By Ustādh Ali Hammuda
When one studies the traits which the prophets and messengers possessed, he finds that they were given characteristics which enabled them to lead, inspire others and guide. They were given characteristics which enabled them to plant the seeds of Islām in the hearts of nations, making Muslims the exporters of good, as opposed to consumers, and enabling them and their followers to lead rather than to be led. There were traits Allāh endowed to the personality of every prophet and messenger, for He knew that these are necessary for a prophet who has set out to reform individuals and nations and bring about tremendous change.
It is one of these essential traits which we will outline today, one which our Prophet (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)) loved passionately and would keep at the forefront of his vision in every one of his matters. It comes without surprise that our beloved Prophet Muḥammad (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)), the greatest man to walk the face of the earth, was the embodiment of this excellent trait. He was known to approach each and every matter with optimism. Whether he was at home or on a journey, during times of ease or hardship, amidst moments of safety or fear, whilst being in a state of anger or pleasure he was known to espouse an exceptional degree of optimism.
The Prophet would also remind his companions of this characteristic and would encourage them to always maintain genuine hope in Allāh and adopt a positive outlook on everything in life. The noble trait of optimism, when held by the Muslim amounts to nothing short of contentment with the decree of Allāh and suspecting good of Him.
“Verily in their stories are lessons for the men of understanding…”
When we seek out examples of great feats of optimism that have been enshrined in our tradition we will not get far before halting at the story of Prophet Mūsā (Alayhi al-Salām). The Prophet of Allāh Mūsā (Alayhi al-Salām) finds himself standing at the edge of the sea with the Muslims who followed him, escaping the Pharaoh and his army. Behind them a formidable ‘charged up’ army and ahead of them is a seemingly never-ending ocean.
During this pivotal moment, the Children of Israel lost all hope saying: “Verily, they are going to reach us.” Now, we know how the story ends, but put yourself in the shoes of the believers at that very moment and ask, is there anything to be optimistic about? But we find that the Prophet of Allāh Mūsā who had been endowed with optimism responded to their desperate cries saying:
“No! Verily Allāh is with us, He will most certainly guide us.”
Although he cannot see or even perceive a logical solution, he knows and believes in Allāh the most high and suspects good of Him! The fruit of this optimism was that Allāh inspired him to strike at the ocean with his stick and he does just that and Lo and behold:
فَانْفَلَقَ فَكَانَ كُلُّ فِرْقٍ كَالطَّوْدِ الْعَظِيمِ
“And it parted, and each separate part became like a huge, firm mass of a mountain.”
At this point you may be wondering, and rightly so, about a story which epitomizes human trials and perseverance. This is none other than the story of Prophets Yaʿqūb and Yūsuf (ʿAlayhimā al-Salām). A story of great sadness and sorrow but equally matched with tremendous patience and optimism, a story from which we take away innumerable lessons.
So let us turn to the divine words of Allāh as he narrates to us the great trial the Prophet Yaʿqūb faced, having lost his most beloved son Yūsuf and then his brother.
At the very moment the sad news reached him, he responded by saying:
فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَنِي بِهِمْ جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ
“So patience is most fitting (for me). Maybe Allāh will bring them all `(back) to me.”
يَا بَنِيَّ اذْهَبُوا فَتَحَسَّسُوا مِنْ يُوسُفَ وَأَخِيهِ وَلَا تَيْئَسُوا مِنْ رَوْحِ اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لَا يَيْئَسُ مِنْ رَوْحِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْقَوْمُ الْكَافِرُونَ
“O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yūsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allāh’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allāh’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.”
From the great teachings of our beloved Prophet we also learn that from the wombs of adversity, prosperity is born; victory comes with patience, and difficulty is followed with ease. And not just stopping there, the Prophet also warned his companions of being anything other than optimistic.
قال الحليميّ: كان النّبيّ صلّى اللّه عليه وسلّم يعجبه الفأل؛ لأنّ التّشاؤم سوء ظنّ باللّه تعالى بغير سبب محقّق. والتّفاؤل حسن ظنّ به، والمؤمن مأمور بحسن الظّنّ باللّه تعالى على كلّ حال
Al Halimi said: “The Prophet (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)) used to love optimism, because to believe in evil omens is to suspect bad of Allāh without reason. Optimism is to suspect good of Allāh and the believer has been ordered to suspect good of Allāh during every situation.”
We also learn that in the most traumatic and harrowing of moments, this was the attitude of the messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)). In his life we find examples of optimism that history has not seen the like of before or after his time.
Prophet Muḥammad (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)): the Embodiment of Optimism
In the battle of Al-Ahzāb (The confederates), the Muslims found themselves in an unprecedented siege. On one side stood the pagans in huge numbers, in fact 10,000 strong, an army which was probably bigger than the entire population of Madīna. And on the other side you have the tribe of Bani Quraitha who broke the peace treaty with the Muslims and decided to let the pagans into Madīna from the quarter of the city, an action that could have marked the end of the Muslim presence in Madīna.
Allāh (Subḥānahu wa Taʿālā) says, depicting the intensity of the moment:
إِذْ جَاءُوكُمْ مِنْ فَوْقِكُمْ وَمِنْ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ وَإِذْ زَاغَتِ الْأَبْصَارُ وَبَلَغَتِ الْقُلُوبُ الْحَنَاجِرَ وَتَظُنُّونَ بِاللَّهِ الظُّنُونَا (10) هُنَالِكَ ابْتُلِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَزُلْزِلُوا زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا (11)
“When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were harbouring doubts about Allāh. There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.”
Given the seemingly calamitous circumstance the Muslims found themselves in, Allāh then describes to us how the believers and hypocrites reacted. As you read the descriptions ask yourself: when faced with tests and trials on a personal level or as part of the larger Ummah, which of the two descriptions fit me best?
Relating the account and response of the content believers, Allāh says:
وَلَمَّا رَأَى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيمَانًا وَتَسْلِيمًا
“And when the believers saw the coalition, they said: this is what Allāh and His Messenger had promised us, and Allāh and His Messenger spoke the truth. And it increased them only in faith and acceptance.”
As for the hypocrites, Allāh says:
وَإِذْ يَقُولُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا
“And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubt) said: “Allāh and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion!”
No doubt that as true believers we should always recognise that there is no power except that Allāh is greater than it and that there is no hand except that the hand of Allāh is above it!
With all odds stacked against the Muslims, the hypocrites suspected that this was it for Islām! As for the Prophet, the leader of all optimists, he was informed of a huge rock within the trench that the Muslims were digging to prevent the coalition from entering the city, a rock that the companions were not able to break. So he enters the trench, picks up the axe and says:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ فَضَرَبَ ضَرْبَةً فَكَسَرَ ثُلُثَ الْحَجَرِ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أُعْطِيتُ مَفَاتِيحَ الشَّامِ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لَأُبْصِرُ قُصُورَهَا الْحُمْرَ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا ثُمَّ قَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَضَرَبَ أُخْرَى فَكَسَرَ ثُلُثَ الْحَجَرِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أُعْطِيتُ مَفَاتِيحَ فَارِسَ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لَأُبْصِرُ الْمَدَائِنَ وَأُبْصِرُ قَصْرَهَا الْأَبْيَضَ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا ثُمَّ قَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَضَرَبَ ضَرْبَةً أُخْرَى فَقَلَعَ بَقِيَّةَ الْحَجَرِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أُعْطِيتُ مَفَاتِيحَ الْيَمَنِ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لَأُبْصِرُ أَبْوَابَ صَنْعَاءَ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا
“Bismillāh” and struck the rock. One third of it broke and he exclaimed: “Allāhu Akbar! I have been given the keys of Syria. By Allāh, verily I can see her red palaces right from where I stand!” Then he said: “Bismillāh,” and shattered another third and exclaimed: “Allāhu Akbar! I have been given the keys of Persia. By Allāh, I can see her cities and her white palace right from where I stand.” Then he said: “Bismillāh” and shattered the remainder of the rock and exclaimed: “Allāhu Akbar! I have been given the keys of Yemen. By Allāh, I can see the gates of Sanʿā’ right from where I stand!”
Please carefully consider these words. These are the words of a leader! Despite the looming siege, the small size of the Muslim army, the blistering cold, the darkness of the night, and the rebellion of the Bani Quraithah, our beloved Prophet remained optimistic and hopeful! At such a time of desperation and despondence for others, the Prophet uttered such words of hope and optimism raising the spirits of the believers with the prophecy that the empires of the world will fall at the doorstep of Islām. Although it was inconceivable to some at that time, all these prophesy came to pass soon after the demise of our beloved Prophet (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)). This is how a Muslim should be, one who always suspects good of Allāh!
So when the world caves in on you, the ends fail to meet and the tests hail after each other, just before despairing, revisit the life of the Prophet (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam)). His father died before he could meet him, his mother would die in front of him when he was six, his grandfather would pass away two years later, he would witness the death of all of his children with the exception of one, he would witness the death of his beloved wife, Khadīja (Raḍi Allāhu ʿAnha), he would kiss his grandchildren whilst knowing that they would be slain, he would see the corpses of his companions having carpeted the battle field, he was hit with iron across his radiant face, his ankles haemorrhaged after stones were hurled at him, he was the subject of black magic, he and his companions were starved within a valley for three full years, he was accused with regards to his mind, his honour, his wife, his intellect, the intestines of animals were placed on his neck as he prostrated, before he died, he prayed sat down due to the years of bashing that his exhausted body had received. And yet, despite all of this, the Prophet (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam) would say:
“I love optimism.”
What a leader you were, O messenger of Allāh (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam).
 Al-Qur’ān, 12:111
 Al-Qur’ān, 26:61
 Al-Qur’ān, 26:62
 Al-Qur’ān, 26:63
 Al-Qur’ān, 12:83
 Al-Qur’ān, 12:87
 Al-Qur’ān, 33:10
 Al-Qur’ān, 33:22
 Al-Qur’ān, 33:12
 Musnad Aḥmad
 Sahih Muslim on the authority of Anas ibn Mali Radi Allahu ‘Anhu
Ustadh Ali Ihsan Hammuda is an educator and writer on Islam. He is of Palestinian origin but was brought up in the UK and although an architect/planner by profession, he currently works with Al-Manar (Cardiff) as the English Islamic programmes officer. Ali is known as the author of various books including 'Origins of the Mosque of Cordoba' and 'The End of Times', and continues to deliver sermons, lectures and regular classes across the country. He is a regular writer on Islamic issues to a wide audience.