Books and Documents

Islamic Society (06 Mar 2012 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Burn the Burqa, and the Beard


By Saif Shahin, New Age Islam


FOR some time now, the burqa and the beard have been the most telling pronouncements of Muslimness. You spot a woman in a burqa anywhere in the world and you know that she is a Muslim. Beards are not quite as exclusively Muslim just yet, but the luxurious untrimmed ones, particularly when accompanied by a clean upper lip, are close to becoming so.


There is nothing essentially Islamic about either of them. The Quran does not make it mandatory for women to wear the burqa: it simply asks all Muslims, men and women, to dress modestly. Nor does it insist on beards for men. The rationale often cited is that Prophet Muhammad used to sport a beard, and hence it is Sunnah to do so. But Sunnah is supposed to be what made the Prophet distinct, and his beard certainly didn’t. Even Abu Lahb and Abu Jahl, his biggest enemies, are known to have sported beards. In any case, many bearded Muslims care little about a number of other things the Prophet did, distinctive or not.


So why do the burqa and the beard cast such a long shadow on Muslim identity today? Why do so many mullahs insist that you can’t be a Muslim if you aren’t, depending on your sex, burqa’ed or bearded? Why do the Taliban in Afghanistan, their affiliated groups in Pakistan and radicals in many other parts of the world threaten kill Muslims who don’t comply?


Perhaps because the burqa and the beard are extremely potent means of enforcing group identity, to the extent of exterminating personal identity


Our identities, sociologists say, are socially constructed. We see ourselves through others’ eyes, and we “construct” ourselves accordingly. In a society where individualism matters, personal identity becomes sacrosanct, and people do all kinds of things to appear different from others. American punk culture is an extreme example.


However, when others don’t view us as individuals but rather as parts of an undifferentiated whole, that is how we start thinking about ourselves. Our identity as individuals gets diffused in a sea of group culture and group ethos. We give up personal choice, subsuming ourselves to group beliefs and group thinking.


That is the function the burqa and the beard perform. A man with a beard double the length of his face is no longer an individual for others. People around him don’t see his face, his eyes, his nose or his lips—they just see his beard, and the connotations that hang about it. For them, he simply becomes a part of the multitude of Muslims populating the world, and no more. This is truer still of a woman in a burqa.


And as they become faceless and featureless for others, so they lose their sense of individuality in their own minds, becoming appropriated into a mass of Muslimness Beliefs, feelings and thoughts become regulated to comply with those of the group. There is little left of them as individuals. Also, as they are consolidated into one group, so they disconnect from everyone else who is not a member of that group.


It is not too difficult then for mullahs to control the minds and behaviours of such people. Make any claim in the name of Islam, and the burqas and beards will agree and follow. It won’t matter whether these claims are reasonable or not, or even if they are truly in line with the teachings of Islam. Devoid of rational thinking and bereft of personal choice, the burqas and beards will think, feel and do what they are bid.


Many women who wear the burqa proudly proclaim that they are exercising their “personal right” to do so. They hardly realise that in truth, they are doing just the opposite. They are giving up their most personal of rights: their personality, their right to exist as individuals.


Muslims often complain that they are stereotyped by others. But by growing “Islamic” beards or wearing burqas, they stereotype themselves in their own minds. They define Islam by these symbols and reduce it to a group identity rather than a personal faith. It doesn’t take long before the beard and the burqa stop being seen just as symbols of Muslimness, and instead become Islam itself. There remains little more to the religion than upholding the sanctity of these totems—a “right” to die for, a “duty” to kill for.


To be sure, group identity isn’t a bad thing per se. Thinking of ourselves as part of a group—religious or otherwise—can motivate us to put personal inconvenience aside to help others, personal interests aside to work for social welfare. But we needn’t give up our ability to think as rational human beings to do that. And when Allah has given us individual consciousness, we certainly needn’t give up our individual identity at any cost.


URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-society/saif-shahin/burn-the-burqa,-and-the-beard/d/6792


  • There is no end to the debate on topics like 'Burn the Burqa, and the Beard' By Saif Shahin of New Age Islam.

    I would like to advise Saif as an erudite writer to rather propagate the true teaching of Islam as a true muslim should do which shall help him & others in attaining the purpose for which we are here.After all, this is a testing ground for the mankind with a defined period & instead of wasting his time in undertaking such contentious debates he can contribute in a more positive manner for the society & for himself by propagating the teachings of Quran & Prophet Muhammed (PBUH).May Allah SWT give him the sensibility, courage & conviction for the same as, masha allah his writing capabilities are remarkable & muslims like him should take a lead.
    By S A Hasan - 3/23/2012 6:49:28 AM

  • Not a Muslim's written article.
    By ASlam - 3/14/2012 11:58:30 AM

  • Excellent comment from Yunus saheb on the subject of burqa.
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/11/2012 1:00:17 PM

  • @Abdullah/Shabbir Ahmed. I think we are spending too much paint, time and energy to varnish a small patch of a crumbling wall of an already painted mansion. God expressly commands Muslim men and Muslim women to act as a witness to humanity as the Prophet was a witness to his companions and fellow Arabs. Does any man or woman in his/her senses think that the Prophet introduced the beard for men and the burqa for women and we must observe this as part of his heritage or that the Qur’an has any such express instruction? No! Both are ancient practices. People – pious as well as criminal, ascetic as well as debauch, celibate as well as polygamist, heterosexual, homosexuals and rapists – all kept beard. So how can anyone who understands the greatness of the Prophet of God attribute to him a distinctive quality that does not epitomize any virtue. The Burqa - head/ face covering was worn by the Christians and brought into Islam by the Christian converts. How can this be a criterion of piety when a burqa clad woman can bedeck herself with diamonds and jewelries defaulting on the social, moral and ethical tenets of the Qur’an and ignoring its egalitarian, liberating and philanthropic spirit? Many scarcely clothed Cabrera dancers have a cross hanging from their neck and have chosen their profession to meet the financial need of their poor families? Can any Muslim in his senses say that they will all end up in Hell? In fact, as noted in a recently published article referenced below, in the context of the Western world, the Burqa can be a great handicap for Muslim women in the Western landscape on the following grounds:
    • Its distinctiveness gives a false signal of an exaggerated presence of the Muslims that may be threatening to some.
    • Its association with medieval papal attire creates a social barrier in that a non-Muslim woman (or even a Muslim woman) going about casually with her head and ear exposed may feel alienated from a woman wearing a uniform type headdress that is reminiscent of de-feminized medieval nuns.
    • It gives a false notion of regimentation as Muslim women from different cultures are as unconnected with each other as their non-Muslim counterparts from different cultures, but wearing a uniform type head-ear wraparound, they collectively look like a team or troop (as a prelude to a cultural invasion).
    • It can be physically inconvenient to some working women as well as to those participating in outdoor games, sports, swimming and athletics by blocking natural ventilation around their heads and ears.
    • It has lost its original role of providing security in an exclusively male occupied public arena. Today, a Muslim woman in any backstreet of America or Europe is probably far safer without the head-ear-chin wrap around than with it.
    So why in this 21st century, the Muslim scholarship tenaciously hangs on to this issue that is not even at the fringe of Islam? One can only quote Altaf Hussain Hali to capture the mindset of those who devote their scholarship to establish the spiritual values of Beard and Burqa: “Our power of reasoning is simply frozen (samajh par hamari ye patthar pare hain)” – 195th stanza – musaddase Hali. No wonder the trenchant caption of the article.
    Re: Confronting Islamophobia in America: Need for a Major Paradigm shift in Mosque Proceedings:

    By muhammad yunus - 3/11/2012 7:20:11 AM

  • 1st we must understand:Muslim Women,Daughters are without doubt a great blessing from Almighty Allah,ISLAMIC HIJAB - ARE MUSLIM WOMEN OPPRESSED?RE-INTRODUCTION OF HIJAAB IN INDONESIA,BEIJING WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN CONSPIRE TO "LIBERATE" MUSLIM WOMEN FROM ISLAM,DUTY TOWARDS OUR MOTHERS, ESCALATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN MUSLIM COMMUNITY:>>>> VERY IMPORTANT NOTE Muslim Women OUR DAUGHTERS ARE A BLESSING, NOT A BURDEN Children are a great gift from Almighty Allah to all parents. Parents must think of their children as such treasures that the all the wealth and material resources are worthless as when compared to one's children. We, as parents, should thank Almighty Allah for blessing us with children whether they are boys or girls. Today, it is quite disheartening to see that some parents rejoice when the newborn child is a male and show their dissatisfaction when the child is a female. But, this should not be the attitude. Islam does not condone this type of behaviour, as such was the manner of the parents in the time of ignorance. Daughters are without doubt a great blessing from Almighty Allah. They are a means of salvation and a path to Jannah for their parents. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated that when a boy is born, then he brings one Noor (light) and when a girl is born, then she brings two Noors. It has been narrated in a Hadith that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated that if parents are kind and generous towards their daughters, then they will be so close to the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in Jannah, like one finger is to the next. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has also stated that the person who is faced with hardship due to his daughters, and makes Sabr (is patient), then his daughters will be a Purdah (curtain) between him and Hell. The crux of one narration states that one who loves his daughters and withstands the hardship of grooming and getting them married, then Almighty Allah makes Jannah Waajib (compulsory) on him and keeps him protected from the Fire of Hell. Hazrat Khwaja Uthman Haaroni (radi Allahu anhu), the Peer-o-Murshid of Khwaja-e-Khwajegaan, Hazrat Sheikh Khwaja Ghareeb Nawaaz (radi Allahu anhu), states: "Daughters are a gift from Almighty Allah. Those parents who are kind towards them, then Almighty Allah is generous towards such parents. Those who are merciful to their daughters, Almighty Allah is Merciful towards them." The great Saint also said, "When a girl is born to a family, then between the parents and Hell, there shall be a distance of five hundred years." It has been stated that when parents rejoice at the birth of a daughter, this is greater than making Tawaaf of the Kaaba seventy times. Muslims should also remember that the family of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is from his beloved daughter Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (radi Allahu anha). Dear brothers and sisters, rejoice on the birth of your daughters, love and guide them and give them that which is due to them from your belongings. Do not deprive them of their inheritance as they also have say in this. Remember! Daughters are a blessing and not a burden. ISLAMIC HIJAB - ARE MUSLIM WOMEN OPPRESSED? The feeling still persists in society that Muslim women wear Hijab or the outer covering because they are slaves to tradition, so much so that it is seen as a symbol of oppression. Western society says that women's liberation and independence is impossible unless they first remove the Hijab. This view is not correct. Why do Muslim women wear the outer covering that sometimes covers their face and hides the rest of their body? Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran, Chapter 33, Verse 59: "O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons; that is better, that they should be known (as such) and not be molested." And in Chapter 24, Verse 31: "And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what appear thereof; that they should draw their scarves over their bosoms - " Muslim women all over the world are wearing Hijab as a religious requirement and a sign of respect, not out of a misdirected sense of "tradition." It is both a sign of a women's obedience to Allah and a manifestation of her faith. The Hijab is part of a Muslim's religious identity. It gives women dignity and self-respect. Islam commands women to cover their bodies so as not to trouble men who are weak and unable to resist temptation. In Islam, men and women are commanded to dress modestly and not appear "naked" in public, even in all male and female situations. Just as a short skirt or a see-through dress can send the signal that the wearer is available to men, so the Hijab signals, loud and clear: "I am forbidden to you." Wearing the Hijab protects the female from harassment and men. It is the western women who are to be pitied for displaying their private self for all to see. An American, Ruth Anderson, has said: "Hijab is not a sign of backwardness, ignorance or mental incompetence, but a woman's duty and her right." A women in Hijab is like a jewel that is of high exceptional value and that which must be kept hidden. Wearing the Hijab is a choice that Muslim women make. To discard the Hijab or expose that part of her body ordered covered by the Divine Law is to disobey Islamic principles and a women's basic Islamic belief. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- RE-INTRODUCTION OF HIJAAB IN INDONESIA Growing popularity of Islamic dress code in Indonesia has started a new trend. Women from the middle-income group have explicitly shown escalating preference to Islamic clothes resulting in a multi-million fashion industry as admitted by Aami Waamsu, Editor of the fashion magazine "Femina." According to Taufiq Abdullah Nigar of Indonesian Science Institute, this shocking trend has developed in the short span of the last 2 - 3 years. This has been in the wake of the recognition that Indonesian men are more respectful towards women in Islamic attire. Previously, modern Indonesian women wore tops, pants and ordinary scarves. Nowadays, preference is given to dignified loose clothing with scarves completely covering the head. The fever has caught on to such an extent that even non-Muslim designers have resorted to designing Islamic clothes. Muslim women are active in social, religious and political fields dressed according to Islamic dressing code. A really interesting angle of this "fashion revival" is that so impressed are the non-Muslim women by this trend that they too have begun to imitate it! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- BEIJING WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN CONSPIRE TO "LIBERATE" MUSLIM WOMEN FROM ISLAM At the Beijing World ("anti-Islam & anti-religion") Conference, "experts" talked about the need to liberate Muslim women from Islam, and in general all women from religion. It was easy to see that there were open attacks against Islam and religion in general. There were also open talks about rights for prostitutes, lesbians and homosexuals. The Conference also discussed about the rights of children over their sexual lives. Betty Freidan, an American feminist leader and author, talked about the dangers Islamic conservatism poses to women. In a panel session entitled "Muslim Women in North America", led by a Muslim delegate chosen by the Clinton administration to represent the US as a liaison between the US and the Muslim and Arab worlds, a panel member vehemently attacked the Imams of North American Masjids for fanaticism against Muslim women in the "land of freedom". In another session that was chaired by a feminist Hindu, she described how the Vatican had come together with Islam for the purpose of denying women's rights. Another speaker in this session, who was a liberal Catholic, encouraged women to become more "open" and to acquire power. She also said that "the biggest mistake in the universe" is to envision an "omnipotent or perfect God." Dr Riffat Hassan, a professor in Islamic studies from the University of Louisville, explained how she had been engaged in the last 20 years in developing a "feminist theology in the context of Islam". It was also clear from the Conference that the powers who were running the UN have an agenda to impose their own "Shariah" on the entire world. Just by attending the Conference at government level, the Muslim countries accepted the principle that they could negotiate about this imposed Shariah. Muslim delegates did not realise that they were actually "dignifying" a gathering that could not be dignified. The Conference failed to encourage the individuals need in altering their life styles in order to combat sexually transmitted diseases; did not encourage family life and morality; for women (and men) to abstain from early sex; etc. The UN also encourages that for women to work in a factory or an office is a right; to stay at home is an oppression. A woman should not be dependent of her husband; she should be dependent on her boss. Muslims throughout the world, including all South African Muslims, must condemn and reject this Conference. What about the women in Kashmir who jumped into the Jhelum River in Kashmir to protect their honour from the Indian forces? Why did the World Conference on Women not speak about that! What about the 70, 000 Muslim women raped, abused and beaten in Bosnia? What about the millions in Iraq, Kashmir and Bosnia who are without food and medicine? The "women's right" which the Conference speaks about is far from the women's rights which Islam grants. This is nothing but an attempt by the UN and the world in condemning Islam, Islamic values and creating a world and society completely devoid of all sensibility and shame. (Facts extracted from "Impact International" - Vol.25 No.10) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- DUTY TOWARDS OUR MOTHERS A Saint relates that once, having made intention of performing Haj, he left for Baghdad from where he was to proceed to Hijaz. In Baghdad, he arrived at the house of Hazrat Abu Hazim Makki (rahmatullahi alai) where he found Hazrat Abu Hazim Makki (rahmatullahi alai) fast asleep. When he awoke from his asleep, he came over to the Saint and told him, "I had the good fortune of seeing Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in my dream just now, and he asked me to convey a message to you." "What is the message?" asked the Saint. "He asked me to inform you that it would be better for you if you called off your journey to Hijaz for purpose of making Haj, and spent time looking after your ageing mother and keeping her happy at all times. This would enable you to perform your Haj in the future with Allah's Pleasure." The Saint, upon hearing this, returned home without performing Haj. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ESCALATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN MUSLIM COMMUNITY This almost taboo issue is being brought out to the open. Violence against women has reached such high levels in the Muslim community that almost 1 in 5 families is adversely affected. Whether it is physical, emotional or sexual abuse, it threatens the very existence of healthy communities. If women are abused how does a mother then fulfill her major roles as a wife and a mother? Yet Muslims in South Africa have not yet acknowledged this as one of the major social problems them all the time. Research clearly shows that children from abusive homes, themselves become abusive parents. The high rate of divorce, separation, extra-marital relationships is a daily occurance in our society. The disruption and breakdown of families leads to a variety of social problems. (Courtesy: JIMASA - Dec. 1996) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- VERY IMPORTANT NOTE It is Haraam for women to touch the hand, feet or body of any strange man and it is also Haraam for the man to give her the permission to do so. The Mashaa'ikh and Peers of today should take a lesson from this. The evil practice of Mureedas (female Mureeds) kissing the hands and feet of their Peer-o-Murshid must stop. It is totally Haraam for both to kiss and to be kissed. It is FARD on the Sheikh to strongly forbid their female Mureeds from doing such un-Islamic acts. Sayyidah Ayesha Siddiqa (radi Allahu anha) states that there was never an instance when a woman touched the hands of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) at the time of Bai'at. Likewise, those persons who visit massage parlours, etc. and have their bodies massaged or rubbed by strange women is strictly Haraam and a great sin (Kabeera). It is Fard on them to abstain from such immoral acts and fear Allah, the All Knowing and All Powerful. No one has any power to compel anyone except Allah and Rasool-e-Pak (Sallal Laho Alaihe Wasallam).
    By Shabbir Ahmed Bijli - 3/11/2012 3:43:58 AM

  • AURAT KA MAQAAM (STATUS OF WOMENS) IN ISLAM Bismillahirrahmanirraheem AURAT KA MAQAAM (STATUS OF WOMENS) IN ISLAM: BETI (DAUGHTERS) KI FAZEELAT: Maa ka jo darja hai usko bayaan karne ki zarurat nahi kyonki sab jaante hain ki maa ka darja bahut buland hai aurat ka ek aur kirdaar (role) beti ki soorat me hai, ye tareekhi(historic) haqiqat hai ke islam se pahle aur islam ke baad ghair muslim(non muslim) muashre me ladki aur beti ke wajood ko accha nahi samjha gaya, balke unko zinda dafan kar dene, paida hote hi khatm kar dene aur unki paidaish par afsos mahsoos karne ke waaqeyaat tareekh ke panno(pages) par bikhre pade hain, quran majeed ne intehaai purzor andaz me betiyon ki is zinda dargori(dafan) ke khilaaf aawaaz buland ki ke , qayamat ke din ye sawaal zaroor hoga ke betiyon ko kis jurm me maara gaya tha... Irshaad rabbani hai " aur jab zinda dafan ki jaane waali ladki se poocha jaayega ke wah kis gunah ki paadaash me maari gayi" (surah takweer ayat 5-8) betion ko devta'on ko bali (nazr) par bhent chadhaaya jaata tha... Quraan ne usko barbaadi ka tareeqa bataaya. " aur isi tarah bahut se mushrikon ke liye unke shareekon ne apni aulaad ke qatal ko khushnuwa bana diya hai, taake unko halaakat me mubtala karen aur inpar unke deen ko mushtabah bana den" (surah anaam 137) quran majeed ne aise logon ko nafsiyaati bimari ka khulaasa kiya hai, jinko bachi(betiyon) ki paidaish ki khabar milti hai toh gham wa ghusse se unke chehre siyaah(black) jo jaate hain aur beti ki paidaish ki khushkhabri par bajaaye khushi ke kudte rahte hain, aur unki samjh me nahi aata ke wah kiya karen, is zillat ko bardaasht karen ya phir usko zameen me dafan kar den is bimari ke baare me allah ka irshaad hai " aur jab inme se kisi ko beti ki khushkhabri di jaati hai toh uska chehra siyah ho jaata hai aur ghusse ke ghoont peeta hai, wah logon se is Khuskhabri ki takleef ki wajah se chhupta firta hai,(sochta hai) ke zillat ke saath beti ko liye rahe ya mitti me daba de" (Quraan) islam ne in betiyon ko bajaaye aar wa sharm ke jannat ke hasil karne ka sabab bana diya hai sahih hadith me hai " in bachhon ke baare me jis shakhs ki kuch bhi aazmaish ki gayi aur usne inse accha sulook kiya toh ye bacchiyan uske liye jahannum se hijaab ban jaayengi" (tirmizi) ek aur riwayat ke mutabik qayamat ke din rasoollullah sallaho alaihi wasallam(pbuh) se ek aisa shakhs intehaai qareeb hoga jisne do bacchon ki parwarish aur tarbiyat ki ho tirmiz ki hadith me hai ke jisne 3 bahno aur betiyon ya do bahno aur betiyon ki umdah taur par parwarish ki toh jannat uski hogi.. Irshaad hai " jisne 3 betiyon ya 3 bahno ya do bahno ya do betiyon ki parwarish ki, unko tahzeeb sikhaayi, unse accha bartaao kiya, toh uske liye jannat hai" (tirmizi) ek aur riwayaat me Saaf taur par ye alfaaz hai ke jis shakhs ke ghar me beti hui phir usne usko zinda dafan nahi kiya, unko zaleel nahi samjha, beton ko uspar tarjeeh nahi di toh allah taala usko uske ajar me jannat me daakhil karega BIWI KA DARJAH: (STATUS OF WIFE) Biwi ka darja chunke muashre ki taameer wa tashkeel me sabse zyada aur aham hota hai, isliye uske mutaallik ahkaam bhi zyadah hain, surah baqarah, surah nisa, surah noor, surah talaaq me is qism ke bahut se ayaten aayi hain, ham inme se kuch ko naqal karte hain taake biwi ki ahmiyat uski fitrat wa salaahiyat aur uske mutaallik huqooq wa faraiz ki wazaahat ho sake, biwi ka wajood baa'as taskeen hai aur ye sukoon aapas ki muhabbat aur murawwat se haasil ho sakta hai allah ka farmaan hai " khuda ki nishaaniyon mese ye hai ke tumhare liye tum hi mese jode(pairs) banaaye hain, taake tum unse sukoon haasil karo, aur khuda ne tumhare darmiyan maudat wa Rahmat banaayi hai" (surah ar room 21) biwi ke saath bhalaai ke saath zindagi basar karna chahiye, biwi ki baatein nagawaar hoti hain toh ho sakta hai ke usi me khair aur bahtari chhupi ho allah ka irshaad hai " in (biwion) ke saath acche tareeqe se zindagi basar karo, agar tum unko napasand karte ho toh ho sakta hai kisi cheez ko tum bura samjhte ho aur allah taala ne usme khair kaseer rakha ho" (surah nisa 19) mufassir ne is aayat ki tafseer me likha hai ke shauhar par mahar aur nafqah ke jn huqooq hain unko poora kare, durust kalaami se aa'raaz aur ghair aurat ki taraf mel jol ki wajah se usko aziyat na de, biwi ke liye isi tarah ke huqooq shauhar par hai, jis tarah ke huqooq shauhar ke biwi par hain..... Yaani ek dusre ke saath accha sulook kiya jaaye..... Allah ka irshaad hai: " in aurton ke huqooq aise hi hain jaise unpar (mardon) ke huqooq hain, acche taur par" (surah baqarah 228) Imam qurtubi is ayat ki tashrih likhte hain ke:-" mardon ke huqooq zaujiyat usi tarah hai, jis tarah aurton par mardon ke huqooq hain, isi liye hz abdullah bin abbas ra ne ek baar farmaya:- main apni biwi ke liye usi tarah sajta hun jis tarah wah mere liye sawarti hai, aur jis tarah main ye chahta hun ke wah mera haq poori tarah ada kare usi tarah wah uska akhtiyaar rakhti hai ke wah apna haq poori tarah wasool kare " hz ibn abbas ra se ek riwayat manqool hai ke mardon par aurton ka haq ye hai ke unke saath husn sohbat aur khush muamlagi ka salook kare.. Ibn zaid ne is aayat ki tafseer me likha hai ke:-" aurton ke baare me allah taala se daro aur usi tarah wah tumhare baare me allah se dare allah ka farman hai: " mardon ke liye unke aamaal ka hissa hai aur aurton ke liye unke aamaal ka hissa hai" (quran) shauhar aur biwi dono yaksa taur par apni apni hasti, apne faraiz, wa amal ke nataij rakhte Hain, duniya me allah taala ek giroh ko dusre giroh par kisi na kisi khaas baat ki bina par fauqiyat deta hai, fitri taur par aurat ki har zarooratein mardon ke zariye poori hoti hain, isliye zimmedaari aur kaarghuzaari me sarbaraahi ka haq kudrati taur par mardon ko haasil hai "mard, aurton ke haakim( zindagi ka bando bast karne waale) hain, isliye ke allah ne unke ba'az ko ba'az fazilat di hai" (surah nisa) " mardon ka aurton par ek khaas darja hai" (surah baqarah 288) imam qurtubi likhte hain ke:-" mard ka darja isliye buland hai ke wah aqal me, kharch karne ki taaqat me, diyat, meeraas, aur jihaad me baaz haisiyaton se aurton par ghalba rakhte hain, lekin hz ibn abbas ra ki ek raaye ye bhi hai ke darja ki is bartari se ye ishaara milta hai ke mardon ko aurton ke saath husn ma'aashrat par ubhaara jaaye aur aurton ke saath akhlaaqi aur aqtasaadi dono tarah se kushaadgi ka salook kiya jaaye.. Yani jo afzal hai use in akhlaaq aaliyah ka ziyaadah bada namoona hona chahiye... Dar'asal bunyadi baat ye hai ke dono ek dusre ke liye naghazeer hai, dono ki zindagi ek dusre se waabasta hai, isliye zaroorat aur maqsad me dono yaksa aur masaawi hain allah ka irshaad hai " wah tumhara libaas hai aur tum unka libaas ho" (surah baqarah 23) is ayat ki tafseer me mufassireen ne mukhtalif raaye bayaan ki hai, ham yaha maulana sayyed suleman nadwi rh ki ek tahreer naqal karte hain, wah is ayat ki tashreeh me likhte hain:-" mard, aurat ek dusre se mila kar allah taala ne donon ke jinsi milaan ko unki ma'aashi aur muaashrati kami ki takmeel ka zariyah banaaya hai, isliye ye ek dusre ke saath laazim, ek dusre ke pard o pesh, ek dusre ki zeenat aur ek dusre ki takmeel ka zariyah hai...." is ayat me kai maane poseedah hain, quran majeed ki chand aayaten ko hamne mukhtasar pesh ki hain, lekin unse ye Ilzaam baatil ho jaata hai ke islaami muaashre me aurton ke saath zillat ka sulook kiya jaata hai... HADITH E NABAWI AUR AURTON KE HUQOOQ Quraan majeed ke baad shariat ka dusra sabse bada maakhaz " hadith e nabwi" hai, hadith ki tamaam kitaabon aur majmuon me aurton ke saath husn sulook karne ke baab maujood hain, un saari hadithon ko yahan par pesh nahi kiya ja sakta, lekin kuch hadith ham pesh karne ki zarurat mahsoos karte hain, ye hadithon mashoor maaroof hain, islaam ka har taalib e ilm unse waaqif hai, magar jab ye dawa kiya jaata hai ke islam me aurton ke saath hikarat wa nafrat karna ek aham nuqta hai toh phir yaad daasht me taazgi laane ke liye in hadithon par dobaara nazar daalna zaroori hai "koi momin mard kisi momin biwi se nafrat na kare agar wah uski kisi aadat ko napasand karega to kisi dusre aadat se khush bhi hoga" (hadith) aap sallalaho alaihi wasallam(pbuh) ne farmaya:-" Jab khaana khaaya to use khilaaye, libaas pahne use bhi pahna, uske muh par na maar aur bura na kah aur baatcheet tark kare to sirf ghar ki hadh tak" (abu dawood) " aurat apne shauhar ke ghar aur uski aulad ki rakhwaali hai" (bukhari,muslim) in quraani aayat aur hadith ki roshni me islami muaashre me aurat ki haisiyat ka sahih jayeza ho jaata hai, wah ek maa, beti, aur biwi ki haisiyat se apne huqooq wa faraiz ki muthamal hai, lihaaza ye baat roz roshan ki tarah saaf hai ke islam ne muashrah me aurat ko jo maqaam diya hai wah maqaam dunya ka koi mazhab aurat ko nahi de sakta...... Posted by MD.UMAIR SALAFI at Saturday, February 25, 2012 Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to Facebook
    By abdullah - 3/10/2012 8:27:32 PM

  • Very good and very timely article by Mr Saif Shahin. I have objection with the word 'burn'. Non-Muslims and sometimes terrorists use Burqa for the fulfillment of their nefarious designs.
    By Adeeb Neyazi - 3/10/2012 10:43:08 AM

  • if one is comfortable with a burqa or a islamic beard ,its fine ,what is not tolerable is the person with beard wearing a burqa
    By babu - 3/9/2012 11:22:15 AM

  • Beard & burqa make the Muslims a herd only. This effort for collective identity makes the Muslims an exclusive group with which they are happy. Why to bother them. They follow the best religion on earth. Ha..ha..ha
    By Aam admi - 3/9/2012 3:54:34 AM

  • All the Muslim men and women should have the freedom of faith and practice. Nothing should be made compulsory by anyone except Allah and Rasool-e-Pak (Sallal Laho Alaihe Wasallam).
    By Farhan and Faizan - 3/9/2012 1:23:51 AM

  • @ Ashok: This is the best reasonable and intelligent comment by you I have ever read. That should be the spirit for justifying something unbiasedly without any favour or parciality. Religious matters are not to be thrust upon, but everybody should have the liberty to follow or not to ..
    By Raihan Nezami - 3/9/2012 12:31:47 AM

  • Why blame the Muslims alone? All communities have their symbols and are proud of these. Comrade Harkishan Singh Surjeet was one of the greatest communist leaders of India and always claimed to be an atheist. Still, he did not cut his hair. There are many other atheist/communist Sikhs who do not cut hair. At the same time, 'tie' seems to be a symbol of Christianity (Cross) which we all proudly wear. I am not aware of its utility otherwise. However, there should be no compulsion. It should be a matter of personal choice. There is no harm in keeping beard if one can properly maintain it. Most of us feel that Burqah is demeaning. But, if some woman wears it on her own as a fashion statement or, personal choice what could be the objection? After all, she is not hurting anybody.
    By ashoksharma - 3/8/2012 10:58:45 PM

  • It is wrong to say that only recognised scholars or ulamas can write articles about Islam. Any intelligent Muslim who cares about Islam and who has opinions that he/she wants to express has a right to express them. Readers have a right to agree or disagree with the writer.

    It is wrong to say beards or burqas are compulsory because such and such Hadith says so. Hadiths do not have the authority of the Quran. We need less rules and more thinking on our part as to what makes sense and what does not make sense.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/8/2012 2:01:31 PM

  • It is an irony of the MUslim community, we, the high class, middle and upper middle class, are already quite ultra modern, westernised and too some extent, far from the madding crowd of traditional practioners of Islam. A very low percentage of the Muslim men and women sport beard and burqa simulnateously, yet there is a great hue and cry across the world as if what a great demoralising or derogatory or unsocial acts are these! I feel worried sometimes, at the falling moral standards of Islam among the Muslim men and women and increasing nudity, vulgarity, dishonesty and general demoralisation of our society.
    By Raihan Nezami - 3/8/2012 12:35:57 PM

  • I'm gratified by the discussion my article has generated. I just wish that those critical of my opinion would take issue with my argument, rather than cast aspersions on my motives or point out similar practices in other communities as a justification. Of course I believe that Muslim men and women have a right to sport a beard or burqa if they want. My issue is with the tendency some people exhibit to make it sound compulsory. Also, I argue that while we may think wearing a burqa or beard is our "right", we may actually be giving up our right to exist as individual human beings by doing so.
    By Saif Shahin - 3/8/2012 10:47:28 AM

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