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Islamic Ideology (24 Feb 2018 NewAgeIslam.Com)

An Enlightening Commentary on the War Related Quranic Verses- Part-1 on 2:190


By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

24 February 2018

The situation of 21st century is remarkably different from that of the early period of Islam. Over the course of time, human minds have witnessed various examples of flexibility in Islamic rulings. We can read out numerous examples of Islamic rulings which were initially applicable but cannot be applied now to this present century. Each Islamic ruling comes into effect for fulfilling certain objectives. After the objectives are achieved, the rulings become invalid or are postponed. Even the common readers have now started knowing that some Islamic rulings or legal values [Ahkamat] are conditional, contextual, specific and exceptional. They have also known that some Islamic rulings are universal, general and absolute and can never be changed. The detailed knowledge, in this regard, can be gained from books related to Sciences of Islamic Laws, Tafsir and Hadith.

But sadly enough, we see some people, especially the terrorist masterminds who, despite having awareness, do not adopt the entirety of what is known as the best methodological approach required for interpreting the Quran and Sunnah. Thus they fail to take out the best meaning. Since they are committing such a failure in context of war-related verses and Ahadith, it has become more a matter of worry for us, because this is increasing problems in two ways. First problem is that this is resulting into brainwashing the naive Muslim youngsters with the idea that it is incumbent upon them to wage war against their ‘enemies’. Second problem is that this is encouraging non-Muslims to believe that whatever the modern terrorists are doing is thoroughly approved by the Quran and Sunnah. To a great extent, these two problems together are creating the third problem, that is, even some of the moderate people from among the Muslims and non-Muslims can be seen waging the war of words and blaming one another for terrorist activities. Affected by these three faces of the problem, our common readers who honestly and objectively want to read Islam but are incapable of distinguishing between what Islam teaches and what it prohibits concerning the war-related verses. Feeling the very problems in mind, a friend of mine has urged me to write an enlightening commentary on the war-related verses of the Quran, and how they should be best interpreted to curb modern terrorism and how they can work to reform the already brainwashed people.

The purpose of my writing this series of articles is mainly built on reforming the two terror-influenced groups; one that seeks to join the terrorist queues and damage the global peace, and other that is blaming Islam for the terrorist attacks.

Prior to initiating this commentary of war-related verses, I had to go through all the required academic methodologies and investigations. I adopted the classical methodologies of Sciences of Tafsir (Ilm al-Tafsir), Hadith (Ilm al-Hadith) and of Islamic Laws (Usul al-Fiqh) which are necessary for getting all-round understanding of any Islamic ruling derived from the Quran and Sunnah. But in this commentary, I have avoided presenting the detailed scholastic discussion, necessarily taking into account the minds of the common readers.  

Let us begin this first part with what is known as the first war-related Quranic verse 2:190 which reads, “And fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but do not transgress. Truly Allah loves not the transgressors.” (2:190).

This verse (2:190) is considered by some to be the first in the chronological order of revelation to permit fighting. Ibn Jarir Tabari narrates with his full chain of narration on the authority of ar-Rabi’ that this was the first verse revealed to permit fighting. Others differ from this view and regard 22:39 as the first verse for this matter. It is reported that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said that the first verse revealed about fighting was the verse in Surah Haj (22:39), which is translated as, “Permission is granted to those against whom the disbelievers wage war, as they are being wronged; and indeed Allah is Able to assist them” (22:39). Allama Qurtabi wrote in his book of Tafsir that this verse (22:39) is more frequently cited as being the first. However the preponderant statement [Qaul-e-Rajih] among scholars is that the verse 2:190 is the first in this regard. To make agreement between two conflicting statements, some possible reasons are presented. One reason is that the verse 2:190 was first revealed in reality while the verse 22:39 was first-additionally revealed. Other reason is that, the narrators of the cause of revelation [Shan e Nuzul] of the verse 22:39 might not have been present near the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) during revelation of the first war-related verse 2:190, and accordingly they narrated what they respectively witnessed at first.

However there is no disagreement that, before the revelation of 2:190 or 22:39, fighting was forbidden in Makkah and initially in Madina. As per “Tibyan al-Quran” authored by Allama Ghulam Rasool Saeedi, the Quranic verses which initially debarred Muslims from fighting in defence are as follows;

“Repel evil with the best deeds; We well know the matters that they fabricate”. (23:96)

“So forgive them and excuse them; indeed Allah loves the virtuous”. (5:13)

“And be patient over what they say and avoid them with gracious avoidance”. (73:10)

“Then if they turn away, O dear Prophet, (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) upon you is nothing but to clearly convey (the message)”. (16:82)

“Therefore advise; indeed you are a proclaimer of advice. (The Holy Prophet is a Remembrance from Allah.) You are not at all a guardian over them”. (88:21-22)

“And you are not one to use force over them” (50:45)

But with the revelation of 2:190, fighting was allowed against those who initiated fighting; “And fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but do not transgress. Truly Allah loves not the transgressors.” (2:190).

This first command for fighting was revealed in connection with the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. It is reported that in 6 A.H/628, the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) went out with his companions from Madinah to Makkah for performing ‘Umrah. When they camped at Hudaybiyyah near Makkah, the Makkans came and prevented them from continuing on into Makkah. So the Muslims remained there for a month. Then they made a treaty stipulating that they would turn back the following year for three days and perform the ‘Umrah and that there would be no fighting among them. Having concluded the Treaty, they came back to Madinah. Then, as the time for that approached, Muslims feared treachery of the Makkan pagans and being called upon to fight in the sacred precinct [Haram] during the sacred months. This verse 2:190 was then revealed to set the rules of war, meaning that Muslims are allowed to fight if the Arab pagans initiate fighting with them. We already know that in the initial days, Muslims were brutally tortured, murdered and driven out of their homes, but despite that, as the above Quranic verses testify to this fact, they were commanded to have patience and pardon their enemies, but now since they have made a treaty and are feeling treachery of the Makkans, Muslims are therefore allowed to fight them in their defence.  

There are two statements about this verse 2:190; one group of scholars say that this verse has been abrogated by 9:5, while Ibn Zyad and ar-Rabi say this was abrogated by 9:36, but another group including Umar ibn ‘Abdul Aziz and Mujahid said that this verse is Muhkam whose judgment remains all-time operative and means: “fight those who fight you and do not transgress by killing women, children, monks etc”.

It is reported in Tafsir Qurtubi that, as per an-Nahhas, the position of this verse being Muhkam is sound both in terms of Sunnah and logic. As for the Sunnah, Ibn ‘Umar reports a Hadith that, during one of his expeditions, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saw a woman who had been killed, he abhorred that and forbade the killing of women and children. As for logic, this applies to children and those like them, like monks, the chronically ill, old men and peasants who should not be killed. (Qurtubi)

Ibn Abbas said “….do not transgress” (2:190) means “Do not kill women, children, old men, or those who offer peace and restrain their hand. If you do that, you will have transgressed against them” (Tafsir Tabari).

In one of his letters, the Umayyad Caliph ‘Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz commented on the verse 2:190 and wrote that it means “do not fight those who do not fight you” (Tabari).

It is reported that Hadrat Ali (may be Allah pleased with him) said, “Do not initiate the war as long as they do not fight you, because you are the followers of Truth.” (Nahjul Balagh p.453)

Explaining the verse 2:190, a famous Indian Sufi theologian Madani Miyan says in his book of Tafsir, that during wartimes you need to implement justice. Do not kill the peaceful citizens, do not destruct the populated areas, hospitals, places of worship and do not mutilate. (Tafsir-e-Ashrafi)

The scholars who consider this verse 2:190 Muhkam set the rules of war with support of the following instructions given by the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) to his soldiers in the state of war; 

(1)      “Do not kill any child, any woman, or any elder or sick person.” (Sunan Abu Dawud)

(2)      “Do not practice treachery or mutilation. (Muwatta Malik)

(3)      “Do not destroy the villages and towns, do not spoil the cultivated fields and gardens, and do not slaughter the cattle.” (Sahih Bukhari; Sunan Abu Dawud)

(4)      “Do not kill the monks in monasteries, and do not kill those sitting in places of worship. (Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal)

(5)      “Do not uproot or burn palms or cut down fruitful trees. (Al-Muwatta)

(6)      “Do not wish for an encounter with the enemy; pray to Allah to grant you security; but when you [are forced to] encounter them, exercise patience.” (Sahih Muslim)

(7)      “No one may punish with fire except the Lord of Fire.” (Sunan Abu Dawud).

A Brief Summary for Reforming the Brainwashed Youth

The points derived from the verse 2:190 can be shortly summarised that this verse was the first revealed to permit fighting. As a Muhkam verse, this sets the guidelines for defence and prohibits every sort of transgression. In this 21st century, the people have made certain laws for promoting peaceful coexistence and maintaining peace-treaties, therefore, the war should not be initiated against any peace-seekers. The modern terrorists are transgressing the limits set by Allah Almighty and detailed by the beloved prophet (peace be upon him) as mentioned above in the verse 2:190 and a number of Ahadith. In the Shariat terminology, they are transgressing the limits of Allah, by initiating the war against the peaceful citizens, killing children, women, chronically ill, old men, bombing the populated areas and punishing the innocent civilians with fire. These are the crimes they are committing by making the strictly forbidden acts lawful, and thus they are inventing falsehood about Allah. Do they forget at such a time the Quranic warnings, such as “And do not say about what your tongues assert of untruth, ‘This is lawful and this is unlawful’, to invent falsehood about Allah. Indeed, those who invent falsehood about Allah will not succeed” (16:116)?! While committing terrorism, do they ignore this Quranic verse which commands Muslims to fulfil the promise as, “And fulfil every covenant, Verily the covenant will be questioned about” (17:34)?! While committing indiscriminate killing, do these brainwashed youth forget this Quranic verse which reads, “But if they intend to peace, you also incline to it...” (8:61)?! While brainwashing their members and the youth, why and why do the terrorist masterminds intentionally ignore the Quranic command which says, “And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly - We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in [the matter of] taking life. Indeed, he has been supported [by the law]” (17:33)?! From the above mentioned Quranic verses and Ahadith, it is known to us that killing peaceful citizens including women, children, old men, monks, destructing places of worship etc are forbidden, then why do the terrorists commit such explicit crimes?! While committing terrorism, why do they make their own decisions in preference to Allah’s decision, while the Quran says, “The decision is only for Allah. He relates the truth, and He is the best of deciders.” (6:57)?! The answers to all such questions are comprehensible in our minds that the terrorists have been brainwashed by their master-ideologues and thereby they are perpetrating those acts which are strictly forbidden in the Quran and Sunnah. But after knowing the facts, if they seek repentance [Tauba] with sincere heart and stop committing such forbidden acts, they may be forgiven, as indeed Allah is the most forgiving and merciful.   


Related Articles:

Rights of Non-Muslims Living In Minority – Part 1 – Freedom of Religion



Rights of Non-Muslims Living In Minority – Part 2 – Protection of Their Lives




A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/ghulam-ghaus-siddiqi,-new-age-islam/an-enlightening-commentary-on-the-war-related-quranic-verses--part-1-on-2-190/d/114400

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  • Dear Aayina,

    In your last comment, you mention my name along with other leading contributors on the website who, in your view, have remained "shun on hardcore questions."

    On my part I have address a wide array of 'hardcore questions' as listed below:

    1.   The Hindus are not ‘the mushrikin’ mentioned in the Qur’an

    2.   The Classical Islamic Law (Islamic Sharia Law) is NOT a Word of God!

    3.   Notions of male superiority, domination and beating of wife stand un-Islamic today

    4.    Muslims have NO Qur’anic basis for Religious Supremacism

    5.   Blasphemy Law has NO Qur’anic Basis

    6.   Flogging of women for sex outside marriage stands brutal and Un-Islamic today.

    7.    The spiritual Genocide of a Godly people – the case of Ahmadis in Pakistan

    8.  Limiting maintenance of divorced women for the iddat period is brazenly un-Islamic

    9.   The Zakat today grossly underplays the Qur’anic emphasis on zakah and wealth sharing

    10.  Any punishment for apostasy – let alone capital punishment is anti-Islamic  

    11.  An Open Reminder to the Ulamas: Rejecting universal knowledge as un-Islamic is brazenly un-Islamic and kufr (denial of truth)  

    12.  Any fatwa imposing full/face veil (burqa/niqab), headscarf on Muslim women as a religious requirement is anti-Qur’anic.

    13.  RESTRUCTURING MADRASA EDUCATION:The Opponents of the Right to Universal Education (RTE) to the Muslims are the enemies of Indian Muslims.   

    14. The Qur’an prescribes Monogamy is the social norm for humanity

    15.  Intellectual ambivalence of educated Indian Muslims: the RTE versus the Ridiculous Fatwas

    16. The Qur’anic message admits of flexibility in the shares of the siblings / heirs

    17.  The Qur’anic Sharia (laws) on divorce.  Triple divorce, temporary marriage, halala stand  forbidden (haram).

    18.  The Qur’anic Perspective on Jihad and Greater jihad: SOS to Global Muslim Community      

    19.  Gender Equality in Islam 

    20.  The Qur’an espouses harmonious interfaith relations with the Christians and the Jews and all other faith communities.

    21.  Literalist comprehension of, and exclusivist dedication to the Pillars of Faith purports to reduce Islam to a Cult of Five Pillars.   

    22.  The Zakat – a Pillar of Faith, as actualized today is a grand mockery, if not fraudulent realization of Qur’anic message on wealth distribution and social justice.   

    23.  The Qur’an’s broader notion of taqwa – an irrefutable testimony to its universalism

    24.  The broader notion of din al-Islam is inclusive of all monotheistic faiths.

    25. The twin growing menace: Petrifaction and Radicalization in Islam and Islamophobia – Are they interconnected? How best they can be diffused? An SOS to the Muslim Intelligentsia, Leadership and Ulama!

    26.  Universal Dimensions of the Qur'an and Historic Specificity of Islam's Theological Sciences.

    27.  The grievous impacts of Hadith sciences in the later centuries of Islam – a soul searching exercise and a final call to the Muslim ulama and intellectual elite.

    28.  The Noble persona of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as mirrored in the Qur’an

    29.  Is Islam incompatible with democracy?,

    30.  India’s Child Marriage Act 2006 prescribing 18 as women’s legal age for marriage is consistent with the Qur’an, the personal Sunna of the Prophet and does not infringe the fundamental religious rights of the Muslims in any way. 

    31.  Call for international Fatwas to declare the terrorists who advocate wanton killing of innocent people in the name of Islam as ‘Terrorist Apostates’, like the Kharijites of early Islam.

    32.  Are all the mushrikin for all times “spiritually unclean” (najas) (literal reading of the verse 9:28 of the Qur’an) ?

    33.  Role of dawah in Islam: Islamic dawah at this moment must focus inwards and not outwards.

    34. The Radical Intelligentsia of Islam and Its Orthodox Ulema Are the ‘Hypocrites’ and ‘Nomadic Arabs Intense In Kufr’ Of This Era: They Are Its Twin Internal Enemies, and Must Be Resisted

    35. Abolition of slavery, including sex slavery in Islam (the Qur’an)

    36.  What is popularly known as the Sharia Law of Islam is actually the cumulative rulings of Muslim jurists with a tag of Islam, and not any immutable word of God or the laws of the Qur’an.

    37.  Open warning of dire perdition to the Neo Khwarijite (hatred inspiring and terror mongering) Ulama of Pakistan – the ideologues of TTP, Jaishe Muhammad and their likes.

    38.  The medieval era rooted Qur’an conflicting MPL (Sharia Law) must be reformed to avoid injustices to Muslim women – an SOS to the Indian Ulama fraternity.

    39. Is the mind of Muslim anchored in the 2nd and 3rd centuries of Islam?

    40.  Hadith is not a divine scripture of Islam – a la Qur’an.

    41.  Declare The ISIS As The Kharijites (Those Who Seceded From Islam) As This Article Demonstrates And Declares: Global SOS To The Ulama, Muftis, Intellectuals And Scholars Of Islam

    42.  Interpreting Islam’s Pillars of faith as symbols of militant jihad is heresy - an intense “kufr” and its willful Muslim followers stand as kafirin – let there be no doubt it.

    43.  Muslim women in the non-Muslim / Western world may relax on the symbolic veiling (head-ear-chin cover) and create a socially interactive performance oriented identity as commanded by the Qur’an.

    44.  Clearing Some Gross Misconceptions about Islam and Its Prophet

    45.  The Heinous Crimes That ISIS Is Perpetrating Totally Opposed To Islam And Those Killed Fighting For ISIS May Earn Divine Wrath Instead Of Paradise And ‘Hurs’ – An SOS

    46.  The ISIS and its likes – the Muslim Violent Extremists of this era must be outlawed on historical precedent to save the Middle East from a tsunami of bloodshed and the world from a clash of civilizations.

    47. Countering Violent Extremism – Muslim Community leaders must warn youngsters against the dangers of Radicalization

    48.  Countering Violent Extremism – Muslim Ulama and Custodians of Faith must avert a potential holocaust

    49.  Countering Violent Extremism by a Counter Terror Narrative Drawn On the Qur’an

    50.  Indian Muslim Ulema Who Insist On Retaining the Anti-Qur’anic Triple Talaq (Instant Divorce) In Muslim Personal Law Are Sinners, Haters of Their Women-Folk and Criminals and Must Be Resisted

    51.  Muslims must take a hard look at the popular Islamic theology of the era focus on the essentials of their din to survive in this progressive, pluralistic, humanistic and politically volatile era and avoid suicidal collapse

    52.  Human beings are equal, have the same Rights, the human race is one, and we are all brothers – global call for improving inter-faith relations and combatting religious supremacism and bigotry.

    53.  The Ambivalent Notion of Consensus of the Scholars (ijma) in Islam.

    54.  The shamelessness of Ulama in bearing with the penultimate blasphemy by ISIS brutes without a thunderous global protest is despicable.


    56.  Radicalism under the banner of Islam is mutation of Islam into a Cult of Satan – so Muslims must create an anti-Radicalization narrative to defeat and disown it.  Part-1

    57.  Sindh Criminal Law against forced conversion and marriage of Hindu (Minority) girls is consistent with the Qur’anic message

    58.  Religious authorities of Islam must delimitate peaceful Islam from terrorism committed in the name of Islam – German Chancellor, Angela Merkel

    59.  Malala’s Calling The Muslim Terrorist ‘You Are Not A Muslim Anymore’ Is Reminiscent Of The Tale Of The Naked King, And A Shaming Challenge To The Violent Extremists Of Islam And Their Tacit Allies

    60.  AIMPLB Advocates of instant Triple tallaq are Gender Terrorists and Traitors of Islam and may be sued for human rights violation under cover of religion.

    61.  A Critique of Bin Laden’s Letter to America

    62.  AN EPILOGUE TO THE RECENT ANTI-SHARIA LAW RALLIES ACROSS AMERICAN CITIES: The Dichotomy between Sharia Law of Islam (Islamic Law) and the Sharia of Islam

    63.  Quoting Qur’an’s Fighting Verses In Isolation To Promote Violence Or Defame Islam Amounts To Treacherous Misrepresentation Of Its Message Of Peace And Reconciliation

    64.  Division of Knowledge between Religious and Secular in the Madrasas Must Be Abolished to Stem the Tide of Islam’s Continued Decline


    66. Refutation of Parts 1-8 of Sheikh Yousuf Al-Abeeri's fatwa – 8 separate


    I will appreciate if you do suggest to me some additional topics covering 'hardcore issues' that I may try to pen - provided they are not purely academic, and are on a positive theme aimed at bringing reform, peace, reconciliation and harmony, removing misconceptions, misinterpretation of the Qur’anic message, allaying hatred, diffusing radicalization and extremism, empowering women and so forth

    By muhammad yunus - 2/28/2018 6:05:15 AM

  • Aayina,

    The number of references to idols and idol worship in the Quran are very few - less than half a dozen.

    These are:

    The idols in the house of Abraham's father.

    2. The Children of Israel making a golden calf and worshiping it during the temporary absence of Moses.

    3. And a solitary verse that says idol worship is an abomination and must be shunned.

    There is no reference in the Quran to the existence of idols in Kaba before Islam nor of their destruction later. Nor is any polytheist of Muhammad (pbuh) times  referred to as an idolater in the Quran. And yet, the term Mushrik meaning polytheist is freely mistranslated as idolater by the translators. Going by the Quran, the Arabs and the Muslims could not have developed the strong antipathy to idols and idol worship that they actually have. The Christians and the Jews have a strong antipathy to idols and idol worship and the same has been brought into Islam by the converts from these religions.

    What I understand from other sources is that  the idols were removed as follows:

    1. The polytheists were free to migrate with their idols during the four month amnesty period.

    2. Those who had accepted Islam, destroyed their idols themselves or gave permission to the Muslims to destroy them.

    I doubt very much, the idols would have been destroyed in the manner some of the later conquerors and invaders did, although some of the Muslims may like to believe so.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/28/2018 1:59:00 AM

  • It is time to feel pride of Indian because we have better Islamic understanding scholars in india more than any other parts of the globe. Bubt I fear  that bad eye fells on our country 

    By S.S. Kumar - 2/27/2018 11:55:46 PM

  • To Naseer Ahmed Thanks for atleast answer. I have noticed Mr Sultan Shahin, Muhmmod Yunus, Gulam Rasool Dhalvi, Gulam Ghus all remain shun on hardcore Questions. I would have left this form like Manzural Haqu, I am here to just exposed deep rooted hypocracy on the name of pluralism and universalism by useing Islam, universality was always there even before Quran came, hypocrates diverge in every age. I personally believe the idols cannot be broken by Muhmmad paigmaber, he might have just broke one as token to explain people or similar same story of Abrham might have been stolen when Abrahm broke idol to explain the people that what kind of exploitation can be done on name of idol, but expolitation can be done without idol, A Narrative idol in form of words and books, the whole purpose of being with God when derailed and whatever means are used they all fall into idolism it does not require Ram, hanuman, shiv, or Kirshna's idol,  Islam is biggest witness of this all Narrative and ritual idolisim was developed to derail. While in my ongoing writing this comment it reminded me OSHO, मूर्त बनाने वाल भी मूर्ख और तोड़ने वाला भी मूर्ख. The people who make idol is also fool and who break is also fool. Personally I believe in Idol, I never use to be but change my view in recent years. Any paigamber will not prove his point by violence, than he or she nothing more than Bagdadi,they will try to pursue by whatever they might be experiencing( may be really they are talking to universal power or just illusion but there moral will never allow to do heinous crime) Muslims are very good at steeling stories from other culture and attached to your paigmaber, right now Maulana Tariq Jamil had steel the story which was in Shiv Puran. When I was kid I asked my grandfather about your paigamber, his reply was this Muslims had corrupted muhmmad paigmaber personal character to satisfy their own need, Questions of Aysha was age was in mind was not able to convince me that he can be paigmaber, my grandfather explained me this hypocrate Muslims may have turn everything upside down, which make sense as well, on the name of your paigmaber people can do anything, look at (पेंट का ठिला आदमी) Imaran khan married third women and look at the answer of the public view, it's allowed in Islam so nothing is wrong, he used Islam as scapegoat for all his sexual desire all the time. Well I did too much writing, simple fact I will try to remain on this form as much I can. Last hard pill khuda is not Islamic any more a baby name Allah is born and been preserved by Malaysia for all you Muslim. The day's are not far when tongue will be cut and Shisha will be poured in ears of non-Muslims, which Hindu did with lower class Hindus. My khuda lost in subcontinent now it is with Parsi brothers only, and people like me. I will certainly complain to Allah after my death that if your are Bhagwan then why did you kill our Khuda in subcontinent, which was socially accepted by all. Khuda Hafiz and Shabba Kher
    By Aayina - 2/27/2018 10:32:54 PM

  • is there good in polytheism? stone worship? ancestor worship? totem worship? sparrow worship? gold worship? prophet worship? jabberwocky worship?

    as long as the answer is no, any and every religion that gives this answer is inherently violent, divisive, exclusive and intolerant.

    By hats off! - 2/26/2018 5:59:14 AM

  • Why the entire world is holding nuclear weapons?
    Majority Muslims are peaceful. This means there is good in Islam.
    I thank the author for this well researched article. 

    By Shahid - 2/26/2018 4:37:46 AM

  • Quran which is not a veda.it is a document advocates Arabian  imperialism.It may be compared to a bundle which consists of good tasty Food items and  human dung.
    Sorry it you feel offended.

    By dr.A.Anburaj - 2/25/2018 6:08:39 AM

  • There is no end to  the story of Rape and Murder .The Yezdi a Non-Muslim community living in Iraq is subjected to genocidal violence even today.Yezdi women who are noted for their beauty, are kept enmass naked in the Military camp of ISIS  hooligans to satisfy their sexual urges. What a heinous behaviour ? 
    American Army sofar rescued more than 7000 women and provided pschological help to  forget theirp past.More than 3000 yezdi women are yet  to be rescued.Quran and Mohammed are the backbone of ISIS philosophy.

    By dr.A.Anburaj - 2/25/2018 5:57:47 AM

  • The World in Chaos
    Dr Shabbir Ahmed 
    The following four ayahs describe the what and why of the global chaos ensuing today. 
    30:41 Rampant disorder has appeared in the land and in the sea because of what people have brought on by their own hands. He will let them taste the consequences of some of their works that they may turn back (from what they have been doing). 

    22:40 Those who have been evicted from their homes unjustly, for no reason other than saying, "Our Lord is God!" (should remember) if God had not enabled some people to repel others; temples, monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, where the Name of God is oft mentioned, would have been destroyed. And God will certainly help those who help Him. For, God is Mighty, Powerful. 
    6:65 Say, “He is Able to send punishment upon you from above you or from beneath your feet, or to bewilder you with dissension and make you taste the tyranny of one another. See how We use Tasreef, explaining Our verses in diverse ways that they may understand. [Violation of Divine laws can inflict people from the top in the form of tyrannical rule, or from the bottom in the form of popular rebellion. 27:82] 

    4:75 What has happened to you that you do not fight in the cause of God? Defenseless men, women, and children are being oppressed and crying, "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors, and raise for us protectors and helpers." [God does not fight in person, nor does He send His armies or angels in physical form. 22:39] 


    Muslims should have been the ones keeping balance and peace in the word. 

    3:110 (Since you have been empowered by the Qur’an), you are the best community that has been raised up for the good of mankind. You shall enjoin the Right and discourage the Wrong since you have conviction in God. Now if the People of the Scripture had attained this kind of belief, it would have been for their own good. Some of them do embrace belief while most of them continue to drift away. [‘The best community’ probably alludes to the noble companions of the exalted Prophet. The believers accept the Qur’an as the Criterion of right and wrong (3:4). It educates people on the Permanent Moral Value System and distinguishes clearly what the otherwise vague terms of ‘right’ and ‘wrong’, and ‘good’ and ‘evil’ would mean] 

    2:143 Thus We have made you a Middle Community, equidistant in justice to all nations, that you might be witnesses over all mankind and the Messenger be a witness over yourselves. We have appointed the Qiblah that you have always been used to (O Messenger) in order to distinguish him who follows the Messenger, from him who turns about on his heels. Indeed, it has been difficult except for those guided by God. God would never let your faith go vain. God is Compassionate and Merciful to mankind. [Ummah = Community = A Community based on Divine Ideology. ‘Middle Community’ = Equidistant in justice to all nations. ‘Turns about on his heels’ = Goes back to his old ways. 2:142, 4:88, 29:25]

    By Moby Inayet - 2/25/2018 5:57:08 AM

  • A very well researched article that brings across the era specificity of fighting verses of the Qur'an and establishes that the holistic message of Islam stands for peace tolerance and pluralism. 

    Worth mentioning that my article referenced below covering the Qur'anic allusions to battles, military encounters and peace treaties fully corroborates the claims of the above article and tables the following remarks under conclusion that is complementary to the message Ghulam Ghous Siddiqee Sahab conveys in his article:    

    "To wrap up this essay and put a seal of peace and pluralism on the Prophet’s mission we quote below the following verses that make it amply clear that the eventual goal was peace, moral uprightness (taqwa) and justice and not war, injustice and ‘Sword’: 

    “You who believe, be upright before God as witnesses to justice), and let not the hatred of any people prompt you to detract from justice. Deal justly: this is nearest to heedfulness (taqwa); and heed God. Surely God is Informed of what you do” (5:8).

    “... And let not the hatred of a people who (once) obstructed you from (entering the) Sacred House, lead you to be hostile. Therefore, help each other to virtue and uprightness (taqwa), and do not collaborate with each other in sin and enmity. Heed God, and (remember,) God is severe in punishment” (5:2).

    “It may be that God will bring about love between you and those of them you (now) regard as your enemies. (Remember,) God is Able (to do anything) and God is Most Forgiving and Merciful (60:7). God does not forbid you to be virtuous and just to those who did not fight you over religion, nor drove you from your homelands. Indeed, God loves the just (60:8). God only forbids you to befriend those who fought against you over religion, and expelled you from your homelands, and backed (others) in your expulsion; and whoever befriends them – it is they who are unjust” (60:9).

    The Qur’anic verses relating to all the major expeditions as captured in this work from Qur’anic allusions were specific to given contexts, and since the contexts cannot be recreated as much as the Prophet and his companions cannot be brought back to life, they are not of any direct relevance this day – and this must be true for all so-called ‘fighting verses’ of the Qur’an. Their presence in the Qur’an is essential to establish Islam as a religion of peace as this discourse aims at."



    I congratulate the author for this work that must have demanded a great deal of time and extensive research.

    By muhammad yunus - 2/25/2018 5:08:53 AM

  • Ayina 

    The following is a report from Wikipedia about 

    Violence against Muslims in India

    Read the full details of Muslims being killed
    But Muslims still love India. But youypeople doubt MuslimsM 

    By Shahnawaz Warsi - 2/25/2018 2:52:31 AM

  • Only Wahabi theology is committing terrorism. Wahhabism is governing the Islamic theology. By power and wealth they have misguided the Muslims. 
    By Zahid Ansari - 2/25/2018 2:29:30 AM

  • Aayina, you ask a good and a very valid question. It is not the Quran which has failed but Islamic theology which has failed to derive the clear principles to guide the Muslims in every facet of their life. While Islamic theology has reduced the religion to a set of five pillars and six articles of faith, it has failed to derive the clear principles of war. Islamic theology has also failed miserably in deriving the principles for inter-faith relationship with the result that the Muslims generally have a hostile attitude to the "other" who is considered incorrectly as "kafir" as per their bigoted theology.


    These topics are covered in my articles:


    The Principles of War from the Quran


         Islam's Relationship With The Rest Of The Word - The Current Problem Of Extremism In A False Ideology And The Antidote From An Authentic Understanding Of The Truly Humanistic Message Of The Quran


    The common Muslims hide their bigotry with hypocrisy. This should be evident from the hostility with which my articles are received on this forum.

    My contention that the Pakistani army, which clearly practiced oppression on the people of Bangladesh killing their men and raping their women were the Kafirin, and the Indian army which defeated the army of such oppressors were the Mominin, has been commented upon with such hostility by Muhammad Yunus and dutifully conveyed by the editor Sultan Shahin. To them, it is unimaginable that the Indian army consisting mostly of non-Muslims could be considered the Mominin no matter how noble their mission, and the Pakistani army consisting mostly of the Muslims considered as kafirin no matter how evil they were in their persecution of the people of Bangladesh!

    The Quran is however very clear on the subject:

    (4:75) And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)?- Men, women, and children, whose cry is: "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help!"

    The condition of the people of Bangladesh was precisely as described in the verse above, and the Indian army’s cause for fighting to liberate the oppressed people from their oppressors was the cause of Allah. It was therefore an act of the Momin against the Kafir.

    The result which was the ignoble defeat and surrender of a hundred thousand strong army of Pakistan fulfilled the following promise of Allah.

    (4:141) ….And never will Allah grant to the Kafirin a way (to triumph) over the Mominin.


    Yunus sb who writes an article “The Hindus are not the Mushrikin in the Quran” and also on pluralism, has difficulty accepting that a non-Muslim can be a Momin and a Muslim a Kafir! For the record, the Mushrikin in the Quran are also not all considered as kafir but only the persecutors but Yunus sb till recently, had difficulty accepting it.

    With such ambivalence, all talk of pluralism and universalism of the religion of Islam on this forum, has mostly been mere hypocrisy hiding their deep-seated bigotry.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/25/2018 12:00:15 AM

  • can polytheists living as dhimmis preach and convert the muslims?

    a deafening silence is the only answer.

    By hats off! - 2/24/2018 5:19:58 PM

  • Good article!

    In the holy Book of the Religion of Peace there is no place for war-related verses. The painful process of distinguishing between what are divine verses and what are man-made verses will have to be left to future generations. Our generation is not ready for it.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/24/2018 12:35:45 PM

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