Indian princess Noor Inayat Khan
• Museum's Online Tribute to Muslim Princess, Noor Inayat Khan, A
Direct Descendant of Tipu Sultan, Who Was WWII Secret Agent
• Bangladesh Women Storytellers Lift Virus-Hit Dhaka’s Gloom
• 'Stop Nagging, Use Makeup': Malaysia Coronavirus Advice To Women
• Awal Women Society, Bahrain, Webinar Brings Together Regional
Coronavirus: I'm In Lockdown with My Abuser
• Vintage Photos Show How the Role of Women in The Workforce Has
Evolved in The Last 100 Years
Compiled by New Age Islam
Online Tribute To Muslim Princess, Noor Inayat Khan, A Direct Descendant Of
Tipu Sultan, Who Was WWII Secret Agent
life of a British Muslim woman born to Indian royalty before becoming a secret
agent in Nazi-occupied France is being celebrated in a new exhibition which can
now be viewed online.
Inayat Khan, a direct descendant of Tipu Sultan, the 18th-century Muslim ruler
of Mysore, in India, was recruited to join the Special Operations Executive
aiding the French resistance in the Second World War.
by the Girlguiding Association to pass Ms Khan’s inspirational story of heroism
on to a new generation, the interactive exhibition comprises video footage,
striking animations, evocative archive photographs and documents. Their account
of how a young Muslim woman overcame significant prejudice to play a key role
in supporting the French resistance aims to highlight the diverse nature of
services and sacrifices made during the war effort.
unlikely candidate for espionage, Ms Khan was educated in France and became an
author of children’s books as well as a musician. But, armed with a false
identity and a pistol, the spy princess became the first female radio operator
to be sent to occupied France during the war.
she posed as a children’s nurse while sending coded messages from behind enemy
lines, and was credited with holding together the Paris resistance through some
of the darkest hours of the war.
would eventually become known as “Madeleine of the Resistance” and prove wrong
her training officers, some of whom believed she was unfit to work as a spy.
her mission, she was captured by the Gestapo but, despite being tortured for
information, gave nothing away. After numerous attempts to escape confinement,
she was eventually transferred to the Dachau concentration camp, where she was
executed aged 30 in 1944.
1949, she was posthumously awarded the George Cross, Britain’s highest civilian
award for bravery.
digital exhibition at Runnymede Air Forces Memorial, produced by the
Commonwealth War Graves Foundation, will allow the public to put their
code-breaking skills to the test and discover the skills needed by a radio
operator in the field.
CWGF’s director of international and community engagement, Julian Evans, said:
“Noor’s story is an inspirational one and we believed it important, as the
custodians of the memorial on which her name is inscribed, to help give it
hope that the exhibition will encourage more people to visit the Air Forces
Memorial to explore the story of Noor and the 20,000 other members of the
Commonwealth Air Forces who are commemorated here.”
Women Storytellers Lift Virus-Hit Dhaka’s Gloom
A smartly dressed woman wearing clothes in bright and beautiful colors fills
the screen as Iqra Taznin logs on to Facebook for an interactive storytelling
30 minutes every Sunday and Tuesday, Taznin, a grade 7 student, forgets the
fact that she hasn’t been to school for days, or that Bangladesh is under
lockdown, to deal with the global coronavirus outbreak.
a very positive initiative which helps the children learn about many things
even while they are confined at home in these days of quarantine,”
Noor-e-Tazmin Joya, Taznin’s mother, told Arab News on Monday.
reasons that the initiative, launched by HerStory Foundation (HSF), a
Bangladeshi nonprofit organization, also educates the youths about iconic women
from the country, by sharing their stories of trial and triumph.
daughter finds the stories very interesting as it’s all about the legendary
women of this country. She also dreams of being a trendsetter someday like many
of these women,” she added.
began its initiative in 2016 by building an archive of stories about iconic
Bangladeshi women and their role in the country’s history.
result was “The Adventures of Super Girls” illustrated books which contain the
biographies of 41 inspirational women, and which are available in both Bengali
and English in bookstores across the country.
of the stories narrated during the Facebook live session, which was launched on
March 22, include one about acclaimed immunologist Dr. Firdausi Qadri who talks
about the spread of viral diseases and the individuals that help fight them.
March 29, we read the story of Novera Ahmed, the sculptor and co-designer of
one of Bangladesh’s most important monuments, the Shaheed Minar, because it was
her 90th birthday,” Zareen Mahmud Hosein, executive director of HSF, told Arab
being released four years ago, the books have gained immense popularity, so
much so that, today, they are used by parents and educators to discuss the
history of the region, Hosein said.
stories are short and contain a moral lesson that children can incorporate into
their lives,” she added. Sahrin Ahmed, a mother of an eight-year-old boy,
the sessions are live and interactive, they provide an opportunity for my son
to ask any questions and he receives an instant reply,” Ahmed told Arab News.
launched its first reading session in September 2019, partnering with Dhaka
University. Under the one-year program, it trained 17 people to read the
stories out loud to students from different schools.
the best of the lot read aloud the same stories to a broader audience online.
It helps to make the most of the lockdown, Hosein said.
the dramatic changes of the past few weeks, we have been working to adapt to
new realities. Now, more than ever, we need stories of encouragement,” she
and parents from anywhere in the world can join the live storytelling session,
which is free of cost, by logging onto HSF’s Facebook page.
essential to keep the conversation going, Hosein said. “We might be isolated,
but we are not alone. We will continue to share stories of courage and
resilience. So at 3 p.m. every Sunday and Tuesday, we read a story and start a
conversation,” she added.
nagging, use makeup': Malaysia coronavirus advice to women
LUMPUR: Coronavirus lockdown advice issued by Malaysia that urges women to
dress up at home and avoid nagging their husbands sparked a sexism row on
Tuesday, with critics saying it promotes gender stereotypes.
series of online posters with the hashtag #WomenPreventCOVID19, Malaysia's
women's affairs ministry issued advice on how to avoid domestic conflicts
during the partial lockdown, which began on March 18.
of the campaign posters depicted a man sitting on a sofa, and asked women to
refrain from being "sarcastic" if they need help with household
nagging your husband, another poster said, attempting to inject humour by using
a voice similar to the anime character Doraemon - a blue robot cat popular
is extremely condescending both to women and men," said Nisha Sabanayagam,
a manager at All Women's Action Society, a Malaysian advocacy group.
posters promote the concept of gender inequality and perpetuate the concept of
patriarchy," she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.
posters, uploaded on Facebook and Instragram, drew widespread ridicule online
with social media users urging the government to remove them.
groups have warned lockdowns could see a rise in domestic violence, with women
trapped with their abusers. Some governments have stepped up response,
including in France which offers hotel rooms to victims.
is ranked 104 out of 153 countries in the latest World Economic Forum's Global
Gender Gap index, after scoring poorly on political empowerment and economic
Women Society, Bahrain, Webinar Brings Together Regional Women Leaders
Awal Women Society (AWS) celebrated its 50th anniversary by hosting a webinar —
or virtual forum — bringing together women leaders from across the local and
regional spectrum. Representatives of international civil society institutions,
women’s groups and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) also participated in
the online event, which was sponsored by Finmark Communications and EMIC
by the global COVID-19 pandemic, while the AWS virtual forum falls in line with
efforts mandated by the government of Bahrain to combat the spread of the
coronavirus, it also highlights the leading role played by AWS in focusing on
empowering women in the IT sector and using technology to further the cause of
keynote speakers at the AWS virtual forum included: Nasser Al-Qahtani,
executive director at the Arab Gulf Program for Development (AGFUND); Jihan
Almurbati, UNDP representative; Abeer Daham, head of Women Support Center at
the Supreme Council of Women; Yasmeen Al-Sharaf, head of fintech and innovation
unit at the Central Bank of Bahrain; Nusrat Alnajjar, AWS chairperson; Abdul
Rahman Sindi, general manager, IT, Transworld; Ahmed Alhujairi, CEO, Gulf
Future Business; Dr. Naeema Al-Gasseer, WHO representative in Sudan; and Zahraa
Taher, managing director, Finmark Communications.
chairperson Alnajjar said: “Our 50th anniversary virtual forum focuses on
empowering women in a high-tech environment, which is the barometer for success
in any society nowadays.”
executive director of AGFUND, added: “This unprecedented virtual forum
showcased the role played by AWS over the past five decades and its great
contributions in building sustainable partnerships that are paving the way for
achieving the sustainable development goals outlined in Bahrain’s Economic
Vision 2030 program.”
was one of the leading donors that recognized the significant role played by
civil society entities such as AWS in Bahrain to empower women and serve our
societies with the best developmental practices. Our long partnership with AWS
consists of many projects that helped many Bahraini women to become successful
photos show how the role of women in the workforce has evolved in the last 100
as men were sent off to war, more women got involved in the wartime effort in
factories and other professions previously dominated by men.
equality movements throughout the 1960s and 1970s gave even more opportunities
to working women, and today, more women are in the US workforce than men.
held jobs as postal clerks, sorting letters and packages. While it wasn't
uncommon for women to work in post offices, very few women actually delivered
mail. According to USPS, in 1920, only 5% of the nation's 943 village carriers
village delivery was gradually phased out in favor of city delivery, a majority
of the remaining women village carriers either resigned from their positions or
were transferred to clerk positions.
1920, women made up about 20% of the labor force, and many of them were
involved in the manufacturing of apparel, food, and tobacco products.
of color, on the other hand, were largely employed in agriculture and domestic
service work for much of the early 20th century.
women learned to type in order to secure higher-paying jobs in an office as a
secretary or a typist in a clerical office, rather than having to work in a
factory. According to the Encyclopedia of Chicago, working conditions, wages,
and hours in clerical work were seen as the best at the time.
work attracted young, literate, mostly white women who would work as typists
until they were married, only to be replaced by another young unmarried woman.
Olmstead from the MGM Studios checks the costume design with the dress being
made by the costumer. Hulton-Deutsch/Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis/Getty
the popularity of silent films began to rise, women also found work creating
movies for the silver screen.
1923, "Business Woman" published a list of 29 different jobs that
women held in the film industry, apart from actresses. Job positions included
that of a typist, secretary to the stars and executive secretary, costume
designer, seamstress, telephone operator, hairdresser, script girl, film
retoucher, title writer, publicity writer, musician, film editor, director, and
producer, among others.
most occupations were seen solely as a precursor to marriage. Among married
white women of both native and immigrant backgrounds, only around 10% held
jobs. It was more common for married women of color to hold jobs, however, out
of pure financial necessity.
women attend a work camp at Bear Mountain for unemployed, homeless, and single
women during the Great Depression. Getty Images
by the Civilian Conservation Corps, which only allowed men to join in exchange
for free room and board, Eleanor Roosevelt started "SheSheShe" camps
as a way for women to gain employment in environmental conservation as well.
sewing clothes to be sold during the Great Depression, North Platte, Nebraska,
November 1937. Hansel Mieth/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
to History.com, many women during the Great Depression found work as
secretaries, teachers, telephone operators, and nurses. Women also made an
income by sewing clothes in Works Progress Administration (WPA) sewing rooms,
which manufactured men's trousers, boys' coveralls, baby clothes, dresses, and
World War II, women assisted in manufacturing wartime necessities like gas
masks. By 1945, one in every four married women worked in jobs outside the
according to History.com, after Pearl Harbor, many women entered the armed
forces at astonishing rates. In 1943, more than 310,000 women worked in the US
aircraft industry, making up 65% of the industry's total workforce. Before the
war began, women made up just 1% of the industry.
nurse lighting the pipe of US pilot Harold Ingley, lying on a field hospital
bed in Italy, September 1, 1944. Mondadori/Getty Images
1935, a law titled the National Recovery Act required women who held jobs
within the government to receive 25% less pay than men in the same jobs,
according to the National Committee on Pay Equity. During wartime in 1942, the
War Labor Board ruled that women would be paid the same as male workers who
were now away at war.
the war ended before the rule could be implemented. With no laws to protect
female workers from pay inequality, female workers in the 1940s earned around
50% of what their male counterparts made, according to History.com.
though there were technically more women in the workforce in 1952 than during
the war, women were not taken seriously in regards to their careers.
women were forced to give up the jobs they had worked in during wartime to male
soldiers returning home, according to History.com. The most popular jobs for
women during the 1950s were secretaries, bank tellers or clerical workers,
sales clerks, private household workers, and teachers, according to The Week.
secretaries in the 1950s gained a reputation for being young and attractive. In
fact, a 1959 quiz from a secretarial training program in Waco, Texas, asking
women if they have what it takes to be a secretary includes "smiling
readily and naturally" and being "usually cheerful" among its
Delta C&S Stewardess Mary Lee Shultz, of Memphis, adjusts a colleague's cap
as they both prepare for flight in the operations room, 1956. Getty Images
attendants during the 195os became symbols of the golden age of flying — when
traveling by air was seen as the height of sophistication and glamour. However,
with this "glamorous" career also came a host of sexist protocols.
to Conde Nast Traveler, women were not allowed to work as flight attendants
after they reached the ages of 32 to 35, while male flight attendants could
work well into their 60s. In 1957, Trans World Airlines dropped its no-marriage
rule for female flight attendants. However, many airlines continued to only
hire non-married female flight attendants.
women returned home from their secretarial or office jobs, they had another job
to do — caring for the children, doing the housekeeping, and, of course,
putting a hot dinner in front of their husband.
became known as the "second shift." If women didn't hold office or
other jobs during the day, they were relegated to being "housewives."
broadcast journalist Barbara Walters eats a sandwich as she works at her desk
in New York in 1966. Rowland Scherman/Getty Images
the 1960s, Barbara Walters was a broadcast journalist working in New York City.
In 1976, she would become the first woman to anchor a nightly newscast. Many
other women were also joining the journalism field as coverage of the Vietnam
War became increasingly widespread.
weave hair-like wires and tiny metallic cores into memory at the Ampex computer
products division circa 1960. Authenticated News/Archive Photos/Getty Images
to Smithsonian Magazine, "computer girls" became a term for
"savvy young women" pursuing careers in computer programming.
Computer programming was seen as "easy work" similar to typing or
filing, so many women ended up building the field that would come to be known
as software development.
were seen as an easy, tractable labor force for jobs that were critical and yet
simultaneously devalued," technology historian Marie Hicks said in her
book "Programmed Inequality," according to The Guardian.
VII was added to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, protecting workers from
employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national
1963, the Equal Pay Act of 1963 was passed in order to protect men and women
who perform "substantially equal work in the same establishment" from
sex-based wage discrimination.
measures were especially beneficial to women of color. Up until the 1970s, women
of color could be openly discriminated against in the hiring process and were
often relegated to providing domestic service work to white families.
to The Guardian, female computer workers, or "computer girls," were
gradually phased out and replaced with men, who received higher salaries and
more prestigious job titles.
1972 to 1985, the number of women working "professional" jobs
increased from 44% to 49%. The number of women working "management"
jobs nearly doubled, rising from 20% to 36%.
in 1970, women still did not earn "equal" wages to men. According to
the National Committee on Pay Equity, women earned 59.4% of what men earned.
measures were passed that prevented universities and institutions from
discriminating against students on the basis of sex, more women were admitted
into medical school than in past generations.
to The Atlantic, in 1985, half of all college graduates were women. However,
only 41% of women between the ages of 25 and 44 held full-time year-round jobs.
in the mid-1980s, women themselves saw their own careers as inferior to their
husbands'. According to The Atlantic, which cited a 1985 Roper survey, only 10%
of women said that a husband should turn down a "very good job" in
another city "so the wife can continue her job."
1984, at the Democratic National Convention held in San Francisco's Moscone
Center, Geraldine Ferraro became the first woman nominated as vice president by
a major political party.
became more and more prevalent, reducing the need for secretaries, bank
tellers, and retail workers. Women overwhelmingly began to be employed in
offices and earned higher salaries.
to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, there are now 109,000 more women working
than men, and women in the US make up 50.4% of the labor force.
sectors that traditionally hire women, like healthcare and education, are
growing, other industries previously dominated by men are also hiring more
women than ever before.
to Forbes, 13.8% of mining and logging jobs are currently held by women, and
more women are employed in manufacturing and transportation than in years past
New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African
Muslim News, Arab
World News, South
Asia News, Indian
Muslim News, World
Muslim News, Women
in Islam, Islamic
In Arab, Islamophobia
in America, Muslim
Women in West, Islam
Women and Feminism