By Bharti Jain
Jul 9, 2014
Notwithstanding UPA regime's claims that it was committed to implementing Sachar panel's recommendation for better representation of Muslims in the police forces, the share of the minority community has fallen steadily to touch a new low of 6.2% in 2013. This marks a decline from the 6.5% Muslim component in all-India police in 2012, 6.52% in 2011 and 6.9% in 2010.
Incidentally, the percentage of Muslims in police forces across the country was much higher at 8.3% in 2001 and 7.11% in 2004, the first year of UPA rule.
Even in absolute terms, the number of Muslims in police forces across the country slid to 1, 08,602 in 2013 from 1,08,975 in 2012, according to data compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).
Among the 1,08,602 Muslims serving in police forces nationwide in 2013, as many as 41,089 were from Jammu & Kashmir alone. Without J&K, the share of Muslims in all-India police would be barely 4.07%.
The under-representation of the community is in sharp contrast to the rising share of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes in police all over India. The SC ratio has grown from 13.37% in 2010 to 13.67% in 2011 and 14% in 2012 before touching 14.7% in 2013. Similarly, STs formed 10.8% of the total police force in 2013, up from 10.3% in 2012, 10% in 2011 and 9.7% in 2010.
As per 2001 and 2011 census figures, the share of Muslims in the country's total population stood at 13.4% and 13.43% respectively.
A state wise break-up of Muslims in the police force shows that while Andhra Pradesh (9%), Kerala (8.6%) and West Bengal (8.5%) led the pack in 2013, many states with significant Muslim population like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar lagged behind with 5.1% and 3.95% representation for the community in their respective police. Muslims constituted barely 1% of Rajasthan police, and even Delhi ranked low with just 1.9% representation for the community in its police.