By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam
23 February 2019
In the previous two parts, I have covered a few of the most important attributes of Allah that are widely misunderstood. In this part, I cover the nature of the Prophetic Mission which is also widely misunderstood.
The Quran says in verse 5:3
“This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”
The essential requirement for perfecting and completing the Deen was that the Prophetic Mission was required to cover all the following four phases:
Phase 1: The peaceful propagation phase teaching co-existence with other and even hostile faiths.
Phase 2: The Prophet becoming a ruler for legislative verses to be revealed
Phase 3: Guidance covering just wars from which the principles of war can be derived.
Phase 4: Guidance on how to justly deal with the vanquished people.
Without these four phases, the Deen or religion would have been incomplete. We know that only phase 1 was covered during the Prophethood of Jesus (PBUH) which is why the Bible is like the Makki Quran. Did Allah know then that the religion would be completed and perfected with Muhammad (PBUH) even before the revelations began in 610 CE? Not with 100% certainty unless, all the subsequent events are pre-determined, and no one had any choice to do anything except what they did. Such pre-determination absolves all those who opposed the Prophet, persecuted and fought wars of any blame. Nothing was therefore pre-determined. The possibilities that such a mission would not have been the last and similar to that of Jesus (pbuh) are:
1. The Kafirin had left the Muslims alone and not persecuted them and heeded 109:6 “To you be your religion and to me mine”. The Prophet then would have preached peacefully, and not migrated and not fought the wars against the Mushrikin. Without active opposition by the Kafirin, a large number may have accepted Islam making it the dominant religion. Eventually, all may have accepted Islam.
2. The Prophet may have even become a ruler and the legislative verses revealed. Any war then would have been with an external aggressor but without any preceding oppression. This would have been a normal war and not a religious war against religious persecution. The Deen would have remained incomplete to be completed with a later prophet or prophets.
3. The Kafirin had heeded (8:38) “Say to the kafaru, if (now) they desist (from religious persecution), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them)” after the Battle of Badr and agreed to cease religious persecution. The Prophet would then have returned to Mecca and resumed peaceful preaching. Such a scenario would have resulted in only the first 3 of the 4 phases being completed.
4. In the Battle of Uhud, the Kafirin were successful which made them bolder and a point of no return was near at hand. In the battle of the Trench they returned with a great force and laid a siege to Medina itself to annihilate Islam and the Muslims. The point of no return had been reached
The end result was not a certainty but became so only when the Mushrikin ganged up and besieged Medina with an intention to annihilate Islam and the Muslims. It was only at this stage, that it became Allah’s responsibility to complete the Prophetic mission with complete military victory of the Muslims over their enemy. This meant that all four phases would be completed and with it the Deen of Allah, and therefore, Muhammad (pbuh) could be declared the seal of the Prophets. This is exactly when the verse 33:40 was revealed in 5 AH, during or after the Battle of the Trench, saying that Muhammad was the seal of the Prophets. Before this, if the Mushrikin had agreed to desist from religious persecution and agreed not to hinder Muslims from the path of Allah, it would have been back to 109:6 “To you be your religion and to me mine” and peaceful co-existence which may or may not have lasted. If peace had lasted the lifetime of the Prophet, then he would not have been the seal of the prophets since the Deen would have remained incomplete. This discussion underlines the createdness of the Quran. The proof of the correctness of this understanding is in the precise timing of the announcement of Muhammad as the seal of the Prophets. This was not at the beginning of revelations, but at the precise moment when it became certain that the Deen would be completed with him.
Muslim scholarship without exception, however, takes a deterministic view, which is why they struggle with verses such as 109:6, “To you be your religion and to me mine”. Javed Ghamidi, a well-known moderate says:
" The last verse of the Surah, it must be appreciated, is not an expression of tolerance; it expresses renunciation on the part of the Prophet (sws) and a warning to the disbelievers that they must now get ready to face the consequences of their obdurate denial."
What he is saying effectively, is that 109:6 does not mean what it says but is a veiled warning of “wait and see now what we do to you”! This is because in a deterministic view, war with the Kafirin and their annihilation is inevitable, and therefore 109:6 cannot mean what it says. The deterministic view makes Islam an immoral religion of deceit
Likewise, they have the same problem with:
(8:38) Say to the kafaru, if (now) they desist (from religious persecution), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them).
They twist is as follows:
(8:38) Say to the kafaru, if (now) they desist (from disbelief and accept Islam), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them)
And (8:39) And fight them on until there is no more religious persecution (fitna), and there prevail fully the deen of Allah; but if they cease, verily Allah doth see all that they do.
(The Deen of Allah is for full religious freedom and no compulsion in religion)
(39) And fight them on until there is no more “shirk”, and all worship is for Allah only; but if they cease, verily Allah doth see all that they do.
They cannot imagine a return to peaceful co-existence with the ceasing of hostilities until and unless all accepted Islam first. This is because, in a deterministic view, what was possible was only what took place and nothing else. Any other scenario is unthinkable and therefore the verses that appear to be offering a real choice, are “interpreted” in such a manner, as to remove all choice from them.
The end is also misinterpreted as offering no choice to the Mushrikin except acceptance of Islam or death while the truth is that for those who had fought the Muslims in violation of their treaty, the choice was migration, Islam or death and for the remaining it was to become Jiziya paying citizens if they wished to retain their faith. This is covered in my article:
The Nuances of Quranic The Correct Understanding of the So Called ‘Sword’ Verses of Surah Taubah
Extremism thrives for the same reason. The deterministic view moves only in one direction and cannot go back to a previous state and therefore, the Meccan verses are treated as abrogated! As a matter of fact, these are not even thought to have meant what they mean!
Not getting the attribute of Al-Qadr right, has turned a moral religion into an immoral one. The question then is which god do we worship? The moral one or the immoral one? That is the difference it makes when we understand correctly or not, the important attributes of Allah.
The Sign of Allah is that there can be no falsehood and no contradiction in His Book. But the Muslims have made it the Book of Satan and cannot understand it without numerous contradictions, and without considering many of the verses as abrogated. Based on the most rigorous analysis and understanding of the complete Book, I testify that this is indeed the Book of Allah, without a contradiction, and no verse is abrogated. (The only exception being verse 4:176, the last verse to be revealed, contradicts 4:12, but this is intended to solve a problem of inability to deal with 4:12 alone and is deliberate. Now with better logic and mathematics, we know how to implement 4:12, 4:176 can be treated as obsolete)
The Ultimate Success of our Life
يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ
ارْجِعِي إِلَىٰ رَبِّكِ رَاضِيَةً مَّرْضِيَّةً
فَادْخُلِي فِي عِبَادِي
(89:27) To the well satisfied self (l-nafsu l-muṭ'ma-inatu) will be said:
(28) "Come back thou to thy Lord,- well pleased (with Allah), and well-pleasing unto Him!
(29) "Enter thou, then, among My devotees!
(30) "Yea, enter thou My Heaven!
The state of being completely at peace and pleased with Allah and Allah being completely pleased with us, can only be reached when we have understood and accepted whole-heartedly, the nature/attributes of Allah, and moulded our lives accordingly. It is we who must tune ourselves to the divine frequency, so that the same becomes our natural frequency, and our whole self resonates with the divine frequency. Our poorly tuned selves create doubts and blind us to the truth or make us resonate with the Satanic frequencies.
Correctly understanding and whole-heartedly accepting the attributes of Allah and moulding ourselves to become a perfect instrument of Allah for carrying out His purpose in creating us, is the ultimate success.
Part One of the Article:
Part Two of the Article:
Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an independent IT consultant after having served in both the Public and Private sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent contributor to NewAgeIslam.com
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