By Aqeela Asif Shahmadi
July 25, 2012
Rumi was a Muslim thinker poet of 13th century. He expressed his thoughts about religions and in all religions he highlighted the concepts of love and tolerance which are reflected both his poetry and prose. He gained popularity through the ages due to his tolerant ideas. The present day concepts like “Clash between Civilizations” need higher level of attention to resolve major political socio-economic conflicts. Rumi’s thoughts of love and teachings provide a way to address these crucial issues of humanity and promote the concept of enlighten moderation.
Pakistan has a very rich history of Sufism. Here in Indus valley civilization a unique galaxy of Sufis existed including, Shah Latif Bhittai, Bulleh Shah, Sultan Bahu, Sachal Sarmast, Rehman Baba and Iqbal. From Khyber to Karachi they all were the segments of the same chain. They all composed verses, poetry and prose for Almighty and danced and sang for Him. They all had great respect and reverence for Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi. Maulana Jalaluddin Muhammad known to the world as Rumi, was born in 1207 at Bulkh, Khurasan. His father was a famous scholar of his time and known as “Sultan of the Scholars”. His mother’s name was Mumina Hatun. “Mathanwi” was his immortal contribution placed him as a symbol of love and peace. The main theme of his inspiration was “LOVE”. Rumi explored himself and related the Divine love with humanity. Rumi believed in the appreciation and value for every human being, not because of his earthly status or worldly desires but because of his association with the Creator.
He says: Come, come, let us appreciate each other, beware of the value of each other, because you never know, we suddenly might be separated, Now that our Prophet has said: “The believer is the mirror, Of the believer,” Why are we turning our face from the mirror?
Grudges and hate darken friendship and injure the heart, Why don’t we tear out and throw away grudges from the heart? Today when we learn and discuss the issues like “The Clash of Civilizations” we need to look into the universal thoughts of these Sufi scholars who always preached the message of peace. The Clash of Civilizations is a concept proposed by political scientist Samuel P. Huntington, “that the people who live with cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-cold war world”. Huntington identifies a major shift of economic, military and political power from the west to the other civilizations of the world and clearly identifies Islamic countries as the “Challenger Civilization”. On the other hand if we analyze the 13th century of the Christian era, that was the seventh century of Islam, when Europe was passing through Dark Ages and sunk in ignorance. Muslim world has a glorious past. Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) introduced the concept of value based society. Our saints and religious scholars like Rumi exemplified tolerance within ourselves and with the people of other faiths. Unfortunately today the concepts of Islamic teachings are not portrayed with its real essence.
Rumi’s philosophy is based on rationalization, justification and validation of his religious experience, where description, explanation and justification are regarded as different notes combining and merging into higher level of the concept of harmony and peace, away from the limitations of the religion and culture. It is the deep bond of love and lover that live to all eternity. Rumi’s concept of love is based on universal thoughts. Rumi knows and preaches the religion of love which excels above all barriers of country, cast, creed, colour, ethics and beliefs. Rumi’s love is inspirational and an irresistible desire to discover one’s immortal self. He says: I am not from the highest heaven, not from this world, not from existence, not from being. I am not from India, not from China, not from Bulgar, not from Saqsin, not from the realm of the two Iraqs, not from the land of Khurasan; I am not from the world, not from beyond, not from heaven and not from hell.
I am not from Adam, not from Eve, not from paradise and not from Ridwan. My place is placeless, my trace is traceless, no body, no soul, I am from the soul of souls. I have chased out duality, lived the two worlds as one. One I seek, one I know, one I see, one I call. He is the first, He is the last, He is the outer, He is the inner. Beyond “He” and “He is” I know no other.
Summing up the whole arguments it is concluded that Rumi clearly conveyed the message of acceptance beautifully and proved that spiritualism can be applied as a force to defuse political tension and extremism from this world. He introduced human beings to the immortal world of love. Without the concepts of hate, prejudice, terror, hunger, wars and clash. Humanity is seeking for the successors of Rumi who endorse his teachings and promotes spiritualism as force to defuse political tension and extremism from the world and turn it to paradise.