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Islam and Pluralism (21 Jun 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

The Concept of Human Equality in Islam Can Develop Pluralism

By Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

21 June 2019

Men and women are equally created in their basic humanity. Discrimination on the basis of gender, colour, lineage, class, race, or language is strongly prohibited in Islam. Equality does not mean that all are completely alike since there is no denial about natural differences. The two genders complete and complement each other. Allah says in the Quran,

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.” (4:1)

In another verse, He Almighty says,

"O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female, and have made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Indeed the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted" (Quran 49:13)

It is reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Allah does not look at your bodies and your colours but at your acts and your hearts (i.e. outward deeds and inward intentions) (Sahih Muslim)

These commands are equally applicable to all human beings without any discrimination due to class, race or social status. Allah Almighty says,

“Whoever does righteousness - it is for his [own] soul; and whoever does evil [does so] against it. And your Lord is not ever unjust to [His] servants.” (41:46)

Islam dislikes all sorts of racism. For example, one of the companions of Allah’s Prophet (peace be upon him), Hazrat Abu Dharr once said to a black slave, “O the son of the black lady!” Upon hearing this, the Messenger of Allah turned to Abu Dharr and said to him,  “Are you insulting this man with his mother? Truly, you possess some of the qualities of the era of Ignorance (pre- Islamic times). That time is finished and over. There is no virtue or merit for the son of the white woman over the son of the black woman, except through piety and righteousness, or by good deeds and actions” (Ahmad 4:145.)

It is narrated that Abu Dharr, after hearing the Prophet’s words, put his head down on the ground in humility for the slave to come and step with his foot on his head, as expiation for his racist words. Though the Prophet did not command him to do so, Hazrat Abu Dharr did it to discipline himself by humiliating himself in this way so that he would never commit such disrespectful words in the future.

This is to assert that in Islam, a person’s worth is determined by his good deeds and by his obedience to Allah.

Islamic value of equality is based on the following principles;

1.       All human beings are created by One God.

2.       The father of all human beings is One, that is, Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him)

3.       Allah is Just and Kind to all His creatures, without having any partiality to any race, age or religion.

4.       All human beings are equally born, that is, none of them brings any possession with him, and they die without taking back anything of their worldly belongings.

5.       Allah judges every individual on the basis of his merits and deeds.

6.       Allah has conferred on Children of Adam, that is, on all mankind, a title of honour and dignity. 

These principles are mentioned in the Quran and Hadith. For instance, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “O Mankind! Your Lord is One. Your father is one. All of you belong to Adam. And Adam is created of soil. Truly, the most honourable person in the Sight of Your Lord, the Almighty Allah, is the most pious among you. There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab. There is no superiority for a non-Arab over an Arab. There is no superiority for a red (race) person over a white person. Likewise, there is no superiority of a white over a red (race) person, except for the piety and God consciousness. (Musnad Ahmad Hadith no. 411)

To sum up, Islam declares all human beings equal in terms of human values, yet every person is rewarded in accordance with his service that he offers. This concept, if utilized in daily life, can greatly benefit the societies and develop pluralism. There will be thus no room for prejudice, oppression or persecution.   

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/kaniz-fatma,-new-age-islam/the-concept-of-human-equality-in-islam-can-develop-pluralism/d/118949

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  • Our moral ground is very low. We introspect and try to improve. Despite doing good deeds, we think we have not done anything good when we are in worship of God. 
    Those who think their moral ground is above all are known as arrogant. 
    May God save us from arrogance! 

    By Kaniz Fatma - 7/1/2019 4:01:37 AM

  • Kaniz Fatima.
    Do not push your belife, we Hindus do not like to be incest kids of Adam, you Muslims can be goodLuck to you incest family tree, with very low moral grounds.

    By Aayina - 6/29/2019 3:37:36 PM

  • All human beings are created by One God. The father of all human beings is One, Allah is Just and Kind to all His creatures, without having any partiality to any race, age or religion.Allah judges every individual on the basis of his merits and deeds.
    In fact if the above assertion is true, why Hindus are being denigrated as Khafir/Kufiur etc.

    By Dr.A.Anburaj - 6/29/2019 2:24:50 AM

  • A deciving Article, never trust Muslims they never respect any personality other than Abhrhamic historic figure, only very very tiny tiny Indian Muslims respect Himdu personal otherwise Muslim can only tolerate not respect other as I said decive.

    Hindus need to aware of people like Lady Kaniz Fatma and Sultan Shahin brigade of decivers.

    By Aayina - 6/29/2019 1:16:04 AM

  •  Treat Non-Muslims in a Kind and Fair Manner

    “Allah does not forbid you from those who did not fight against you because of religion and did not drive you out from your homes, that you should be kind towards them and deal with them fairly; indeed the equitable are the beloved of Allah.” (60:8)

    By Kaniz Fatma - 6/22/2019 12:37:48 AM

  • MS Fatima.
    Do not decide Quran is clear about killing Animals and Humans who do not follow Quranic version of God,
    Whatever version of compassion for all humans is written is when Mohmmad was weaker, more he gathered the number and power he pushed his agenda of his version of God violently and brutely, this is normal phycology of humans, form which your paigmaber and Quran is no exception. Does Narendra Modi sounds same, like Mohmad paigamber, cheating in name of universal humanity and killing in name of pure and rigid version of idelogy.
    Welcome to brigade of hypocrates in NAI, which never acknowledge that Mohmmad paigmaber is responsible of lots of human blood.

    By Aayina - 6/21/2019 3:57:57 PM

  • Hats Off seems to be hired with the specific purpose of trolling, but since his arguments are so childish, he deserves to be fired.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 6/21/2019 11:30:15 AM

  • if allah is kind to all religions without partiality why does he hard sell iconoclastic monotheism? is he a double dealer? why does he propmote his own brand? there are other brands of religion in the market. why does allah root for an intolerant destructive monotheism?
    stop speaking to yourself. start talking to the mushrikeen whom allah hates with all his weakness.

    By hats off! - 6/21/2019 7:06:53 AM

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