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Islamic Ideology (11 Feb 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

The Importance of Understanding Correctly, the Attributes of Allah – Divine Will, Justice and Mercy – Part One

By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

11 February 2019

Allah is the sole source of all knowledge of what is right and what is wrong or what is moral and what is immoral. If we wish to master this knowledge perfectly, it is essential that we orient ourselves perfectly to receive this knowledge. The orientation is by gaining a perfect understanding of the nature of Allah or of all His attributes. Misunderstanding of any attribute leads to a wrong understanding of His Book, of right and wrong, and this is the way Satan misleads and deprives us of becoming perfect Muslim. The text of the Quran is preserved and protected from corruption but not the understanding of it.

This is not about memorising the 99 names of Allah but knowing the 99 attributes of Allah or of fully comprehending the nature or zaat of Allah. The attributes of Allah are best understood by a person who has understood the Quran without a single contradiction and without treating any verse as abrogated. Such a person has completely and perfectly understood the nature of Allah.

Divine Will

 Islamic scholars have no problem with the contradictions their interpretations create because they think that Allah is free to contradict Himself because “He does what He wills” and this is proof of His omnipotence that he is not bound by any rule. By creating this misunderstanding of Allah’s attribute of His Will and Omnipotence, Satan has succeeded in making people worship the attribute of ‘whimsicalness’ which is Satan’s attribute and not Allah’s.

Allah certainly does what He wills but He has willed the rule of law and the law of perfect causality and He has also willed that he will never change His ways or change His command/word once it is issued. The Sign that the Qur’an is from Allah is that it is a Book without a single contradiction and if you are given a Book saying that it is from Allah and if that Book has even a single contradiction, throw it into the face of Satan because such a Book cannot be from Allah. While the Book is from Allah, our scholars, by their misinterpretations which create contradictions, have made it into a Book from Satan!

The Quran is a simple Book, easy to understand and without crookedness. All that is required is that we take its straight forward literal meaning. It is scholarship that puts a spin on every verse and misinterprets which is why the hadith which says that the scholars will be among the foremost who will be flung into Hell sounds true. The scholars put their spin because they misunderstand the attributes of Allah.

The Attribute of Al-Adl (The Just)

Take the attribute of justice. Is Allah just if those born into “Muslim” families have an edge over those born into families that practice polytheism? Some of our revered scholars of the past have said that some people are predestined to go to Heaven, while others are predestined to go to Hell or Allah has created some for Heaven and others for Hell. This obviously sounds whimsical and arbitrary which they explain away by saying “Allah wills what He wills”. They get both the attributes wrong.

 The answer any reasonable person will give is that justice demands that persons born into any faith should have an equal chance of gaining Heaven/Hell, but Muslims will not voice this opinion, because it is drilled into their heads that non-Muslims are Kafir and they will all go to Hell, and what they see is that people born into a faith, remain in the same faith. Those who change their faith are a small number.

 Those who seek an unambiguous answer from the Quran on this question, will find an answer, but those who firmly believe otherwise, will remain blind and deaf to the clear answer. This is because we have not even learnt to trust the word of Allah and read it without our mind cluttered with pre-conceived notions. The reading therefore does not benefit us. For more on the subject, read:

 Does Allah Provide A Level Playing Field To All The People?

 The Muslims, in general, are far from correctly comprehending the most important attributes of Allah. They may worship only one God, but this God is partial to them, which is not an attribute of the Rabb-ul-Alameen who is Al 'Adl or perfectly just, but the attribute of the gods of the polytheists. So, how can a polytheist be at a disadvantage vis-à-vis a Muslim, whose concept of his God is defective to the extent that he attributes to Allah, the same quality of partiality, which is what makes the many gods of the polytheists so very attractive to them?

If the Muslims correctly understand this attribute, they will then know that they are not in any way superior to any other people except by virtue of their good deeds. Their attitude to the ‘other’ changes dramatically for the better. We are then open to what is good in them and appreciate it.

Does Hell contradict the Attribute of Mercy?

If there was no Hell would the world have been a better place? Allah is the epitome of morality or what maximizes good. Hell is also a part of His Mercy therefore without which there would have been more oppression, injustice and misery in this world. The description of Hell Fire in the Quran is that it is a great continuous torment.

(4:56) The Kafaru, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the penalty: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.

If the warning of Punishment in Hell wasn’t a Mercy, Allah wouldn’t have said:

(55:37) When the sky is rent asunder, and it becomes red like ointment:

(38) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

(39) On that Day no question will be asked of man or Jinn as to his sin.

(40) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

(41) (For) the sinners will be known by their marks: and they will be seized by their forelocks and their feet.

(42) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

(43) This is the Hell which the Sinners deny:

(44) In its midst and in the midst of boiling hot water will they wander round!

(45) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

Our capacity for both good and evil is dependent upon the autonomy or free will that Allah has granted us. Without autonomy, we would have been like animals without choice for either good or evil and lived in accordance with our instincts. There would have been no need for either Heaven or Hell then. The question then is:

Was Allah Unjust in Creating Adam and Favouring His Progeny Over All His Creation?


If the Hell had been made less painful, then the Heaven would have been made less pleasant, and our autonomy curtailed to decrease our potential for both good and evil. Allah finds the perfect balance. There is both infinite divine wisdom and mercy in the creation of Hell and making it what it is, without which there wouldn’t have been Heaven either, and the freedom to choose our path. Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

This article is in three parts and is followed by discussion on:

The Divine attributes of Kalam, Al-Alim, Al-Qadeer, Al-Muqtadi in the next part and in the third part with:

Pre-destination and the question -Was Muhammad (pbuh) pre-destined to be the seal of the Prophets?

Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an independent IT consultant after having served in both the Public and Private sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent contributor to NewAgeIslam.com

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/naseer-ahmed,-new-age-islam/the-importance-of-understanding-correctly,-the-attributes-of-allah-–-divine-will,-justice-and-mercy-–-part-one/d/117713

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  • There is nothing in any of your comments which relates to the article. Your forays in this forum have had the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude. 
    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/1/2019 3:37:03 AM

  • Naseer sb.,
    My comments are directly addressed to either the article itself or to your vicious and abusive attacks on me. Such attacks detract heavily from your credibility as a writer.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/28/2019 1:06:10 PM

  • Your comments have nothing to do with the article. Your forays in this forum have had the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude. 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/27/2019 10:12:53 PM

  • It may be your article but it is not your space. This is an open forum. If you do not want your views to be challenged, publish your stuff elsewhere. Calling me an apostate makes you a liar as well as an imbecile. Is that all you that you have got to offer?

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/27/2019 2:40:09 PM

  • This is my article and my space. You are the one who has intruded into my space with  " the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude."
    Your comments have nothing to do with the article and therefore disruptive.
    Why do you think you, who deny a major part of the Quran as the word of Allah, is not an apostate?
    Islam is  based entirely on the Quran and anyone who denies any part of the Quran is an apostate.
    You have every right to be an apostate but then act like one. Do not pretend to be a Muslim when you are an apostate. Then you are guilty of being "a wolf in sheep's clothing or a snake in the grass".

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/27/2019 12:54:19 AM

  • Naseer sb. lies again when he accuses me of advocating for the ethos of the Western society. Rationalism, liberalism and inclusivism are not the monopolies of the West. Nor is modernism. Progressive modernistic Muslims have their legitimate views to offer and regressive literalists like Naseer sb. are not going to stop them. What I said to Rational many years ago also applies to Naseer sb.: "Your forays in this forum have had the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude."

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/26/2019 12:43:36 PM

  • While Islam went completely against the existing ethos of Pagan Arab society, GM sb wants Islam to submit to the ethos of his western society which is only a reflection of the very same Pagan Arab Society! He therefore questions a major part of the Quran! 

    A Kafir is anyone who rejects the Quran and GM sb is an open kafir because he openly proclaims that many of the verses and a major part of the Quran are not the word of Allah.

    If he wants to be considered a Muslim, he has to abide by the definition of a Muslim in the Quran. By the Quran, he is an open kafir and since he claims to be a Muslim, that makes him a hypocrite and an apostate as well.

    Hypocrites are known to shamelessly flip-flop from one position to another and as long as GM sb continues to question the authenticity of the Quran while claiming to be a Muslim, he is an apostate of Islam and a hypocrite. I must therefor give him the excellent advice that he himself gave to Rational.

    You are an apostate. Act like one. You have every right to be an apostate. Join the company of other apostates and have a good time. Your forays in this forum have had the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude. That's why you were called "a wolf in the garb of a sheep, a snake in the sleeve, or more".

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/25/2019 11:03:43 PM

  • Naseer sb., a self-appointed authority on apostasy now is trying to test my knowledge on the subject. A person who tries to understand Islam in the context of the ethos in which he lives is not an apostate. A blind literalist who parrots lines from the Quran in order to slander and takfirise others is worse than an apostate. When one's pride and arrogance have gone to one's  head, one ceases to be a Muslim.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/25/2019 1:26:09 PM

  • Let us hear from you GM Sb.
    What according to you is an apostate?
    Why do you think you are not one?
    What according to you is a Muslim?
    Why do you think you are one?
    It is you who describes the laws of the Deen of Allah in the Quran as the laws of 7th century Pagan Arabia! And you have no proof/evidence to say so. You are a liar and a blasphemer of the Prophet, Allah and the Quran.
    For this apostate, supremacism means upholding verse 3:85,  and to prove his point, he insists on his extremely bigoted understanding of the meaning of Islam.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/25/2019 12:39:04 AM

  • Now Naseer sb. is setting himself up as an authority on when a Muslim ceases to be a Muslim! Is an intolerant, supremacist who is  blindly wedded to the laws and punishments of 7th century Arabia the right person to decide who is a true Muslim and who is an apostate? If so, Heaven help us!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/24/2019 12:21:21 PM

  • Why does Islam require to be defended?  The very idea of defending the "perfect and complete religion" is preposterous. The religion is to be proudly proclaimed and every verse of the Quran affirmed.  The moment you have reached a conclusion that even one verse of the Quran is not the word of Allah, you have left Islam. So, are you saying that you affirm all the verses are the word of Allah and you have not left Islam?

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/23/2019 11:02:12 PM

  • Naseer sb. repeats his blind mantra once again! He thinks raising legitimate questions about some verses makes one an apostate! If the only way you can defend Islam is by calling others apostates, you are not a fit person to defend Islam.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/22/2019 12:43:31 PM

  • GM sb,

    Anyone who says that even one verse from the Quran is not a revelation from Allah is a disbeliever in Allah, the Quran and the Prophet. If he was a believer before then he is an apostate after expressing such doubt. Let me therefore repeat the excellent advice that you yourself gave to Rational six years back. 

    Someone who has left Islam should not pretend that he is seeking answers to some questions. You are an apostate. Act like one. You have every right to be an apostate. Join the company of other apostates and have a good time. Your forays in this forum have had the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude. That's why you were called "a wolf in the garb of a sheep, a snake in the sleeve, or more".

    Once you become a believer once again and respectfully seek clarification to your doubts, I will respond. As it is, I don't wish to waste my time on apostates 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/22/2019 5:09:04 AM

  • Naseer sb., the dishonest interlocutor, wants us to forget that he has repeatedly  supported verses in which God asks some people to kill other people! Instead of asking himself how can God, the most gracious and the most merciful, ever do such a thing, he blindly supports it just because a verse says so. Does he ever ask himself how such a verse got into our Holy Book?  No, he would much rather ascribe partisan and violent characteristics to Almighty God Himself! God did not put a seal on Naseer sb.'s heart. He did it himself.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/21/2019 12:16:06 PM

  • The hypocritical liar that GM sb is, he blames me for the discussion on war which he himself initiated! It is he who is obsessed with what God should  or should not do rather than take the word of Allah in the Quran.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/20/2019 10:13:27 PM

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