By Francesco Bergoglio Errico
September 6, 2018
The concept of Takfir – declaring a Muslim
a disbeliever – is a very modern propaganda weapon of al-Qaeda and Daesh. But
its origins are to be found in distant times. Indeed, in order to better
understand this concept, it is essential to travel all the way back to the 7th
Century roots – the Khawarij and Murji’a groups.
The Khawarij emerged from the battle of
Siffin in 657 AD, where the fourth caliph ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib and his successor
Mu’awiya bin Abi Sufyan clashed. During the battle, Mu’awiya’s troops,
outnumbered and facing almost certain defeat, called on ‘Ali and his troops to
accept arbitration between the two parties. ‘Ali took up the offer, but some of
his own troops rejected it. They thought that ‘Ali had been swayed by Mu’awiya
rather than divine guidance and that such an action should actually be seen as
an affront to God’s order. These troops then seceded from ‘Ali’s camp and
became the Khawarij group, the name they also applied to themselves.
The group’s first distinctive tenet
concerned the possibility of revolt against Muslim rulers who had been deemed
insufficiently pious. When ‘Ali agreed to arbitration with Mu’awiya, the
separatists, the people later known as Khawarij, reportedly shouted “La Hukm
Illa Li-Llah”, “judgement is God’s alone”. Only God has the authority to
arbitrate, they held, not human beings. Not even the caliph ‘Ali, in fact.
Later on, the slogan came to represent
their broad view that all judgements and rulings should be left to God.
Applying Qur’anic rulings very strictly, they fought Muslims who were deemed
guilty of major sins and expelled them from their community.
The consequences could not be more serious.
Since they believed sinful Muslims to be Kuffar (disbelievers), they
immediately applied Qur’anic lines concerning jihad against non-Muslims. This
meant that, according to the Khawarij, the application of jihad was not just
limited to ordinary people. If necessary, it could even include the caliph.
Indeed, they assassinated ‘Ali in 661 AD.
The second tenet of Khawarij ideology
addressed their conception of Iman (faith) and disbelief. In particular, what
is faith? And when does a Muslim become a Kafir, a disbeliever? One of the
greatest questions was whether A’mal, or deeds, acts or works, were an integral
part of the faith or not. Some theologians of Islam’s early years, including
Abu Hanifa, believed they were not a part of it. As a result, he equated Iman
with the belief residing in the heart and its profession by tongue.
Conversely, other scholars, including
Mu’tazilites and Hanabalites, believed that deeds, acts or works were indeed an
integral part of Iman and that this Iman would not be complete without them.
Among other outcomes, this dispute led to
what may be called the orthodox Sunni view, as well as almost all Salafi views,
according to which Iman consists of assent to the Iman in the heart, its verbal
confirmation by the tongue, and corresponding acts with the limbs.
Respectively, Tasdeeq Bi-L-Qalb, Iqrar Bi-L-Lisan and A’mal Bi-L-Jawarih
As for the Khawarij themselves, even though
they too believed that Iman consisted of these three elements and others, they
placed more emphasis on A’mal than mainstream Sunnism does.
The question of what actually constitutes
Iman is very important when defining enemies as unbelievers. On the one hand,
if A’mal is not an integral part of Iman, sinful acts cannot undermine that
Iman by themselves. On the other, if A’mal is an integral part of the Iman,
sinful acts can definitely compromise faith.
Moreover, while Sunni scholars have
separated major sins, Kaba’ir, from less severe ones, the Khawarij have
included A’mal among major sins, such as killing one’s child, adultery
and especially polytheism and idolatry, or shirk.
Scholars later separated shirk from other Kaba’ir,
establishing that only an act of shirk would immediately turn a Muslim into an
unbeliever, or Kafir, and therefore justify his or her excommunication from
Islam, Takfir. Additionally, any further proof of a person’s unbelief through
verbal confirmation was not necessary. Other major sins were certainly still
considered serious and deserving of punishment, but they were not enough to
turn a believer into a disbeliever – further proof was needed.
The Khawarij disagreed with this last point
since, according to their beliefs; a Muslim culpable of any Kaba’ir
should be avowed a Kafir, with or without further proof. This creed thus
heightened ordinary major sins to the level of Kufr, making its adherents
swifter to apply Takfir than those endorsing the movement later known as
The last relevant point about the concepts
of Iman and Kufr concerns the effects of sinful acts on a person’s Iman. Not
considering sins as equal to shirk, many scholars believed faith to be
diminished by sinful acts and increased by good ones. This led to an
understanding of Iman as flexible. The Khawarij, by contrast, believed that
iman could not fluctuate. It was either present or lost as a whole through
major sins. This made the Khawarij radically different from other groups, and
this was reflected in their use of jihad against other Muslims holding what the
Khawarij saw as aberrant ideas of iman, which made them legitimate targets, up
to and including the rulers and the caliph.
Another important group criticized the
beliefs of Khawarij – the Murji’a. According to most scholars, the genesis of
the Murji’a can traced back to the conflicts between the third caliph, ‘Uthman
bin ‘Affan, and his successor ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. At that time, the Murji’a
refused to take sides and opted for postponement of judgement, irja’, in such
matters. In their view, only God could decide on these subjects. Before taking
the name of Murji’a, this group were called Ahl-Al-‘Adl Wa-L-Sunna, or
“the people of justice and Sunna”.
The Irja’ “postponers” concept was later
dated back to the Qur’an itself by the Murji’a, in particular by referring to
Sura 9:106. This verse provided them with a conceptual basis for avoiding
taking sides in the conflict. In time, the Irja’ term became the most
important tenet of the Murji’a.
In that regard, there are two important
relevant points. The first is the development of the term Irja’. While
it was initially applied to political conflicts such as the battle between
‘Uthman and ‘Ali, between the 18th and 19th Centuries it acquired a theological
meaning. In particular, Irja’ was applied to people’s Iman; in
other words, judgments on anyone’s faith was postponed and left to God. For
that reason, unlike the Khawarij, adherents were generally loyal to rulers and
only rarely supported riots against them.
The second point regards their conception
of what constitutes faith and disbelief. Once again, unlike the Khawarij, they
felt that Iman only consisted of the belief residing in the heart and
its confirmation by the tongue, not concrete acts. Consequently, acts alone do
not establish whether an individual is a believer or a disbeliever. When the
takfir of such an individual was justified, then, they could ask.
In fact, from the Murji’a perspective, the Kaba’ir
intrinsically could not throw someone out from Islam, except in the case of a
sinner verbally confirming his disbelief, including shirk. Additionally, unlike
the Khawarij and orthodox Sunni, they didn’t believe that faith could be
altered by sinful acts and therefore excluded A’mal from Iman.
All of this contested history of the Takfir
concept flows down to our own times.
Al-Qaeda and Daesh both use the ancient concept to justify their goals
and their jihadi attacks on Muslims they see as disbelievers, including rulers.
In their view, these people are enemies who are destroying the true Islam and
the whole Ummah (community of believers), so jihad is warranted, indeed
mandated. They defend this position by manipulating many passages of the Qu’ran
It is very important to underline this,
because an increasingly high number of people now take the manipulations as
truth, radicalizing themselves, embracing jihad, and becoming fascinated and
indoctrinated by terrorist propaganda that promises salvation of the soul and
access to paradise to those who embrace the “true way” or the “true Islam”.
This makes it crucial to understand what Takfir
is and how the concepts of Takfir and jihad are used by the terrorist groups,
not only to better comprehend how they justify their existence and their
bloodshed, but also, above all, in fact, to improve strategies of disengagement
Kafir/ Mushrik/ Munafiq-Manufacturing Factories, Says Sultan Shahin, Defending
New Age Islam against Talibani Onslaught
After hearing the recitation of the complete Ramayana, a listener asked,
"who is Rama?" GM sb’s question is in the same league!
What has been established is that what the Government is saying
happened, defies the laws of physics and is impossible.
It is for the government to investigate and tell us what the truth is,
but the US government has taken every step to prevent the truth from emerging.
It legislated laws that make it the sole arbitrator of truth which cannot be
questioned in any court of law, and made every kind of litigation by the
affected parties impossible, to prevent questions from being asked that demand
answers. All affected parties are compensated in accordance with laws enacted
after the event and covering the event. Why did the government have to do this?
Why did it not allow independent investigations by the insurers? Why did it not
allow the family of the passengers killed, to sue the Airlines or the Airport
authority for their lapses? Why did it not allow those killed or injured in the
collapse to sue their lessors, owners or employers for their acts of omission
and commission? Why did it not allow the lessors to sue the company in charge
of security and safety of the buildings? In the normal course, all of this
would have happened bringing out the complete truth and at least ensuring that
proper steps are taken to prevent recurrence. The government knows what the
truth is and does not want it to come out. It therefore takes complete charge
of every aspect to prevent the truth from emerging.
What is known and admitted is that all three agencies the CIA, FBI and
the NSA were aware of the possibility of such an incident.
The FBI was even aware of those taking flying lessons and tapped their
The FBI is known to encourage Muslims to indulge in terrorist acts and
even aid them and blackmail them into doing things they would not otherwise do.
It has proven capability to make a terrorist plan part of its own plan.
The government has proven ability to carry out any act in complete
secrecy through contractors who can ensure perfect secrecy.
What could have upset their plans is if the air force had acted as
expected and scrambled their jets to bring down the passenger airlines before
they could do the damage. The government has no answer why this did not happen
and why even the Pentagon could be attacked hours after the first attack and
forty minutes after it was known that the plane that eventually hit it had
changed its normal flight path. What is clear and established is that specific
acts were undertaken to ensure that the air force did not do anything on this
Expert pilots doubt, that those who can fly a Cessna and not even land
it perfectly, could have flown these aircraft and executed such
perfect manoeuvres. They suspect that the planes were taken control of and
flown by remote control. All the aircraft had systems in place for
being piloted remotely.
Something did go wrong and not as planned. WTC7 was wired up for
Controlled Demolition but was not hit by any plane. It was brought down
nevertheless as planned, and the fact that it was going to come down was known
all through the day. That it had collapsed or was about to collapse was aired
by several news channels the first of which was 70 minutes before the collapse.
The building was evacuated within the first hour after WTC 2 was hit and the
four thousand employees did so using the elevators. The elevators are usually
shut down if there is a fire as these could become death traps. There was
therefore no serious fire when it was evacuated. According to the NIST report,
the fires in WTC7 were seen only about noon. The sprinkler system did not work
nor did the firefighters make an attempt to fight the fire. The fire department
took a decision to pull out several hours before the collapse.
There is a CIA asset who reports that weeks before the incident, trucks
were seen coming at 3 AM after the last Janitorial bus had left and leaving by
5 AM before the first set of people arrived. This activity went on for several
weeks. There are photographs of cartons which appear to contain fuses.
A complete power break-down on the week-end preceding the incident is
reported ostensibly to change the internet cabling. During this period, the
electronic surveillance was down, and all electronically operated doors were
open allowing free access. The elevators were obviously down preventing workers
The building security and surveillance is contracted to a company owned
by Marvin Bush brother of the then President.
The technology to execute a remotely controlled demolition has existed
since WWII. All the first responders comprising personnel of the NYPD and FDNY
have reported hearing secondary explosions when the buildings came down.
The news channels, that first showed visuals of the collapsing
buildings, also commented that these were coming down in the manner of a
perfectly executed demolition job.
events that took place as observed/recorded are impossible for the cause
attributed to them is proven by science. What is possible is that:
1. The government made the
terrorist plan a sub-plan to their own plan and aided and assisted them
2. They carried out the complete
demolition of the buildings with prior planning to create a spectacle and
generate intense horror designed for maximum effect. They created the illusion
that this was entirely because of the terrorists crashing planes into the
buildings. This horrifying event and spectacle were used to wage war and push
through the PATRIOT act that deprives the citizens of the right to privacy.
3. The US government has a
proven/admitted past record of staging events to wage/escalate war and to
spread lies knowingly. That the US
government did stage a Controlled Demolition and made it look as if the
buildings collapsed because of a plane crashing into them, to serve their war
agenda is believable from the speed and eagerness with which they attacked Afghanistan
and Iraq and pushed through the PATRIOT act. It shows prior planning and
The NIST Report makes for interesting reading. The study is in accordance with the law enacted on October 1, 2002, called the National Construction Safety Team Act (NCSTA) with the clear purpose of ensuring better safety for such buildings in the future. The objective of the study is not to establish the cause of collapse of the buildings. The cause is implicitly understood to be the two planes crashing into two towers and the third by debris of the collapsing tower falling onto it. The NIST is therefore under no threat of any action against it for not correctly establishing the causes of failure. The NIST has limited their analysis to establish what may have most probably initiated the collapse so that future designs may prevent such initiation of collapse. The NIST therefore ignores what happened after what they think initiated the collapse and simply say that complete collapse became inevitable once the collapse commenced as though partial destruction and collapse are impossible and unknown!
"How do you know that the complete collapse became inevitable?" asked Alice.
"It must have been," said Mad Hatter, "or the buildings wouldn’t have collapsed completely.”
“How did it collapse at free fall speed when that is impossible without Controlled Demolition?” asked Alice wide-eyed
“Why, sometimes I've believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.” Answered Mad Hatter
The evidence was collected from eye-witnesses under Non-Disclosure Agreements. These witnesses cannot therefore disclose to others, the evidence they gave. Also the evidence collected was by means of close ended questions leaving no scope for the witnesses to say what the NIST did not want to hear.
The NIST began its study a year after the event and much after the site was cleared of all the debris. They are therefore not responsible for any omissions in what was reported by the witnesses since they had no means of independently verifying anything.
Under the NCSTA act, the Report cannot be used by any party in any litigation against any other party. The NIST also solely and exclusively possesses all evidence collected and are empowered under the act to keep the evidence to themselves and not to disclose it. Independent investigations are therefore impossible and therefore there can be no litigation against any party for their acts of omission and commission.
The September 11th Victim Compensation Fund (VCF) was created by an Act of Congress, the Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act (49 USC 40101),shortly after 9/11 to compensate the victims of the attack (or their families) in exchange for their agreement not to sue the airline corporations involved. The airlines also cannot be sued.
The owner of the WTC is the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Larry Silverstein is only a lease holder and he is liable to rebuild. However, the government agency overseeing the project, the Lower Manhattan Development Corp., is only factoring the insurance payout into its plans. So, he does not stand to lose either.
The only losers are the consortium of insurance and re-insurance companies. In the normal course, the insurance companies do not settle without a proper investigation but the government has made independent investigation impossible through their legislation and unilaterally determined the cause of collapse as the terrorist event and made this determination of cause incontestable in any court. The insurance Cos have no choice but to grin and bear it. Since the government is the owner of the property, and the lease holder is liable to it and the insurance companies to the lease holder, the government has full say on how the claims are settled.
Every step has been taken to ensure that the government is in full control of every aspect.
you believe, that on a single day, three events, that defy the easily
understandable laws of physics, and which could not be explained by the
Official spokesperson or reproduced by them either through computer simulation or
through experiments with scaled down models occurred, then you are a believer
in miracles. Such believers can be made to believe in anything, which is why
education means little when it comes to perpetuating falsehoods and blind
beliefs among such people.
after being explained and shown experiments which demonstrate what the Official spokesperson are saying is impossible, you continue to stick to the false story,
then you are an active participant in the perpetuation of the lie. My comments
are not meant to waste time on such people but to educate those who are willing
to learn the truth.