the excruciating pain and humility Jesus willingly suffered for many who hated (or now hate) Him. Rejecting Jesus Shows Our Disdain for God Jesus can be rejected in two ways: 1) by a decision to reject Him or 2) by simply not accepting Him. Knowing about Jesus, even believing the gospel story, is not accepting Him nor showing love for God. Even demons and Satan believe the gospel (see Mark 5:6-17). Love for God means acceptance of Jesus. It means turning our lives completely to Him for guidance. The Greek word used in the Bible for “believe” (as in John 3:16) is pisteuo, which literallly means to trust, or have faith in. This means more than intellectual knowledge. Imagine the disdain we show God by not accepting His very precious and loving sacrifice. God’s Unaccepted Gift? Imagine sending your only child to deliver a gift to show forgiveness to an adversary. Imagine knowing that your child would die painfully while delivering it. Now suppose that person never opened the gift, never accepting forgiveness. Would you choose to be with him forever? Acceptance or Rejection Is for Eternity The Bible frequently reveals God’s judgment. This does not conflict with God’s love and forgiveness, most emphatically shown through the sacrifice of His Son. But it does reveal that God is just. In the end, the Bible clearly states that there will be a separation of those who trusted Jesus as God, and those who didn’t. This separation is forever (see Luke 13:23-30; Revelation 20:12-15). How do we know the Bible is accurate? First, the integrity of original biblical manuscripts has been demonstrated by the vast number of manuscripts, precisely copied during the time of eyewitnesses and verified as unchanged by the Dead Sea Scrolls. Secondly, archaeology has shown complete consistency with what we know as the history of the world. Third, hundreds of ancient prophecies contained in the Bible and showing 100 percent accuracy indicate divine guidance and accuracy. And finally, the Bible is 100 percent consistent with established facts of science … corroborated by many of the finest scientists in the world today. Why do some people claim the Bible has contradictions? After hundreds of years of challenge, the accuracy of the Bible has stood the test of time. Common types of misunderstandings include: 1. Details that once seemed to contradict science or archaeology. Often our information is too limited to know that the Bible is right. For many years, scholars believed the earth was flat, while the Bible indicated a spherical shape. Likewise, critics scoffed at the mention of the early Hittites, or cities like Sodom and Gomorrah, all thought to be nonexistent, yet verified as fact today. Scientist have recently “proven” Einstein’s definition of the universe (consistent with the Bible), which has superseded Newton’s more limited view. The list goes on and on. As archaeology and science learn more, the Bible is verified and has yet to be proven wrong. 2. Different accounts by different authors. Details contained in different Gospels may at first seem contradictory. However, the accounts simply report events from different vantage points. For example, Matthew records that Mary Magdalene and “the other Mary” went to the tomb. Mark records Mary Magdalene and Mary, mother of James, and Salome as going to the tomb. Luke records “the women,” and John records Mary Magdalene. Are the reports contradictory? No. Different people report different facts. Placed side by side, they just give a more complete picture of what happened. The Chronological Visit to the Tomb. The three women went to the tomb, saw a “young man” who told them of the resurrection and also told them to go tell the disciples. They left and returned with Peter and John, who viewed the tomb. The disciples then “returned home” and the women stayed. At that time, Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene. Like witnesses to an event today, when all testimony is pieced together, it makes perfect sense and a more complete picture is given. The Bible extensively reviews heaven, hell, Satan, angels, and demons in many of its 66 books. Surveys show that many more people believe in heaven than in hell. Some nonbiblical religions even deny that hell exists. Yet, Jesus actually spoke more about hell than about heaven. So it would not be wise to ignore hell. Jesus’ parable in Luke 16:19-31 gives us a very poignant warning regarding heaven and hell. It would seem wonderful if there was only a path to heaven with no hell. Not surprisingly, false prophets attempting to design a religion for man’s desires try to do away with hell, or convince man that he is God. The Bible is specific concerning the path to heaven, and indicates that other paths lead to hell. How Do We Know What Religion is Right? No religion is “right” in and of itself. The Bible is about man’s relationship with God, the right way and the wrong way. Any religion that is totally consistent with the Bible’s teaching is right. Any with teaching that is counter to the Bible is wrong. So the reliability of the Bible as a guideline is vital. As indicated, the original biblical manuscripts are a miracle in and of themselves. Evidence of reliability, includes: (1) and explosion of credible, corroborative writing, (2) verifiable at the time by eyewitnesses, (3) with eyewitnesses dying for testimony they could affirm to be true, and (4) with many other people, able to know historical facts, also dying for the same beliefs. If the New Testament is true, then the Old Testament is also broadly verified by Jesus (Luke 16:16,17) by over 700 cross-references, by the Dead Sea Scrolls evidence, and by “mathematical proof” of hundreds of prophecies. A problem arises when man starts changing or adding to the Bible. Several things would indicate that such inspiration is not from God. First, the Bible commands us not to add to, delete, or change it (Revelation 22:18,19). Secondly, Jesus verified it would not change (Luke 16:17). And third, why would a perfect God change His original, perfect Word? The Bible is very clear that the path to heaven is defined as Christs: John 14:6-9 Matthew 27:51-53 John 3:16 Ephesians 2:8 Acts 4:12 Colossians 1:15-23 John 6:48-58 Hebrews 10:26-31 Avoiding false gods – The Bible warns against the following false gods:  A god that is not a single God of the universe (having no peers – including man) is not the God of the Bible (1 Timothy 2:5; Isaiah 44:6).  A god not manifest as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit is not the God of the Bible (Luke 12:8-10; John 1:1,2,14; Acts 5:3,4).  A god that does not proclaim Jesus Christ as the ultimate sacrifice for redemption of those committing themselves to Him, is not the God of the Bible (Matthew 27:51-53; Mark 14:24; John 6:48-58; Acts 4:12; Colossians 1:15-23). How Can We Ensure the Right Relationship to Go to Heaven? When Jesus said not all who use His name will enter heaven (Matthew 7:21-23), He was referring to people who think using Christ’s name along with rituals and rules is the key to heaven. A relationship with God is not based on rituals or rules. It’s based on grace, forgiveness, and the right relationship. How to Have a Personal Relationship with God 1. Believe that God exists and that He came to earth in the human form of Jesus Christ (John 3:16; Romans 10:9). 2. Accept God’s free forgiveness of sins through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ (Ephesians2:8-10; 1:7,8). 3. Switch to God’s plan for life (1 Peter 1:21-23; Ephesians 2:1-5). 4. Express a desire for Christ to be Director of your life (Matthew 7:21-27; 1 John 4:15). People who sincerely take the preceding steps automatically become members of God’s family of believers. A new world of freedom and strength is then available through prayer and obedience to God’s will. New believers also can build their relationship with God by taking the following steps:  Find a Bible-based church that you like, and attend regularly.  Try to set aside some time each day to pray and read the Bible.  Locate other Christians to spend time with on a regular basis.
    By jeff allen - 10/16/2019 12:08:12 PM

  • LET’s examine the Quran more closely:
    1.  The Quran Has Many Internal Inconsistencies.
    Here are just a couple of examples...
    The Quran teaches that Noah and all of his family survived the flood in one place (Quran 21:76), but in another place it states that one of Noah’s sons drowned (Quran 11:42-43)
    The Quran states that Pharaoh drowned while chasing the Israelites (Quran 28:40 and others 17:103, 43:55) but in another place it says he survived (Quran 10:90-92).
    There are more than a hundred of these kinds of internal inconsistencies in the Quran.
    2. The Quran Contradicts Known Facts of Science.
    The Quran, like other ancient religious writings, has made some serious errors when it comes to science—errors that prove it cannot be the product of an omniscient, divine mind. For starters...
    In 18:86 the Quran speaks of a man traveling until he actually finds the place the Sun descends down into the Earth. It says he traveled “till, when he reached the setting-place of the Sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring” (Quran 18:86).
    This is an error of astronomical proportions. The Sun—as you know—is thousands of times bigger than the Earth and is 93 million miles away from the planet. But, you could get away with a statement like that in certain parts of the world in the seventh century. (See Norman Geisler and Abdul Saleeb, Answering Islam, p. 200 for more on this error in the Quran).
    Other scientific errors in the Quran include:
    •  A hard sky that can fall on the inhabitants of the Earth (22:65, 34:9)
    •  Stars that fly away when Abraham glances at them (37:88-90)
    •  A moon that is further away than the stars (67:3, 5 and 71:15-16)
    •  Mountains that were created to hold down the earth and prevent earthquakes (31:10-11)
    •  Meteors that are a form of divine retribution being hurled at devils who might try         to spy on the heavenly council (37:6-10; 72:8-9)
    3. The Quran Contradicts Known Facts of History.
    One of the most well-attested facts of history is that Jesus of Nazareth was put to death on a cross. It is a fact of history so well confirmed by historical sources—even outside of the Bible—that even the most liberal of scholars—like those who are part of the Jesus Seminar—consider it an undisputable fact.
    And yet, the Quran asserts that this historical event never occurred.
    Quran 4:157 says...
    “And for claiming that they killed the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the messenger of GOD. In fact, they [speaking of the Jews] never killed him, they never crucified him - they were made to think that they did. All factions who are disputing in this matter are full of doubt concerning this issue. They possess no knowledge; they only conjecture. For certain, they never killed him.”
    What should we trust? The New Testament or the Quran? Hmmm. Let's see...
    The New Testament was written down within the first generation after the events surrounding Jesus’ life, while the eyewitnesses were still alive. It has been corroborated by a wealth of historical research, extrabiblical writings (e.g., the Jewish Talmud and first century historian Flavius Josephus) and numerous archaeological discoveries.
    The Quran is a book that was written down 600 years after the events surrounding Jesus’ life by men who were 700+ miles removed from Jerusalem and the events that happened there.
    Secular History Mistakes
    The Quran contains clear historical mistakes:
    1.        One example would be in Sura 105 where Muhammad claims that the elephant army of Abrah was defeated by birds dropping stones of baked clay upon them.
    According to the historical record, Abrah’s army withdrew their attack on Mecca after smallpox broke out among the troops (Guillaume, Islam, pp. 21 ff).
    2.        The Kabah was not built by Adam and then rebuilt by Abraham.  It was built by pagans to worship a black rock which fell out of the sky.  Abraham never lived at Mecca.
    3.        One of the greatest errors in the Quran concerns Alexander the Great, who is called Zul-qarnain.  The Quran claims that he was a Muslim who worshipped Allah and that he lived to an old age (Sura 18:89-98).
    This error is ironclad as the historical evidence concerning Alexander makes it clear that Alexander was not a Muslim and he did not live to an old age.
    Encyclopedia Britannica, 15:479 states: His [Muhammad’s] account of Alexander, introduced as “the two horned one” (xviii,82), is derived from the Romance of Alexander, which was current among the Nestorian Christians of the 7th Century in a Syriac version.
    Where is the original Qur'an? Some early Qur'ans were discovered in a mosque in San'a, and they have a large number of changes from Arabic Qur'ans today.
    Why are there so many versions of the Quran?
    There are at least eight translations of the Qur'an in English: Pickthall, Yusuf Ali, Yusuf Ali revised, Dawood, Arberry, Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik, Rodwell, and the most recent, a very precise one, by Dakdok.  Now nobody suggest that Mohammed originally spoke in English.
    Which English translation of the Qur'an is correct, and which one changed?
    Not all Muslims approved of the new Qur’an. Indeed, some of Muhammad’s top teachers rejected Zaid’s version.
    Muhammad once told his followers to “Learn the recitation of the Qur’an from four: from Abdullah bin Masud—he started with him—Salim, the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa, Mu’adh bin Jabal and Ubai bin Ka’b” (Sahih al-Bukhari 3808). Interestingly, Ibn Masud (first on Muhammad’s list) held that the Qur’an should only have 111 chapters (today’s version has 114 chapters), and that chapters 1, 113, and 114 shouldn’t have been included in the Qur’an.
    Because of this (along with hundreds of other textual differences), Ibn Masud went so far as to call the final edition of the Qur’an a deception! He said, “The people have been guilty of deceit in the reading of the Qur’an. I like it better to read according to the recitation of him [i.e. Muhammad] whom I love more than that of Zayd Ibn Thabit” (Ibn Sa’d, Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir, Vol. 2, p. 444).
    Should Muslims submit to this “deceit”? Not surprisingly, Ibn Masud advised Muslims to reject Zaid’s Qur’an and to keep their own versions—even to hide them so that they wouldn’t be confiscated by the government! He said:
    Jami at-Tirmidhi 3104—“O you Muslim people! Avoid copying the Mushaf and recitation of this man. By Allah! When I accepted Islam he was but in the loins of a disbelieving man”—meaning Zaid bin Thabit—and it was regarding this that Abdullah bin Mas’ud said: “O people of Al-Iraq! Keep the Musahif that are with you, and conceal them.”
    But Ibn Masud wasn’t the only one of Muhammad’s trusted teachers who disagreed with Zaid’s Qur’an. Ubayy ibn Ka’b was Muhammad’s best reciter and one of the only Muslims to collect the materials of the Qur’an during Muhammad’s lifetime. Yet Ibn Ka’b believed that Zaid’s Qur’an was missing two chapters! Later Muslims were therefore forced to reject some of Ibn Ka’b’s recitation:
    Sahih al-Bukhari 5005—Umar said, “Ubayy was the best of us in the recitation (of the Qur’an), yet we leave some of what he recites.” Ubayy says, “I have taken it from the mouth of Allah’s Messenger and will not leave it for anything whatever.”
    Due to these disputes among Muhammad’s hand-picked reciters, Muslims are faced with a dilemma. If Muslims say that the Qur’an we have today has been perfectly preserved, they must say that Muhammad was horrible at choosing scholars, since he selected men who disagreed with today’s text. If, on the other hand, Muslims say that their prophet would know whom to pick regarding Islam’s holiest book, they must conclude that the Qur’an we have today is flawed!
    Since entire chapters, large portions of chapters, and individual verses of the Qur’an were lost, it should come as no surprise that short phrases were forgotten as well. Let’s consider two examples.
    First, Surah 33:6 declares that “The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers.” Ubayy ibn Ka’b and other early Muslims held that a phrase (“and he is a father of them”) is missing from this verse. Even the great translator Yusuf Ali admits this in his commentary. Ali writes: “In some Qira’ahs, like that of Ubayy ibn Ka’ab, occur also the words ‘and he is a father of them,’ which imply his spiritual relationship and connection with the words ‘and his wives are their mothers’” (Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an, Note 3674). It seems that Muslims have been left with an incomplete verse.
    Second, if we open a modern edition of the Qur’an, we find that Surah 2:238 commands Muslims to “Guard strictly your (habit) of prayers, especially the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).” According to Aisha, Muhammad recited this verse as follows: “Guard strictly (the five obligatory) prayers, and the middle Salat, and Salat Al-Asr. And stand before Allah with obedience” (Jami at-Tirmidhi 2982). Hence, the phrase “and Salat Al-Asr” is missing from modern editions.
    Muslims Tradition Is Unreliable
    Scholars believe that many traditions presently contained in the Hadith were deliberately invented between 100 and 200 years after the time of Muhammad by various Muslims in order to support the customs or beliefs of rival parties as divisions arose in Islam.  Hence, not all that is in the Hadith is actually based on the life and teachings of Muhammad. Even some Muslims scholars admit that not all traditions about Muhammad are legitimate.  In fact, Muslim scholars have developed methods of sifting through the saying contained in the Hadith to evaluate them, weed out questionable or spurious ones, and preserve authentic ones in systematically arranged collections. [Fredrick Mathewson Denny, An Introduction to Islam (New York: Macmillan, 1994), p. 159.]  Even with these methods, however, there is no foolproof way of knowing for sure what is authentic and what is not.
    An example of inauthentic traditions relates to some of the miracle stories about Muhammad in the Hadith. The Quran has no record of such miracles, but rather portrays Muhammad refusing to do miracles (Sura 3:181-84; 4:153).  Since the Quran is a higher authority than the Hadith, it would seem that the miracle stories of Muhammad in the Hadith are not genuine.
    Obviously, the Qur’an has changed significantly over the years. The evidence shows that entire chapters were lost, that large sections of chapters came up missing, that individual verses were forgotten, and that phrases have been left out. Muhammad’s best teachers and reciters couldn’t even agree on which chapters were supposed to be in the Qur’an.
    This raises an obvious question. What’s the difference between a book that’s been perfectly preserved, and one that hasn’t been perfectly preserved? If Muslims are right, there’s no difference at all. The typical characteristics of a book that hasn’t been perfectly preserved are (1) missing phrases, (2) missing passages, (3) missing chapters, (4) disagreements about what goes back to the original, etc. But the Qur’an has all of these characteristics. Thus, Muslims who are aware of the evidence but who also want to maintain the perfect perseveration of the Qur’an must say something like this: “Yes, the Qur’an has all the characteristics of a book that hasn’t been perfectly preserved, but it’s been perfectly preserved anyway.” Can anyone make sense of such a claim?
    We must also take note of the obvious. Anyone who has read the Muslim sources (e.g. Hadith, Tafsir, etc.) knows that the Qur’an has not been perfectly preserved. Muslim scholars are well aware of the fact that the Qur’an has been changed, and yet they tell less-educated Muslims that the Qur’an has always been exactly the same. Why are Muslim scholars and leaders deceptive about the history of their book? Moreover, if they are willing to deceive their fellow Muslims about the history of the Qur’an, what else are they being deceptive about?
    Friends, whenever a book is passed on and copied by human beings, mistakes are going to be made (e.g. spelling errors, inadvertent omissions, intentional changes, and so on). This is true of all books, including the Qur’an and the Bible. The difference between the Qur’an and other books is that the Qur’an promises that no changes in its text will ever occur. As we have seen in this study, the Qur’an has not been perfectly preserved, which means that the promise of Surah 15:9 was not kept. The Qur’an cannot therefore be the Word of God.
    Why we should believe the Bible
    We should believe the Bible because of the wealth of good evidence that has demonstrated the Bible is historically reliable and divinely inspired. It speaks about:
    • Its hundreds of fulfilled prophecies
    • The Bible's amazing internal harmony
    • The Bible's incredible scientific accuracy and foresight
    • Thousands of archaeological discoveries
    • Numerous details in the Bible that have been corroborated by extrabiblical           historical sources
    • And so on
    For the Bible to be regarded as the inspired word of God, it must be scientifically accurate…since God would certainly know the facts about his creation.  A word of caution, however, as we seek to evaluate the claim of scientific accuracy.  Over time, science has often discovered new facts that confirmed a revised understanding of the truth, previously unknown.  These discoveries have always been consistent with the Bible, however, at times a careful consideration of the words and
    The account of creation (the Bible: 1450 B.C.; science: 1900s).  The account of creation as given in the Bible (Genesis 1) is accurate according to the steps understood by science.  Written down originally by Moses, they were not fully recognized by science until the 1900s, using modern astronomy, physics, chemistry, paleontology, and geology.
    Time, space and matter had a beginning (the Bible: 1450 B.C.; science: 1916).  The Bible’s first words are “in the beginning.”  And elsewhere, including the New Testament, there are references to the beginning of time (2 Timothy 1:9; Titus 1:2; 1 Corinthians 2:7).  In 1915, Albert Einstein’s equations of general relativity proposed a beginning of time, matter and space.  Later these equations were confirmed by repeated experiments.
    The first law of thermodynamics (the Bible: 1450 B.C.; science: 1842). The law of conservation of energy indicates that matter and energy can neither be created nor destroyed (just converted).  There are many biblical references to God’s completion (that is, there was no more creation), going as for back as Genesis (2:2-3), and also in several other books (Psalm 148:6; Isaiah 40:26; 2 Peter 3:3-7; Hebrews 4:3-4,10).  Joule and Mayer both independently discovered this in the same year (1842), what is now known as the first law of thermodynamics.
    The second law of thermodynamics (the Bible: 1000 B.C.; Science: 1850).  Commonly known as entropy, this law states that all things progress from a state of order to a state of disorder (within a closed system) without a purposeful input of energy.  Common illustrations: things decay, springs unwind, stars burn out, heat dissipates, and materials become mixed over time.  There are many references to the principle of entropy in the Bible, for example,
                In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work        of your hands.  They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like garment
                (Psalm 102:25-26).
    Other similar references include Isaiah 51:6; Matthew 24:35; Romans 8:20-22; 1 John 2:17; and Hebrews 12:27.  In 1850, Clausius discovered this second law of thermodynamics.
    Circumcision on the eighth day (the Bible: 1450 B.C.; science: 1947).  No one really knows for sure why God specifically chose circumcision as the sign of his covenant with Abraham (Genesis 17:11).  Though it seems like an odd practice, research has indicated that it does have medical value. A study in the mid-1900s showed that Jewish women had a lower rate of cervical cancer.  The smegma bacillus has been shown to be a major cause of cervical cancer.  It can be easily carried in the foreskin of uncircumcised males and transferred to females through a abrasions of the cervix (as those occurring in childbirth). 
    Interestingly, God specified that newborns be circumcised on the eighth day after childbirth (Genesis 17:12).  Research shows that infants are particularly susceptible to hemorrhaging from the second day after birth to the fifth.  A small cut can be deadly.  Vitamin K, necessary for the production of prothrombin (the body’s blood-clotting substance) is not present sufficiently until days five through seven.  It skyrockets to 110 percent of normal on day eight, and then levels off.  The Bible specifies the best possible day.
    Sterilization (the Bible: 1450 B.C.; science: 1800s).  It is easy to take our understanding of germs and disease for granted.  However, germs and sterilization were not understood until the time of Joseph Lister (1865), near the end of the Civil War.  The Bible required sterilization for many things: infectious disease (Leviticus 13), childbirth (chapter 12), bodily discharges (chapter 15), and handling of the dead (Numbers 19).                                                     
     Interesting to note that many of the world’s greatest scientists have been Christians working from within a Christian worldview, including men such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Sir Isaac Newton.  These brilliant men found to be true what many others discovered: The Bible is a book that can be trusted.
    Archaeological Evidence
    Archaeologists have discovered substantial support about many
    details of Jesus’ life.  Some examples include:
    Indirect Resurrection Evidence
    Evidence that the people in Jesus’ time believed in the resurrection is found on caskets of bones (ossuaries) discovered in a sealed tomb outside Jerusalem in 1945.  Coins minted in about A.D. 50 were found inside the caskets, dating the burial within about 20 years of Jesus’ crucifixion.  Markings are clearly legible, including several statements reflecting knowledge of Jesus’ ability to overcome death.  Example of writings (in Greek) of hope for deceased loved ones include: “Jesus, Help” and “Jesus, Let Him Arise.”  The caskets also contain several crosses, clearly marked in charcoal.  This is powerful evidence that early Christians believed in Jesus’ ability to triumph over death.  It also ties the idea of victory over death to the cross.
    Jesus’ Burial Shroud?
    A burial shroud (Shroud of Turin) is believed by many people to be the actual burial shroud of Jesus (Matthew 27:59; Mark 15:46; Luke 23:53).  Items supporting its authenticity are:
    1.     Test that confirm fiber type and small particles of limestone dust unique to the region.
    2.     Confirmation of blood, in wounds precisely as indicated in the accounts of Jesus’ unique execution.
    3.     Confirmation of a crucifixion as likely cause of the type of image created:     matching a deceased body.
    4.     Coins on eyes dated about the time of Jesus’ crucifixion.
    Sir William Ramsay (1852-1916).  Sir William Ramsay was, arguably the greatest archaeologist of his day.  His archaeological journeys took him to 32 countries, 44 cities, and 9 islands.  Throughout some 15 years of intensive study, he concluded that “Luke is a historian of the first rank, this author should be placed along with the very greatest of historians.”
    The Dead Sea Scrolls
    Any doubt regarding the accurate transmission of manuscripts was erased in 1947
    with the discovery of hundreds of scrolls buried in caves for nearly 2000 years. 
    Many were written before 100 B.C. Comparison of biblical books with recent
    Jewish copies shows virtual no change in words or even letters.
    The Trustworthiness of the New Testament
    1    The New Testament has better manuscript evidence than any other ancient book.
    a.     There are over 5,000 New Testament manuscripts and portions of manuscripts.  By comparison, the majority of classical works have less than 20 manuscripts.
    b.     The dates of the New Testament manuscripts are close to the original writings.  One Gospel fragment (Ryland’s) dates about 25 years after the Gospel of John and most of the New Testament (Chester Beatty and Bodmer Papyri) from 50-150 years after the originals.  Most classical works date from 700 – 1400 years after the originals.
    c.      None of the canonical New Testament is lost or missing.  By comparison, 107 of Livy’s 142 books of history have been lost and about one half of Tacitus’ 30 books of Annals and Histories is missing.
    2.  Good arguments can be given that each of the Gospels was either written by an            eyewitness, or significantly influenced by firsthand testimony, as recognized by     many contemporary scholars.
    3.  Even without proving eyewitness authorship, the Gospels measure up well by   normal historical standards used in ancient historiography.
    4.  The Gospel are trustworthy sources, as explained by A.M. Hunter
          a.  These Christian authors, like their Jewish counterparts, were careful to               preserve traditional material.
          b.  The Gospels are close to eyewitness sources.
          c.  The Gospel authors were honest reporters.
          d.  The picture of Jesus presented in the four Gospels is virtually the same    (see Archibald M. Hunter, Bible and Gospel, pp. 32-37).
    5.  The Gospels and Acts exhibit a specific interest in reporting historical facts, not mythology.  This is especially the case when the life of Jesus is reported.
    6.  Contemporary historians frequently opposed the application of radical criticism to New Testament studies.  According to A.N. Sherwin-White and Michael Grant, such attacks fail at a number of crucial points  (see A.N. Sherman-White, Roman Society, pp. 186-193; Grant,  Jesus: An Historian Review, pp. 179-184, 199-201).
            a.  Numerous ancient works exhibit intentions and methodologies similar to          that of the New Testament authors, and yet these ancient works are well            accredited as historical works.
            b.  There are no ancient writings in the category that radical critics place the          Gospels.
            c.  New Testament books such as Acts have been largely confirmed by         external test of historicity.
    7.  The Gospel and Acts were recognized as inspired books almost immediately after being written (see J.B. Lightfoot, The Apostolic Fathers).
            a.   1 Timothy 5:18 quotes Luke 10:7 and refers to it as “Scripture.”
            b.  Clement of Rome (about AD 95) speaks of the “Gospel” and quotes        portions found in all three synoptic Gospels, referring to them as the         words of Jesus (Corinthians 13,46).
            c.   Ignatius (Smyrnaeans 3) and Polycarp (Philippians 2, 7), both writing     about AD 115, refer to verses in the synoptic Gospels as the words of   Christ.           
    8.  Paul’s epistles were also recognized as inspired Scripture almost immediately after being written.
             a.    2 Peter 3:15-16 calls Paul’s epistles “Scripture.”
             b.    Clement of Roman (Corinthians 47), Ignatius (Ephesians 10; to Polycarp            5), and Polycarp (Philippians 1,3-4, 6)  all refer to Paul’s writings as      inspired.
    Ralph Muncaster,  (former atheist) in his book: Examine the Evidence, presents extensive evidence to validate the truth-claims of Christianity. He provides compelling arguments from science, biblical prophecy, history, and archaeology.  This former skeptic points out that of all religions and philosophies on earth, only one, Christianity is verifiable and testable. He was challenged to honestly investigate the Bible and the facts of modern science.  He was stunned.  Fact after fact, from biology, history, archaeology, physics, lined up with the Bible’s account!
    Manuscript Evidence Proves the Bible to be Trustworthy
    It is quite clear from the Quran that Muhammad commended the reading of the Bible of his day (Suras 5:69; 10:94).  All Muslims should accept the Bible of today because abundant manuscript evidence proves it is the same Bible that existed in (and before) Muhammad’s day.  Indeed, there are more than 5000 partial and complete early manuscript copies of the New Testament. These manuscript copies are very ancient; they are also available for inspection right now, in our day.
    ·        Did you know that, even if we did not have a single manuscript copy of the New Testament, we could reconstruct all but 11 verses of the New Testament from material written within 150 to 200 years after the time of Christ by the church fathers?
    ·        Since this is the case, how can it be charged that the Bible of today is different from the Bible of Muhammad’s time?  After all, our Bible today is based on manuscripts that predate Muhammad.
    ·        Since the Quran calls the Bible “the word of God” in Sura 2:75, and since the Quran teaches that no one can change Allah’s words (Sura 6:115), then how can Muslims charge that the Bible has been corrupted without disagreeing with the Quran?
    Consider the following facts about the Bible:
    First, the Bible is not just one single book. This is a more common misconception than many people realize, especially with people who do not come from a Judeo-Christian background. Rather than being a single book, the Bible is actually a collection of 66 books, which is called the canon of scriptures. These 66 books contain a variety of genres: history, poetry, prophecy, wisdom literature, letters, and apocalyptic just to name a few.
    Second, these 66 books were written by 40 different authors. These authors came from a variety of backgrounds: shepherds, fishermen, doctors, kings, prophets, and others. And most of these authors never knew one another personally.
    Third, these 66 books were written over a period of 1500 years. Yet again, this is another reminder that many of these authors never knew or collaborated with one another in writing these books.
    Fourth, the 66 books of the Bible were written in 3 different languages. In the Bible we have books that were written in the ancient languages of Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic; a reflection of the historical and cultural circumstances in which each of these books were written.
    And finally, these 66 books were written on 3 different continents: Africa, Asia, and Europe . Once again, this is a testament to the varied historical and cultural circumstances of God's people.
     Think about the above realities: 66 books, written by 40 different authors, over 1500 years, in 3 different languages, on 3 different continents. What's more, this collection of books shares a common storyline - the creation, fall, and redemption of God's people; a common theme - God's universal love for all of humanity; and a common message - salvation is available to all who repent of their sins and
     commit to following God with all of their heart, soul, mind and strength. In addition to sharing these commonalities, these 66 books contain no historical errors or contradictions. God's word truly is an amazing collection of writings!
    The entire Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, bears the mark of Divine inspiration.
    By Maria Sanchez - 10/16/2019 12:06:37 PM

  • Doreen Virtue, Popular New Age Author, Becomes Christian & Renounces New Age Movement

    By Steven Bancarz

     As a former New Ager myself, this was exciting to see.  Doreen Virtue is a former author that has written roughly 40 New Age books and has produced over a dozen “card decks” used for intuitive readings.  She has been featured in the past on Oprah, CNN, and The View, and is literally a staple author in any New Ager’s bookshelf.

    She is undoubtedly one of the most influential figures ever involved in the New Age, and she has recently given her life to Jesus, been baptized, and renounced the New Age movement.  She now considers herself a “born-again Christian” on her website.  This radical change started when she had a vision of Jesus in church on January 7th, 2017 and was finalized by her baptism a month later.

    Upbringing and background

    Doreen grew up in a home with Christian values, but the churches she was raised in didn’t hold traditional orthodox beliefs.  As she explains, “Since I was a child, I’ve loved Jesus. And I’ve been reading the Bible since I was a child also.  But I had a really different viewpoint of Jesus growing up.  You see, I was raised in the New Thought churches of Unity and Christian Science…When I was growing up I read the Bible, and I would read the positive things of the Bible only because that is what the focus was on.”

    With this loose background in Christianity, she began to take interest in psychology, getting her M.A. in counseling psychology and doctorate in the philosophy of psychology, and practicing as a registered psychotherapist. She started into the New Age movement when she was invited to speak at the Whole Life expo in 1995.  Here, she was introduced to incense and crystals and reiki for the first time.

    This opened up a whole new world of interest, and she began taking classes and actively studying New Age subjects.  Her favorite subjects of interest were medium- ship and psychic development, which she began to practice and incorporate into her work.

    In the same year, she had an experience where she believes an angel told her to scream, scaring away people who were about to carjack her before they were able to.  We see a lot of these stories around the world come from both Christians and non-Christians, of supernatural interventions by what seem to be angels.  This led her to research more about angels, and as someone who had a predisposition to supernatural experiences from a young age, her fascination with the New Age and angels continued to lead her down a path of practicing divination involving ‘angels’.

    What was her view on Jesus during this time when she was involved in the New Age movement?  For most people in the New Age movement, the view of Jesus is watered down.  Bible verses are cherry-picked from to fashion a politically correct Christ who embraces all faiths.  Jesus is not the exclusive Son of God and only means of salvation, but just another ‘prophet’ and ‘teacher’ here to show us a universal path to enlightenment.  Sin means nothing, the cross means nothing, and the death and resurrection of Jesus ultimately means nothing.  This was certainly true for Doreen.

    “Some people said that ‘No, Jesus is the equivalent of Buddha and Krishna and other Ascended Master.’  So this is the direction that I started to see Jesus in.”

    When Jesus began to draw her

    Things began to change for her in 2015 when she began to do research for her “Loving Words from Jesus” card deck, which would contain Bible verses on the cards. To find out what Jesus really said, she started to read the Gospels front to back and really analyze the words of Jesus.

    “My view of Jesus is that he was this warm cuddly bear with no edges, and of course I knew about him tipping the tables in the temple, but to me he was someone who went around espousing verses like ‘ask and it shall be given’, which he did, but there is so much more to Jesus…I went through the Gospels, and I was really surprised with what I read…Here is what I read that was my wake-up call.  In Matthew 10:32-33, Jesus says ‘Everyone who acknowledges me publicly here on earth, I will also acknowledge before my Father in heaven.  But everyone who denies me here on earth, I will also deny before my Father in heaven.’

    When I read that, I thought “Well that’s not very teddy-bear like.”  And then I read the same thing again in the synoptic Gospel of Luke in Luke 9:26, “If anyone is ashamed and my message, the Son of Man will be ashamed of that person when He returns in His glory and the glory of the Father and the holy angels.”

    This ended up convicting her of being inconsistent of her view of Christ, and gave her a new appreciation for the person of Jesus.  She began to go to church, fellowship with other Christians, and volunteer with them, but she still had a foot in the New Age movement as a practicing psychic.

    Her experience with Jesus

    On January 7th of this year, Doreen had an experience with Jesus while in a church service.  A fellow volunteer was leaving the church and was receiving acknowledgement from the priest at the front of the church.  As she was staring in her direction, Jesus appeared to her:

    “And as I was looking at her, all of a sudden the scene changed.  She disappeared, the church disappeared, all of the people disappeared, and there was Jesus right in front of me, standing there.  Well, floating really.  And He was glowing, and He was glowing so brightly…it was this glow all around Him and especially from his heart, and the glow was this candle-like color, and this smile on his face. 

    And he was looking at me, but it wasn’t a sense of me personally like my ego, it was a sense of everyone that included me, and when I saw him it was a whole different experience than I had ever had in seeing the angels or in any of the work I had done.  This was the most three dimensional experience I have ever seen. 

    And I was blown back in my chair.  I don’t know how long it lasted, but all I know is that when he showed up a few things became my knowledge.  I went from believing to knowing that He is real, that he knows who I am, who knows who everyone is.  Not in a judging way, but in a compassionate ‘I-hope-that-you’ll-do-the-mission’ type of way.


    And there was this knowingness to really amplify my studies and also to share what I was learning with others.”

    What has changed since then

    The Bible tells us that we will know a tree by its fruit.  It says in the book of James that faith without works is a dead faith, and that such a faith is useless and cannot save us.  Real saving faith is always followed up with works of repentance as the Holy Spirit conforms us to the image of Christ.  The Bible tells us we will see evidence of salvation.

    She addresses this in her testimony video.  People have asked her, “How do you know you saw the REAL Jesus?”

    “The Word tells us that by their fruits you shall know them, and after seeing Jesus I was completely changed.  I started to read the Bible even more.  I started to volunteer at the church even more.  And I started to give up things that were against the Bible like mediumship, fortune telling, which is predicting. 


    She has told Hay House Publishing that she wants the royalties she has been receiving from her old tarot cards to go to their charity, and that she will be taking her name off them in about a year.

    She also shared with them that she can no longer write about anything that isn’t scriptural, wants to take the Ascended Masters books and cards out of print, and will only be writing Christian themed material from here on out.  From publishing dozens of New Age works to refusing to receive royalties and produce anything that is not Christian is a huge shift, especially of an author of this size.

    “God says we can only serve one master, God or money, and I trust that God will serve my needs.”

    Mediumship, divination, and ‘predictions’ are things of the past for her.  She now prays with people instead of giving them readings.  She is downsizing and simplying her lifestyle to be obedient with Scripture and because her financial situation has changed as a result of this experience with Jesus.


    Moving forward

    Since her baptism, she has been working on a book called Mornings With The Lord which is a daily devotional reading with an encouraging thought for the day from Scripture.  She has been incorporating the Bible into the messages she produces on social media, and is taking a God-based Bible-based approach to her work.

    Her emphasis is on the loving, compassionate, non-judgmental hand that the Lord is extending to sinners calling them into relationship with Him.  “For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.” – John 3:17

    She closed of her testimony video with a prayer of salvation for those listening:

    “Dear Jesus of Nazareth, (and we say that to make sure it’s the real Jesus because there are masquerading beings trying to pretend they’re Jesus.)  Dear Jesus of Nazareth, I ask you to come into my heart, and save me.  Save me from all these situations Lord, and help me to save others with your help.  I ask that you come to me Lord and be my Lord and Savior.  Help me to know what the right path is for my life.  Bring the Holy Spirit to me Lord as my teacher, as my wayshower, as my comforter, and my advocate.  Help me to know what my spiritual gifts are, and how to best use them to serve the Lord, to serve peace, to serve God’s divine love.”

    By dean pierce - 6/30/2019 1:03:45 PM

  • Former New Age Astrologer Finds New Purpose, Warns Against the OccultA

    AsHalloween approaches and the public’s attention turns toward the world of the paranormal and “spirits,” one SES (Southern Evangelical Seminary)  graduate (class of 2011), a former astrologer, uses what she learned at SES to help Christians defend against New Age beliefs and to educate those flirting with the paranormal.

    "I had no interest in being a Christian at all, and no one witnessed to me," Marcia said, thinking back a few decades to the height of her spiritual quest.

    Marcia studied Eastern religion in college where she began researching the life of Gandhi. Hinduism intrigued her, and with no firm faith foundation—her dad was agnostic, her mother a nominal Christian—she found herself wanting to practice something. She was also developing an interest in the paranormal.

    After college, Marcia got involved in a couple of Buddhist groups that taught her meditation, marking her entrance into the New Age. It wasn't long before she enrolled in classes on psychic development and astrology.

    "Those courses really pulled me into it, big time," she said.

    Marcia became a certified astrologer and served as president of the Metropolitan Atlanta Astrological Society.  Marcia would collect birth data and plug it into a chart calculating the position of the sun, moon and planets relative to a person's birth place and time. Marcia then interpreted the chart, advising the client on job goals, relationship issues, strengths and past influences.

    After a while, Marcia started feeling compelled to go to church again, but ignored it—for months.

    "I wanted to get rid of it," she said, and even wondered if the feeling had to do with unfinished business from a past life. Eventually, she visited a church, but with plans to leave early. When the service began, everyone stood as a boy carried a cross down the aisle.  

    "As he passed me, I felt this love falling down on me," Marcia said. "It was like there was a personal God who was telling me He loved me."

    Moved to tears, she stayed through the whole service, then went back the next Sunday, and the next. She joined a Sunday school class, but didn't see any conflict with retaining her Buddhist beliefs. Just a few weeks after stepping foot in church, "I started getting this impression that God did not like astrology." A few weeks after that, Marcia felt God was telling her to give it up. But two more events reinforced her discomfort.

    Marcia visited her chiropractor, who was into witchcraft. As Marcia lay on the table, the woman said she was starting a coven and wanted Marcia to be the astrologer. Marcia suddenly felt a weight on her and graciously declined.

    Shortly after, at an Astrological Society open house, Marsha was lecturing on zodiac signs. "While I was talking, I felt this very strong urge to say, 'We shouldn't be here.' ... I had to stifle it."

    Finally, the night before Thanksgiving, Marcia told her rector what was happening. He took out a Bible and shared God's warnings against practicing divination. But without astrology, Marcia thought, "What was my life about?"

    Marcia started reading the Bible every night, beginning in Matthew 1. "As I read, I started sensing that there was something very pure about the words." By Dec. 21, she was in Matthew 8, reading how Jesus calmed the storm. "Where is your faith?" Jesus asks the disciples.

    The story grabbed her. "God just opened my eyes. I suddenly realized who Jesus was. ... I had to have Him as a Savior." She asked Him to be part of her life right then, and "as soon as I did that, I knew I was a different person." Marcia remembers telling a co-worker about it and found out later that he and his young adult group at church had been praying for her for a year. 

    When she heard there was a seminary that focused on answering objections like those she encountered in the New Age and in the occult, she enrolled.

    "My ministry is mainly how do you respond to the New Age?" That's what drew her to SES—its emphasis on how to defend biblical Christianity.

    From the very first course, she began using what she was learning at SES as she talked to Christians curious about New Age ideas or to people who were already enmeshed in it. She's able to share why those ideas don't align with the Bible.

    “With so many people mixing religions and leaving the church, you're bound to come across someone who's not a Christian, and you need to be ready,” Marcia said.  She recalls reading the paper on the subway once when a woman nearby asked to borrow the horoscope section. Marcia took the opportunity to tell her why it wasn't a good idea to read them, and then shared the Gospel with her.

    "The fact that it doesn't appear to be evil is the very danger of it," she said.

    "The evil of the occult shouldn't be sensationalized, but not underplayed or dismissed either," she said. In the Bible, talk of the occult is linked to worship of false gods. "God has very strong words on it; therefore, it's not something to play around with (Deuteronomy 18:10-12; Galatians 5:20)."

    “What about Halloween?” is a question she is often asked. She tells people that Halloween tends to “glorify darkness” and to nurture fascination with evil. She also points out, however, that “Christians should follow their consciences.”


    Southern Evangelical Seminary ranked the Best General Apologetics Graduate Program by TheBestSchools.org, since 1992 Southern Evangelical Seminary has provided a synthesis of sound philosophy, classical apologetics, and a cohesive theology based on the inerrant Word of God in order to equip Christians to persuasively share their faith in a secular world.

    By fabio teci - 6/1/2019 10:38:09 AM

  • Hats Off is stuck in some medieval version of Islam that he projects  on me and others. Lying and slandering seem to be his only contribution to this forum!
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 5/22/2019 12:11:22 AM

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