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Radical Islamism and Jihad (03 Oct 2017 NewAgeIslam.Com)

The Sixteen Quranic Verses That Counter Violent-Extremism and Terrorism

By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

03 October 2017

The rulings of classical Islamic Sharia are based on four main sources; the Quran, the Sunnah, Ijma (Consensus) and Qiyas (analogy).All the last three sources of Islamic rulings must be in essential accord with the holy Quran, the most basic source of Islamic knowledge. When the holy Quran itself does not talk directly, or in details about any certain matter, only then do the classical Islamic scholars turn to alternative sources of Islamic rulings. In my classical Islamic studies, I reach a conclusion that all these sources of Islamic rulings reject violent extremism and injustice; however in this article, I am quoting only the Quranic verses for this purpose. The number of such verses has reached sixteen. As for their English translation from the Arabic text, I have done it on my own taking into consideration the most famous English translations, such as Saheeh International, Pikthall, Asad, Yusuf Ali, Shakir and Sarwar etc. in order to make it the most appropriate.

1.       Quran- 5:32

مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فِي الْأَرْضِ لَمُسْرِفُونَ

On account of this, We ordained (this commandment in the Torah sent down) for the Descendents of Israel that whoever kills a person, except as punishment for murder or for (creating) disorder in the land – it shall be as if he had killed all mankind. And whoever saves one – it shall be as if he had saved all mankind. And indeed, our messengers came to them with clear proofs. Yet, [even] after that, majority of them are indeed oppressors in the land.

2.       Quran- 17:33

وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّـهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَمَن قُتِلَ مَظْلُومًا فَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا لِوَلِيِّهِ سُلْطَانًا فَلَا يُسْرِف فِّي الْقَتْلِ ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مَنصُورًا

And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly - We have given his heir authority (of retribution as per the legal procedure), but he should not exceed the just limits in [the matter of retributive] killing. Indeed, he is to be helped.

3.       Quran - 25:68

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّـهِ إِلَـٰهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّـهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا

And those who do not worship any other god  apart from Allah, and do not unjustly kill any living thing which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by right, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse; and [know that] whoever does this shall get the punishment.

4.       Quran - 2:204-205

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يُعْجِبُكَ قَوْلُهُ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيُشْهِدُ اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ مَا فِي قَلْبِهِ وَهُوَ أَلَدُّ الْخِصَامِ ﴿٢٠٤﴾ وَإِذَا تَوَلَّىٰ سَعَىٰ فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيُفْسِدَ فِيهَا وَيُهْلِكَ الْحَرْثَ وَالنَّسْلَ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْفَسَادَ ﴿٢٠٥﴾

“And among men is one whose conversation may please you in the life of this world, and who calls Allah to witness to that which is in his heart, whereas [in truth] he is the most quarrelsome! (2:204) And when he turns away [from you], he goes about the earth to create turmoil in it [i.e. the earth] and destroy crops and lives; and Allah does like turmoil and violence”. (2:205)

5.       Quran- 28:77

ابْتَغِ فِيمَا آتَاكَ اللَّـهُ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ ۖ وَلَا تَنسَ نَصِيبَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَأَحْسِن كَمَا أَحْسَنَ اللَّـهُ إِلَيْكَ ۖ وَلَا تَبْغِ الْفَسَادَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَ

“And seek the abode of the Hereafter with what (wealth) Allah has given you, and do not forget your portion of the world, and do good (to others) as Allah has done good to you, and do not seek to cause turmoil in the earth; indeed Allah does not like those who violate peace.”

6.       Quran -28:83

تِلْكَ الدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ نَجْعَلُهَا لِلَّذِينَ لَا يُرِيدُونَ عُلُوًّا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فَسَادًا ۚ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ

(As for) This home of the Hereafter – We make it for those who do not wish exaltedness in the land nor turmoil; and the (best) outcome is only for the pious [muttaqin].

7.       Quran 13:25

وَالَّذِينَ يَنقُضُونَ عَهْدَ اللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ مِيثَاقِهِ وَيَقْطَعُونَ مَا أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِهِ أَن يُوصَلَ وَيُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ اللَّعْنَةُ وَلَهُمْ سُوءُ الدَّارِ  

And those who break the covenant of Allah after its ratification, and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and spread turmoil in the earth – upon them is the curse and they shall have the evil abode.

8.       Quran 16:90

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

Indeed Allah decrees the commands of justice and kindness, and of giving to relatives, and forbids immorality and bad conduct and rebellion; He advises you so that you may receive admonition.

9.       Quran 42:42-43

إِنَّمَا السَّبِيلُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَظْلِمُونَ النَّاسَ وَيَبْغُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ (42) وَلَمَنْ صَبَرَ وَغَفَرَ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ (43)

“The way (to persecute) is only against those who oppress people, and wrongfully spread rebellion in the land. It is they for whom there is a painful punishment. (42:42) And indeed whoever patiently endures and forgives – this is surely of the acts that demand great courage and determination”.(42:43)

10.     Quran – 42:40

وَجَزَاءُ سَيِّئَةٍ سَيِّئَةٌ مِثْلُهَا ۖ فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ

“The retribution of a harmful deed is the harm equal to it; so whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah; indeed He does not love the unjust” (42:40)

11.     Quran 45:14

قُلْ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يَغْفِرُوا لِلَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ أَيَّامَ اللَّهِ لِيَجْزِيَ قَوْمًا بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Tell the believers to forgive those who do not fear the days fixed by Allah, so that He may give a nation the reward of what they used to earn.

12.     Quran 16:126-128

وَإِنْ عَاقَبْتُمْ فَعَاقِبُوا بِمِثْلِ مَا عُوقِبْتُمْ بِهِ ۖ وَلَئِنْ صَبَرْتُمْ لَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لِلصَّابِرِينَ (26) وَاصْبِرْ وَمَا صَبْرُكَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ ۚ وَلَا تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا تَكُ فِي ضَيْقٍ مِمَّا يَمْكُرُونَ (27) إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ مُحْسِنُونَ (28)

And (O believers) if you give punishment, then punish with an equivalent of that with which you were harmed. But if you are patient, it will certainly be best for those who are patient. (16:126) And O Beloved (Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) patiently endure – and your patience is only because of Allah’s grace – and do not grieve for them, and do not be disheartened because of their deceits. (16:127) No doubt, Allah is with those who fear and do good. (16:128)

13.     Quran 2:256

لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَدْ تَبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

There is no compulsion in Din (Religion); surely the right path has become very distinct from error; and whoever rejects faith in the devil (false deities or false gods) and believes in Allah has grasped such a firm handhold that will never loosen. And Allah is All Hearing, All Knowing.

14.     Quran 10:99

وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ لَآمَنَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كُلُّهُمْ جَمِيعًا ۚ أَفَأَنْتَ تُكْرِهُ النَّاسَ حَتَّىٰ يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ

Had Your Lord willed, surely all those who are in the earth, every one of them – would have believed; so will you (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) compel the people till they become Muslims?

15.     50:45

نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ ۖ وَمَا أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِجَبَّارٍ ۖ فَذَكِّرْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مَنْ يَخَافُ وَعِيدِ

We know best what they say (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him), and you are not one to compel them; therefore advise him with the Quran, whoever fears My threat.

16.     88:21-22

فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ (21) لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ (22)

So admonish (O dear prophet Muhammad- peace and blessings of Allah be upon him); indeed you are an admonisher. (21) You are not (imposed) upon them (as) an oppressor and persecutor.(22)

Taking into consideration all the afore-mentioned sixteen verses of the Quran, it is vividly clear that Islam does  not allow violent-extremism, terrorism and injustice. But rather, Islam has made it equally forbidden for anyone to kill any innocent, Muslim or non-Muslim living in minority or majority. Therefore, anyone who says Islam encourages terrorism obviously has either not understood its lessons on counter-violent extremism or he is hypocrite.

A regular Columnist with www.NewAgeIslam.com , Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background, Islamic writer and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/radical-islamism-and-jihad/ghulam-ghaus-siddiqi,-new-age-islam/the-sixteen-quranic-verses-that-counter-violent-extremism-and-terrorism/d/112752

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  • Ghaus sb says: "When you write "kafaru", it shows your ignorance of Arabic."

    Is that really so Ghaus Sb? Do you see any difference between "sinner" and "those who sin"? Speaking grammatically, that is the difference between kafir and kafaru and they mean the same although a different grammatical form is used.

    Mr Arabic scholar, can you show me the difference (if any), in the people referred to in verse 9:2 which uses kafirin and in verse 9:3 which uses kafaru? Are the people referred to as kafirin in 9:2 and kafaru in 9:3 different or the same? 

    Do not try your silly tricks with me Ghaus Sb. I can figure out the meaning of any word or verse better than any scholar of Arabic. 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/11/2017 9:39:05 AM

  • Naseer Sahab,
    New Age Islam has published an explanation made by Allama Adnan Ibrahim in an article on this particular hadith.

    This hadith is specific for few people living in the era of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
    The following is the link of that article:

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 10/11/2017 8:46:47 AM

  • Ghulam Ghaus Sb,

     Why would there be a verse in the Quran that says: "Kafir does not mean disbeliever"? Is there a verse in the Quran that says "Kafir means disbeliever"?


    I have not asked you to reject the entire body of ahadith. I asked you to reject one hadith that says:


    The Tafseer of Ibn Kathir on verse 2:193 and  8:38 quotes a Hadith collected in the two Sahihs of Bukhari and Muslim in which the Prophet (pbuh) is alleged to have said:

     «أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ، حَتَّى يَقُولُوالَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، فَإِذَا قَالُوهَا عَصَمُوا مِنِّي دِمَاءَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ، إِلَّا بِحَقِّهَا، وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَل»

    (I was commanded to fight against the people until they proclaim, `There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah.' If and when they say it, they will preserve their blood and wealth from me, except for its right (Islamic penal code), and their reckoning is with Allah, the Exalted and Most Honoured.)"

    The implication of this hadith is clear. The battle was against disbelief and until disbelief exists. Do you reject this hadith as false? If no, then how do you reconcile it with what you have said in your article?


    As I expected, you do not reject this hadith. Therefore I ask you ‘what does your article amount to if according to the hadith the Prophet was commanded to fight people for their disbelief and until they believed’?  And certainly you are not unaware of the translations and Tafseers of leading lights of every sect on verse 8:38 and 2:193 who have "interpreted" these verses in the light of the quoted hadith.

    If you do not reject this, then your showing me the opinions of other scholars on the subject in support of your article only means that one version is for public consumption and the opposite version is your belief.

    You are the one who is fooling people Ghaus sb and not me.

    I am forthright in whatever I say. I agree with your article because I reject the above hadith. If like you, I did not reject the hadith, I would not write articles to fool the people.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/11/2017 7:19:05 AM

  • Dear Pankaj. The extract enclosed in my last comment to you was from the following New York Times report dated July 22, 2015. Ref: nytimes.com/2015/07/23/world/europe/quran-fragments-university

    By muhammd yunus - 10/11/2017 6:10:59 AM

  • Dear Pankaj, To prove the worth of a thing by its admirer is no hard proof. So your question forced me to search the Internet for I had to locate at least some pieces of the original MS of the Qur'an to fully convince a critical commentator who may not be an admirer of the Qur'an. The following extract from a report on a latest find in Brimingham University can be regarded as a water-tight proof of the authenticity of the Qur'anic text as Islamic scholarship claims: "The ancient pieces of manuscript, estimated to be at least 1,370 years old, offered a moment of unity, and insight, for the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims. Professor Thomas said it provided tantalizing clues to help settle a scholarly dispute about whether the holy text was actually written down at the time of the prophet, or compiled years later after being passed down by word of mouth. The discovery also offered a joyful moment for a faith that has struggled with internal divisions and external pressures. Muslims believe Muhammad received the revelations that form the Quran, the scripture of Islam, between 610 and 632, the year of his death. Professor Thomas said tests by the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit indicated with a probability of more than 94 percent that the parchment dated from 568 to 645. During the time of Muhammad, the divine message was not compiled into the book form in which it appears today, Professor Thomas said. Rather, the words believed to be from God as told to Muhammad were preserved in the “memories of men” and recited. Parts were written on parchment, stone, palm leaves and the shoulder blades of camels, he said. Tom Holland, the author of “In the Shadow of the Sword,” which charts the origins of Islam, said the discovery in Birmingham bolstered scholarly conclusions that the Quran attained something close to its final form during Muhammad’s lifetime. He said the fragments did not resolve the controversial questions of where, why and how the manuscript was compiled, or how its various suras, or chapters, came to be combined in a single volume. Consisting of two parchment leaves, the manuscript in Birmingham contains parts of what are now Chapters 18 to 20. For years, the manuscript had been mistakenly bound with leaves of a similar Quran manuscript Thank you.
    By muhammd yunus - 10/11/2017 6:05:38 AM

  • Dear Pankaj,

    As long as a commentator’s question is straight and he does not inadvertently or otherwise puts words into my mouth, it is a pleasure for me to reply as this enables me to hone up my knowledge and to share it with the readers, even if they don't like it.

    What I said and Ghulam Ghous Sahab said is combined in my duly authenticated work as follows:

    “While some of the Prophet’s companions compiled their own manuscripts (masahif), Zayd bin Thabit, the foremost among the Prophet’s scribes collated all the original sheets (suhuf) within two to three years of the Prophet's death (632). These were retained originally by the first Caliph, Abu Bakr (632-634), then by the second Caliph, ‘Umar Ibn al-Khattab (634-644), then by Hafsah bint ‘Umar, one of the Prophet’s widows, and finally authenticated by the special committee set up by the third Caliph, ‘Uthman Ibn ‘Affan (644-656)....

     Uthman's commission cross checked Hafsah's original sheets (suhuf) with each of these manuscripts as well as with the memorized litany, and arrived at a ‘singular' text, which had the concurrence of all the companions of the Prophet, and was declared authentic without doubt (mutawattir). Some of Uthman’s manuscripts are preserved. He made five copies and sent one copy each to Egypt, Syria and other dominions of Islam. “

    Ghulam Ghous Sahab can give the hadith references  - the earliest record on compilation of the Qur’an. European historians relied on Islamic records only for constructing the history of the Prophetic mission and cannot be quoted for their secondary character as historical record.

    By muhammd yunus - 10/11/2017 5:52:02 AM

  • More than tafsir and hadith there is importance of fiqh in classical Islamic theology.

    The Science of tafsir [ilme tafsir] tells you about the Quranic verses, their reasons and circumstances of revelation [shane nuzul], knowledge of abrogation, muhkam, mutashabih, etc and about Makki and Madani verses, their general and specific application, exception, etc.......  

    In the Science of Hadith, you learn which hadith is authentic, which is weak, which is abrogated, which has general or specific or application or exception etc...............

    But as far as the Science of Fiqh is concerned, this is more the matter of importance in understanding any critical issue. All the sciences of Islamic theology are gained only by the blessing of Allah Almighty, but the Science of Fiqh is so important that there is a report in a hadith that the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “If Allah intends goodness for someone, he gives him understanding [fiqh] of the Din (i.e. the religion of Islam).”

    In this world, there are hardly any experts in Science of Fiqh. Expert in Fiqh is known as ‘Faqih’. A faqih has juristic insight into all verses of the Quran, all ahadith. He ponders over the necessities of the time, to check as to how much changing can be done in accordance with the Quran and Ahadith. This is so comprehensive field of study that a lay man like me cannot even justly express the culmination of its importance in words.

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 10/11/2017 4:58:01 AM

  • Naseer Sahab,
    New Age Islam has published an explanation made by Allama Adnan Ibrahim in an article on this particular hadith.

    This hadith is specific for few people living in the era of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
    The following is the link of that article:

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 10/11/2017 3:25:07 AM

  • Naseer sahib, the verses that you quoted in your comments to forcefully prove your definition of kufr and kafir do not support your viewpoint.

    Which verses say that kafir does not mean disbeliever? No verses say so. 

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 10/11/2017 1:39:25 AM

  • Naseer Sahab, 

    I do not want to waste my time while discussing you. Neither do I read your articles nor your comments related to kufr and kafir definition.

    You can fool others by your definition of kufr and kafir. Even non-Muslims do not accept your definition of kufr and kafir.

    When you write "kafaru", it shows your ignorance of Arabic. I did not want to say it, but what to do now? 

    The entire source of your learning Quran is based on the English translations but at the same time you reject these English translations.

    If you think your definition of kufr and kafir is so perfect, then why non-Muslims are not silent against the use of kufr and kafir mentioned in the Quran.

    In one of your comments, you asked me to refute your definition of kufr and kafir. But I did not bother to refute you. The definition of kufr and kafir is so clear that it cannot be rejected by repeated comments.

    This sort of debate with you is totally futile.

    As for you quoting one hadith to urge me to reject the entire hadith source, you must take into your mind that whenever you suggest me such things, the only idea that enters into mind is that you are ignorant; and nothing else. Your repeated comments have forced me to express this thing, otherwise i prefer humbleness. Now I request you to work hard to understand Islamic sources.  

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 10/11/2017 1:33:19 AM

  • Yunus sahab said that 
    "It is a well-established historical fact that five or six hand written copies of the Qur'an were first written at the time of caliph Uthman some 20 years after the death of the Prophet."
    i wanted to ask you what is the source of this historical fact that you are talking about in your comment?
    Ghaus sahab said that this historical fact is based on "mutawatir and authentic hadith and athaar that can not be rejected". Similarly i want to know your source of historical fact?  
    Do not take it for wrong, i just want to know it.

    By Pankaj - 10/11/2017 12:52:51 AM

  • Ghulam Ghaus Sb,

    What you say is all very well and comforting but not enough when there exist sources and interpretations that cover up the peaceful verses.

    The Tafseer of Ibn Kathir on verses 2:191 to 193 and 8:36 to 8:38 quotes a Hadith collected in the two Sahihs of Bukhari and Muslim in which the Prophet (pbuh) is alleged to have said:

     «أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ، حَتَّى يَقُولُوالَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، فَإِذَا قَالُوهَا عَصَمُوا مِنِّي دِمَاءَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ، إِلَّا بِحَقِّهَا، وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَل»

    (I was commanded to fight against the people until they proclaim, `There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah.' If and when they say it, they will preserve their blood and wealth from me, except for its right (Islamic penal code), and their reckoning is with Allah, the Exalted and Most Honoured.)"

    The implication of this hadith is clear. The battle was against disbelief and until disbelief exists. Do you reject this hadith as false? If no, then how do you reconcile it with what you have said?

    While translating verse 8:38, while the correct meaning of the verse is: “Tell those religious persecutors/oppressors (kafaru) that if they desist (from their religious persecution), that which is past (their various acts of persecution) will be forgiven…..”

    For 12 translators the meaning of kafaru is disbelievers, who must desist from their “Unbelief” or its equivalent. They are: Yusuf Ali (from Unbelief), Al'-Muntakhab (renounce infidelity, desist from evil purpose and turn to Allah), Ali Unal: (to disbelieve themselves and prevent others from entering the fold of Islam), Muhammad TaqiUsmani (from infidelity), Syed Vickar Ahamed (from disbelief),Farook Malik (from unbelief), Dr Munir Munshey (their skepticism),Dr. M Tahir ul Qadri (from their blasphemous acts),Ali Quli Qarai [faithlessness], Dr Kamal Omar (from their blasphemous acts),Thanvi (Kufr), Raza Ahmad Khan Barelvi(Kufr Se Baaz Aye Aur Islam Laye).

    Do you reject Raza Ahmad Khan Barelvis interpretation and translation of the verse that means that the war was until they accept Islam and give up disbelief?

    As for me, I have categorically rejected the hadith cited calling it a concoction of Satan and falsely attributed to the Prophet (pbuh) and correctly translated the mistranslated verses rejecting every other mistranslation.

    Unless you also reject the hadith and the mistranslations, your article means very little since you can choose either of the two contrasting views.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/11/2017 12:28:16 AM

  • It is GM sb who is trying to throw dust into everyone's eyes. Who are those modern ulema who describe the kafir as only the "treacherous oppressors” among the Mushrikin of the Prophet’s times but not all of them? Can he name any? No, he cannot. He is only throwing dust in our eyes.

    Did he not himself say in his comment “If the Quran's use of the word kafir is understood as  treacherous people, than obviously mushrikin are not kafirs”?

     And now he says “Did the Quran use it to mean "non-believer" but  some modern ulema decided that in our modern pluralistic world it would be more politically correct to change the connotation to 'treacherous oppressors"?

     The familiar flip flop of a hypocrite!

    Do I have to explain to this mentally challenged person how the Quran has defined kafir after having covered the subject in an article?

    Personal traits of a Kafir

    Kafir is an odious word and means a conceited person whose haughtiness makes him an ingrate rebel against God (2:34, 2:99, 16:83) and a rebel against his benefactors (26:18,19), steeped in self-glory (38:2). They are also niggardly (4:37) and exploitative (3:130). These are not the personal traits of a non-Muslim or even of a disbeliever.

    What is being covered up here if one wants to relate the meaning given by the Quran above to the meaning of the root word? The intellect, the knowledge of right and wrong and the nature for obedience is covered by an excess of conceit, haughtiness and selfishness. The Quran did not define the meaning of the root word but used it to define the Kafir in the context of the Quran. Neither the root meaning means a disbeliever nor has the Quran defined it as such nor did the Pagan Arabs have any concept of disbeliever.

    The behavior of a Kafir

    The Kafir being inclined to self-glory, self-indulgence and injustice, deny the Hereafter or in justice finding perfection in the Hereafter (12:37, 18:105, 23:33, 32:10, 34:3, 41:7). The Kafir therefore deny the prophets, scriptures and all the Signs of God (10:2, 13:27, 13:43, 34:31, 40:4, 40:14). The Kafir are opposed to any moral system and are an enemy of the prophets, of good people, of humanity and of God (8:36, 9:32, 9:40, 14:9, 14:13,15:39, 16:88, 18:56, 21:36, 29:47, 32:10, 34:7, 41:26, 47:32). A Kafir therefore fights in the cause of evil against those who fight for a good cause (4:76). They spread mischief and disorder and are high handed oppressors (2:11, 2:27, 2:205, 7:103, 8:73, 9:107, 10:40, 10:91, 13:25, 16:88, 26:183, 27:48, 28:4, 47:22, 89:12). These are not the behaviors that describe a non-Muslim or even a disbeliever. 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 10/10/2017 11:55:42 PM

  • Naseersab is again trying to throw dust in our eyes. Did the word 'kafir' originate with the Quran? Did the word not exist before the 7th century? Did the dictionaries define it the way the people were using it or did the dictionaries reflect the people's supposed misunderstanding of the Quranic usage of the term? Did the Quran use it to mean "non-believer" but  some modern ulema decided that in our modern pluralistic world it would be more politically correct to change the connotation to 'treacherous oppressors"?

    These inconvenient questions will not appeal to someone like Naseersaab who considers his dogmatism to be the ultimate truth. Arguing with him is futile, so this will be my last comment in this thread.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/10/2017 1:16:43 PM

  • Based on the study of deep Consensus Methodology of understanding the Quran and Hadith, now I must make it clear for the readers, on behalf of the Consensus, that the sixteen verses quoted in this write-up are not abrogated for those who are Ahle-Ahad w Payman, or Ahle Dhimma from among the disbelievers/kuffar or Mushrikin. 

    The terms Ahle ahad w payman, mostly used in the Classical Islamic Theology, can be translated in the modern times as those people from among the disbelievers/kuffar or Mushrikin who have made a contract of living with Muslims in a peaceful environment, or in other words, those who have made a peace treaty with Muslims.

    For example, we Indians including Muslims and non-Muslims have mutually agreed to a peace-treaty, conforming to the laws defined in Indian Constitution. In that sense, every Muslim and non-Muslim is bound to live peacefully. Speaking from Islamic point of view, it is here incumbent upon Muslims to abide by the rules of the peaceful coexistence as defined in the Indian Constitution. The point to note here is that if someone claims that the peaceful verses have been abrogated by other war-related verses and then blames the Classical Islamic theology or Consensus, or Methodology of Consensus for nefarious acts of some modern militants, he will be simply seen as unaware of depth of Classical Islamic theology.

    Allah Almighty knows the best.

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 10/10/2017 5:33:02 AM

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