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Islam and Pluralism (18 Oct 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

The Confused Clerics on Verse 5:51: When Non-Muslims Are Ready To Live With The Muslims Peacefully, Why The Need To Discriminate

By Moaz Nair

October 17, 2019

A PAS cleric in the recently held Malay Dignity Congress came to a vague conclusion that “Muslims should not surrender power to non-Muslims”. The cleric must have referred to a verse in the Quran:

“O you who believe! Do not take friends from the Jews and the Christians, as they are but friends of each other. And if any among you befriends them, then surely, he is one of them. Verily, God guides not those people who are the wrongdoers.” (Quran, 5:51)

This could possibly be the only verse in the Quran that the cleric can vaguely gyrate to make that point.

Other than this, perhaps the cleric must have been influenced by a foreign-born preacher who has kept on spewing that: “It’s better to vote for a corrupt Muslim than to vote an honest non-Muslim into government”.

In other words, the preacher was implying that never surrender power to an honest non-Muslim to lead even when the Muslim leader is corrupt. This is an insult to the intelligence of enlightened Muslim scholars.

Quranic scholars are quite clear on this matter, knowing that the verse was revealed during a time when Islam was daunted by the Jews of Medina and the idol worshippers of Mecca.

In the Arabian Peninsula then, the tribal system manifested itself profoundly. The verse was revealed during this period.

The cleric however failed to mention the fact that Muslims also continued to live peacefully with the Jews and other tribes of Medina who had not broken any accords much later after the revelation of this verse – with non-Muslims playing important roles in governance. This is historical Islam.

The present Muslim world has seen non-Muslims holding important posts in governance without objections from Muslim scholars.

In Pakistan, an Islamic republic with less than 5% non-Muslims, there have been non-Muslim ministers and judges. No one has questioned it on the basis of verse 5:51 even though the country has political parties based on religion.

In Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, Tariq Aziz, an ethnic Assyrian and a member of the Chaldean Catholic Church, was made the deputy prime minister (1979–2003) and foreign minister (1983–1991), in addition to being a close adviser to Saddam.

We could unearth countless examples of diversity throughout Islamic history right from the days of the Prophet.

Working under a non-Muslim ally is obviously not a sin in Islam. It never has been, unless they are proven to be enemies who would undermine the human rights of the Muslims.

Obviously, this is not the case in the Malaysian context. Muslims are free to practise Islam and non-Muslims are no threat or obstacles to their ways of life. Muslims and non-Muslims, for that matter, are willing to live together and share prosperity and hardship together.

Islam is a very diverse religion and not everybody is going to agree on what is said by the cleric.

“And We have certainly honoured the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference.” (17:70).

“Children of Adam” in this verse certainly refers to all mankind. The verse shows that man by his very creation deserves regard and respect. This respect is man’s natural birth right, regardless of which community he belongs to.

Respect and justice for humankind is one of the fundamental teachings of Islam. Islam not only recognises unqualified equality between men irrespective of any distinction of colour or nationality, but makes it an important way of life.

“O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for God can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily God is well-acquainted with all that ye do.” (4:135)

The cleric should be cognisant of the fact that the Quran is quite clear on the issue of choosing leaders.

Muslims should not be complicit to corrupt and untrustworthy leaders among them when there are honest leaders among the non-Muslims who can be entrusted to lead, as having faith in honest non-Muslims leading does not tantamount to surrendering power to them.

To quote the chairman of the Indonesian Ulama Council (MUI), KH Amidhan: “When Muslims face two choices: one Muslim leader but unjust, and the other leader of non-Muslim but a just one, then select the just. That is, if there is evidence that the non-Muslim leader is just.”

Large numbers of Muslims outside of Muslim countries have no qualms voting for non-Muslims to lead and are happy to live under their stewardship.

Otherwise, Muslims would never have voted in the elections in these countries.

Muslims are working under non-Muslim corporate and industrial leaders as well holding important administrative posts in the government in these countries without any misgivings.

These are progressive nations and are pioneers in science and technology contributing to the well-being of humanity. Their products and inventions are shared by all people – Muslims and non-Muslims.

Shouldn’t Muslims be grateful to these people? They are able to progress because of good leadership. Why can’t they then become leaders?

Religious texts have to be interpreted in a broader perspective and in the context of the 21st century, where in the present, people of all religions wish to live together in peace.

Societies have evolved with time where Muslims and non-Muslims are willing to live together unlike how life was centuries ago. With modern education, societies of today are less tribal and fixated when it comes to religion compared with those living in the Middle Ages and prior to that.

The thought of humanity has gained traction through time with modern progressive education, technological advancement and economic prosperity.

The elementary concept of human rights can be dated back to the first human being on earth.

In the modern era, developments of human rights were started by philosophers such as Thomas Paine, John Stuart Mill and G W F Hegel during the 18th and 19th centuries.

It was further recognised after the Second World War, with the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948.

From the human-race perspective, the peace-loving, honest, incorruptible and capable non-Muslims are of equal status with Muslims who are of the same qualities and they are not Islam’s sworn enemies.

By allowing them to lead does not mean that Muslims have surrendered power to them. Six decades of independence has seen power sharing in the country.

Those in charge of the nation have come from all races and religions. This country has been peaceful all because of mature politics of power-sharing. The country is moving on with this formula.

The cleric and his supporters should look into the many failed Muslim countries which are led by Muslim leaders who are war mongers, know no democracy and are corrupt to the core.

These countries have never flourished and are doomed. Compare this with some countries that are led by non-Muslims where Muslim refugees find paradise in them. They are democratic and the rule of law applies to all their citizens.

Humanity is cherished in Islam. When minority non-Muslims are ready to live with the majority Muslims peacefully, why the need to discriminate against the former?

It’s mind-boggling to the cultured that a Muslim must lead even when he or she is dishonest and untrustworthy. Nor do the cultured want a non-Muslim to lead if he is untrustworthy.

Moaz Nair is an FMT reader.

Original Headline: Non-Muslim leaders and our confused clerics

Source: The Free Malaysia Today

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/moaz-nair/the-confused-clerics-on-verse-5-51--when-non-muslims-are-ready-to-live-with-the-muslims-peacefully,-why-the-need-to-discriminate/d/120025


  • Nice presentation! 
    "To quote the chairman of the Indonesian Ulama Council (MUI), KH Amidhan: “When Muslims face two choices: one Muslim leader but unjust, and the other leader of non-Muslim but a just one, then select the just. That is, if there is evidence that the non-Muslim leader is just.”
    The basis of selecting leaders should be justice and not identity, especially in this age when it is better to trust most non-Muslims than corrupt Muslims. 

    By GGS - 10/18/2019 7:54:22 PM

  • As mentioned earlier in my comment for the proves that these Jews and Christians are the apostates to forsake their faith in God that Quran 5:51 calls all those who believe in God not to make friends with these people who forgo their faith in God.
    If you would mediate hadith, you would have discovered Prophet Muhammad did associate with those pagans who disbelieve in Allah.  The following is the extract:

    Narrated Aisha:

    (the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) and Abu Bakr hired a man from the tribe of Bani-Ad-Dil as an expert guide who was a pagan (follower of the religion of the pagans of Quraish). The Prophet (ﷺ) and Abu Bakr gave him their two riding camels and took a promise from him to bring their riding camels in the morning of the third day to the Cave of Thaur.

    حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَتْ وَاسْتَأْجَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ رَجُلاً مِنْ بَنِي الدِّيلِ، هَادِيًا خِرِّيتًا وَهْوَ عَلَى دِينِ كُفَّارِ قُرَيْشٍ، فَدَفَعَا إِلَيْهِ رَاحِلَتَيْهِمَا، وَوَاعَدَاهُ غَارَ ثَوْرٍ بَعْدَ ثَلاَثِ لَيَالٍ بِرَاحِلَتَيْهِمَا صُبْحَ ثَلاَثٍ‏.‏
    The extract above is from Sahih al-Bukhari 2264, in-book reference: book 37, hadith 5, USC-MSA web (English) reference: vol 3, book 36, hadith 465.
    If Muslims have to discriminate against those who do not believe in Allah, Prophet Muhammad should not in this hadith associate with pagans whose religions are not Islam and are not Jews or even Christians but the followers of the religions of the pagans of Quraish.  As Quran 5:51 mentions Muslims cannot associate with those who are apostates who forsake their religions and yet this hadith verse permits Prophet Muhammad to associate with those who do not believe in God, it implies that the phrase, Do not take friends from Jews and Christians, here should mean Muslims should not associate with them too closely and be influenced by them and turn up to be the same as them to forsake their faith in Allah.  The phrase, If any befriends them..he is one of them, here warns Muslims not to befriends with apostates to the extent to cause them to be turn up to be as them to forsake faith in Allah.  However, if Muslims would supports Quran 5:51 calls Muslims to discriminate those apostates, that might not be true, since Prophet Muhammad did associate with those who do not believe in Allah.  Thus, the justifiable interpretation for Quran 5:51 is it demands Muslims not to associate or befriend with them so close as their mindset being brained wash from them to turn themselves not to believe in Allah.  However, it does not fully discriminate against these apostates but advise Muslims to beware of their false teaching to influence Muslims to turn up to forsake their faith in Allah.

    By zuma - 10/18/2019 7:10:51 PM

  • The same mistake that Quran 5:51 is quoted, since the entire chapter is not read before commenting this verse.  Let's meditate Quran 5:3 as below:
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:3
    حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالْدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنْزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللّهِ بِهِ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَالنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَا أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلاَّ مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَن تَسْتَقْسِمُواْ بِالأَزْلاَمِ ذَلِكُمْ فِسْقٌ الْيَوْمَ يَئِسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِن دِينِكُمْ فَلاَ تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِ الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلاَمَ دِينًا فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِّإِثْمٍ فَإِنَّ اللّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ (5:3)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Hurrimat AAalaykumu almaytatu waalddamu walahmu alkhinzeeri wama ohilla lighayri Allahi bihi waalmunkhaniqatu waalmawqoothatu waalmutaraddiyatu waalnnateehatu wama akala alssabuAAu illa ma thakkaytum wama thubiha AAala alnnusubi waan tastaqsimoo bialazlami thalikum fisqun alyawma yaisa allatheena kafaroo min deenikum fala takhshawhum waikhshawni alyawma akmaltu lakum deenakum waatmamtu AAalaykum niAAmatee waradeetu lakumu alislama deenan famani idturra fee makhmasatin ghayra mutajanifin liithmin fainna Allaha ghafoorun raheemun
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah's attributes:Most Merciful] [Allah's attributes:Oft_Forgiving] [Food:lawful and forbidden] [Islam:chosen by Allah for you]
    5:3 (Asad) FORBIDDEN to you is carrion, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that over which any name other than God's has been invoked, [7] and the animal that has been strangled, or beaten to death, or killed by a fall, or gored to death, or savaged by a beast of prey, save that which you [yourselves] may have slaughtered while it was still alive; and [forbidden to you is] all that has been slaughtered on idolatrous altars. [8] And [you are forbidden] to seek to learn through divination what the future may hold in store for you: [9] this is sinful conduct. Today, those who , are bent on denying the truth have lost all hope of [your ever forsaking] your religion: do not, then, hold them in awe, but stand in awe of Me! Today have I perfected your religious law for you, and have bestowed upon you the full measure of My blessings, and willed that self-surrender unto Me shall be your religion. [10] As for him, however, who is driven [to what is forbidden] by dire necessity [11] and not by an inclination to sinning -behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace. - 
    The phrase, those who are bent on denying the truth, here implies the so-called Jews and Christians have bent on denying the truth and they have bent on denying to believe in God.  The subsequent phrase, have lost all hope of your ever forsaking your religion, here implies they have forsaken to their faith in God.  It implies that the Jews and Christians when Prophet Muhammad was around had turned their minds against God by not believing in him and that is why Quran 5:51 at that time warns Muslims not to be friends with them.
    The same is in Quran 5:5 in condemning them who forsake their faith in God.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:5
    الْيَوْمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَّكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلُّ لَّهُمْ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلاَ مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالإِيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ (5:5)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Alyawma ohilla lakumu alttayyibatu wataAAamu allatheena ootoo alkitaba hillun lakum wataAAamukum hillun lahum waalmuhsanatu mina almuminati waalmuhsanatu mina allatheena ootoo alkitaba min qablikum itha ataytumoohunna ojoorahunna muhsineena ghayra musafiheena wala muttakhithee akhdanin waman yakfur bialeemani faqad habita AAamaluhu wahuwa fee alakhirati mina alkhasireena
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Dower] [Food:lawful and forbidden] [Kabah] [Marriage:with women of the People of the Book] [People of the Book:relationship to Muslims]
    5:5 (Asad) Today, all the good things of life have been made lawful to you. And the food of those who have been vouchsafed revelation aforetime is lawful to you, [14] and your food is lawful to them. And [lawful to you are], in wedlock, women from among those who believe [in this divine writ], and, in wedlock, women from among those who have been vouchsafed revelation before your time -provided that you give them their dowers, taking them in honest wedlock, not in fornication, nor as secret love-companions. [15] But as for him who rejects belief [in God] - in vain will be all his works: for in the life to come he shall be among the lost. [16] - 
    The phrase, for him who rejects belief in God - in vain will be all his works, here implies those Jews and Christians who reject their faith in God - in vain will be all their works and that is why Quran 5:51 discourages to make friends with them.
    Quran 5:8 even discourages Muslims not to have hatred against those who have faith in God.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:8
    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُونُواْ قَوَّامِينَ لِلّهِ شُهَدَاء بِالْقِسْطِ وَلاَ يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَى أَلاَّ تَعْدِلُواْ اعْدِلُواْ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ إِنَّ اللّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ (5:8)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo koonoo qawwameena lillahi shuhadaa bialqisti wala yajrimannakum shanaanu qawmin AAala alla taAAdiloo iAAdiloo huwa aqrabu lilttaqwa waittaqoo Allaha inna Allaha khabeerun bima taAAmaloona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah's attributes:Aware (Well_acquainted)] [Fear of Allah] [Justice] [Kabah]
    5:8 (Asad) O YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast in your devotion to God, bearing witness to the truth in all equity; and never let hatred of any-one [19] lead you into the sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closest to being God-conscious. And remain conscious of God: verily, God is aware of all that you do. - 
    The phrase, O YOU who have attained to faith..never let hatred of any-one, here implies all who believe in God not to let hatred to be exercised among each other.  As this verse discourages Muslims not to have hatred upon anyone who believe in God, Quran 5:51 certainly refers to those Jews and Christians who do not believe in God and that is why it prevents Muslims to make friends with them.
    Quran 5:9 implies God will forgive those who have faith in God and there will be mighty reward to them.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:9
    وَعَدَ اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ (5:9)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    WaAAada Allahu allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihati lahum maghfiratun waajrun AAatheemun
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Forgiveness] [Kabah]
    5:9 (Asad) God has promised unto those who attain to faith and do good works [that] theirs shall be forgiveness of sins, and a mighty reward; -  
    The phrase, God..promised..those..attain to faith and do good works their shall be forgiveness of sins and a mighty reward, here implies God's blessing to those faith and do good works with forgiveness of sins and mighty reward.  As that is so, there is no reason for Muslims to condemn those Jews and Christians who do not forsake their faith in God.  Thus, it gives a certainty that what Quran 5:51 is mentioned is definitely meant for those who have forsaken their faith in God.
    Quran 5:10 condemns those who bent of denying the truth in believing in God to hell.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:10
    وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَكَذَّبُواْ بِآيَاتِنَا أُوْلَـئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ (5:10)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Waallatheena kafaroo wakaththaboo biayatina olaika ashabu aljaheemi
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Kabah] [Unbelievers:fuel for the Fire (Companions of the Fire)]
    5:10 (Asad) whereas they who are bent on denying the truth and giving the lie to Our messages-they are destined for the blazing fire. -
    The same is in Quran 5:12 that condemns those who become apostates to deny the truth in believing in God.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:12
    وَلَقَدْ أَخَذَ اللّهُ مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَآئِيلَ وَبَعَثْنَا مِنهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا وَقَالَ اللّهُ إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ لَئِنْ أَقَمْتُمُ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتَيْتُمُ الزَّكَاةَ وَآمَنتُم بِرُسُلِي وَعَزَّرْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَقْرَضْتُمُ اللّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا لَّأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَلأُدْخِلَنَّكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ فَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مِنكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَاء السَّبِيلِ (5:12)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Walaqad akhatha Allahu meethaqa banee israeela wabaAAathna minhumu ithnay AAashara naqeeban waqala Allahu innee maAAakum lain aqamtumu alssalata waataytumu alzzakata waamantum birusulee waAAazzartumoohum waaqradtumu Allaha qardan hasanan laokaffiranna AAankum sayyiatikum walaodkhilannakum jannatin tajree min tahtiha alanharu faman kafara baAAda thalika minkum faqad dalla sawaa alssabeeli
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah:seek sustenance from Him] [Charity [zakah]:a beautiful loan to Allah] [Charity [zakah]] [Children of Israel] [Covenant:of the Children of Israel] [Kabah] [Messengers:belief in]
    5:12 (Asad) AND, INDEED, God accepted a [similar] solemn pledge [21] from the children of Israel when We caused twelve of their leaders to be sent [to Canaan as spies]. [22] And God said: "Behold, I shall be with you! If you are constant in prayer, and spend in charity, and believe in My apostles and aid them, and offer up unto God a goodly loan, [23] I will surely efface your bad deeds and bring you into gardens through which running waters flow. But he from among you who, after this, denies the truth, will indeed have strayed from the right path!" -
    Quran 5:54 mentions clearly that these people have abandoned their faith in God.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:54
    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ وَلاَ يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لآئِمٍ ذَلِكَ فَضْلُ اللّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاء وَاللّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ (5:54)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo man yartadda minkum AAan deenihi fasawfa yatee Allahu biqawmin yuhibbuhum wayuhibboonahu athillatin AAala almumineena aAAizzatin AAala alkafireena yujahidoona fee sabeeli Allahi wala yakhafoona lawmata laimin thalika fadlu Allahi yuteehi man yashao waAllahu wasiAAun AAaleemun
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    Allah:love for Him] [Allah's attributes:All Embracing (cares for all)] [Fighting (and striving) in the ca'use of Allah] [Kabah] [Love:of Allah]
    5:54 (Asad) O you who have attained to faith! If you ever abandon your faith," [76] God will in time bring forth [in your stead] people whom He loves and who love Him - humble towards the believers, proud towards all who deny the truth: [people] who strive hard in God's cause, and do not fear to be censured by anyone who might censure them: such is God's favour, which He grants unto whom He wills. And God is infinite, all-knowing. -  
    The phrase, O you who have attained to faith..if you ever abandon your faith, here implies the so-called Jews and Christians in Quran 5:51 have abandoned their faith in God.
    The same is in Quran 5:49.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:49
    وَأَنِ احْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَ اللّهُ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءهُمْ وَاحْذَرْهُمْ أَن يَفْتِنُوكَ عَن بَعْضِ مَا أَنزَلَ اللّهُ إِلَيْكَ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللّهُ أَن يُصِيبَهُم بِبَعْضِ ذُنُوبِهِمْ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ النَّاسِ لَفَاسِقُونَ (5:49)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Waani ohkum baynahum bima anzala Allahu wala tattabiAA ahwaahum waihtharhum an yaftinooka AAan baAAdi ma anzala Allahu ilayka fain tawallaw faiAAlam annama yureedu Allahu an yuseebahum bibaAAdi thunoobihim wainna katheeran mina alnnasi lafasiqoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah's attributes:Oft_Forgiving] [Kabah]
    5:49 (Asad) Hence, judge between the followers of earlier revelation [69] in accordance with what God has bestowed from on high, and do not follow their errant views; and beware of them, lest they tempt thee away from aught that God has bestowed from on high upon thee. And if they turn away [from His commandments], then know that it is but God's will [thus] to afflict them for some of their sins: [70] for, behold, a great many people are iniquitous indeed. -
    The phrase, the followers of earlier revelation, here can mean Jews and Christians. 
    The phrase, do not follow their errant views..lest they tempt thee away from aught that God has bestowed, here means do not follow their errant views since they tempt thee away from believing not in God which has bestowed you.  The phrase, if they turn away from His commandments then know that it is but God's will..to afflict them for some of their sins, here means they have turned away God's word and that causes God's will to afflict them.  Thus, the entire chapter is condemning those apostates who wilfully forsake their faith in God and that is why Quran 5:51 commands Muslims not to make friends with them.
    Now, let's read Quran 5:51 again.
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:51
    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تَتَّخِذُواْ الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى أَوْلِيَاء بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاء بَعْضٍ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ (5:51)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo la tattakhithoo alyahooda waalnnasara awliyaa baAAduhum awliyao baAAdin waman yatawallahum minkum fainnahu minhum inna Allaha la yahdee alqawma alththalimeena
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Kabah] [People of the Book:do not take them for friends and protectors]
    5:51 (Asad) O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not take the Jews and the Christians for your allies: they are but allies of one another [72] and whoever of you allies himself with them becomes, verily, one of them; behold, God does not guide such evildoers. [73] - 
    As the phrase, O YOU who have attained to faith, here does not restrict itself to Muslims, it is a warning to all the people who believe in God that they should not make friends with those apostates who give up their faith in God.  The phrase, God does not guide such evildoers, here implies God will not guide these apostates who evilly forsake their faith in him. 
    By zuma - 10/18/2019 3:17:17 PM

  • When we are at war with the Jews and the Christians, our leaders would naturally tell us not to trust the Jews and the Christians. However such word would never come from God, not even in war time.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/18/2019 10:13:18 AM

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