Books and Documents

Books and Documents (09 May 2016 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Unmasking Ideological Origins of ISIS; Refutation of Its Deviant Theology Alone Can Defeat This Evil

By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

09 May 2016

ISIS and the Future of the World between Political Condition and Hadith

داعش ومستقبل العالم بين الوضع السياسي والحديث

Author: Abd al-Rahman Al-Bakri

Published by: Darul Arabia, Cologne, Germany

Edition Language: Arabic

Year: 2015

Pages:   296


Abd al-Rahman al-Bakri’s latest book ‘ISIS and The Future of World between Political Condition and Hadith’ is a book to refute radicalism, extremism and terrorism deeply rooted in the deviant theology of ISIS. The book first presents the case study about the historical evolution of Wahhabism that, the author argues, inspired al-Qaeda, ISIS and the associated organizations. How the political condition and future of the world will change with the expansion of ISIS is also what the author discusses exploring various signs mentioned in Hadiths that warn Muslim Ummah of the dangers of an ideology like that of ISIS. The use of only military means against ISIS, in the author’s view, is increasing its power and strength. Therefore, in this book he proposes better solutions to weaken the power of ISIS.

The book is divided into one foreword and six chapters, namely: 1) The Salafist-Wahhabis and Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah: A brief history about their doctrinal similarities and differences; 2) The movement of ISIS and the Caliphate of Islamic State based on the Salafist Pattern; 3) Prophecies of the Great Messenger of Allah peace be upon him; 4) Elements of spreading the Salafist thoughts in all parts of the world; 5) The Hadiths of the Prophet – peace be upon him - about the Future of the World and the forthcoming tribulations; and 6) Hadiths of the Prophet -peace be upon him- about Imam Mahdi and the final decisive battle.  

Foreword to the Book

In the foreword to the book, Abd al-Rahman categorically says, “ISIS is the caliphate of Islamic state based on the Wahhabi-Salafist pattern”.

If ISIS “controls over the vast lands of Arab and Islamic countries”, Abd al-Rahman says, “it will make an unpredictable impact in its contribution to a climate of danger and other hazardous fallouts”. Warning the people of the danger of ‘ISIS’, he says, “We can’t rule out the possibility of establishment of ‘ISIS’ and its continued existence moving towards expansion and widening”. In the contemporary history many impossible incidents have turned possible, he argues, “Just three years before the fall of the Soviet Union, the matter of its dissolution looked so impossible. If a person talked about the possibility of its fall, he would be called irrational. But that impossible changed into possible and the situation is now different”. He also cites the examples of overthrow of the Shah of Iran, the fall of the Warsaw Pact alliance, the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, the bombing of the World trade Centre in New York by a suicide group, occupation of Kuwait by Iraq, US declaration of war on Saddam Hussein and regime change in Iraq, the fall of Zine El Abidine’s regimes in Tunisia, Hosni Mubarak’s in Egypt, Gaddafi’s in Libya and other great events during the last two to three decades.

In Abdul Rahman’s view, it is not possible to discuss “the Islamic caliphate based on the Salafist pattern” without first delving deeper into the intellectual hubs of Wahaabism and the so-called Salafism that the Saudi State is based on. We can’t get a clearer picture of ISIS ideology without first studying, he says, “the role of al-Qaeda and bin Laden that embodied ideologies designed by Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Abdul Wahhab.”

Abd al-Rahman poses some important questions: “What are the intellectual and doctrinal roots of the Salafist ideology? What is the interconnection between this ideology and Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Abdul Wahhab? How did the Islamic ideology evolve during the times of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Abdul Wahhab who founded the Salafist, Wahhabist and Takfiri ideology that inspired Al-Qaeda, ISIS and then the ideology of ‘Islamic caliphate’ based on the Salafist-Wahhabist pattern? What is the impact of books of Sahih Ahadees including Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim over this ideology? What is the relation between Wahhabi-Salafist ideology and the four Sunni schools of Islamic law? Is there any differences between the ideology of Wahhabism and that of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah or Sunnis? What are those differences? Do the Salafist Wahhabis issue Fatwas to kill all those Muslims who do not believe in the Takfiri-Wahhabi-Salafist doctrines?

Six Chapters of the book

Chapter 1 which is entitled “The Salafist-Wahhabis and Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah: A brief history of their doctrinal similarities and differences” is divided into three main sections; 1) Doctrinal and Ideological roots; 2) the Salafist Wahhabis and Sunnis; and 3) The Salafist Wahhabis and Sunnis between Kufr and Islam. In the first section, Abd al-Rahman al-Bakri speaks of doctrines of Ash’aris and Mutazilites, indistinguishable dogmas of Ibn Tamiyyah and Ibn Abdul Wahhab in different circumstances, some basic differences between the Wahhabis and the Imams of four schools of Islamic law.

Considering Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim the two most authentic books of Hadith, in Abd al-Rahman’s view, does not mean they “are absolutely free from the possibility of every sort of mistake in a chain of narration”. If any possibility of such mistake is found, the author opines “Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim will not be deemed as accountable for that, as it may occur from any of those narrators who came before them”. However, according to the dogmas of Wahhabism, believing any such possibility or criticism in any chain of narration of Bukhari and Muslims is a misguidance, the author tells us. The precautionary measure, Abd al-Rahman opines, must be maintained in terms of understanding Hadiths like “إن الله ينزل إلى السماء كل ليلة, or “إن الله يضحك إلى رجلين or “إن الله يضع رجله في جهنم or “إن الله يظهر للمؤمنين ويقول أنا ربكم فينكره المؤمنون حتى يكشف عن ساقه فيعرفونه and those Hadiths that literally and outwardly refer to Tajsim [anthropomorphism] and Tashbih [likening] of the Lord. It can be deduced from the statement of Abd al-Rahman that such Ahadith (plural of Hadith) must be understood in just the same way as the Sunni Muslims other than Wahhabis have done.

In the second section of the first chapter, Abd al-Rahman focuses on some doctrinal differences between the Salafist Wahhabis and Sufi-Sunnis. Having spoken of the designation of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah, he analyzes some of vile practices of Wahhabism, such as “doing Takfeer of Sunnis, accusing them of Shirk and Kufr, giving permissibility of forgery and false fabrications to install their arguments and refute their opponents, the deviant Wahhabi Fatwas, rulings, doctrines, opinions and perceptions in various phases, preventing Sunnis from studying the Fiqh of the four jurists, giving permissibility of blood and wealth of Sunnis as well as their children and women”.

In the third section of this chapter, Abd al-Rahman quotes a number of references in which the Wahhabi scholars have accused Sunni Muslims of shirk and Kufr. As Abd –al-Rahman notes, according to Wahhabism, “the Sunnis are the people of Jahmiyyah, Fitna [sedition], misguidance, Bida’tis (innovators), un-Islamic and those who speak the words of Fira’un [Pharaoh]”. It means according to Wahhabism, “95% Muslims of the world are Mushrikin and misguided who will reside in Hell. Therefore, it is mandatory to kill the Sunni Muslims [known as Sufi-Sunnis] who call for the Ash’ari doctrines and go against the Salafist doctrine of Ibn Taymiyyah”.

More significantly, in this first chapter of the book, Abd al-Rahman has tabled 193 references from the various books to reveal the doctrines of Wahhabism about Ahlus Sunnah/Sunnis and answered the questions posed in the foreword.

Chapter 2 which is entitled “The movement of ISIS and the Caliphate of Islamic State based on the Salafist Pattern” is divided into various sections. This puts analytical lights on subjects; the Salafist Wahhabis and spread of the contemporary Saudi state, the short description of Bin Laden and Abu Musa’b Zarqawi, evolution of the Salafist organizations to the formation of ‘ISIS’, conspiracy theories and ISIS, Combative plans and future blueprints of ISIS, Al-Qaeda and the associated groups, organizational body of ISIS—caliph, vice caliph, coordinator for the affairs of the states of Iraq, consultative and military councils, intelligence and security councils, Sharia’ body, media institutions and Bait ul-Maal [State Treasury]— social media war of ISIS, future  of ISIS in Iraq, Turkey, Iran, United states of America, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and European countries.     

This chapter deals with the emergence of the Saudi state on the Wahhabi Salafi ideology, bringing several questions in focus: Why did ISIS announce the state of ‘Islamic caliphate’? But why did Al-Qaeda not declare it prior to ISIS? Why did Saudi Arabia not declare establishment of the ‘Islamic caliphate’ in its three states during two and a half decades? What are the Salafist ideological roots adopted by ISIS for declaration of the caliphate state? What are the advantages that enabled ISIS to surpass al-Qaeda and the Saudi State in terms of declaring the ‘caliphate’? What are the fundamental disputes and differences between bin Laden's Al-Qaeda and Zarqawi’s Qaidat al-Jihad in Mesopotamia and ISIS under the leadership of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi? And why is ISIS much more dangerous than al-Qaida not only for the region's future, but also for the future of the world? What are the regional and global views about ISIS and what can impact the future of ISIS? But rather, what are the regional and international capabilities to influence ISIS and its future plans? What are the future plans of ISIS at regional and global levels? What can ISIS achieve out of these goals? What are the possibilities of eliminating ISIS? Will the elimination of ISIS in Mosul and Syria completely eradicate this movement?

These questions, Abd al-Rahman says, are not quite easy to be answered. Nevertheless, they put forth incentives for discussion and thinking that may result into solutions.

In chapter 3, Abd al-Rahman al-Bakri quotes some prophecies of the prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him- about the future, talking about their application to the deviant groups of the history such as Kharijites and the Qarmatians in a broader sense. Then it deals with some questions, “Can these Ahadees equally apply to the deviant groups like Salafists, the protectors of the two holy Mosques and the people waving the banner of Tauheed? Is there any conclusive evidence that categorically support the application of these Ahadees to Salafists?

This chapter significantly discusses two subjects; 1) Hadith of the prophet {peace be upon him} which is the second source of Islamic legislation after the Qura’n and 2) the Salafist movements or, more precisely, the Salafist doctrines which differ from all other Islamic groups in terms of adopting and presenting Hadith. It focuses on whether or not the way Salafists deal with Hadith is better. What is the difference between the Salafists and non-Salafist Sunni Muslims in terms of dealing with the Hadith?

This chapter is of great importance in altering numerous scales and revealing right from wrong for Muslims in general and the Salafist movements in particular.

Chapter 4, Elements of spreading the Salafist Ideology in all Parts of the World, is also of particular significance and answers a series of questions; why did this ideology spread so much in this circumstance at this time? Who are responsible for the events taking place in the world—the events that can be described not only as terrorist events, but also as events that completely oppose the purely intellectual approach, human nature and the first message of all heavenly religions, particularly of Islam—i.e. the value of human being, the right to human life, security of those who are not guilty and non-combatants, such as children, women and the old who are unable to participate in fighting? Who are responsible for such events? Is it due to ignorance about Islam or due to misinterpretation of Islamic teachings? Are there certain countries responsible for the spread of this violent ideology? Which countries are these? What are their responsibilities? Are there any wrong global policies supporting the spread and strength of this ideology? The answers to these questions are essential to the decision and policy makers so as to combat and eradicate this phenomenon, or at least to reduce the damages.

In Chapter 5, The Hadiths of the Prophet – peace be upon him - about the Future of the World and the Forthcoming Tribulations, Abd al-Rahman adopts some methodological approach to interpret Hadiths about Fitna [sedition] and future of the world, Fitna of Sufyani, Hadiths about Sufyani between truth and illusion, discussing possibilities for the fall of Bashar Assad’s regime in Syria.  Abd al-Rahman then replies to questions; “Are we living in the era of Sufyani? Will Sufyani, Ashab and Abqah appear after the fall of Bashar al-Assad’s regime? Who will represent the banners of Suyani, Ashab and Abqah? Why will the Salafists fight Mahdi at the time of his appearance?” In this chapter, he also speaks of various types of Jews, the State of Israel between scaling up and falling down. Exploration of the four Hadiths of the prophet –peace be upon him- that warned Muslims of ISIS and narrations regarding the war between the people holding the right flags and Sufyani is what makes this chapter readable.

In the sixth and final chapter, Abd al-Rahman talks about the Hadiths related to the final decisive battle between Imam Mahdi and the Antichrist. This presents a brief perception about the future of the world; the widespread injustice, oppression and then establishment of justice and revival of the Deen [Islam] by the promised and awaited Imam Mahdi and realistic personification who will appear to fill the world with fairness and justice after it was filled with injustice and oppression.

Summing up

Abd al-Rahman deserves appreciation for using objective methods in writing this book. Various other books and articles have exposed the origins and ideological roots of ISIS, but this book is unique with its analytical style. The most striking feature of this book is that it tries to remove suspicions and confusions coming from the independent reading of some Hadiths frequently quoted by ISIS. Interpreting such Ahadith in a reasonable and acceptable way, it unmasks the deceitful attitude of ISIS for increasing recruitment process of the gullible and naive Muslims.

As for proposing solutions to address the problem of ISIS, Abd al-Rahman gives nothing new but what most of the authors and writers too have been suggesting that the only use of power against ISIS is not sufficient to curb atrocities of ISIS. As Abd al-Rahman notes, what is more useful in this time is altering and reforming the wrong thoughts stemming from Wahhabism that inspired the establishment of ISIS. He says, “We have been fighting against ISIS through military means. All these methods have consequently failed to eliminate these deviant thoughts. Instead these thoughts have increased much more than before. It is as if the use of military power against ISIS is increasing the strength of ISIS.

The mistake the world is doing in fighting against ISIS is its sole reliance on the use of military power only. This approach of confrontation as we have seen has failed. At the same time it should also be noted that little effort to fight against the deviant ideas of ISIS is not sufficient.  We ought to affirm here that the world must fight, refute and reject the deviant thoughts and misguided ideas of ISIS, adopting the sound and true tenets and realistic features of Islam. This is the way that will truly impact and be effective more than the use of power, weapon and violence”. Abd al-Rahman says, he has written this book in the same spirit.

A regular columnist for New Age Islam, Ghulam Ghaus is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background. He completed the classical Islamic sciences from a Delhi-based Sufi Islamic seminary Jamia Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Zakir Nagar, New Delhi with specialization in Tafseer, Hadith and Arabic. He completed his Alimiat and Fazilat respectively from Jamia Warsia Arabic College, Lucknow and Jamia Manzar- e- Islam, Bareilly, U.P. He did his graduation in Arabic (Hons) and post-graduation (Arabic) from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/books-and-documents/ghulam-ghaus,-new-age-islam/unmasking-ideological-origins-of-isis;-refutation-of-its-deviant-theology-alone-can-defeat-this-evil/d/107242


  • That is why I frequently say the entire world is fully flat into war, conflicts, differences, disputes and clashes.

    People think they can or may resolve such problems; but unfortunately, it is still unfulfilled and from the study of history so far, it is apparently not going to be fulfilled. War and peace are nature of human being. Some fight for war and some fight for peace but fight is still a source for waging war or bringing peace.

    If you read newspapers, websites, and articles about war-related topics, you must have felt some sorts of victimization as if someone had waged war upon you. While sharing with my friends, I am suggested not to open such newspapers, websites or any articles that talk about war; whether of offence or of defence. Sometimes i find their suggestions as true and sometimes as untrue.

    Fight for country, fight for offence, fight for defence, fight for religion, caste, culture, fight for power, fight for politics, fight for fame, fight for wealth, fight for evil, fight for good, fight for family or neighbour, fight for girlfriend or boyfriend, fight for wife or husband, fight for leadership, fight for supremacism, fight for ending supremacism by adopting unfelt supremacism, fight for enacting law, fight for abolishing law; whether fight is with or without violence, fight is dominating at all levels.

    To end war from the world is a problem that is not going to end. The best solution I have brought as a result of my personal meditation is that we need to engage in remembrance of Allah Almighty, love to our holy prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, following their commands, messages, and model behaviour.   

    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 5/12/2016 2:38:12 AM

  • I agree with Samnakay sahab's comment. The fundamental purpose of religion, ‘do good for goodness sake’, is forgotten and fanciful and melodramatic scenarios are projected to keep people in perpetual awe of self-appointed clergy and ulama. . . .

    George Bernard Shaw said, "All professions are conspiracies against the laity". Self-appointed clergy and ulama are one such profession. They make sure that we do not think for ourselves.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 5/11/2016 1:59:07 PM

  • Ghulam Mohiyuddin Saheb is correct. As I told Dr Tahirul Qadri recently in a small meeting of senior security analysts during the Sufi Conference, by talking about Ahadith regarding Mahdi and Dajjal (Anti-Christ), even if trying to give them a different meaning,  he is strengthening and not weakening ISIS.
    The so-called end-times predictions are such that they can be fitted into any crisis situations. They could have been and indeed were fitted into several situations in the last 1400 years of Muslim history. As we all know, Muslims have produced a number of Mahdis and Dajjals. The whole thing is absurd and should be treated with the contempt it deserves. Many ahadith are a serious threat to Islamic rationality, as they amount to the character assassination of the Prophet (saw). Time concerned Muslims thought about them seriously. Let us take off our blindfolds.

    By Sultan Shahin - 5/11/2016 11:50:33 AM

  • Mr. Ravi, The Quran calls all for its guidance but only those who are muttaqi succeed in taking guidance from it. The Quran says:

    “[Baqarah 2:2] This is the exalted Book (the Qur’an), in which there is no place for doubt; a guidance for the pious [Muttaqin].

    After reading this verse of the Quran, some questions may come to one’s mind: Who are Muttaqi [pious]?  What about those who are not muttaqi [pious]?  Is the Quran is not book of guidance for those who are not muttaqi?   

    The Quran answers these questions very clearly:

    Muttaqi are “[Baqarah 2:3] Those who believe without seeing (the hidden), and keep the (obligatory) prayer established, and spend in Our cause from what We have bestowed upon them. [Baqarah 2:4] And who believe in this (Qur’an) which has been sent down upon you, O beloved Prophet, (Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) and what was sent down before you; and are certain of the Hereafter. [Baqarah 2:5] It is they who are on guidance from their Lord; and they are the successful”.

    So, to be muttaqi [pious] one has first to be a believer without seeing [the hidden]. To be a believer, he is required to believe in Namaz [Salaat] Zakat, Quran and the Hereafter. It is they who are on guidance from their Lord and they are successful. It is the essential message of the Quran without which one cannot be a believer.

    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 5/11/2016 5:51:36 AM

  • Is the Quran book of guidance for all?

    By Ravi Kumar - 5/11/2016 2:52:21 AM

  • Dear GRD and Shahzad,

    I appreciate your comments. Mr. Shahzad, this book is available only into Arabic language and has not yet been translated into English. Mr. GRD, In agreement with your second comment, I find it necessary to add that we require the right guidance and approach for understanding both the Qura’n and Hadith.

    When the Quran is misinterpreted we say this is misinterpretation. But the problem is: when Hadith is misinterpreted or wrongly applied, some people do not say the same word as they do in the matter of the Quran. At this time, what to say and what not to say to such people is uncertain. Is it double standard or due to their failure in understanding the depths of Hadith or a cause of Munkirin-e-Hadith [a sect]?

    Whatever the reason may be, we have to put in our mind that our Sufism/Ahlus Sunnah/Sunnis/ “Barelwis” believe in both the Quran and Hadith in the right way. We also believe that the best understanding [fiqh] of the Quran and Hadith has been presented by our four great jurists of Islam. The methods and requisites that these great jurists established as a result of hard and honest studies of Quran and Hadith for us to learn and understand the Quran and Hadith are highly academic, rational, objective, reasonable, balanced and all-time acceptable to us, even when dealing with the newly rising problems.

    The problem with Wahhabism or so-called Salafism is that they do not adopt the methods set by these four great jurists who are being followed by majority mainstream Muslims [sawade aazam]. On the contrary to that, the problem with some modernist Islamists is that they do not agree with Wahhabism but at the same time they try to understand the Quran or at least Hadith, using the specs of Wahhabism. At this stage, they have only two options; either to reject Hadith with despair or follow Wahhabism.

    Such problems are when one does not have good fiqh of Din. Allah Almighty knows the best. May Allah endow our Muslim brothers and sisters with the good fiqh [understanding] of Din [Islam]!    

    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 5/11/2016 2:36:12 AM

  • I fully disagree with the thought of one commentator that by Hadith ISIS can defeat us ideologically. It is the only Hadith on the basis of which today's Muslims have declared ISIS a kharijite organization.
    It is the Quran as well as the Hadith that have kept 99% Muslims away from ISIS, otherwise the scenario would have been something different. 
    Right to speech is right to every one but here we should be acknolwedge the fact, that the wrong thought against ISIS can only increase the recruitment process of ISIS...............
    Therefore, i should say thank to this writer who has reviewed this Arabic book for us and i would love someone if he translates it into English. Such a book is indeed much better than any other speculative suggestion that only results into untenntional favour of ISIS.  

    By ASBK - 5/11/2016 12:58:39 AM

  • This whole jargon is clever creation of all ancient religions. The Christian churches with Second coming of Christ and Hadis junkies with Mahdism have hitched a free ride on the band wagon of the huge theological employment industry for priests and religious scholars; the largest tax-free employment industry in the world.

    Looked at it rationally it has no basis and in fact it raises more questions than it answers, thus conveniently perpetuating the unbreakable enigma of religions.

    Clever but unscrupulous people, even warmongers throughout history use it as a flexible lever to shift the world, obscuring the fulcrum that is ‘do good for goodness sake’; for their own vested interests.

    The sooner the ‘learned minds’ shift their focus back towards it the better for all.

    By Rashid Samnakay - 5/10/2016 9:15:40 PM

  • GRDsaab, all I do with any talk of  Mahdi and Antichrist is to reject and ridicule it. If we talk about it with ISIS as if it were a serious subject, we lose and they win. You may however have different views on this.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 5/10/2016 2:49:59 PM

  • Dear Ghulam Muhiyuddin sahib, you have pointed out that “Discussions of the final decisive battle between Imam Mahdi and the Antichrist cannot be taken seriously.”
    But I think we cannot wash off our hands. We will have to seriously engage in the discussions on Mahdism doctrine, ilm aakhir al zamaan (end-time prophecies) and al-malhama al-kubra (the greatest battle), because they form the bedrock of ISIS’s theology and militancy. 
    How can we be removed from all this discussion, when the Dabiq, the central zone of ISIS was chosen because of its geographical significance in the end-time prophecies, according to which the time will come when Imam Mahdi or Islamic Messiah will bring victory in the battle against the Antichrist? Similarly, the Islamic State named its English-language magazine “Dabiq” for the same reason, to misguide Muslims that it is fulfilling the prophecy.
    Much before ISIS, Al-Qaeda and its jihadist affiliates talked about "breaking the cross." This was a reference to the similar prophecies. They were talking about paving the way for Imam Mahdi and the Jesus Christ to bring about final victory over their enemies. 
    In reality, the Daesh’s extensive quotations and citations of end-time prophecies is more of a larger theological discussion. Mainstream peace-loving Muslims will have to seriously address the canonical understanding of end-times prophecies and the role of Muslims in these trying times.
    The extremist Islamists will continue to refer to these end-times prophecies with regard to all ghastly events and jihadist atrocities that they perpetrate day in and day out. Sooner or later, Daesh will be crushed down, but other extremist outfits with similar apocalyptic doctrines will emerge. Therefore, the entire mindset of fulfilling prophecies through violence and wanton killing has to be challenged by moderate Muslims.

    So, dear Ghulam Mohiyuddin sahib, this is very serious discussion, indeed. This will turn out in a catastrophic consequences if we do not do the right thing in the right time. After all,  Allah is the protector, sustainer and nourisher of His beautiful world. These catastrophic, apocalyptic and destructive zealot forces are only raging demons of this world.

    By GRD - 5/10/2016 6:46:58 AM

  • Good review of a good book........Is this book available in English. I want to read it fully. Please can anyone tell me? 
    By Shahzad - 5/10/2016 12:52:36 AM

  • Good book review. . . . .
    One obscurantist theology cannot be invalidated by another obscurantist theology. Discussions of the final decisive battle between Imam Mahdi and the Antichrist cannot be taken seriously. We shall not find solutions to any of our problems by reading the Hadiths. . . . .
    One question that we may ponder is  whether evil groups such as the Kharijites and the ISIS could ever have existed if Islam was based on the Meccan verses of the Quran and we had retired the so-called "Sword verses" as being applicable only to one very brief period of our history. Could our own native intelligence and common sense have been better supplements to the Meccan verses than all the sword verses and Hadiths combined? These are dangerous questions to ask, so they rarely get asked.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 5/9/2016 1:39:54 PM

  • A remarkable refutation work undertaken by a classical Islamic researcher that must be applauded by the moderate and modernist Islamists of the New Age Islam.
    By GRD - 5/9/2016 9:25:11 AM

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