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Islam and Spiritualism (10 May 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Ramazan – The Month of Mercy and Forgiveness

By Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

Ramazan is the month of mercy and forgiveness. In this month the mercy of God Almighty transcends and He gifts us bountiful rewards for our acts of worship. This is the blessed month about which the Prophet says,

"When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained” (Sahih Bukhari).

From this month we want to benefit as much as possible by doing acts of worship. However   Some Muslims are depressed due to their great amount of sins and stop worshiping, thinking that their sins are unforgivable. They forget that God Almighty is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful and He forgives all sins, greater or minor.  Therefore we should not be depressed.

On the one hand, Muslims are optimistic and benefit from this sacred month by doing acts of worship. On the other hand there are some Muslims are depressed due to their great amount of sins, thinking that their sins are unforgivable. They forget that God Almighty is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful and that He forgives all our sins, greater or minor. 

Allah Almighty says in the Quran,

“Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”(24:22)


 “Verily, Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful” (42:5)

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported:

 I saw the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, tell the story of a prophet who was beaten by his people and he wiped the blood from his face, saying: “My Lord, forgive my people for they do not know.” (Sahih Bukhari 6530)

With these beautiful teachings of forgiveness, we should not be depressed. We should seek forgiveness in this blessed month and promise God Almighty not to repeat the mistakes.

It is narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurayrah:

Allah's Apostle said, “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari 2:37)

No one in this world has attained perfection, except for the prophets. We the human beings are not infallible creatures. Our mistakes are what make us deserve the blessing of divine forgiveness.

It is narrated by Abu Sirmah from Hazrat Abu Ayyub:

When death reached him, he said: “I have concealed something I heard from the Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) from you. I heard the Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) saying: ‘If you did not sin, God would create a creation that would sin, so He will forgive them.’”

This statement gives us a clear message that our sinning is not a big issue; however being depressed and not seeking forgiveness is a big issue. We commit sins regularly but when we do not turn to God for attaining forgiveness, this is a real problem.

Allah Almighty says,

“ O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow [on] the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light will proceed before them and on their right; they will say, "Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent” (66:8)

In this Ayat, God Almighty is calling the believers for a sincere repentance and by doing so they should be sure that God will accept their repentance.

It is with this hope that we should spend our Ramadan. We are fallible but this is the blessed month of forgiveness. We should not be among those who fear the divine wrath during a month in which God has promised His mercy. Ramadan is the month of mercy and forgiveness in which we should beg Him to forgive the sins of the past and keep our steadfast for the future.

It is narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira:

“I heard God's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) saying regarding Ramadan, ‘Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from God, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.’"

Hazrat Ibn Abbas narrated that, “The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was the most generous of all the people and he used to become more generous in Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night during Ramadan to revise the Quran with him. God's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) then used to be more generous than the fast wind.”

Let us all spend the month of Ramadan in full obedience to Allah, asking Him to accept our fasting, prayers, words of forgiveness and grant His special mercy in our community and country.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-spiritualism/kaniz-fatma,-new-age-islam/ramazan-–-the-month-of-mercy-and-forgiveness/d/118555

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  • The pertinent points to be noted are:

    The verses that mentions the exemptions for fasting does not exempt a menstruating woman.

    (2:184) (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (With hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will,- it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.

    (185) Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur´an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.

     It does not say “… but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, or menstruating, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later……”

     The verse that describes the condition under which a person may not approach salat, does not include a menstruating woman.

     (4:43) O ye who believe! Approach not prayers with a mind befogged, until ye can understand all that ye say,- nor in a state of ceremonial impurity (junuban) (Except when travelling on the road), until after washing your whole body. If ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith your faces and hands. For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again and again.

    Nor is a menstruating woman considered to be in a state of janabah. See also 5:6

     God proclaims directly in the Holy Quran that it is fully detailed (6:114, 7:52, 10:37) and that we shall follow no other “hadith” except the Quran (7:185. 31:6, 45:6, 77:50).

     أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ   

     (6:114) Say: "Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? - when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail." They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt.   

     وَلَقَدْ جِئْنَاهُم بِكِتَابٍ فَصَّلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ   

    (7:52) For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail,- a guide and a mercy to all who believe.   

     وَمَا كَانَ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَن يُفْتَرَىٰ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ   

    (10:37) This Qur´an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the worlds.   

     أَوَلَمْ يَنظُرُوا فِي مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ مِن شَيْءٍ وَأَنْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ قَدِ اقْتَرَبَ أَجَلُهُمْ ۖ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ   

    (7:185) Do they see nothing in the government of the heavens and the earth and all that Allah hath created? (Do they not see) that it may well be that their terms is nigh drawing to an end? In what message (hadith) after this will they then believe?  

    وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ   

    (31:6) But there are, among men, those who purchase idle tales (hadiths), without knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty.   

     تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ   

    (45:6) Such are the Signs of Allah, which We rehearse to thee in Truth; then in what exposition (hadith) will they believe after (rejecting) Allah and His Signs?   

    فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ   

    (77:50) Then what Message (hadith), after that, will they believe in?   

     Allah also says in verse 5:3 of the Quran that He has both perfected and completed the Deen in the Quran

     So, when the detailed instructions in the Quran containing the completed and perfected Deen do not prohibit a menstruating woman from performing salat or fasting, these are  man-made rules.

    Can a menstruating woman recite the Surahs of the Quran she has memorized? The answer is an obvious yes. Can she prostrate and in that position recite praises of Allah? The answer is an obvious yes. Then what prevents her from offering salat privately and in the comfort of her home?

    There are many such rules that are religiously followed and based on the practices of the “People of the Book”. Some of these Sunnats are the Sunnats of the previous prophets and not of Muhammad (pbuh). For example, the practice of circumcision is a sunnat of the previous prophets but not of Muhammad (pbuh) nor is this prescribed in the Quran. The practice of circumcision is found in Ancient Egypt and among African tribes and very little is known about its origins. It is apparently mentioned in scores of verses in the previous Books but not even once in the Quran.

    It is also widely accepted that when we rise on the Day of Judgment, we will be in our natural uncircumcised state nor would we be later circumcised. This is another man-made custom given religious significance.

     What we must remember is that the Quran itself is compendium of the approved Sunnats, hadiths, qisas, nabas and misaal, of the previous people and prophets and if something is not found in the Quran, then it does not have the sanction/approval of Allah. There is no need to go and look out for any Sunnat that is not mentioned in the Quran.

    We however take the Quran lightly and take every other doubtful source most seriously. While Allah has guarded the text of the Quran from corruption, Satan has succeeded in misguiding the Muslims and making them follow every other doubtful source even when these contradict the Quran.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 5/20/2019 4:01:05 AM

  • Muslims seem to need authoritative and clear rules to conduct themselves. Spontaneous and heart-felt behavior seems to be beyond them!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 5/16/2019 1:02:25 PM

  • The prescriptions and prohibitions from religion have always proved to be logical in hindsight but the wisdom behind them were not apparent to mankind when these were prescribed. If dry fasting was not prescribed by religion, people would not have fasted and its benefits remained unknown. Every prescription and prohibition in religion is first followed as a religious duty and only after several centuries of practice does mankind learn of the wisdom and benefit behind it.
    Earlier, the simple rule was not to question religion or insist on proof of the wisdom behind every prescription/prohibition, but to dutifully follow what is commanded by Allah. The rule made eminent sense since very little of the wisdom behind the prescriptions was understood. People got into the habit of blindly following not only religion, but their religious leaders. What was not understood by them was thought to be better understood by the religious leaders when in fact, they did not understand it any better. Today, with better knowledge, many of the old fatwas need to be reviewed and discarded, especially the fatwas that do not explicitly mention the principle behind the ruling. Many of them are ad-hoc subjective rulings and represent merely an opinion and not a reasoned conclusion. The format of a fatwa should be:
    Principle as derived from the Quran.
    Relevant facts of the case
    Conclusion based on examining the relevant facts with reference to the Principle.
    Such a fatwa is always open to revision based on better information becoming available about what was considered as “Relevant facts” earlier.
    For example, the ruling that menstruating women should not fast is based upon the incorrect principle of “purity” which is derived from a single verse of the Quran:
    (2:222) They ask you concerning women´s courses. Say: It is a hurt (adhan) so keep away from the women during their courses, and do not approach them until they are (yaṭhur'na) cleansed (rid of it). Then when they are (taṭahharna) purified (completely rid of the hurt), ye may approach them in any manner, time, or place ordained for you by Allah. For Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who purify themselves (l-mutaṭahirīna).
    The meaning of the above verse to me is that menstruation is a “hurt” and sex with a menstruating woman is undesirable because of the hurt and because the act could be further hurtful and not because she is “impure and will make you impure”. So when she is completely rid of the hurt, you can approach her again. The words yaṭhur'na and taṭahharna signify only being rid of the hurt rather than “purity”. It means absence of the “hurt” rather than absence of the “impurity”.
    Taking a cue from this verse, a woman is thought to be impure while menstruating and therefore prevented from performing salat during menstruation and therefore for fasting also. Compare this verse with verse 4:43 which allows a sick/traveller to perform salat after performing dry Tayyamum, even after having sex and without bathing for ritual purification. Purity is therefore a state of mind, and must be maintained as far as physically possible, but under extraordinary circumstances, even a mere symbolic Tayyamum is enough.
    There is no verse in the Quran that prevents a menstruating woman from offering salat or fasting, but since this is an established tradition from the times of the Prophet (pbuh), it cannot be questioned. I would however like to remind that it is also an established tradition from the times of the Prophet, that a woman, whose periods start after having initiated her hajj, can complete the hajj. In my opinion therefore, a menstruating woman who wishes to perform salat in private, can do so, or a woman whose period starts while she is fasting, may complete her fast if she wishes to do so. In my opinion, the prohibition for a menstruating woman for fasting must be based on medical grounds and not on considerations of “purity”. If this had been the case, the ruling would have been the same for a pregnant woman and a nursing mother. Since the ruling is based on an incorrect principle, a menstruating woman is barred from fasting and performing salat, while it is considered doubly virtuous for a pregnant woman or a nursing mother to fast!
    As it concerns the Quran itself, blindly following its explicit commands still hold good for the people who fail to understand the wisdom behind any of the prescriptions/prohibitions in the Quran. The Quran being the word of Allah is the benchmark or the furqan.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 5/16/2019 1:57:06 AM

  • Whatever Allah asks us to do, or forbid us from doing, has a reason beyond earning rewards in the Hereafter, and the benefit is directly in this life itself, about which the Quran does not inform us simply because this was beyond the knowledge and understanding of the people in the 7th Century.

     Any question must be examined with reference to the explicit or the implicit principles or Arkan, and anything that violates the principles are prohibited and anything that does not is permissible.

     What is prohibited during dry fasting is ingesting anything that nourishes the body or slakes the thirst. This is a simple principle to understand and follow.

     What are the health benefits of dry fasting? Read: https://www.tigerfitness.com/blogs/health/dry-fasting-cancer

     There are numerous health benefits of dry fasting.The Nobel Prize winners for medicine in 2018, James Allison and Dr. Honjo, recommend dry fasting for at least 10 hours per day for 20 days in a year, which they say significantly increases one’s T Cells power to combat cancerous cells.

     So, would Allah deprive an asthmatic patient of the Spiritual and Health benefits of fasting in Ramadhan merely because of his/her dependence on inhaler? The answer is a clear no.

    Most office going people do have a problem about living with bad breath during fasting. Should they be deprived of the benefits of fasting by denying them the means to keep their mouths free from odour causing bacteria during fasting? The clear answer is no.

    In principle therefore, under what conditions is it preferable to forego fasting? When the harm caused by fasting is greater than the benefit. For example, loss of blood when wounded may require immediate nourishment and therefore loss of blood for any reason is a cause for breaking the fast. A diabetic person also needs to eat frequently.

    Every question can be answered based on the above principle. For example:

    Should a menstruating woman forego fasting?

    What about a pregnant woman? I think she should avoid fasting although Mufti’s lacking medical knowledge, advise otherwise.

    And how about a woman who is nursing a child? I think she should also avoid fasting although Mufti’s lacking medical knowledge, advise otherwise.

    How about a blood test? No harm

    How about blood donation? Certainly not while fasting

    The knowledge that is required to answer the question is medical, and in every case, if the health benefit is greater than the harm, then one must fast, or else pay hadiya instead or fast later to make up.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 5/15/2019 4:22:51 AM

  • Dear Samia, 
    You asked very good questions and gave me a chance to work as a servant of Islam for you. You can ask more questions here on this site. If Allah wishes, I will do more service. 
    My email is: ghlmghaus@gmail.com

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 5/14/2019 2:32:07 AM

  • We should prefer  an approach based on our own common sense regarding what is permissible and what is not permissible during ramazan fasting. It is not necessary to turn to Deoband for advice.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 5/13/2019 12:09:47 PM

  • Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي -
    Thank you  and Jazak Allah for yourreply. and precious time.
    Can you please give your number

    By Samia - 5/13/2019 8:36:04 AM

  • Even if you have agreed with your doctor not to use your preventer inhalers during the fasting period, your reliever inhaler could save your life if you have an asthma attack. Most religious leaders agree that using an inhaler does not break your fast
    By Kaniz Fatma - 5/13/2019 6:01:32 AM

  • Miswak the teeth cleaning twig made from the Salvadora persica tree (known as arak in Arabic) is commonly used even by those fasting. The alternatives are twigs from the Neem tree or the Olive tree.  The extracts of these twigs have low antimicrobial and antibacterial activity compared to the chemicals such as  triclosan and chlorhexidine gluconate used in toothpastes and mouthwashes.
    In principle, if Miswak can be used, so can we use tooth-paste but the Miswak is preferred because it is relatively tasteless and therefore, psychologically, you do not get the feeling of having ingested something while toothpaste has a stronger taste which makes us feel that we have consumed a part of it since the taste lingers.
    Twigs from the Neem tree and the Olive have stronger taste and smell. Neem powder can be used as well although it is bitter in taste and leaves a strong after taste.
    In principle, there is little difference between using Miswak and toothpaste/manjan and therefore, if you can use Miswak, you can use toothpaste/manjan as well.
    The intention is to clean the mouth and avoid bad odour and not to nourish the body. None of these nourish the body or slake thirst.
    I find neem powder the best alternative which I apply with my finger. It cleans the mouth as well as kills any odour and has a long lasting effect.
    The Muftis while recommending Miswak, discourage use of tooth-paste, but this resistance is not very different from banning the use of the printing press for making copies of the Quran for several centuries, debating whether dry cleaning of clothes make them pure etc.
    A far more relevant question would be whether it is alright to be in an air conditioned environment while fasting. Of course it is alright although it prevents dehydration and when compared to the non-air conditioned environment, it is the equivalent of avoiding losing two to three glasses of water.
    Is it alright to breathe the heavily polluted air during fasting that causes respiratory problems? Of course it is alright and therefore breathing in from an inhaler to address respiratory problems should be less objectionable.
    Use of inhaler by an asthma patient will not invalidate his/her fast. Breathing is permitted during fasting and the inhaler merely facilitates breathing freely. It does not nourish the body or slake thirst. Why would Allah reward an asthmatic patient less for fasting simply because he used an inhaler occasionally and as medically necessary?
    Use of medicine to stop periods is medically inadvisable and therefore must be avoided. Why interfere with normal bodily functions?

    By Naseer Ahmed - 5/13/2019 4:28:45 AM

  • A person who suffers from serious illness may avail himself of the concession granted by Almighty Allah. Such a person does not need fast during his or her serious illness. Similarly an asthmatic using inhaler for breathing in serious case does not need fast. Concession is granted to him and he should not fast. Instead he should pay fidya.

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 5/12/2019 12:33:02 AM

  • The use of manjan or toothpaste in its essence does not invalidate the fast. But if you swallow toothpaste or manjan while fasting, it will invalidate the fast. Therefore, to be on the safe side, after the fast begins one should avoid it and hence using toothpaste or any other manjan during the fast is makrooh (disliked).

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 5/12/2019 12:26:20 AM

  • Using medicine for stopping period during the month of Ramazan in order to complete the fast is not forbidden in Islam, provided this does not harm the health of the women. To complete the fast this way is valid.

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 5/12/2019 12:21:19 AM

  • Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي -
    You are an Alim. Can you please give these answers? 

    By Samia - 5/11/2019 9:00:59 AM

  • A man is asthmatic and has to use inhaler for breathing. If he does not use it he will have to suffer great difficulty. But he fears leaving fasting. What should he do in this situation? 
    By Samia - 5/11/2019 8:59:27 AM

  • Can we use toothpaste and any other manjan during fasting?
    Will it break fasting? 

    By Samia - 5/11/2019 8:53:47 AM

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