Arshad, New Age Islam
prophets were beloved slaves of God. God made them Superior to men in respect
of knowledge and attributes. Though they were from among human beings, they
were given miracles to make them distinguished among human beings. The purpose
behind bestowing miracles and special attributes to them was that ordinary
human beings should be able to recognize them and accept them as prophets
because the disbelievers would often say to the prophets that since they were
also human beings, looked like them, and ate and went around in market, they
would not accept them as prophets.
all the prophets were not given the same miracles and attributes but were
endowed with different miracles and attributes and were made distinct from one
another. For example:
Prophet Noah a.s. the knowledge of building a huge arc not built before.
Prophet David excellent voice and knowledge of making weapons and goods of
prophet Solomon a.s. the power to fly in the air at will and gave him control
over human beings, animals and djinns.
prophet Khidhr a.s. the secret of immortality.
directly to Prophet Moses a.s. and gave him nine miracles.
Jesus a.s. miracles to cure lepers and bringing the dead alive.
Prophet Mohammad pbuh ascension (Meraj).
prophets were endowed with the above-mentioned miracles and qualities so that their
community should not consider them ordinary human beings like them. The Quran
also mentions the special attributes and blessings bestowed on the prophets:
"The Messengers ___some of them we caused
to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and he raised some
of them in degree. And we have Jesus son of Mary clear proofs and we supported
him with Pure Spirit.
(Al Baqarah: 253)
"We have made some of the Prophets exceed
others and to David we gave Zabur."((Bani Israil: 55).
quoted verses do not indicate that prophet Moses a.s. is superior to Prophet
Jesus a.s. or vice versa. Both the prophets are great in their own right and
distinct from one another. The verse of Surah Bani Israil also does not mean
that prophet David is superior to other prophets. The verses only mean that all
the Prophets were made distinct from one another by dint of miracles and
attributes. For example, among ordinary human beings someone is a good
footballer while someone is a good cricketer; someone is good at mathematics
while someone is good at physics; someone is a good guitarist while someone is
a good singer. No one among them can be considered superior to others. They are
all distinguished in their respective fields. Therefore, when the Quran says that
God has made some prophets exceed others, it only means that it has made
prophets distinct from others. Every prophet was given knowledge, miracles and
attributes so that he could guide his community and deal with the opponents
according to the challenges of the age. Therefore, the Quran asks Muslims to
give all the prophets equal respect and not to discriminate among them.
messenger believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord and (so have) the
believers. All of them have believed in Allah and his angels and his books and
his Messengers, (saying), we make no distinction between any of his
verse reiterates the same stance:
"We make no distinction among them
quoted verses make it clear that believers do not make any distinction among
the prophets. They respect all the prophets equally. Some Muslim scholars cite
the example of the Jews and the Christians who according to them considered
their respective prophets superior to all the other prophets. So Muslims should
also consider their prophet superior to all the other prophets. But Quran
repudiates the arguments of these scholars in the following verse:
"The Jews said, Uzair is the son of God
and the Christians said Jesus was the son of God; but those are merely the
words of their mouth that they utter imitating the saying of those who
disbelieved before. May Allah destroy them, how deluded they are "(9:30?)
Quran accords equal status to all the prophets is also corroborated from the
verses which say 'Salam' to some previous prophets. In one verse the Quran
exhorts Muslims to send 'Salam' to their prophet Mohammad pbuh but it also
sends 'Salam' to other prophets as well. And millions of Muslims who recite
those verses daily send 'Salam' millions of times to other prophets as well.
"Salamun Ala Nuhun Fil Alameen"(As Saffat: 79)
"Salamun ala Ibrahim":(As-Saffat:109)
"Salamun ala Musa wa Harun":( As Saffat: 120)
"Salamun ala Il Yasin" As Saffat: 130)
behind these verses is that Muslims should express reverence to other prophets
cause of the belief of superiority of some prophets over others or of one
prophet over all lies in the translation (or mistranslation) of the verse
"Fazzalna Ba'dhahum Ala Ba'dh". It has been translated as
"We caused some of them to exceed others". "Fazzalna"
may also be translated as "We blessed". So the sentence may also be
blessed them and made some of them (prophets) distinct from others." Therefore, we can say that
God blessed Prophet Moses and spoke to him; God blessed Jesus a.s. and gave him
clear miracles; God blessed prophet David a.s. and gave him Zabur; God
blessed Prophet Mohammad pbuh and granted him Ascension. This way He made all
the prophets distinct from one another. While translating this verse we should
keep the fact in mind that in Arabic language one word may have as many as
twenty meanings and we should not take that particular meaning which
contradicts the meaning of the verses of the same purport elsewhere. The
meaning of the verse Al Baqarah:253 contradicts the meanings of the verses Al
Baqarah:285 and 136 because the word "Fazzalna" has been translated
without taking the latter two verses into consideration.
of that Quran has also been reiterated by two Hadiths:
"Abu Sayid Khudri reported, the Messenger
of Allah pbuh said, Do not make prophets better than one another."
"The prophet pbuh said, "Do not say
that anyone is better than Jonah son of Maya a.s.(Sahih Bukhari 2281; Sahih
above discussion it becomes clear that the holy Quran and Hadith Accord equal
respect and status to all the prophets and asks Muslims to make no distinction
among the prophets.
Arshad is a regular columnist for NewAgeIslam.com
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Basit - Hussari - Minshawi - f
Waitha tallaqtumu alnnisaa fabalaghna ajalahunna faamsikoohunna bimaAAroofin aw sarrihoohunna bimaAAroofin wala tumsikoohunna diraran litaAAtadoo waman yafAAal thalika faqad thalama nafsahu wala tattakhithoo ayati Allahi huzuwan waothkuroo niAAmata Allahi AAalaykum wama anzala AAalaykum mina alkitabi waalhikmati yaAAithukum bihi waittaqoo Allaha waiAAlamoo anna Allaha bikulli shayin AAaleemun
Topics discussed in this Verse:[Allah's grace to humanity] [Allah's signs:not to be treated as a jest or falsehood] [Divorce] [Iddah] [Qur'an:revelation of] [Remembrance of Allah's favours:Remembrance of Allah's favours and grace _ commanded] [Wisdom]
And so, when you divorce women and they are about to reach the end of their waiting-term, then either retain them in a fair manner or let them go in a fair manner. But do not retain them against their will in order to hurt [them]: for he who does so sins indeed against himself. And do not take [these] messages of God in a frivolous spirit; and remember the blessings with which God has graced you, and all the revelation and the wisdom which He has bestowed on you from on high in order to admonish you thereby; and remain conscious of God, and know that God has full knowledge of everything. - 2:231 (Asad) -
The phrase, all the revelation and the wisdom which He has bestowed on you, in Quran 2:231 implies all the revelation Allah has bestowed you when Quran is written. As that is so, there should not be any new revelation in the future to be added in the book of Quran.
The last Sura which was revealed in full was Baraa (i.e. Sura-at-Tauba), and the last Sura (i.e. part of a Sura) which was revealed was the last Verses of Sura-an-Nisa':-- "They ask you for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) About those who have No descendants or ascendants As heirs." (4.177)
Abu Ishaq said that he heard al-Bara' b. 'Azib (Allah be pleased with him say:
Abu Ishaq said that he heard al-Bara' b. 'Azib (Allah be pleased with him) say:
Quran seems to imply all prophets are the same even though some feel certain prophets are higher than another. The following are the extracts:Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:213 [read in context] كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيمَا اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيهِ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوهُ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ فَهَدَى اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لِمَا اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِهِ وَاللّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ (2:213)Basit - Hussari - Minshawi - fKana alnnasu ommatan wahidatan fabaAAatha Allahu alnnabiyyeena mubashshireena wamunthireena waanzala maAAahumu alkitaba bialhaqqi liyahkuma bayna alnnasi feema ikhtalafoo feehi wama ikhtalafa feehi illa allatheena ootoohu min baAAdi ma jaathumu albayyinatu baghyan baynahum fahada Allahu allatheena amanoo lima ikhtalafoo feehi mina alhaqqi biithnihi waAllahu yahdee man yashao ila siratin mustaqeeminTopics discussed in this Verse:[Allah:guides whom He will] [Allah's help] [Mankind:unity of] [Messengers] [People of the Book:differed among themselves] [Qur'an:revelation of] [Straight way (or path)]ALL MANKIND were once one single community; [then they began to differ - ] whereupon God raised up the prophets as heralds of glad tidings and as warners, and through them bestowed revelation from on high, setting forth the truth, so that it might decide between people with regard to all on which they had come to hold divergent views.  Yet none other than the selfsame people who had been granted this [revelation] began, out of mutual jealousy, to disagree about its meaning after all evidence of the truth had come unto them. But God guided the believers unto the truth about which, by His leave, they had disagreed: for God guides onto a straight way him that wills [to be guided].  - 2:213 (Asad) -The phrase, God raised up the prophets, here implies God was the one who chose prophets for himself. The subsequent phrase, none other than the selfsame people who had been granted this revelation, here implies all prophets should be the same. If one prophet is higher than another, why should the phrase, selfsame people, be mentioned here?Quran 2:272 mentions the prophet is not the one to direct people to do things, but God himself. The following is the extract:Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:272 [read in context] لَّيْسَ عَلَيْكَ هُدَاهُمْ وَلَـكِنَّ اللّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء وَمَا تُنفِقُواْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلأنفُسِكُمْ وَمَا تُنفِقُونَ إِلاَّ ابْتِغَاء وَجْهِ اللّهِ وَمَا تُنفِقُواْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ يُوَفَّ إِلَيْكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لاَ تُظْلَمُونَ (2:272)Basit - Hussari - Minshawi - fLaysa AAalayka hudahum walakinna Allaha yahdee man yashao wama tunfiqoo min khayrin falianfusikum wama tunfiqoona illa ibtighaa wajhi Allahi wama tunfiqoo min khayrin yuwaffa ilaykum waantum la tuthlamoonaTopics discussed in this Verse:[Allah:guides whom He will] [Allah's Face] [Charity [zakah]] [Face of God] [Spending in the cause of Allah]It is not for thee [O prophet] to make people follow the right path,  since it is God [alone] who guides whom He wills. And whatever good you may spend on others is for your own good, provided that you spend only out of a longing for God's countenance: for, whatever good you may spend will be repaid unto you in full, and you shall not be wronged. - 2:272 (Asad) - The phrase, It is not for thee o prophet to make people to follow the right path since it is God alone who guides whom He wills, here implies the prophets are not vested with authority to do what they like, but that it is God alone who guides them whoever he wills to do things what he commands. Here, it seems to be that God does not vest so much power to the prophets. If God would vest so much power to them, they can do what they like to ignore his direction and guidance.Quran 3:84 seems to imply all prophets are the same.Al-Imran (The Family of Imran) - 3:84 [read in context] قُلْ آمَنَّا بِاللّهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَى وَعِيسَى وَالنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لاَ نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ (3:84)Basit - Hussari - Minshawi - fQul amanna biAllahi wama onzila AAalayna wama onzila AAala ibraheema waismaAAeela waishaqa wayaAAqooba waalasbati wama ootiya moosa waAAeesa waalnnabiyyoona min rabbihim la nufarriqu bayna ahadin minhum wanahnu lahu muslimoonaTopics discussed in this Verse:[Abraham] [Isaac] [Islam] [Ismail] [Jacob] [Jesus:given the revelation] [Moses:given the revelation] [Muslims] [Prophets] [Tribes]Say: "We believe in God, and in that which has been bestowed from on high upon us, and that which has been bestowed upon Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and their descendants, and that which has been vouchsafed by their Sustainer unto Moses and Jesus and all the [other] prophets: we make no distinction between any of them.  And unto Him do we surrender ourselves." - 3:84 (Asad) - If the prophets are with different ranks that one is higher than another, why should the phrase, Moses and Jesus and all the other prophets we make no distinction between any of them, be mentioned here? If their ranks differ, there should be distinction instead of no distinction between them.Quran seems to imply prophets are just messengers to God to bring message what he intends people to know. The following is the extract:Yunus (Jonah) - 10:49 [read in context] قُل لاَّ أَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا إِلاَّ مَا شَاء اللّهُ لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ أَجَلٌ إِذَا جَاء أَجَلُهُمْ فَلاَ يَسْتَأْخِرُونَ سَاعَةً وَلاَ يَسْتَقْدِمُونَ (10:49)Basit - Hussari - Minshawi - fQul la amliku linafsee darran wala nafAAan illa ma shaa Allahu likulli ommatin ajalun itha jaa ajaluhum fala yastakhiroona saAAatan wala yastaqdimoonaTopics discussed in this Verse:[Day of judgment:appointed time of the Hour] [Muhammad:has no power except as Allah wills]Say [O prophet]: "It is not within my power to avert harm from, or bring benefit to, myself, except as God may please.  For all people a term has been set: when the end of their term approaches, they can neither delay it by a single moment, nor hasten it."  - 10:49 (Asad) - The phrase, Say O prophet It is not within my power to, here seems to imply God does not vest so much power to prophets. The phrase, It is not within my power..except as God may please, here implies prophets are just messenger can only deliver message what he intends people to know.If Hadith treats all prophets to be in different ranks, why should the verse below call Muslims not to prefer some prophets than others.Narrated Abu Sa`id:The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Do not prefer some prophets to others."حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " لاَ تُخَيِّرُوا بَيْنَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ ".The extract above is from Sahih al-Bukhari 6916, book 87, hadith 54, vol 9, book 83, hadith 51.If hadith supports people should treat prophets with one higher rank than another, why should the phrase, The Prophet said..Do not prefer some prophets to others, be mentioned here? Instead, the Prophet should say they should prefer me, Prophet Muhammad, than other prophets, if hadith intends to treat different prophets in different ranks..All the verses above have placed doubts whether it is right to place prophets to be in different ranks.
of Muslims – deobandis, barelvis, sufis, shias, qadyanis, mutazelites, -- all
equally believe that the last prophet is greater in rank. All have done studies
of the Quran.
who though denied the finality of the Lat prophet but held him in higher rank.
sb did not do hard to study but just went to see Maariful Quran by Shafei sb
who too held that the final prophet is greater in rank. He quoted some Ahadith
but does not know how these Ahadith were interpreted by the narrators themselves.
suggest him to study with proper knowledge and then write anything. He is
professional and perhaps to increase his payment he writes without doing hard