New Age Islam
Thu May 06 2021, 06:28 PM

Interfaith Dialogue ( 4 Jan 2012, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Islam and Hinduism: The First And The Last Divinely Revealed Ways Of Life

By Asim Sabri

(Translated from Urdu by New Age Islam Edit Desk)

Hadhrat Adam is the first man on earth whom God sent down with the kalima la ilaha illallah. All the human beings on earth are the sons and daughters of Adam who have been present generation after generation in their millions and billions and will remain on earth till the Day of Judgment. From Hadhrat Adam to Hadhrat Muhammad (PBUH), one lakh and 24 thousand prophets came in the world with the message that we should worship only one God. However, all of them had different Shariah. God says, “I had sent different shariahs and ways (paths) for you. (Al Maidah: 48)

The Quran has made it very clear on many occasions that Islam has been the true and right religious path in every age. All the holy scriptures and the divine books of God presented the teachings of Islam. Therefore, when we think over it seriously, we realize the fact that all the human beings in the world are brothers and they follow the same religion that is Islam. Furthermore, the language of Adam and his Ummah was the same. But with time and spread of humanity, and for a variety of reasons as various legends suggest, various religions came into existence, partly as a result of continuous changes and distortions in the beliefs. One of the many such religions is Hinduism. Hindus are in fact the Ummah of the Prophet Noah Nooh, Peace be upon him). Incidentally, the Vedic religion is agreeably one of the oldest of all religions and Prophet Noah was the first prophet with a shariah. The Ummah of Noah had five idols whose names were 1) Wud,  2) Su’aa , 3) Yaghus,  4) Ya’uq,  and 5) Nasr that are mentioned in the Quran.

Hadhrat Ibn-e-Abbas narrates that these are the names of the five righteous men of the nation of Noah. But when they died, Satan put the thought in the mind of the people that they should install stones where they would sit and dedicate the stones to them. Therefore, as long as the people who knew the truth about the stones, they would revere those stones but when they died and the truth was forgotten, people of later generations started worshipping the stones themselves. Hence the worship of stones or idols.

Similarly, Laat, Munat and Uzza were the idols of the people of Quraish. Al Rashadiya was one of the idols of the Pharaoh. Bo’l was the idol of the nation of Hadhrat Iliyas.

All the nations of the world have been classified under two categories: Semitic races and non-Semitic races. The Aryans come under non-Semitic races while the Jews, the Christians and the Bani Ismail of the Arab peninsula are Semitic races. Even the Quran testifies to the two races and the relation of one of them with Noah:

“They are people on whom God showered His blessings, all the prophets were from the generation of Adam and some of them were those whom I put on board the ship with Noah, and some of them are from the generation of Abraham and Jacob and they were among those whom I guided on the right path and made them blessed.” (Mariam: 58)

These verses of the Quran make it clear that the generation of Noah was different from that of Abraham and Jacob. That is, Bani Ismail and Bani Israel (sons of Ismael and sons of Jacob) are Semitic races. It is crystal clear then that the race of the companions of Noah should be non-Semitic or Aryan. The Aryans are settled in a large part of India apart from many countries. India is the only country where the two races have come together. The settlers of Fars (Iran) belonged to the Aryan race who settled in northern India and the Dravidian race migrated in a large number from Yemen and settled in southern India. According to Shah Abdul Aziz, the Quran says that in every religion, God fearing people have existed. As a matter of fact, the prophets of the Hindus were the incarnations of the truth but the Hindu nation could not differentiate between the God and his incarnations due to their belief system and made everyone their god. (Ma’arif, vol 95, p 178)

The Hindus are the first nation with a Shariah (divinely revealed way of life) and the Muslims are the last one. The wisdom of God has brought the two nations together in India. The original name of Hinduism is Sanatan dharma or Shaswat dharma. Sanatan means that which has come straight and Shaswat means that which has come down from the heaven directly. The Sanatan dharm or Shaswat dharm are the Hindi synonyms of Deen-e-Qaiyim. In Gita, the word ‘swadharm’ and Swabhawnit karm’ are used to mean one that is taught by the nature and not by parents. The Quran calls Islam the natural religion. It is our faith that every prophet presented the religion of Islam to his nation. Hadhrat Adam and Noah too presented the religion of Islam. They had been sent down to establish the faith of Islam. Their teachings were distorted with the passage of time. The nations following other religions assumed different names for their religions. But this oldest nation retained the original name of Islam in the form of its descriptive names. (Sanatam Dharma meaning Deen-e-Qaiyim) According to the Hindu beliefs, the Vedas are recognised as the words of God and they believe that no change in them was permissible and that all the other religious scriptures like Purans and Upanishads are the exegeses of the Vedas. The words of all these books are not directly attributed to God but only an exegesis of His words. They are believed to be from different ascetics (rishis) and a change in their words in a way as not to change the meaning is acceptable. They can be compared to the Quran and the Hadiths.

The Vedas are divided into four categories: a) Rig Veda,  2) Sam Veda,  3) Atharva Ved,  4) Yajur Veda. The belief in the unity of God is presented very clearly. The Hindu religion presents the concept of a single God much in the same way as Islam does. The Brahm Sutra (Kalima-e-tauheed ) of Hindu Vedanta is “aika brahma dutia nasti, nasti kinchit” (God is one and there is none except Him, not at all). The Vedanta calls God ‘Aikam advaitam (There is only one without the association of anyone else).

“He is the sole ruler of all the living and non-living world, He who is the God of the humans and the animals.”(Rig Ved 3.121.10)

“Do not worship anyone except God” (Rig Veda 1.1.8)

“He is the one worthy of being worshipped. (Leaving him) whom do they worship and present offerings?”(Atharva Veda 2.0.2)

“There is only one ruler and creator of the world.” (Rig Veda 3.121.10)

“O Ye who is the source of all knowledge, O Parmeshwar, who enlightens all, please guide us along the right path. O provider of prosperity, the All seeing and Omnipresent, you are aware of the affairs, acts and thoughts of everything. Please keep us away from the wrong path and sins. We praise and worship only you.” (Yajur Veda 16.40)

When we search the mention of earlier holy books in the Quran, we come across Sohoful Ula and Zuburul Awwaleen meaning the earliest scriptures and the earliest scattered pages apart from the Torah, Zaboor (Psalms), Injeel (Gospels) and the scriptures of Abraham. The Sanskrit words for them are Adi Granth and Adi Gyan. The meaning of the words Sohoful Ula is very comprehensive. They suggest common as well as specific meanings. They could mean all the earliest scriptures as well as the oldest scripture. The earlier scriptures the Quran mentions are not the scripture of Abraham, the Tora, the Bible and Zaboor. These are the holy books with which the people of Arab were acquainted with. The earliest audience of the Quran did not know about Noah, the Deluge, the affairs of his nation and his scriptures. The Quran says in Surah Hud after describing the Deluge and the affairs of the nation of Noah:

“These are the facts revealed by us to you. You did not know of them before nor did your nation.”(Surah Hud: 49)

The earliest scriptures do exist even today, a fact which is testified by the Quran.

“And they say why doesn’t this man bring some clear signs from God, and haven’t clear signs been sent in the form of the earliest scriptures that they have?” (Taha: 133)

This verse proves that the earliest scriptures have not become extinct but exist even today. Rather the Quran presents this fact as a miracle. Even after the passage of thousands of years, the teachings that have been brought as a collection in the Quran finally are present in the earliest scriptures too. Please read the following comparative study.

“O God, please do not punish us for the wrongs made by us unintentionally.” (Surah Baqra: 286)

“O Deva,(God) please do not discard us for the sins we commit unintentionally.”(Rig Veda 5.89.7)

The names attributed to God in Hinduism are all descriptive names suggesting to different attributes of God. He is Vishnu, Brahma, Indra, Saraswati, etc. This is proved by the Vedas itself.

“O Agni, you are the first, you are a treasure of virtues. Your are Indra and Saraswati” (Rig Veda 1.11)

The Vedas also say it clearly that scholars refer to God by all these descriptive names (Indra, Mitra, Varun, Agni, Guru, Yam, Matareshu etc.) All these are different names of one power and scholars and people with knowledge call God on the basis of His different attributes. (Rig Veda5.114.10). This corresponds to the Quranic statement:

“There is no god but the God. He has many good names.”(Taha 8)

Again, the Vedas’ words find resonance in the Quran:

“The gods you worship are, in fact, worshipping their God. Ishwar is the provider of spiritual and physical strength. And all the angels (devta) worship Him. The pleasure of God provides everlasting life and terminates death. Whom are you worshipping except Ishwar?” (Rig Veda 2.121.10)

The Quran presents the same theme in the following words:

“Those they call themselves search for the closest mediator to reach to Him and they are hopeful of His blessings and are afraid of his wrath.”(Bani Israel: 57)

We know that the holy Prophet (PBUH) has two or three states -- He is called Ahmad (PBUH) prior to his physical existence, Muhammad (PBUH) in the physical world and Mahmood (PBUH) at the rewarded place after death. Similarly, Ram is the word whose meaning includes both God and Ahmad (PBUH). The word Ram has been used in the Vedas meaning Agni and while mentioning Agni. It is the miracle of the Quran that all the meanings of a single word lead to the ultimate truth. For thousands of years, Hindus have been chanting ‘Ram Ram sat hai’. They do not say ‘Ram satya hai’ but they say ‘Ram Ram satya hai’. That means that God of Ram or Ahmad (PBUH) (satya hai) is the Truth. They forgot the meaning and remembered only the tradition.

There is a very important mantra in Hindu traditions known as Tarak Mantra of Ramji that means the mantra that redeems. The mantra is ‘Ram Ramai namah’. It means ‘worship God of Ram’. It suggests that Ram whom you revered in his physical form in the world had not asked himself to be worshipped but had cited the worship of the Ram above him the way to salvation.

How so many gods were conceived despite having such a clear concept of one God? The answer is that the Hindu scholars (pundits) have cut off common Hindus from the Vedas. Many vices could have been removed if the Hindus had not strayed away from the Vedas. Take for example the worship of so many gods and goddesses. The Vedas say that one God is called with many names. Because of their ignorance of this fact, they believe in many gods with different names.

Therefore, we find that the belief in the unity of God has been presented in Sanatan Dharma in the Quranic style. The Hindus of the current age have reached the same extreme stage of distortion of beliefs the idol worshippers of Makkah had reached in the period just before the prophethood of the holy Prophet (PBUH). The repetition of history and the selection of this nation for change should not be surprising. Before all the Makkans embraced Islam collectively, no one could believe that this could happen. But the followers of the holy Prophet (PBUH) believed the promises of God and the history witnessed the miracle. Similarly, even if it appears impossible today, we believe in the statements of the Quran and the predictions of the Prophet (PBUH). The time is not far away when the Hindu nation will embrace Islam collectively. (Insha Allah)


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