Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam
Why do we
call a hadith narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira, the hadith of Gabriel? We know
that the classification of a Hadith is done in numerous ways. Generally the
hadith corpus is classified into eleven ways; for example, classification of
hadith based on the numbers of its chain of narration, classification according
to the accepted and rejected hadith, classification based on whether or not
some hadith can be used to deduce the ruling, classification based on the merits
of the narrators, classification based on the contradictions in the
hadith-words of the two narrators, etc. But the question is what is the type of
classification of the following hadith?
narrated that one day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some
people, (The angel) Gabriel (Jibraeel or Jibreel) came and asked, "What is
Iman (faith)?" Allah's Messenger replied, 'Faith is to believe in Allah,
His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection."
Then he further asked, "What is Islam?" Allah's Messenger replied,
"To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay
the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of
Ramadan." Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan (perfection or
Tasawwuf)?" Allah's Messenger replied, “To worship Allah as if you see
Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider
that He is looking at you” (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).
is called the hadith of Gabriel. This name was not given on the basis of any
classification of hadith. The reason for this hadith being called “the Hadith
of Gabriel” is that the Angel Gabriel appeared to the Prophet (peace be upon
him) and those around him in a human form and asked questions about Iman, Islam
and Ihsan. Due to this reason, this is known as “the Hadith of Gabriel”.
is replete with useful points for the believers; (i) Iman that means to believe
in heart, (ii) Islam which denotes deeds by limbs and (iii) Ihsan which refers
to complete attention towards Allah. The goal of the believers should be
continually read these prophetic words and to act upon them when applicable. By
doing so we will be able to follow the exalted manners of the Prophet (peace be
What Is Islam, Iman and
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The Meaning of Islam and Muslim
2. Fear of Allah
3. Reverence of Allah
4. The desire to please Allah
5. Love of Allah
6. The desire to see the countenance of
Allah in the Hereafter
The desire to excel
8. The urge to gain piety
9. The urge to gain righteousness
10 To gain nearness to Allah
11 To gain the Inam of Allah.
Ghaus sahib, you
have written beautiful words, “We ourselves need reformation. We are not
practical. We are just claimants. We are just the so-called lovers of God Almighty.”
Yes, In fact we have
done nothing for our God; rather for our own sake, because God does not need
us. He is not needy. All need Him. So if we worship Him, it is beneficial for
our own sake. Yes, He has created thousands of angels who spend all their time
in obedience and worship and can also create more than this number.
Our people spend
time in anger, wrath, and enmity with each other. Some of us think that they
will enter into Jannat by creating havoc and doing acts of terrorism.
We have time to
think about the true purpose of creation, but we say we do not have time except
for expressing by our actions that we do hate, make ill-intentions, and all
such doings which can’t work to earn pleasure of our God Almighty.
Miss Kaniz Fatma,
The part of the problem with most
Muslims is that which sort of Ahadith work in belief (Aqaid), which of them
work in (Aamaal) and which of them work in attributes (Fazail).
Another part of the problem is that our
scholarship is just limited to authentication or rejection of Ahadith. We do
not try to observe if something is forbidden, then why is it forbidden? If something
is permitted then why is it permitted? The causes of ruling? Most of us take
the edicts of the past scholars to apply them into present situation, ignoring
the principles of the same scholars which made them issue those edicts, while
the same principles, if applied today to observe the changing phase of
circumstances, can make us deduce the edicts that may not be in harmony with
those issued by the scholars of the past.
Our graph of knowledge is very down
despite we have internet facilities which were not in the era of the scholars
of the past.
This problem is not just with common people
who study Islamic sources in short-cut way or without making systematic
studies. Rather this is the case even with the Madrasa graduates who just try
to pass the exam. The experts are rare in number. Emotions play a greater role
in their life. Search for deep sense of knowledge is missing. They have blocked
their minds. In India we see our Madrasa graduates are spending all their time
on unnecessary conflicts related the derivative rulings, as if they were
unaware of what is going on around the world.
We have another problem. We write just
in few words to improve them. We do not approach them. Even if sometimes we approach
them, we do not try to win their hearts. We just try to blame them. We just
condemn them. We just abuse them in some cases. We teach others the lessons of
human beings but we lose our own lessons of humanity. We too need reformation. Above
all we need to make deep insight being away from prejudice.
Our ethics and moral values are missing.
We are just emotional. We do not try to be true to ourselves. When we have
personal enmity, we express our own enmity and we give it religious
Sincerity and humbleness are missing. If
we do any work, we do it just for self-respect.
We just claim that we love Allah
Almighty. We do not try to feel the meaning of Love for Him. We do not try to
feel His presence while He says in the Quran that He is close to human beings
but they are unable to feel His presence. Why? Because, they spend all their
time in the things that keep them away from this spiritual observation.
We try to please those who come to our
house as guests despite serving them a lot. Then we think perhaps our guests
are not satisfied with our hosting. But when we offer Namaz and do other acts
of worship, we start showing our superiority as if we are the most pious in the
world. We are not humble.
We ourselves need reformation. We are
not practical. We are just claimants. We are just the so-called lovers of God
Almighty. We have done nothing but for our God, while He does not need our acts
of worship. He has created thousands of angels and can create more than that. Our
acts of worship are beneficial for us.
Such are just the words and can be
expressed endlessly. We need to do and be true, at least, to ourselves.