By Syed Manzoor Alam, Newageislam
April 4, 2013
“Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated”- Confucius
The same holds true for religion. Islam is really a very simple religion but we insist on making it complicated. The more complex and complicated we make it, the more distant we go away from the Truth. Leo Tolstoy, the famous Russian novelist said:
“... if a person is given only two choices: to adhere to the Orthodox Church or Islam, any sensible person will not hesitate about his choice, and anyone will prefer Islam with its acceptance of one tenet, single God and His Prophet instead such complex and incomprehensible things in theology as the Trinity, redemption, sacraments, the saints and their images, and complicated services…And therefore, please, regard me as a kind Mohammedan, and all will be fine”.
A list of do’s and don’ts would help the general readers about the simple but effective teachings of Islam. Before listing the do’s and don’ts let me remind the readers that a “do” will count to 10 and a “don’t” will count to 1. This means that a good deed will yield ten times the reward, but a bad deed will yield only one punishment.
True Believers establish Prayers to Allah. (2:43, 5:55, 74:39-48, 77:48,)
Be kind to parents, relatives, wayfarers, the needy, orphans (89:17-20, 93:9-11, 107:1-3)
Take care of the Orphans.( 4:3, 6:152)
Say good things to people (4:5, 4:8-9)
Be good to prisoners of war.( 2:85)
Forgive the faults of others. (24:22, 45:14)
Establish regular prayers and pay Zakat (charity). (24:56, 31:4, 70:22-25, 75:31)
Wear pious clothes when you go to the Mosque. (7:31)
Provide evidence and truth. Produce your proof if you are honest. (2:111, 21:24, 27:64, 28:75)
Give thanks to Allah for everything.( 2:172)
For the love of Allah, give help (financial) to kinsfolk, needy (17:26, 90:11-17)
Free slaves (90:11-17)
Punish those who hurt you in equal amount. Punish as you were punished. But if you show patience it'll be better for you. If you forgive then it is better (6:126, 22:60, 42:40-43)
Be in peace (2:208, 8:61)
Remind the Believers to do Good. (11:114, 51:55)
It is better if you give your charity in secret to the poor (2:271)
Speaking good and offering forgiveness is better than giving charity and hurt or annoy people with it. (2:263-265, 3:134)
Do Good and ask for no Reward (38:86, 42:23)
Fulfil your oaths, and promises, and be trust worthy to all people.( 2:270, 3:76, 76:7-10)
Be a straight and upright believer. (46:13)
Pay back your debt, and give back what you held for others. (2:283)
Be patient and put your full Trust and Faith in Allah all the Prophets did (38:17, 38:41-44, 74:7)
If you forget, then mention the Name of Allah Almighty. (18:24)
Seek knowledge and education (39:9)
Lower your tone when you speak (31:19)
Be humble (26:215)
When you recite the Holy Quran seek refuge from the cursed Satan by Allah Almighty's Great Name. (16:98)
Say "Peace" to the ignorant ones.( 43:89)
Fulfil your obligations and contracts (5:1)
Blessed are those who reconcile between people (4:114)
Remembrance of Allah’s name is greater than the actual Prayers (4:103, 29:45)
Do not pray too loud, or too low in tone. (17:110)
Do not approach Prayer while you're lazy. (9:54)
Do not sever the relationship with your relatives. (47:22-23)
Do not steal the Orphans money or rip them off (.4:2, 4:10, 17:34,)
Do not accept wicked and corrupt things (4:2)
Do not corrupt the lands, the earth, people, creations (. 7:56, 7:85)
Do not entrust the weak in mind with your wealth (4:5)
Do not use the Mosques to divide the Muslims. Cursed are those who use the Mosques to divide the Muslims. They are liars. (9:107-110) (Hey Imams, are you listening?)
Do not enter the mosques that are used to divide the Muslims.( 9:108)
Do not conceal the Revelations of Allah Almighty.( 2:159, 2:174, 3:78)
Do not bribe or take bribery. Also, corrupt money is forbidden (2:188)
Do not come to houses from their back doors, but come from the front and proper door. Manners of how and when to enter homes (2:189, 24:27-30)
Do not divide the Muslims. (9:56)
Do not throw yourself into destruction.( 2:195)
Don't be fooled by good talk. (2:204)
Do not be arrogant; it is a sin (2:206)
Never hurt people with your charity! (2:263)
Do not teach the Glorious Quran for money. No reward. (12:104, 25:57, 42:23)
Do not over burden yourself. (2:286, 9:91, 23:62)
Do not be be divided (3:103, 3:105)
Do not damage the earth (5:33)
Do not cheat with balance: (17:35, 21:47)
Do not take credit for what you did not earn or deserve. (3:188)
Do not steal the women's and wives' wealth, or rip them off, or force them to give up from their wealth (4:19-20)
Do not envy people! Do not be jealous of what people have. (113:5)
Do not lie on Allah Almighty. This is the greatest injustice (39:32, 46:3-6, 60:12)
Do not associate partners with Allah Almighty (4:116, 17:22, 25:2, 25:68 )(It is the biggest sin in Islam)
Do not kill those who tried to kill you and failed (5:27-31)
Do not be a murderer. (:27-32, 17:33, and 25:68)
Do not be selfish, greedy and unjust in your demands (9:58)
Do not utter slander (60:12, 68:11)
Also, do not force your female right hand possession slaves into sex or prostitution when they desire chastity (24:30-34, 33:35)
Do not be a bully! (60:8),
Do not force other people to convert to your religion (2:256)
(Note 1- This article is inspired by:
Note 2- I have not quoted the exact expressions, but have taken the basic idea from various translations like Yusuf Ali, Shakir, M. Asad, A.J. Arberry etc and have used the Quran search software)
Rational sb. says, "another verse in the Quran overrides this verse." . . .
God has given you the brains to pick the best one. Take that and forget the others, unless you like fuzool bahesh. The simple rule to follow is that if something is not for peace, justice, righteousness, equality and common sense, it is not Islamic.
Rational sb., . . .
The Book's assertive dictum "Do not force other people to convert to your religion (2:256)," overrides anything else, unless one is addicted to polemics.
To rational mohammed yunnus,
Conclusion is drawn that Quran 2:256 is truth.
You should not use the phrase, fight till non-Muslim no more, in the book of Hadith or Quran as an excuse to encourage Muslims to fight since the word, fighting, in these books is only applicable at the time when Prophet Mohammed was alive at that time. The reason is simply that all the Muslims would be in dangerous position if they did not fight. This is due to the non-Muslims might fight with them to prevent them to perform Hajj or etc. In order to survive, they have no choice but to encourage Muslims to fight.
In this contemporary world, Muslims have a choice not to fight with non-Muslims and that is why it is not advisable to fight since they are no longer violent now.
Read the book of Hadith carefully. The fight was between non-Muslims and Muslims. If Muslims did not fight at that time when Prophet Mohammed was alive, non-Muslims would cause them to be in trouble or might have been killed by them. That was why they had no choice but to fight till non-Muslims no more or till they be converted. The following is the extract:
(Book #26, Hadith #766)-Sahih Bukhari:
‘Narrated Nafi': Ibn 'Umar intended to perform Hajj in the year of the Hajj of Al-Harawriya during the rule of Ibn Az-Zubair. Some people said to him, "It is very likely that THERE WILL BE A FIGHT FROM THE PEOPLE, and WE ARE AFRAID THAT THEY MIGHT PREVENT YOU (FROM PERFORMING HAJJ)." He replied, "Verily, in Allah's Apostle there is a good example for you (to follow). In this case I would do the same as he had done. I make you witness that I have intended to perform 'Umra." When he reached Al-Baida', he said, "The conditions for both Hajj and 'Umra are the same. I make you witness that I have intended to perform Hajj along with 'Umra." After that he took a garlanded Hadi (to Mecca) which he bought (on the way). When he reached (Mecca), he performed Tawaf of the Ka'ba and of Safa (and Marwa) and did not do more than that. He did not make legal for himself the things which were illegal for a Muhrim till it was the Day of Nahr (sacrifice), when he had his head shaved and slaughtered (the sacrifice) and considered sufficient his first Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa), as a (Sa'i) for his Hajj and 'Umra both. He then said, "The Prophet used to do like that.’
As the phrase, There will be a fight from the people, is mentioned above with the phrase, we are afraid that they might prevent you (from performing Hajj), it implies the fear among Muslims due to the possible attack from non-Muslims so as to prevent them from performing Hajj.
Quran provides a way to stop the war between non-Muslims and Muslims at that time and that was Muslims should cease the war only if non-Muslims would withdraw their fight against them as spelt out in the Quran verse below:
( سورة النساء , An-Nisa, Chapter #4, Verse #90)-Yusuf Ali translation:
‘Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If Allah had pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you: Therefore IF THEY WITHDRAW FROM YOU BUT FIGHT YOU NOT, and (instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then ALLAH HATH OPENED NO WAY FOR YOU (TO WAR AGAINST THEM).’
As the phrase, if they withdraw from you but fight you not, is mentioned here with the phrase, Allah hath opened no way for you (to war against them), it implies that Allah demands Muslims to cease the fight only if non-Muslims would withdraw their fight against them.
There is no reason to assume that Allah demands Muslims to wipe out all the non-Muslims or else the book of Hadtth below should not mention that there are some non-Muslims that are under the protection of Allah. The following is the extract:
(Book #52, Hadith #287)-Sahih Bukhari:
‘Narrated 'Amr bin Maimun: Umar (after he was stabbed), instructed (his would-be-successor) saying, "I urge him (i.e. the new Caliph) to TAKE CARE OF THOSE NON-MUSLIMS WHO ARE UNDER THE PROTECTION OF ALLAH and His Apostle in that he should observe the convention agreed upon with them, and fight on their behalf (to secure their safety) and he should not over-tax them beyond their capability.’
As the phrase, take care of those non-Muslims who are under the protection of Allah, it gives the implication that Allah demands Muslims to protect those non-Muslims since they are under Allah’s protection. Curiosity! In this incidence, Allah did not call Muslims to force them to be converted to Muslims. Instead, he called them to take care of them.
( سورة القمر , Al-Qamar, Chapter #54, Verse #49)-Moshin Khan translation:
‘Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees al-lauh al-mahfuz). ‘
The phrase, all things before their creation, as mentioned above should refer to the beginning before all things, i.e. heavens; earth; and etc., were created. As the phrase, written in the Book of Decrees al-lauh al-mahfuz, is mentioned above with the phrase, We have created all things, it gives the implication that everything, whether it is big or small, has been written down even the creation of all things.
How could that be possible that everything has been known and has been written down in the Book of al-lauh al-mahfuz? Meditate the verse below:
( سورة الحج , Al-Hajj, Chapter #22, Verse #70)-Moshin Khan translation:
‘Know you not that Allah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (al-lauh-al-mahfuz). Verily that is easy for Allah.’
As the phrase, Allah knows all that is in heaven and on the earth, is mentioned here with the phrase, the Book (al-lauh-al-mahfuz), it implies that he knows the future and that made him possible to jot down everything that would occur into the book (al-lauh-al-mahfuz).
Thus, Quran should have been written down in the book (al-lauh-al-mahfuz) before the creation of this universe. Even though it has been written in that book, it only revealed to Prophet Mohammed at the time of his mission.
the event mentioned in these verses belong to past or future?
To rational mohammed yunnus,
The extracted Quran verse:
( سورة القمر ,
Al-Qamar, Chapter #54,
‘And everything, small and big, is written
down (in al-lauh al-mahfuzahfuz already beforehand i.e. before it befalls, or is done by its
doer: الإيمان بالقدر) (See the Qur'an V.57:22 and its footnote).’
As the phrase, everything small and big is
written down….beforehand, is mentioned above, it implies that Quran should have
been written down many years even before Jesus was on the earth.
(Book #55, Hadith #658)-Sahih Bukhari: