By S. Arshad, New Age Islam
26 September 2019
The Quran accords equal status to all the prophets. It
mentions the names of prominent prophets and gives an account of their life and
also of hardships and opposition they endured in the propagation of the message
of Tauheed (oneness of God). Though the Quran was revealed to Prophet
Mohammad (pbuh), it does not talk about the Prophet puh and the Muslims alone.
It also speaks about his predecessors. The Quran even has Surahs named after
previous prophets Hadhrat Yousuf (A.S) and Hadhrat Abraham a s. and Mariam
(A.S).(Mother Mary). Apart from it, important events of the lives of other
prophets like Hadhrat Musa (A.S) (Moses), Hadhrat Isa (A.S) (Jesus), Hadhrat
Ibrahim (A.S), Hadhrat Luth (A.S). (Lot), Hadhrat Shoaib (A.S) ,Hadhrat Yunus
(A.S) Hadhrat Saleh (A.S). have also been mentioned in the Quran. Names of some
other prophets have been mentioned cursorily.
The purpose behind this is that the Quran maintains that all
the prophets were sent by God with the same message (Tauheed) and so all the
nations of the prophets were brethren. Thus the Quran wanted to bind all
theistic nations together so that all these nations lived in harmony.
However, this mention of prophets in the Quran was not
one-sided affair. Since Prophet Mohammad was also a prophet and the last in the
series of messengers, it was necessary that his name should be mentioned in all
the previous scriptures so that the nations preceding him could be aware of him
and when he came they would recognize him and obey him. This was necessary to
make the circle complete.
Therefore, God gave glad tidings of the advent of Prophet
Mohammad (pbuh) in almost all the revealed books and scriptures. As the faith
of a Muslim is not complete without the faith in all the other prophets, in the
same way, the faith of the People of the Book is not complete with the faith in
the prophethood of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). The belief in all the Prophets from
Hadhrat Adam a.s. to Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) is the mark of a true believer.
Let's, therefore find out what the previous scriptures say
about the Advent of Hadhrat Mohammad (p uh).
The ancient sacred scripture of Hindus, Atharva Veda written
in Sanskrit speaks of the Advent of Hadhrat Mohammad pbuh. Here is the passage:
"O people, listen this emphatically. The man of praise
(Mohammad) will be raised among the people. We take the emigrant in our shelter
from sixty thousand and ninety enemies whose conveyance are twenty camels and
she camels, whose loftiness of position touches the heavens and lowers it.
(Atharva Veda, Khanda 20, Sukta 127, Mantra 1-3)
In another Hindu scripture Bhavisya Puran, the adve t of
Hadhrat Mohammad is mentioned in the following passage:
"A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and
speaking a foreign language) will appear with his companions. His name will be
Mahamad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this mahadeo Arab (Arab of angelic
disposition) a bath in the panch gavya and the gances water offered him the
presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said,"I
make obeisance to thee. O ye! The pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, you
have collected a great force to kill the devil and you yourself have been
protected from the malechha opponents. O ye the image of the most pious God,
the biggest Lord, I am a slave to thee, take me as one lying on thy feet
"(Bhavisya Puran Parv 3, Khand 3 Adhyay 3, Shloka 5-8)
Songs of Solomon, a part of Torah, contains the following
"Hikko Mamittadin vikullo Mohamadin zehdudi vezem Rani
(Songs of Solomon:5:16)
(His mouth is most sweet: yes he is Mohammad, altogether
lovely. This is my beloved and this is my friend, O daughter of Jerusalem).
The ancient religious script of Persia, Zand Avesta contains
the prophecy in the following words:
"The Persian should sink so low in morality; a man will
be born in Arabia whose followers will upset their throne, their religion and
everything. The mighty stiff-necked of Persia will be overpowered. The house
which was built (Kaaba) and in which idols were placed will be purged off idols
and people will say their prayers facing towards it. His followers will capture
the towns of Persia, Taus and Balkh and other big places round about. People
will embroil with one another. The wise men of Persia and others will join his
The prophecy about Prophet Mohammad pbuh in the Old
Testament is given in following words:
"The Lord, thy God will raise upon thee a prophet from
the midst of thee, of thy brethren. Like unto me, unto him ye shall
(Deut XVIII: 15)
"I will raise them up a prophet from among their
brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth and he shall
speak them all that I command him "
In the above passages, the phrase 'thy brethren' means the
Ishmailites because Hadhrat Mohammad pbuh belonged to the generation of Hadhrat
In the New Testament, the prophecies about the Advent of the
prophet of Islam are presented rather in detail. Following are the passages in
which Jesus makes the prophecy:
"If you love me you will keep my commitments. And I
will pray the father and he shall give you another Parakletos (comforter) that
he may be with you forever. But the comforter which is the spirit of Truth whom
the father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things and bring all
things to your remembrance, whatsoever I said unto you "(John:14-15).
"Nevertheless, I tell you the truth. It is expedient
for you that I go away, for if I go not away, the comforter, (Parakletos) will
not come unto you. And he, when he is come, will convict the world in respect
of sin, and of righteousness and of judgment. I have yet many things to say
unto you but you cannot bear them now. Howbeit, when he, the spirit of Truth is
come, he shall guide you unto all the truth, for he shall not speak from
himself but what things so ever he shall hear shall he speak and he shall
declare unto you the things that are to come."(John: 16:7)
The Bible of Barnabas, considered the most authentic of the
copies of Bible, contains detailed narrations about Hadhrat Mohammad pbuh in
the same way as detailed accounts of previous prophets are contained in the
holy Quran. There is a narration about prophet Mohammad pbuh and Hadhrat Adam
a.s. in Gospel of Barnabas which is very popular among Muslims and Islamic
preachers mention the narration during Meelad with much fervour without
telling the audience that the narration is taken from Bible, the sacred book of
Christians. The narration runs thus:
"Then God gave his soul to man while all the holy
angels sang:"Blessed be thy holy name, God our Lord."
Adam, having sprung up upon his feet, saw in the air a
writing that shone like the Sun which said: "There is only one God;
Mohammad is the messenger of God."(La Ilaha Illallah, Muhammadur
Rasulullah). Whereupon he opened his mouth and said: "I thank thee O Lord
My God hast deigned to create me, but tell me, I pray thee, what meaneth the
message of these words:"Mohammad is the messenger of God". Have there
been another man before me?
Then said God:"Be thou welcome, o my servant Adam.I
tell that thou art the first man whom I have created. And he whom thou have
seen mentioned is your son, who shall come unto the world many years hence and
shall be my messenger, for whom I have created all things, who shall give light
to the world when he shall come; whose soul was set in celestial splendour
sixty thousand years before I made anything.”
Adam besought God saying, "Lord, grant me this writing
upon the nails of the fingers of my hands.." Then God gave to the first
man upon his thumbs that writing: upon the thumbnail of the right hand it said:
“There is only one God" and upon the thumbnail od the left it said,
"Mohammad is messenger of God." Then with fatherly affection, the
first man kissed those words and rubbed his eyes and said, "Blessed be
that day when thou shall come to the world."(Gospel of Barnabas:39)
There is another narration about Hadhrat Adam (A.S). and
Prophet Mohammad pbuh in the Gospel of Barnabas:
"Then said God, "Depart, cursed one from my
presence!" Then Satan departed, wherein God said to Adam Eve who were both
weeping, "Go ye forth from Paradise, and do penance, and let not your hope
fail, for I will send your son in such wise that your seed shall lift the Dominion
of Satan from off the human race, for he who shall come, my messenger, to him I
will give all things."
God hid himself and angel Michael drove them forth from
paradise. Whereupon turning him round saw written above the gate, "There
is only one God, Mohammad is his messenger." Whereupon weeping he said,
"May it be pleasing to God, my son, that thou come quickly and draw us out
of misery."(Gospel of Barnabas: 41)
On another occasion, Jesus foretells the advent of Prophet
pbuh and tells his followers the sign of the last prophet.
“Jesus answered: “Let not your heart be troubled, neither be
ye fearful, for I have not created you but God our creator who hath created
you. As for me I am now come to the world to prepare the way for the messenger
of God, who shall bring salvation to the world. But beware that ye be not
deceived, for many false prophets shall come who shall take my words and
contaminate my gospel. “
The above mentioned passages quoted from famous religious
scriptures present ample prophecies about the advent of Prophet Mohammad pbuh
sometimes mentioning only his clear signs and sometimes mentioning his name.
This proves that the religious scriptures were revealed by God and taught the
worship of one Supreme Creator and all the followers of the prophets were
brethren to each other.
S. Arshad is a regular columnist for NewAgeIslam.com
New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim Women in West, Islam Women and Feminism
Thanks, Arshad. It is a good attempt to
prove the prophecies about the advent of Prophet Mohammad. I would like to put
forward the views of the Christians regarding the NT prophecies.
The words ‘Trinity’ and ‘Tawhid’ are not found
in the Bible and the Quran respectively. These are not hatched in the finite
human minds, but perceived from the resp scriptures. The trinity or tri-unity
is simplified and explained as God + His word (Jesus) -+ His breath (Holy
The Quran honours Jesus as “The Messiah
Jesus, son of Mary, was a Messenger of Allah and His WORD (Q 4:171). “We
gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear signs and strengthened him with the Holy
Spirit" (Q 2:87). Hence Muslims
are closer to understand the word ‘trinity’ more than any other religionists.
Just as the word ‘family’ (unique plural)
is singular but consists of several persons, the word God consists of His word
and His breath. The First Person God and the second Person His word (Jesus) are
so close and God sent Jesus temporarily (33yrs) to earth, introduced him as the
‘Son of God’, through Angel Gabriel(Lue 1:32); as humanity needs salvation. It is not that God has a wife.
How Allah addresses himself as ‘WE’ in
//And I will pray the Father and he shall give you
another Parakletos (comforter)//
All Christians believe that the ‘comforter’ is the
Holy Spirit, who has given comfort to Christians in their failures and guided
them, for the last 2000yrs, through Communism, Nazism, Fascism etc.
Some Muslim scholars stress the word ANOTHER comforter
and that is Prophet Mohammad. In fact at the time the 12 apostles do not know
about the Holy Spirit. That is why Jesus said so. They came to know when received
the power of the Holy Spirit on the Pentecost day (50th day after
the ascension of Jesus to Heaven). (Acts 2:1-10)
The two big questions are: Is Prophet Mohammad a
comforter to the Christians? If so, in what ways. Prophet Mohammad has
spearheaded the great Khalifat Movement the world has ever seen.
//that he may be with you FOREVER//: Only Holy Spirit can be with us FOREVER, not
Miss Kaniz Fatma,
There are two verses which apparently
look like creating contradiction; however in fact there is no contradiction as
such between them.
Allah Almighty says, “We make no
distinction between one another of His Messengers” [al-Baqarah 2:285].
Allah Almighty also says, “Those
Messengers! We preferred some of them to others; to some of them Allaah spoke
(directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour)” [al-Baqarah 2:253]
verse implies that God Almighty did not make any distinction among His
Messengers in the sense that one should believe in some Messengers and
disbelieve others. The basic creeds of all the Messengers are just the same. However
there are derivative rulings related to the worldly life and the situation of
the time in which some Messengers abrogated the rulings of the previous
Messengers. As for the essential creeds such as belief in Tauheed, All prophets
and Messengers, all scriptures, they are of the fundamental beliefs for the
the verse which reads, “Those Messengers! We preferred some of
them to others; to some of them Allaah spoke (directly); others He raised to
degrees (of honour)” [al-Baqarah 2:253]”, this is about the rank on the basis
of attributes gifted by God Almighty. This implies that some Messengers have
greater attributes than others. But our conjectures or selective nature can’t
decide this matter. This is just the matter and wisdom of God Almighty. In this regard we can just compile all verses
related to attributes of all prophets together and search for the truth, just
for the purpose of our knowledge.
Basit - Hussari - Minshawi - f
Wama kana libasharin an yukallimahu Allahu illa wahyan aw min warai hijabin aw yursila rasoolan fayoohiya biithnihi ma yashao innahu AAaliyyun hakeemun
Topics discussed in this Verse: [Allah's attributes:Most High] [Allah's attributes:Wise] [Messengers:angels] [Revelation]
42:51 (Asad) And it is not given to mortal man that God should speak unto him otherwise than through sudden inspiration,  or [by a voice, as it were,] from behind a veil, or by sending an apostle to reveal, by His leave, whatever He wills [to reveal]:  for, verily, He is exalted, wise. -
As the phrase, mortal man, in Quran 42:51 refers to a man, it implies that the entire verse is related to male instead of female. As it is related to male, the word, veil, may not refer to the veil that is covered by woman, it can refer to veil as mentioned in the Torah that people use to build tabernacle or whatsoever. Let's assume that the word, veil, should refer to the veil that is covered by women. The word, or, is mentioned in this before the phrase, from behind a veil, it gives no compulsion for women must put on veil, since the word, or, implies alternative choice instead of compulsion. The next phrase, or by sending an apostle to reveal, here again refers to men again. As this phrase here in this verse refers to men, the entire verse seems to give information among men instead of women. As nothing is mentioned in Quran 42:51 that it refers to women, it is irrational to use this verse to condemn women who do not put on abaya or hijab. Besides, let's assume it is meant for women's veil, women who put on veil with eyes expose. When someone speaks to them, his voice can never totally behind a voice, since their eyes who are not covered by veils face directly to the voice comes. Thus, there is no reason for the phrase, [by a voice, as it were,] from behind a veil, is mentioned, since women can never behind veil especially with veil to have holes for their eyes to see outside. Unless women's eyes are fully covered with veil not to cover contact with external objects, their eyes will be fully behind the veils. As no way can their eyes totally behind the veils as long as women have to expose their eyes to external objects, this phrase does not give any implication that it is applicable to women to put on veil,.
Besides, the phrase, it is not given to mortal man that God should speak unto him, here mentions the conversation is between a mortal man and another man, since the phrase, speak unto him, is mentioned. As the dialogue is between man to man in Quran 42:51, it is irrational to use this verse to enforce veils on women, since nothing in this verse mentions specifically that it is meant for the conversation between man to woman. Besides, nothing is mentioned in this verse that it is a life or death if no veil has been placed for conversation.
Besides, veil is for the covering of face and yet hijab is the clothing or dressing that covers the entire body of a woman. It seems to be irrelevant to relate the word, veil, in Quran 42:51 has to be for abaya or hijab.
From the above explanations, it is irrational to use simply the word, veil, in Quran 42:51 to conclude it is a must for women to put on veil.
Inna allatheena amanoo waallatheena hadoo waalssabioona waalnnasara man amana biAllahi waalyawmi alakhiri waAAamila salihan fala khawfun AAalayhim wala hum yahzanoona
Topics discussed in this Verse:[Believers:on them is no fear nor shall they grieve] [Christians:believers rewarded] [Day of judgment:belief in] [Fear ( none for the Righteous ):or who believe and do good] [Jews:among them some believe] [Kabah] [Qur'an:belief in] [Sabians]
5:69 (Asad) for, verily, those who have attained to faith [in this divine writ], as well as those who follow the Jewish faith, and the Sabians,  and the Christians - all who believe in God and the Last Day and do righteous deeds - no fear need they have, and neither shall they grieve. -