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Islam,Terrorism and Jihad ( 21 Oct 2013, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Call For International Fatwas To Declare The Terrorists Who Advocate Wanton Killing Of Innocent People In The Name Of Islam As ‘Terrorist Apostates’, Like The Kharijites Of Early Islam



By Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

October 23, 2013

(Co-author (Jointly with Ashfaque Ullah Syed), Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009.)

The al Shabab’s target shooting of non-Muslim shoppers in the Nairobi Mall adds an expressly religious dimension to the most heinous phenomenon of terrorism. It renders the global Muslim community a tacit and unsolicited ally of the terror outfits and is designed to globalize Islamophobia, fuel anti-Muslim hatred provoking alienation of and radicalisation in Islam and thus helping the terrorists recruit fresh blood and expand their network. There can be no doubt that it was an ingenious strategy to earn the terrorists a permanent though shifting space in the political landscape of the world, facilitated by heavyweight counter terror measures and drone attacks. As this new development purports to serve the interest of the War Industrial complex, the Islamophobes, the Israel Lobby, the external and internal enemies of Islam keen to keep the Ummah in a state of perpetual anarchy, to the grave detriment of common peace seeking Muslims globally, it must be resisted. All that is needed is to call a spade a spade and expose the true nature of the terrorists by digging into their historical roots.

Terrorism under the ambit of Islam can be traced to the ideology of its first breakaway faction. ‘al-Khwarij’ or the Kharijites, meaning those who seceded from the faith, an euphemism for apostasy. It was a brutally fanatic sect, and as recorded in the annals of history, “it raised swords against the caliphs and made lawful their blood and their wealth and justified the killing of the children of polytheists, one’s own parents, and all the non-Muslims of the world [1] and “caused rivers of blood to flow in the first three centuries of Islam” [2]. The present day terror outfits seem to have appropriated the terroristic ideology of this sect.   

It is relevant here to summarily introduce the Kharijites giving as little detail of history as possible to avoid taxing the lay readers.

The Kharijites emerged in the immediate aftermath of the Siffin war (657 AD) in which Caliph Ali had agreed to an arbitration with Muawiya, his rebelling governor of Syria. A group of his fanatic followers argued that Ali, as a Caliph, defied the word of God by conceding to reconcile with a rebel who was to be fought and subdued. They rose in arms by quoting the statement of Qur’anic verse 6:57 "… command rests with none but God…” (6:57) and added a homicidal dimension to the notion of Takfir by treating any Muslim who opposed their political or theological opinions as apostate and enemy of Islam, deemed worthy of being killed. Thus, they called for killing Caliph Ali, Mu'waiya and all those who participated in the arbitration and any other Muslim who differed with them. Initially the non-Muslims did not feature in this scheme as the entire Arabia had come in the fold of Islam.

Today’s terrorist factions do not identify themselves as the Kharijites, but their express policy to kill all those Muslims who differ with them and innocent civilians in places of worship - mosques and churches, and public places - cafes, busses, trains, railway stations, hotels, and office buildings, let alone planes and the Twin Tower are emblematic of the Kharijite doctrine.

The loud self identification of these terror groups with Islam as echoed in their Arabic titles, their conspicuous display of the Shahadah on their arms and foreheads, their waving out of the Qur’an held in their hands and uttering of Qur’anic invocations from their mouths while boasting of their suicide bombings and terror attacks, and the target shooting of non-Muslims in Nairobi Mall virtually overturns the image of Islam from a religion of peace to a religion of violence and brushstrokes with terrorism the global Muslim community, which is no less averse to and remote from terrorism as the rest of humanity.

The early Kharijites conceivably belonged to the same genre of nomadic tribes whom the Qur’an finds – in the context of the revelation, intense in Kufr (denial of truth) and hypocrisy (Nifaq) (9:97), describe as Rijz (disgrace) (9:94) and Fasiq (9:67, 9:96) and condemns eternally (9:68, 9:95).

The Flawed and Force-Fitted Fatwas of Islamic Terror Apostates

Pioneering terrorist outfits like al-Qaida and Taliban have their Ulema issuing ‘Fatwas’ (religious rulings) to justify killing of innocent civilians such as in 9/11 attacks. But as noted under the conclusions of an exhaustive part by part refutation [3] of a recent 8 part fatwa by their ideologue, Yousuf al-Abeeri, “the concluding claim of the Fatwa of being authenticated by the Qur’an and the Hadith is a blatant lie…, and the eight parts cumulatively do not table a single Qur’anic verse or authenticated (Sahih) Hadith narration (such as from Imam Bukhari or Muslim) to support its theme - though any Hadith narration would not have lent it any credence as the Qur’an refutes each part of the Fatwa and all the eight parts cumulatively .”

The concluding part of the Refutation [4] of their Fatwa “AZAN: Call To Jihad On The Road To Khilafah” declares: “In light of the Qur’anic clear testimony borne by a cross section of its verses, it follows that any notion of terrorism is simply antithetic to the Qur’anic message. Hence, the call to militant Jihad by killing innocent civilians in terror attacks or instigating sedition and home-grown terrorism constitute a grand betrayal, if not complete hijacking of Islamic faith.”

The conclusion of the Refutation of Part-1 [5] of Yousuf al-Abeeri’s 8-part fatwa declares: “A deadly spiritual potion is thus being brewed under the cloak of a fatwa which contradicts the Qur'an on many counts, is self contradictory, bizarre and untenable on others, suicidal for Islam and the broader Muslim community and a grave threat to human civilization.”

Conclusion: In consideration of the foregoing historical and Qur’anic analogy, and the concluding remarks of the Refutations of two recently issued comprehensive global Fatwas by the al-Qaida and Taliban terror ideologues, it may be a fitting response to declare the al-Qaida, Talibans, al Shabab, Boko Haram and others, including lone terrorists who justify killing of innocent men, women and children in terror attacks and suicide bombing as apostates and renegades of Islam and refer to them as  Terrorist Apostate of Islam rather than Islamic terrorists, unless they commit to abjure terrorism and militant jihad and embrace the greater jihad of Islam that the Meccan Muslims were commanded to launch at the back of the Qur’an such as by promoting peace and harmony in the world, vying with other faith communities in goodness (2:148, 5:48), forgiving past enemies (5:2), and acknowledging the plurality of human society (49:13) – to cite just a few examples.  

The writer of this paper has simply discharged his responsibility to bear witness to the truth as honestly as standing before God and it is for the terror ideologues to think how they will defend their position in the divine court.

Finally, the readers of this proposal are reminded of the following concluding remarks of a recent publication [6] to see the phenomenon of terror in its historical perspective without blaming the beautiful faith of Islam or the common peace loving Muslims of the world:

“The violent extremists – the modern Kharijites6 and Qaramites,7 of Islam are no more than poisonous sediments of history, and like their counterparts of almost a millennium ago, they are bound to be increasingly marginalized, and eventually jettisoned from the world of Islam.”


1.       Abdul Quader Jilani,  Ghunit al-talebin, Urdu translation by Shahir Shams Barelwi, Arshad Brothers, New Delhi p.178-180.

2.       Philip K. Hitti, History of the Arabs, 1937, 10th edition; London 1993, p. 247.

3.       Summing Up: Refutation of Sheikh Yousuf Al-Abeeri's Fatwa Supporting Wanton Killing of Innocent Civilians under Special Circumstances and Thus Justifying the 9/11 Attacks – Part - 8

4.       A Comprehensive And Conclusive Refutation Of “AZAN: Call To Jihad On The Road To Khilafah”,-new-age-islam/‘azan--a-call-to-jihad---on-the-road-to-khilafah’--a-comprehensive-and-conclusive-refutation-by-an-authoritative-quran-exegete/d/11812


Refutation of Sheikh Yousuf Al-Abeeri's Fatwa Appearing In Taliban Website Nawa-E-Afghan Jihad Supporting Wanton Killing Of Innocent Civilians And Thus Justifying The 9/11 Attacks - Part-1,terrorism-and-jihad/mohammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/refutation-of-sheikh-yousuf-al-abeeri-s-fatwa-appearing-in-taliban-website-nawa-e-afghan-jihad-supporting-wanton-killing-of-innocent-civilians-and-thus-justifying-the-9/11-attacks---part-1/d/9555

6.       Muhammad Yunus and Ashfaque Ullah Syed, Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009, p. 364.

Muhammad Yunus, a Chemical Engineering graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, and a retired corporate executive has been engaged in an in-depth study of the Qur’an since early 90’s, focusing on its core message. He has co-authored the referred exegetic work, which received the approval of al-Azhar al-Sharif, Cairo in 2002, and following restructuring and refinement was endorsed and authenticated by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl of UCLA, and published by Amana Publications, Maryland, USA, 2009.



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  1. Thanks yunus sir.
    By Moderate 26/10/2013 22:51:22
  2. Dear Moderate,

    I thought I explained to you why the two identical root words come side by side. The opening part of the verse can also be translated as follows:

    Ya aiy yuhal ladhina aamanu [O those who believe (in this revelation)], aaminu bil Lahi was rusulihi .. (believe in God and His messengers...)

    I must tell you that some of the Qur'anic verses are of evocative nature and cannot be reduced to a singular meaning. Conceivably, the Qur'an expects its readers to reflect over them and speculate on their deeper meaning. I hope this is ok with you.  
    By muhammad yunus 26/10/2013 21:11:15
  3. Dear yunus sir, i am waiting for your answer to the question that i asked. ok no problem i can wait for  a long time. This article is very nice and indeed these terrorists should be called apostates, i think, be considered disassociated from islam.
    By Moderate 26/10/2013 20:48:31
  4. Dear Moderate,

    I think your confusion will be over if you connote the second 'aminu' with 'holding fast to' and read the opening part of the verse as follows: 'You who believe, hold fast (unto your belief in) God..'

    The Qur'an uses the root AMN (alif mim nun) with the connotation of security in the verses 2:126, 2:239, 3:154, 7:99, and the same  shade of meaning applies for the verse you quoted.

    You can always consult Muhammad Asad's 'The Message of the Qur'an' that you can read online.

    With this, let the discussion on your query terminate here and we get back to the crucial theme of the article.
    By muhammad yunus 26/10/2013 19:47:32
  5. Dear Moderate,

    The verse you quote without numbering is the 136th verse of Surah al-Nisa.

    I really wonder how you connect it with this article that deals with a most urgent and pressing issue of the era.

    As for the verse you quoted, to me it appears perspicuous, but you want exegetic detail, kindly consult the following link but please read the above article and post your comment about it to help roll the debate forward.

    By muhammad yunus 26/10/2013 07:52:51