By Ghulam Ghaus, New Age Islam
22nd October, 2014
Part 1 of the article refutes Takfiri ideology of Taliban ideologue, Kashif Ali al-Kheri. It opines that Jihad according to Taliban terrorists means to kill all those who are non-Wahhabi/Sufi-minded/Sunni/Barelvi/mainstream Muslims. Salafi-Wahhabi Taliban ideologues believe these Muslims to be polytheists (Mushrikeen) and apostates. Describing Sufi Muslims “as group of polytheists” and Pakistani Shiites as “productions of Mu’ta and bastards”, the Taliban ideologue proudly said that Taliban terrorists had defeated all polytheists of the world, therefore Fatiha reciters, Halwa eaters, practitioners of Teejah and Chaleeswan (Conveying reward of virtues to the dead) could not withstand these terrorists.
Having quoted the Qur’anic verse (4:94), the article moves on to explain that a person who greets “Assalam u Alaikum” to show that he is a Muslim cannot be called kafir (unbeliever). During the era of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, when some Muslims suspected that such a person who greeted was not sincere, our holy Prophet said to them: Did you tear his heart in order to find out whether it had professed or not?” (Muslim Shareef) It also quoted a Hadees from Sahih Bukhari to refute Takfiri ideology of Taliban-Wahhabi ideologue: “The messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (God’s blessing and peace be upon him) said: If a person says to his brother, O’ Kafir (disbeliever)! Then surely one of them is such. (i.e.; Kafir)” (Sahih Bukhari Volume 8 Book 73 Number 125)
It puts forward views of various classical Islamic Jurists and scholars like Imam Azam Abu Hanafi RA, Allama Mulla Ali Quari, Allama Jalaluddin RA and others who unanimously agree that none of the people of the Qibla can and should be called a Kaafir.
The article sumps up, quoting Sufi saint, Khawajah Mir Dard RA (1785), one of the three major poets of the Delhi School who said: “We do not call the people of the Qibla Kaafir, even though they may be following false and different beliefs in most matters. This is because of the very fact that faith in oneness of Allah Almighty, the prophet-hood of Muhammad (God’s blessing and peace be upon him) and turning to towards the Qibla do not drive them out of their faith. Thus, they would be among such Muslims who follow later inventions (evil inventions) and falsehood. The holy prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him said), “hold back in the matter of the Qibla people that you do not call them Kafir”. Ilm al-Kitab, p.75)
Part 2 refutes the Wahhabi/Taliban idea of killing Sufi-minded Sunni Muslims. It specifically focused on the primary sources of Islam, the Qur’an and Ahadith, which strictly forbid killing Muslims. Though there are scores of Qur’anic verses and sayings of the prophet (God’s blessing and peace be upon him), the article quoted only three Qur’anic verses (6:151), (33:58), (49:11) and six Ahadith from Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Abu Daud etc.
Part 3 exclusively covers immutable divine verses and Ahadith from which great jurists (Fuqaha) of Islamic Shari’a bring rights of non-Muslims to light. It discusses the unlawfulness of killing non-Muslims and their rights in Islam, quoting the third chapter of the book “Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings” authored by highly renowned Sufi-Minded Islamic Scholar Shaykhul Islam Dr. Tahirul Qadri.
This third chapter of the book holds the classical views of Islamic Jurists and scholars based upon the holy Qur’an and Ahadith. Urging Muslim community to behave moderate, flexible and stable, to shun rigidity, irrationality, and all kinds of terrorism, extremism, Dr. Tahir ul Qadri designed his scholastic and exegetic works in the following nine points in detail:
• No discrimination between the killings of Muslim and Non-Muslim Citizens
• The Massacre of Civilian population and considering it lawful is an act of disbelief
• The killing of Non-Muslim citizens makes Paradise forbidden for the Killer
• The Unlawfulness of Killing foreign Delegates and religious Leaders
• The Retribution [Qisas] of Muslims and Non-Muslims is the same
• The Unlawfulness of Harming a Non-Muslim citizen out of Revenge
• The Unlawfulness of Usurping the Wealth of Non-Muslims
• Humiliating Non-Muslim Citizens is Forbidden
• The Protection of Non-Muslim Citizens form Internal and External Aggression
All these parts of the article clearly refute Taliban-Wahhabi agenda of labelling Muslims with Kufr, killing Muslims and non-Muslims in the name of eliminating kufr or shirk.
To sum up, It would be of great value to quote here the concluding remarks of the Islamic scholar, Mr. Muhammad Yunus from his article “Summing Up: Refutation of Sheikh Yousuf Al-Abeeri's Fatwa Supporting Wanton Killing of Innocent Civilians under Special Circumstances and Thus Justifying the 9/11 Attacks – Part 8”:
“1. The Taliban ideologue's Fatwa is targeted at the oppressed, dispossessed, bereaved and marginalized segment of the global Muslim community. These are the people who never hit the media and are largely forgotten by the world or blamed for their misfortunes and seldom if ever compensated for their losses. They do not belong to al-Qaida or the Taliban. They are the unfortunate civilians – the underdogs of the global society who have borne the brunt of the recent allegedly just invasions of Muslim lands (Afghanistan, Iraq), the war on terror by any country - non-Muslim (America, France, Britain) or Muslim (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria), Israel’s occupation of Muslim lands and allegedly defensive military operations, India’s counter-terror activities in Kashmir, repressive actions and marginalization in any Muslim minority country from China in the East to Spain in the West.
“2. Violence is contagious and breeds violence. Despite the escalating human and material cost of violence - whether of terror or counter-terror nature including just wars, the sceptre of terror continues to haunt the world and threaten its peace and stability. Hence, a peaceful path must be explored to tackle the growing menace of Kharjiite brand of Islam as appropriated in the preservationist, puritanical Salafi/Jihadist ideology.
“3. From a purely political and secular perspective, if those in power in the democratic and self proclaimed just and civilized world can redefine civilians caught in some military operations as terrorist and remain mute witnesses to the colossal loss of civilian life in modern high tech wars, the terror ideologues, groomed in the atavistic theology of early terror outfits of Islam (the Kharijies) can do likewise by drawing on their theological archives, and this refutation on religious ground may fall on deaf ears, and this entire exercise beguiles like mirage on the compassionless terrain of 21st century civilization – an era when greed, glory, power, bigotry and overt or covert hatred occupy human mind and justice, compassion and neutrality are mere rhetoric for public consumption.
“4. This Refutation can have no, or at best a marginal impact in stemming the rising trend of militant jihad unless:
“•General Muslim public as well as target readers of the Fatwa are counter-indoctrinated against jihadist-Kharjiite ideology through exposure to Qur’anic message on the “universal brotherhood of humanity that allows people of diverse faith, culture, colour and language to live together, to know each other and to assist each other to make life easy and peaceful for all human beings.” 
“•The profoundly humanitarian crisis of the Palestinians is resolved and Injustice and excessive use of violence against Muslim civilians such as in wars and counter-terror measures is mitigated.
“•All kind of violence - riots, ethnic cleansing against the Muslims in Muslim minority countries is curbed.
“•The mainstream Muslim people are exempted from any blame for the terror-crime of a lone or a handful of ideological terrorists, for they may be as unconnected with a terror attack as any non-Muslim citizen.
“•The Muslim majority countries treat the non-Muslim minority as their co-equal, effectively ban any form of mob violence against them and extend them all the rights and privileges they expect for themselves in Muslim minority countries.
“•The Muslims in Muslim minority countries take active part in pursuit of universal knowledge and all forms of sports and cultural activities to gain equitable representation in professions, academy, corporate business and all lawful sectors of society and appropriate the cultural paradigms of the mainstream societies within the inclusive framework of the Qur’an”.
A regular columnist for New Age Islam, Ghulam Ghaus is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background. He has completed the classical Islamic sciences from a Delhi-based Sufi Islamic seminary Jamia Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Zakir Nagar, New Delhi with specialization in Tafseer, Hadith and Arabic. He completed his Alimiat and Fazilat respectively from Jamia Warsia Arabic College, Lucknow and Jamia Manzar- e- Islam, Bareilly, U.P. He has graduated in Arabic (Hons) and is pursuing his M.A in Arabic from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
URL of Part 3: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/ghulam-ghaus,-new-age-islam/refutation-of-taliban-magazine-nawa-e-afghan-jihad’s-article-titled--kufr-and-apostasy-united-against-islamic-mujahedeen----part-3--dr-tahir-ul-qadri-s-fatwa-on-killing-of-innocent-muslims-and-non-muslims/d/99647