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Islamic Ideology ( 28 Feb 2019, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 4

By Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

27 February 2019

We Muslims believe in the Quran and Sunnat but sadly many of us do not follow their teachings. There are some Muslims who use Islam only for their political interests and consequently become a source of defamation of Islam. Some politically take out the inappropriate meaning of “elevating the Divine Word”, thinking that this elevation can be done by forcibly converting people to Islam, while this stand is clear violation of Islamic teachings. People can love Islam only when its followers (Muslims) practically abide by the human values and good manners enshrined in Islamic teachings. Having observed the first three parts, let us study more about human values, good manners and promise to practice them in all walks of our life.

46. Decide On Affairs By Consultation

“And those who obeyed the command of their Lord and kept the prayer established; and whose affairs are with mutual consultation; and who spend in Our cause from what We have bestowed upon them.” (42:38)

47. Repel Evil By Good

And the good deed and the evil deed will never be equal; O listener! Repel the evil deed with a good one, thereupon the one between whom and you was enmity, will become like a close friend.” (41:34)

This verse implies that people should repel anger with patience, error with truth, ignorance with clemency and the commission of evil with pardon. Such virtuous deed can lead to reconciliation, love and empathy.

In this vein, many scholars quote a hadith that is taken to be a foundation principle of Islamic laws, “let there be no harming and no reciprocating harm”. Another Hadith says, “Keep relations with those who cut them off with you, give to those who deny you, and ignore those who oppress you”.

48. Choose Rulers By Their Merit

“And their prophet said to them, "Indeed, Allah has sent to you Saul as a king." They said, "How can he have kingship over us while we are more worthy of kingship than him and he has not been given any measure of wealth?" He said, "Indeed, Allah has chosen him over you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah gives His sovereignty to whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing [in favor] and Knowing." (2:247)

49. Do Not Burden A Person Beyond His Scope

Allah does not burden anyone, except with something within its capacity...” (2:286)

50. Enjoin Good Deeds And Forbid Immorality 

“You are the best among all the nations that were raised among mankind – you enjoin good deeds and forbid immorality and you believe in Allah; and if the People given the Book(s) believed it would be better for them; some of them are believers (Muslims) and most of them are disbelievers” (3:103)

51. Think Deeply About The Wonders And Creation Of This Universe

“..Those who remember Allah while standing, and sitting, and reclining on their sides, and ponder about the creation of the heavens and the earth; “O our Lord! You have not created this without purpose; Purity is to You, therefore save us from the punishment of fire.” (3:191)

52. Men And Women Have Equal Rewards For Their Deeds

“So their Lord accepted their prayer, for I do not waste the efforts of any (righteous) worker, male or female; you are all one among yourselves..” (3:195)

53. Do Not Marry Those In Your Blood Relation

“Forbidden for you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father’s sisters, and your mother’s sisters, and your brothers’ daughters and your sisters’ daughters, and your foster-mothers (who breast-fed you), and their daughters (your foster-sisters), and your wives’ mothers (mothers-in-law), and your wives’ daughters who are under your protection – born of the women with whom you have cohabited; and if you have not cohabited with them, then it is no sin for you to marry their daughters; and (forbidden are) the wives of your own sons (and foster-sons and grandsons) and the keeping of two sisters together in marriage, except what has already passed; indeed Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (4:23)

54. Family Should Be Led By Men

“Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband's] absence what Allah would have them guard. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.”  (4:34)

55. Do Not Be Miserly

“…Those who are misers and preach miserliness to others, and hide what Allah has bestowed upon them from His munificence; and We have kept ready a disgraceful punishment for the disbelievers.”  (4:37)

56. Do Not Keep Envy

Or do they envy people due to what Allah has given them from His grace? In that case, We bestowed the Book and the wisdom upon the family of Ibrahim (Abraham), and We gave them a great kingdom.”  (4:54)

57. Do Not Kill Each Other

It is not rightful for a Muslim to kill another Muslim, unless it occurs by mistake; and the one who mistakenly kills a Muslim must set free a Muslim slave and pay blood-money to the family of the slain, except if they forego it; and if the victim is of a people who are hostile to you, and the killer is a Muslim, then only the setting free of a Muslim slave (is obligatory); and if the victim is from a people between whom and you there is a treaty, then blood-money must be paid to his family and the setting free of a Muslim slave; therefore one who has no means must fast for two consecutive months; this is his penance before Allah; and Allah is All Knowing, Wise.”  (4:92)

58. Do Not Be An Advocate For Deceit

“Indeed, We have revealed to you the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.” (4:105)

59. Do Not Cooperate In Sin and Aggression

Do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.”  (5:2)

60. Cooperate In Righteousness

And cooperate in righteousness and piety” (5:2)


Previous Parts of the Article:

Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 3

Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 2

Human Values and Good Manners Mentioned in the Quran – Part 1


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