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Islamic Q and A (27 Sep 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Why Is This Hadith called the Hadith of Gabriel?

By Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

27 September 2019

Why do we call a hadith narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira, the hadith of Gabriel? We know that the classification of a Hadith is done in numerous ways. Generally the hadith corpus is classified into eleven ways; for example, classification of hadith based on the numbers of its chain of narration, classification according to the accepted and rejected hadith, classification based on whether or not some hadith can be used to deduce the ruling, classification based on the merits of the narrators, classification based on the contradictions in the hadith-words of the two narrators, etc. But the question is what is the type of classification of the following hadith?   

Abu Huraira narrated that one day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel (Jibraeel or Jibreel) came and asked, "What is Iman (faith)?" Allah's Messenger replied, 'Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection." Then he further asked, "What is Islam?" Allah's Messenger replied, "To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan." Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan (perfection or Tasawwuf)?" Allah's Messenger replied, “To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you” (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).

This hadith is called the hadith of Gabriel. This name was not given on the basis of any classification of hadith. The reason for this hadith being called “the Hadith of Gabriel” is that the Angel Gabriel appeared to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and those around him in a human form and asked questions about Iman, Islam and Ihsan. Due to this reason, this is known as “the Hadith of Gabriel”.

This hadith is replete with useful points for the believers; (i) Iman that means to believe in heart, (ii) Islam which denotes deeds by limbs and (iii) Ihsan which refers to complete attention towards Allah. The goal of the believers should be continually read these prophetic words and to act upon them when applicable. By doing so we will be able to follow the exalted manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him

Related Article: What Is Islam, Iman and Ihsan?

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  • Hadith means a story and this is simply a story told to emphasise a few important points for the followers of the Prophet (pbuh) rather than serve as the complete answer.

    Islam and Muslim have a broader meaning in the Quran as covered in my article:

    The Meaning of Islam and Muslim

    Why was the question related to Ihsan and not Taqwa? The meaning of Taqwa, as I have shown in my article What Does Taqwa Mean?

     is to do what Allah has commanded in the best possible manner which means Ihsan. It includes many other acts besides those mentioned and indeed every command of Allah.

    Taqwa which means being heedful, includes in its meaning besides ihsan in everything one does, being heedful from:
    1. Desire for the Truth

    2. Fear of Allah

    3. Reverence of Allah

    4. The desire to please Allah

    5. Love of Allah

    6. The desire to see the countenance of Allah in the Hereafter

    7.  The desire to excel

    8. The urge to gain piety

    9. The urge to gain righteousness

    10 To gain nearness to Allah

    11 To gain the Inam of Allah.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 9/28/2019 1:13:09 AM

  • Ghaus sahib, you have written beautiful words, “We ourselves need reformation. We are not practical. We are just claimants. We are just the so-called lovers of God Almighty.”

    Yes, In fact we have done nothing for our God; rather for our own sake, because God does not need us. He is not needy. All need Him. So if we worship Him, it is beneficial for our own sake. Yes, He has created thousands of angels who spend all their time in obedience and worship and can also create more than this number.

    Our people spend time in anger, wrath, and enmity with each other. Some of us think that they will enter into Jannat by creating havoc and doing acts of terrorism.

    We have time to think about the true purpose of creation, but we say we do not have time except for expressing by our actions that we do hate, make ill-intentions, and all such doings which can’t work to earn pleasure of our God Almighty.

    By Kaniz Fatma - 9/27/2019 5:26:28 AM

  • Miss Kaniz Fatma,

    The part of the problem with most Muslims is that which sort of Ahadith work in belief (Aqaid), which of them work in (Aamaal) and which of them work in attributes (Fazail).

    Another part of the problem is that our scholarship is just limited to authentication or rejection of Ahadith. We do not try to observe if something is forbidden, then why is it forbidden? If something is permitted then why is it permitted? The causes of ruling? Most of us take the edicts of the past scholars to apply them into present situation, ignoring the principles of the same scholars which made them issue those edicts, while the same principles, if applied today to observe the changing phase of circumstances, can make us deduce the edicts that may not be in harmony with those issued by the scholars of the past.

    Our graph of knowledge is very down despite we have internet facilities which were not in the era of the scholars of the past.

    This problem is not just with common people who study Islamic sources in short-cut way or without making systematic studies. Rather this is the case even with the Madrasa graduates who just try to pass the exam. The experts are rare in number. Emotions play a greater role in their life. Search for deep sense of knowledge is missing. They have blocked their minds. In India we see our Madrasa graduates are spending all their time on unnecessary conflicts related the derivative rulings, as if they were unaware of what is going on around the world.

    We have another problem. We write just in few words to improve them. We do not approach them. Even if sometimes we approach them, we do not try to win their hearts. We just try to blame them. We just condemn them. We just abuse them in some cases. We teach others the lessons of human beings but we lose our own lessons of humanity. We too need reformation. Above all we need to make deep insight being away from prejudice.

    Our ethics and moral values are missing. We are just emotional. We do not try to be true to ourselves. When we have personal enmity, we express our own enmity and we give it religious attribution.

    Sincerity and humbleness are missing. If we do any work, we do it just for self-respect.

    We just claim that we love Allah Almighty. We do not try to feel the meaning of Love for Him. We do not try to feel His presence while He says in the Quran that He is close to human beings but they are unable to feel His presence. Why? Because, they spend all their time in the things that keep them away from this spiritual observation.

    We try to please those who come to our house as guests despite serving them a lot. Then we think perhaps our guests are not satisfied with our hosting. But when we offer Namaz and do other acts of worship, we start showing our superiority as if we are the most pious in the world. We are not humble.

    We ourselves need reformation. We are not practical. We are just claimants. We are just the so-called lovers of God Almighty. We have done nothing but for our God, while He does not need our acts of worship. He has created thousands of angels and can create more than that. Our acts of worship are beneficial for us.

    Such are just the words and can be expressed endlessly. We need to do and be true, at least, to ourselves.


    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 9/27/2019 4:13:42 AM

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