Age Islam News Bureau
Justice Ayesha Malik, The First Woman Judge Of The SC Of Pakistan, Ranked Among
World’s 100 Inspiring Women
Turkish Surgeon, DilekGürsoy, On BBC’s List Of 100 Most Influential Women
Middle Eastern Women Are Embracing Fashion As A Way Of Self-Expression
Bosnian Woman, MsJasnaFajkovic, Seeks KP Ombudsperson’s Help To Claim Dower (HaqMehr)
A Women-Led Movement in Indonesia Says Interpreting Islam Isn't Just for Men
Arab Mothers Often Unable To Enroll Children In Preschool - Study
by New Age Islam News Bureau
Women In Anti-Regime Protests Being Targeted In Breasts And Genitalia, Say
protest in Tehran days after the death of Mahsa Amini. One medic said he
treated a woman ‘deliberately’ shot in the genitals and thighs. (Shutterstock)
Women are being targeted at anti-regime protests by Iranian security forces focusing
their shotgun fire at faces, breasts and genitals, according to interviews with
medics across the country.
and nurses, working in secret to avoid arrest and potential punishment, said
they have noted the practice after noticing women arriving for treatment with
medics said men more commonly had shotgun wounds to their legs, buttocks and
backs, while shots to the eyes of women, men and Children were also common.
Guardian reportedly spoke to 10 medical professionals, who warned that the
severity of the injuries could leave hundreds of young Iranians with permanent
treated a woman in her early 20s, who was shot in her genitals by two pellets.
Ten other pellets were lodged in her inner thigh,” one doctor told the
10 pellets were easily removed, but those two were a challenge because they
were wedged in between her urethra and vaginal opening.”
seen by The Guardian showed bullet wounds all over bodies from so-called
birdshot pellets, with X-rays showing evidence of tiny shot-balls in flesh.
doctor from Karaj, a city near Tehran, said medics believed security forces
were shooting at the genitals of women because they have “an inferiority
complex and they want to get rid of their sexual complexes by hurting these
have been raging across Iran demanding the overthrow of the clerical rulers of
the country following the death in morality police custody of MahsaAmini.
Iranian woman was arrested for not properly covering her hair, and the doctor
who treated her wounds told The Guardian they found the experience of treating
Amini “harrowing,” adding: “She could have been my own daughter.”
the first death penalty on a demonstrator involved in the recent protests was
carried out on Thursday by the Tehran regime.
Ayesha Malik, The First Woman Judge Of The SC Of Pakistan, Ranked Among World’s
100 Inspiring Women
Court of Pakistan's first female judge Justice Ayesha A. Malik. — BBC
Justice Ayesha Malik, the first woman judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan,
has been named in the BBC’s list of 100 inspiring and influential women from
around the world for 2022.
January last, Justice Ayesha Malik took her oath and formally became the
country s first woman judge to make it to the top court. The list includes
women from various parts of the world, who have played a key role in politics,
education, activism, advocacy, health, science, sports and culture. From
Pakistan, Justice Malik is the only woman who has been named in the 10th
edition of the BBC’s 100 Women.
this year as the first female judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, Justice
Ayesha A. Malik has authored judgments protecting the rights of women,” the BBC
wrote in her brief introduction. “This includes her landmark judgment which
banned the so-called two-finger test of rape victims. These ‘virginity tests’
used to be performed during the examinations of sexual assault cases until they
were outlawed in 2021.”
her role in the Supreme Court, Ms Malik also conducts training for judges
around the world and has inaugurated conferences for women judges in Pakistan,
encouraging the debate on the gender perspective in the justice system and
must build a new narrative — one that includes their perspective, shares their
experience, and includes their stories,” Justice Malik is quoted as having
other women named in the list include global music sensation Billie Eilish,
Ukraine’s First Lady Olena Zelenska, actors Priyanka Chopra Jonas and Selma
Blair, the ‘tsarina of Russian pop’ AllaPugacheva, Iranian climber Elnaz
Rekabi, record-breaking triple jump athlete Yulimar Rojas and Ghanaian author
Surgeon, DilekGürsoy, On BBC’s List Of 100 Most Influential Women
DilekGürsoy, the first female cardiac surgeon in Europe to have implanted a total artificial heart (TAH), has been included on the BBC’s list of 100 most inspiring and influential women in the world in 2022.
women from several fields from politics to science were included on the list,
which has been published for the 10th time this year, while the Turkish-origin
surgeon was also among the inspiring women on the list.
have been carrying out studies on the total artificial heart since 2010. I grew
up working in this field, and it has been almost 12 years,” Gürsoy stated.
do not like the news of ‘the first female surgeon who performed a total
artificial heart transplant in Europe,’ but during an operation, other surgeons
told me, ‘A woman carried out this kind of surgery in the U.S., but you are the
only one in Europe’,” Gürsoy explained.
the importance of experience, Gürsoy stated that though this news comes to the
forefront, this job has a demanding preparation process.
have a lot of experience in artificial heart research in both humans and
animals. The key to success in medicine is experience. I have always been
interested in studies that many people do not want to conduct. We can call it
luck,” she noted.
am not an ambitious person. If you work hard, you will eventually succeed. This
is the only way which will bring me success,” Gürsoy added.
that women do not need to act masculine in order to stand strong while trying
to gain a place in the business world, Gürsoy said, “We should be able to
continue to be women who manage to remain humble and sympathetic in the
successful surgeon also stated that it is essential to leave the comfort zone
got out of my comfort zone four or five years ago and thoroughly focused on my
studies. Though I faced difficulties, I never stopped believing in myself. I
know the steps I take will go forward as long as I keep working,” she
was also on the cover of the worldwide known Forbes magazine, which was
published on Nov. 3 in Germany.
2019, Gürsoy won the Victress Award and the German Medical Award, one of the
most prestigious awards in Germany, and was also named the “doctor of the
Eastern women are embracing fashion as a way of self-expression
life lesson that Michel Fahmy learnt early in his career is one that resonates
with him even today.
in his career while working for Procter and Gamble selling health and beauty
products, he was keen to perform at his best and make a mark for himself. ‘I
would always tell my boss to give me more, more, more,’ he says.
boss did and Michel found himself working until 11pm for weeks on end. ‘[This
went on] until I burnt out and told him I could not handle any more. That’s
when he told me: life is not a race, it’s a marathon. Learn to pace your
energy, prioritize what’s important and focus, instead of trying to do it all.’
is a lesson he still remembers. ‘I learnt that I had to talk with my actions
more than just my words. I refused to simply coast through the system, and I
learned as much as I could every day. A lot of great experiences followed.’
with over two decades of experience in various fields including sales,
marketing and management, Michel Fahmy is President of ALDO Group International
overseeing development of franchises stores in more than a hundred countries
stretching from Middle East and Africa, covering Europe, Asia Pacific and Latin
America. Michel’s responsibilities include managing teams that support ALDO’s
international businesses, developing markets, merchandising and training at
franchise stores, along with omnichannel transformaiton, while ensuring
alignment with the company’s business model.
from an interview:
is your definition of success?
me, success is reaching your full potential in all aspects of life and not only
in your job, finding joy and contentment along the way. More than just about
your own success, it’s being a force for good, inspiring and uplifting others
who find success in turn.
have been your mentors in business? What are the 5 lessons you have learnt from
have never had just one mentor who guided me. I believe each person can inspire
and teach you a super power, so in that sense, many people have mentored me and
example, my father, who had a consulting company, taught me the principles of
integrity and hard work. What defines a man is not what he accomplishes but
what he stands for.
love reading and have learnt a lot that way. Stephen Covey’s The 7 Habits of
Highly Effective people or Good to Great by Jim Collins are examples of books
that have helped me a great deal in my professional life.
Aldo Bensadoun, founder of the ALDO Group, has shown me that passion for what
you do is ageless! His relentless pursuit of excellence and how he works with
love and respect for others is truly inspirational.
got you interested in a career in business?
originally thought I was going to be an engineer, but when I took my first
business class, I discovered a world that combined both creativity and
problem-solving techniques and called on both left and right brain functions. I
remember the project was we had to create a business case. I launched a small
catering company as cooking was my passion, and it went well and led me to greater
jobs. When I started studying marketing, it ignited a passion in me.
Discovering who the consumer is, what they desire and how to speak to them –
are your pillars of strength?
foundation is my faith, my friends my family. I have two wonderful daughters,
aged 15 and 14. It’s what keeps me calm in the face of any storm.
do you look for when recruiting staff- attitude or aptitude?
go hand-in-hand, but we always need attitude. Aptitude without the right
attitude means no learning spirit and ability to lead others. They will
actually start to discourage others. Competence and the right attitude mean you
can learn anything.
is fast becoming a key factor in defining a fashion corporate’s business model.
How is ALDO incorporating it?
values are to be a force for good. It‘s about the social compliance of
factories, how we treat our teams, partners and our consumers with love respect
and integrity, and our sense of responsibility towards social and environmental
concerns that relate to our planet.
are focused on reducing our carbon emissions, a key aspect to our climate
strategy. Our ambition is to achieve net-zero emissions (Net 0) by 2050. On top
of that, since 2020, all our Call It Spring products are PETA-approved Vegan, a
seal of trust which we’re immensely proud of.
Covid, comfort has gained prominence over fashion. What is ALDO doing to ensure
its shoes are comfortable as well as stylish?
this fall, we launched our newest footwear innovation: Pillow Walk technology.
With Pillow Walk, we wanted to address a few things: first we know there’s a
pent-up demand for dress, but customers still desire comfort.
ALDO’s always been known as a top destination for dress, but with Pillow Walk
we’re re-introducing ourselves as a company that can do both, producing
beautiful footwear that you also don’t want to take off. The technology we’ve
developed is a moulded sock foam that provides extra padding at the heel and
ball of the foot that helps provide comfort. Imagine looking great and feeling
great day to night.
do you define the fashion sensibilities of the Middle East woman? And how is
ALDO catering to their unique discerning taste?
believe the Middle Eastern woman
changing and embracing fashion as a
of self-expression of who she is.
is discerning, looking for brands that deliver on both style, quality, and
We believe ALDO is
the brand that can meet all their needs. From her nights out, prom, her
wedding, to her first job, to life’s special moments, whenever they fall
throughout the week and at whatever time of the year. ALDO has you covered. We
can adapt our products to the needs of the moment. During the pandemic, we sold
more casual shoes as people were stuck at home and now we are back to
predominantly dress as the consumers have started going out again.
is known for its association with influencers. What are your insights from
love that we are partnering
influencers at a time. We
are a brand in over
110 countries and our diversity is what makes us stand apart from other brands.
We want to not only have diverse nationalities, but diverse personalities. We
recently partnered with Marwa Al Hashimi who is a horseback rider, but also a model,
actor, and a
contestant and finalist
for Miss Universe
UAE. She is an empowering role model for young
women with her thriving success
in a competitive sport that is dominantly male, where she was doubted and told
that she could not succeed. It’s an honour to partner with woman and men who
embody what it means to be truly empowered in all aspects of life and
for ALDO to be with them every
step of the way.
you believe it is possible to have a work-life balance?
but it will never be perfect and it’s something you will always have to strive
for and work on, because if you
stop making a conscious effort, you will lose that balance quickly. Now, we all
have a different definition of what work-life balance means. I believe it’s
more about seasons of life and moments in the year, as there is no typical
week. You need to see it as a whole.
definitely means working hard
ultra-efficient. I am obsessed with my calendar and not letting anyone take it
hostage. I make sure to have
short meetings with
action plans and
next steps. I put my
personal responsibilities, family time, friends, hobbies –
everything that is important – in my calendar.
moment where I learned this
the hard way was
when I lived in New York. I was working long hours and
got out of shape. I had a hard
time mustering the energy to do anything
but work and sleep. So I got a
got back in shape
and it gave me the energy to perform better in my job.
I ask myself daily what is
important and what counts. I believe it makes you better in the long run if you
take care of your health balance work with life outside of it.
month, I review where I am with my goals in the different aspects of my life.
I’ve learnt over time to accept that it will never be perfect – and that’s ok!
As long as I try some adjustments the following month! It’s a journey.
do you relax?
love working out one hour every day. Bike, hike, walk dog, kayak, run, spend
time with my kids – I need to be active.
wanted to be a chef growing up, so I do a lot of the cooking on the weekend.
Cooking for family and friends and spending time is a great way to relax and I
love the quality time of gathering for a meal.
Woman, MsJasnaFajkovic, Seeks KP Ombudsperson’s Help To Claim Dower (HaqMehr)
A Bosnian woman has moved the provincial anti-harassment ombudsperson against
her stepson and brothers-in-law alleging they’re trying to deprive her of
property given to her by her late Pakistani husband as dower (HaqMehr).
filed the complaint under Section 4 of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Enforcement of
Women Property Rights Act, 2019, seeking directives of ombudsperson Rukhshanda
Naz for the revenue authorities to transfer that property, including a house
and a two kanals plot, in her name.
requested the ombudsperson to stop the three respondents from “interfering” in
complainant sought orders for the police and administration in Swat district to
provide her with property security.
her late husband’s son, brothers trying to grab property
respondents included the complainant’s stepson, Sikandar Bakht, brothers of her
late husband, including Kabir Khan and Saadullah Khan, the revenue officer of
Khwazakhela, Swat, and Swat’s deputy commissioner.
complaint was filed through advocate Tariq Afghan.
Section 4 of the said Act, any woman deprived of ownership or possession of her
property by any means may file a complaint to the ombudsperson appointed under
the Protection of Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, who can then initiate
action on the complaint.
complainant said she was a Bosnian resident by origin and had married Bakht
Karam Khan (late) when both worked in Bosnia.
said she and her husband shifted to Swat a few years ago as he served in a
government project under the auspices of the Swiss Development Cooperation.
complainant said her husband suffered from cancer, so she tried her level best
for his recovery by arranging treatment in the leading hospitals.
added that she had spent all her money and gold ornaments on the treatment and
even sold out her property in Bosnia, but her husband didn’t survive.
complainant claimed that her late husband had given her a house and a plot
measuring two kanals as haq mahr (dower).
alleged that the three respondents had now been exerting pressure on her and
had even threatened to kill her if she did not leave the said property as well
as the country.
woman claimed that she was subjected to severe mental torture and feared for
her life. She also said she had health issues and had no relatives or resources
to claim her right.
Women-Led Movement in Indonesia Says Interpreting Islam Isn't Just for Men
women around the world have increasingly taken to the streets to demand greater
rights and freedoms. The women of Iran are TIME’s 2022 Heroes of the Year for
their ongoing protests, which started out as an outcry against enforced dress
codes and has grown into the largest, most sustained uprising the Islamic
Republic has faced.
Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country in the world, Muslim women are
pushing to assert their voice in a different manner: instead of mass
demonstrations, they’re pushing for greater recognition that women, too, can be
knowledgable authorities on Islamic values. And they’re making headway, even as
the country seems to move in a more conservative direction.
years ago, a group in Indonesia did something unique: they convened the world’s
first congress of women “ulama,” the Kongres Ulama Perempuan Indonesia or KUPI.
Last month, they convened again, bringing together more women ulama, academics,
and activists from across the country and around the world to share their
experiences and views.
are Islamic scholars whose advanced understanding enables them to be spiritual
and community leaders. Many work in roles such as running Islamic boarding
schools or as preachers. Importantly, ulama can issue fatwas, clarifications or
interpretations of the religion. In Indonesia, the top council of ulama holds
growing influence over the government; its former chairman is the country’s
current vice president. However, traditionally, those recognized as ulama have
primarily tended to be men.
“shows that women have a role to play as interpreters of the religion, as
people who can put fatwas out,” says Rachel Rinaldo, an associate professor at
the University of Colorado Boulder who specializes in gender and religion. She
adds that, over time, the KUPI movement will “help to disseminate more progressive
interpretations and to perhaps bring more women into Islamic leadership.”
this year, Indonesia’s Nahdlatul Ulama, the world’s largest Islamic
organization, appointed two women to top leadership positions for the first
time in the organization’s 100-year history. At this year’s KUPI conference, a
national minister promised to support a push for greater women representation
in local government across Indonesia, saying that women ulama can play a major
role in leading villages and empowering women in areas beyond religion, like
organizers say that the movement has put Indonesia at the forefront of the
efforts to produce women-friendly interpretations of Islam and popularize
gender-equitable religious views. Ruby Kholifah, a Jakarta-based human rights
activist and the Indonesia director of the Asian Muslim Action Network, one of
five organizations behind this year’s conference, says that although there has
been work on gender and Islam ongoing for several decades, before KUPI, those
working on the issues didn’t have a network and did so mostly individually.
thought why not come together so we can give more voices to the women ulama
that have been working on women’s rights issues so that we can be heard in the
public and shift the public in a more moderate direction on religion,” says
Kholifah. “I think our voices are louder than when we work separately.”
year, female clerics and participants from around 30 countries—including
Malaysia, Nigeria, Turkey, India, South Africa, Canada, Finland, Iraq, Burundi,
and Kenya—also attended. Eva Nisa, a senior lecturer in anthropology and an
expert in Islamic studies at the Australian National University, says that,
through KUPI, Indonesia’s women ulama can act as “role models for other
gender-just activism in other Muslim-majority countries and beyond.”
Indonesia has had a reputation for being moderate, religious conservatism has
gained traction in recent years. On Tuesday, for example, the country revised
its criminal code to make sex outside of marriage illegal and to expand its
blasphemy law. The women behind KUPI hope that the fatwas they help issue will
help shape what life is like for women in Indonesia.
says that the topics discussed for issuing fatwas on were decided about a year
in advance of the conference by seeking opinions in focus groups. Although
there has been widespread attention on the hijab elsewhere—like in Iran where
women have protested against morality police enforcement of dress codes or in
Europe where Muslim women have demonstrated for their right to wear religious
headscarves—KUPI’s planning process kept the contentious topic from being added
in at the last minute. Instead, this year’s meeting ended with the issuance of
five fatwas on the topics of of religious-based violence, waste management and
environmental sustainability, forced marriage, abortion in the case of rape,
and female genital mutilation.
believes these fatwas “will reshape the way government is dealing with the
issues,” pointing, for example, to the fatwa issued after this year’s KUPI
relating to pregnancy due to rape. Although abortion is legal in Indonesia in
the case of rape or medical emergency, advocates have said that its difficult
for victims of sexual violence to access abortion care. “It seems like at a
national level the government is reluctant to push safe abortion access for
rape cases,” she says. “KUPI wants the government to really pay attention to
this. We hope by having this fatwa, it can increase confidence among the
government, and the government can accept as much as possible all
recommendations relating to women rights and Islam and because they have a
strong back up from KUPI.”
prior work has already had an impact, according to organizers. Since 2017, when
KUPI issued fatwas on sexual violence, child marriage, and environmental
degradation, the Indonesian government has legislated changes relating to two
of the fatwas issued. In 2019, the country raised the age that women can marry
from 16 to 19. And in 2022, a sexual violence law was passed which provides
protections to victims of sexual violence, including those in abusive
two fatwas were very much successful and used by women activists and the
government as a reference,” says Kholifah, acknowledging, however, that the
third fatwa, on environmental degradation, was less successful. “I think
successful advocacy at the national level,” she says, “stemmed from the
contribution of KUPI to open the conversation.”
mothers often unable to enroll children in preschool - study
rates among mothers decline after birth, although the decline is much sharper
among Jewish mothers than it is among Arab mothers, according to research
recently published in the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies' 2022 annual
booklet of selected research findings.
booklet is the work of The Taub Center Initiative on Early Childhood
Development and Inequality. The Initiative's goal, per their own statement,
"is to assist in the advancement of effective policy to improve the
environmental conditions of children in Israel during their early years of
life, in order to improve their outcomes and reduce disparities due to
year's booklet focuses on parental employment and children's participation in
early childhood education and care (ECEC) outside the home.
sharp drop in employment after birth of Jewish mothers compared to Arab mothers
is not quite as dramatic as it may first seem when taking into account the fact
that the overall employment rate of Jewish women is significantly higher than
that of Arab women.
data from the Taub Center shows no significant changes in the employment rates
of fathers of any demographic after their child's birth.
diploma makes the difference
with higher education, i.e. those that have a high school diploma, tend to
return to work more quickly than those without, across demographics. These
mothers also have a higher overall rate of employment and, according to the
Taub Center, it appears that the process of returning to work after maternity leave
takes much longer for those without a high school diploma.
study points out that mothers with low socioeconomic status face a difficult
choice in deciding between staying home with children or returning to work.
While working obviously adds income, it may not be enough to meaningfully
offset the cost of ECEC outside of the home.
children from birth until 3 years of age who are born to formally educated
mothers attend ECEC frameworks (preschools) outside the home at higher rates
than those born to mothers without a diploma. This is particularly evident in
the Arab sector where the rate of preschool attendance for children of educated
mothers is almost double that of those whose mothers do not hold a diploma.
is more, Arab children tend to spend less time enrolled in an ECEC framework
overall compared to Jewish children. The study states that 72% of Jewish
children attend ECEC frameworks for at least four years. Conversely, only 20%
of Arab children attend ECEC programs for at least four years although 43% do
get three years. This is all to say that the overwhelming majority of Jewish
children begin education outside of the home before age 3, while Arab children
largely do not.
this gap, enrollment in ECEC frameworks does not appear to impact later
academic achievement. The study examined reading proficiency data from
fourth-grade students and compared Jewish and Arab children according to the
amount of preschool attendance. Though there is a large discrepancy overall between
Arab and Jewish children's reading levels, the average reading proficiency did
not appear to correlate at all with years spent enrolled in an ECEC program.
to enrollment and ineffective use of government funds
significant funding and social initiatives provided by the Israeli government
and private activists, Arab enrollment in preschool between ages 0-3 is
particularly low. Per the Taub Center's assessment, this is primarily due to
two factors. Firstly, acceptance into ECEC programs gives priority to children
of working mothers. Second, any relevant tuition subsidies are granted on the
condition that both parents are working. Given the overall low rate of
employment among Arab women - particularly mothers of young children- the
likelihood of a given Arab toddler being accepted into a program that their
parents can afford is minimal at best.
can be done to get kids into preschool?
Taub Center presented its findings with the following proposed policy changes.
The full study goes into more detail about each point and can be found at the
Taub Center's website:
of planning rules to accommodate the complex reality in Arab society.
the resources allocated to Arab local authorities for the planning and approval
processes for the construction of daycare centers.
positions and the hiring and training of professional manpower in the Arab
local authorities for thedevelopment of ECEC frameworks.
a pilot program in a number of towns in order to assess the repeal of the
employment condition foreligibility and subsidies for ECEC placement.
comprehensive assessment of the registration process and uptake of subsidy
of a more flexible public transportation system and the wider dispersion of
supervised frameworksin Arab towns.
the subsidies of ECEC frameworks such that the tuition fees do not exceed NIS
1,000 per month.
the possibility of a short school day in supervised frameworks.
the way in which the tax benefit is provided to parents of young children and
the full utilization ofthe tax benefit in order to reduce the fees for
benefits for employers who finance their workers’ childcare.
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