By Francesco Bergoglio Errico
September 6, 2018
The concept of Takfir – declaring a Muslim
a disbeliever – is a very modern propaganda weapon of al-Qaeda and Daesh. But
its origins are to be found in distant times. Indeed, in order to better
understand this concept, it is essential to travel all the way back to the 7th
Century roots – the Khawarij and Murji’a groups.
The Khawarij emerged from the battle of
Siffin in 657 AD, where the fourth caliph ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib and his successor
Mu’awiya bin Abi Sufyan clashed. During the battle, Mu’awiya’s troops,
outnumbered and facing almost certain defeat, called on ‘Ali and his troops to
accept arbitration between the two parties. ‘Ali took up the offer, but some of
his own troops rejected it. They thought that ‘Ali had been swayed by Mu’awiya
rather than divine guidance and that such an action should actually be seen as
an affront to God’s order. These troops then seceded from ‘Ali’s camp and
became the Khawarij group, the name they also applied to themselves.
The group’s first distinctive tenet
concerned the possibility of revolt against Muslim rulers who had been deemed
insufficiently pious. When ‘Ali agreed to arbitration with Mu’awiya, the
separatists, the people later known as Khawarij, reportedly shouted “La Hukm
Illa Li-Llah”, “judgement is God’s alone”. Only God has the authority to
arbitrate, they held, not human beings. Not even the caliph ‘Ali, in fact.
Later on, the slogan came to represent
their broad view that all judgements and rulings should be left to God.
Applying Qur’anic rulings very strictly, they fought Muslims who were deemed
guilty of major sins and expelled them from their community.
The consequences could not be more serious.
Since they believed sinful Muslims to be Kuffar (disbelievers), they
immediately applied Qur’anic lines concerning jihad against non-Muslims. This
meant that, according to the Khawarij, the application of jihad was not just
limited to ordinary people. If necessary, it could even include the caliph.
Indeed, they assassinated ‘Ali in 661 AD.
The second tenet of Khawarij ideology
addressed their conception of Iman (faith) and disbelief. In particular, what
is faith? And when does a Muslim become a Kafir, a disbeliever? One of the
greatest questions was whether A’mal, or deeds, acts or works, were an integral
part of the faith or not. Some theologians of Islam’s early years, including
Abu Hanifa, believed they were not a part of it. As a result, he equated Iman
with the belief residing in the heart and its profession by tongue.
Conversely, other scholars, including
Mu’tazilites and Hanabalites, believed that deeds, acts or works were indeed an
integral part of Iman and that this Iman would not be complete without them.
Among other outcomes, this dispute led to
what may be called the orthodox Sunni view, as well as almost all Salafi views,
according to which Iman consists of assent to the Iman in the heart, its verbal
confirmation by the tongue, and corresponding acts with the limbs.
Respectively, Tasdeeq Bi-L-Qalb, Iqrar Bi-L-Lisan and A’mal Bi-L-Jawarih
As for the Khawarij themselves, even though
they too believed that Iman consisted of these three elements and others, they
placed more emphasis on A’mal than mainstream Sunnism does.
The question of what actually constitutes
Iman is very important when defining enemies as unbelievers. On the one hand,
if A’mal is not an integral part of Iman, sinful acts cannot undermine that
Iman by themselves. On the other, if A’mal is an integral part of the Iman,
sinful acts can definitely compromise faith.
Moreover, while Sunni scholars have
separated major sins, Kaba’ir, from less severe ones, the Khawarij have
included A’mal among major sins, such as killing one’s child, adultery
and especially polytheism and idolatry, or shirk.
Scholars later separated shirk from other Kaba’ir,
establishing that only an act of shirk would immediately turn a Muslim into an
unbeliever, or Kafir, and therefore justify his or her excommunication from
Islam, Takfir. Additionally, any further proof of a person’s unbelief through
verbal confirmation was not necessary. Other major sins were certainly still
considered serious and deserving of punishment, but they were not enough to
turn a believer into a disbeliever – further proof was needed.
The Khawarij disagreed with this last point
since, according to their beliefs; a Muslim culpable of any Kaba’ir
should be avowed a Kafir, with or without further proof. This creed thus
heightened ordinary major sins to the level of Kufr, making its adherents
swifter to apply Takfir than those endorsing the movement later known as
The last relevant point about the concepts
of Iman and Kufr concerns the effects of sinful acts on a person’s Iman. Not
considering sins as equal to shirk, many scholars believed faith to be
diminished by sinful acts and increased by good ones. This led to an
understanding of Iman as flexible. The Khawarij, by contrast, believed that
iman could not fluctuate. It was either present or lost as a whole through
major sins. This made the Khawarij radically different from other groups, and
this was reflected in their use of jihad against other Muslims holding what the
Khawarij saw as aberrant ideas of iman, which made them legitimate targets, up
to and including the rulers and the caliph.
Another important group criticized the
beliefs of Khawarij – the Murji’a. According to most scholars, the genesis of
the Murji’a can traced back to the conflicts between the third caliph, ‘Uthman
bin ‘Affan, and his successor ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. At that time, the Murji’a
refused to take sides and opted for postponement of judgement, irja’, in such
matters. In their view, only God could decide on these subjects. Before taking
the name of Murji’a, this group were called Ahl-Al-‘Adl Wa-L-Sunna, or
“the people of justice and Sunna”.
The Irja’ “postponers” concept was later
dated back to the Qur’an itself by the Murji’a, in particular by referring to
Sura 9:106. This verse provided them with a conceptual basis for avoiding
taking sides in the conflict. In time, the Irja’ term became the most
important tenet of the Murji’a.
In that regard, there are two important
relevant points. The first is the development of the term Irja’. While
it was initially applied to political conflicts such as the battle between
‘Uthman and ‘Ali, between the 18th and 19th Centuries it acquired a theological
meaning. In particular, Irja’ was applied to people’s Iman; in
other words, judgments on anyone’s faith was postponed and left to God. For
that reason, unlike the Khawarij, adherents were generally loyal to rulers and
only rarely supported riots against them.
The second point regards their conception
of what constitutes faith and disbelief. Once again, unlike the Khawarij, they
felt that Iman only consisted of the belief residing in the heart and
its confirmation by the tongue, not concrete acts. Consequently, acts alone do
not establish whether an individual is a believer or a disbeliever. When the
takfir of such an individual was justified, then, they could ask.
In fact, from the Murji’a perspective, the Kaba’ir
intrinsically could not throw someone out from Islam, except in the case of a
sinner verbally confirming his disbelief, including shirk. Additionally, unlike
the Khawarij and orthodox Sunni, they didn’t believe that faith could be
altered by sinful acts and therefore excluded A’mal from Iman.
All of this contested history of the Takfir
concept flows down to our own times.
Al-Qaeda and Daesh both use the ancient concept to justify their goals
and their jihadi attacks on Muslims they see as disbelievers, including rulers.
In their view, these people are enemies who are destroying the true Islam and
the whole Ummah (community of believers), so jihad is warranted, indeed
mandated. They defend this position by manipulating many passages of the Qu’ran
It is very important to underline this,
because an increasingly high number of people now take the manipulations as
truth, radicalizing themselves, embracing jihad, and becoming fascinated and
indoctrinated by terrorist propaganda that promises salvation of the soul and
access to paradise to those who embrace the “true way” or the “true Islam”.
This makes it crucial to understand what Takfir
is and how the concepts of Takfir and jihad are used by the terrorist groups,
not only to better comprehend how they justify their existence and their
bloodshed, but also, above all, in fact, to improve strategies of disengagement
Kafir/ Mushrik/ Munafiq-Manufacturing Factories, Says Sultan Shahin, Defending
New Age Islam against Talibani Onslaught
GM Sb is a doctor but his education may not
be relevant to what is being discussed. What can I say about his intelligence
when he believes the following without supporting evidence and in fact in the
face of compelling evidence to the contrary?
(1) 9/11 was the
result of a vast and extremely elaborate conspiracy that only the conspiracy
enthusiast can comprehend.
It is GM sb who is trying to make a big
deal about the incident. On the contrary, 911 is nothing new or difficult for
the US to execute. They have built the necessary infrastructure for executing
any monstrosity in complete secrecy and ensuring that it remains secret. Can
you imagine their dependence on private contractors who are given protection
from legal consequences of their criminal acts? Read the black deeds of
Blackwater with which the government agencies have an incestual relationship.
High ranking officials who give business to Blackwater are eventually absorbed
by Blackwater in high positions. The government contracts are extremely
lucrative. And what exactly was Pentagon doing with unaccounted expenses
running upto $2.3 trillion?
After having read the above, is there any
doubt that Blackwater can carry out any black deed in complete secrecy?
It is GM sb, who is incredulous in the face
of evidence because he is simply incapable of understanding simple physics and
the history of deceits practiced by the US government and the fact that every
American president was a great liar with very few exceptions. Lyndon B Johnson
was a compulsive liar under whose watch the fake Tonkin incident was made the
cause for escalation of war on Vietnam, George W Bush took the art of deception
and lies to new heights, Bill Clinton was a most earnest and believable liar,
“Nixon is a shifty-eyed goddam liar and the people know it,” Harry Truman ……..
What should be clear to any sane person is
that the official lies are obvious with the official liars having contradicted
themselves or other official liars. NIST will not talk beyond what happened
after the initiation of collapse because they have no explanation for how the
entire building collapsed.
The official liars first said that the
steel melted but since it was easy to prove that this was not possible from the
fire caused by the burning of aviation fuel, they went back on it and said it
did not melt. They came up with the pancake theory but since this theory does not
account for how the steel columns collapsed, they came up with the pile-driver
theory. The pile driver theory also does not explain how the steel columns were
cut. Steel can bend completely and take a U shape without fracturing. How did
it fracture like brittle bone then if it wasn’t melted? What explains the free
The perfect answer to all the questions
explaining what happened is Controlled Demolition but if GM sb prefers to bury
his head in sand, even God cannot help. God also gives up on such people saying
that the “Deaf, Dumb and Blind will not believe”. Not that they are deaf, dumb
and blind but choose to deliberately bury their head in sand. God has given
them ears, eyes and intelligence which they refuse to use.
(2) That man
could have independently generated moral precepts.
The evidence from the history of philosophy
starting from 600 BC, is that it has not given us a single moral principle
although ethics and morality are subjects philosophy is obsessed with. All
moral principles have come exclusively from religion. So, what is the evidence
that man could have independently generated moral precepts when he has
(3) Islam had no
influence in abolition of slavery.
It is a well-recognized fact that under
Islam, slavery was not what it was under any other culture/civilization. Slaves
rose to high places in the army and administration and even became rulers. They
ate the same food as their masters sitting alongside them. The masters shared
the burden with the slaves and never overworked them. The Quran explicitly
encourages marriage of free people with slaves removing any social stigma
associated with salves. Freeing of slaves is encouraged and even made
incumbent. The prophet and his followers bought slaves only to free them. One
such slave was Hazrat Bilal, a black Abyssinian, who rose to a very high
position and was the first muezzin and the first to give the call for prayer
from Kaaba. Enslavement of free people, except prisoners of war was put an end
to. While the Muslims did not ban slavery and the Christians did, what is
indisputable is that Islam influenced the attitude of the rest of the world
towards slaves. The other areas of influence were in making divorce acceptable,
reducing the influence of priests since Islam has no concept of priest, in laws
enabling women to inherit, the madrasa system becoming a model for public
schools and in every other area.
Islam influenced every other culture it
came in contact with. While the Europeans took all the best practices from Islam
and took each one of them further, the Muslims remained stuck at the point
Islam had taken them.
“That the influence of Islam is forgotten
and goes unacknowledged, is not very surprising. When exposure to a different
culture creates social change in society, the new view becomes an integral part
of the society's culture. This results in the source of the other culture’s
influence that led to change being forgotten, which is known as social
cryptoamnesia. The influence of other cultures can be successful if people can
dissociate between the socio-cognitive activities of resistance that are
induced by the source and other activities of resistance that develop from the
content of the message. The process of dissociation is explained by social
cryptoamnesia: what was originally considered different is gradually
constructed as an alternative (Perez, 1995). The Europeans absorbed the message
of Islam while dissociating from the Muslims and even hating them.
A person can be affected by influence
whether directly or indirectly. However, if one is not aware of the influence,
the influencing ideas could be taken as one's own while disregarding where the
original idea came from. Social cryptoamnesia explains that thoughts and ideas
that challenge or shock are stored in latent memory without retaining the
ownership of the idea. Ideas that were supposedly forgotten have reappeared in
the person's mind as his or her own belief or thought. This major attitude
change takes place when the zeitgeist has changed. In history, exposure to
other cultures have changed the attitudes of society, and the attitudes of
society have changed the personal opinion of the majority in that society.
Although such influence may not affect a person immediately, one's beliefs and behaviours
may change over time due to social cryptoamnesia.”
We’re not aware
of changing our minds even when we do change our minds. And most people, after
they change their minds, reconstruct their past opinion
— they believe
they always thought that. (Daniel Kahneman)
The lack of acknowledgment of Islam’s
influence on ideas that led to the banning of slavery is not proof that it had
no influence. The proof is in the fact that Europe’s renaissance is built on
ideas from Islamic civilization and taking the same a step further and in the
fact that Islamic civilization presented a stark contrast to the European
civilization giving them many new ideas to mull over and absorb. The Europeans
studied every idea that made Islamic Civilization great and took the same ideas
GM sb is however a slave and blind believer
of western scholarship and if this scholarship has failed to give credit to
Islam, he also vehemently denies it. He is the quintessential brown sahib, and
the reason why Muslims resist western education seeing what such education has
done to people like him. There are very few who can think independently.
(4) The Quran
does not make a distinction between Kafir and Mushrik.
GM sb may clarify his position. Is he
saying that all the Mushrikin are Kafir according to the Quran? He is on record
having having flipped-flopped many a time on this question. What is his latest
take on the question?
Oh really? What does GM sb
comprehend? That any random destructive force or fire can cause a high rise
building to collapse along the path of the greatest resistance (the path for a building to collapse on its own footprint, is the path of the greatest resistance)? This is impossible even as a
coincidence and for all three buildings to collapse in this manner is truly the
mother of all miracles! He has no idea how foolish such thinking is – ignorance
is bliss for him!
The mafia is an example of an organisation
that can keep its secrets and commit crimes with impunity. The US government
uses contractors to do its dirty jobs. The contractors build mafia like
organizations as far as maintaining secrecy is concerned to carry out the dirty
jobs for the government. Outsourcing solves the problem of maintaining secrecy.
How is the government’s mafia financed? One
day before 911, Donald Rumsfeld talked about unaccounted expenses of $2.3 trillion
spent by the Pentagon. The next day, the building housing the accounts
department of Pentagon was destroyed by an “aircraft” crashing into it and
nobody heard further about the unaccounted expenses of the Pentagon! If the
money spent on the contractors who do the dirty jobs was ever audited, the government
would be hard pressed to justify it.
Just hear two retired US army Generals
speak on the subject of 911:
Albert Stubblebine is credited with redesigning the U.S. Army intelligence
architecture during his time as commanding general of the U.S. Army
Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) from 1981 to 1984. Here him speak on
Clark. Retired 4-star U.S. Army general, Supreme Allied Commander of NATO
during the 1999 War on Yugoslavia.
The physics part is very well explained in
the video below, with practical demonstration of what is possible and what is
CNN News broadcast on the 28th June 2001 (11
weeks before the attack)a story claiming that its reporter with camera crew got
into Osama’s secret hideouout and
interviewed him and based on this interview, said that within 3 weeks, Oasma was
going to attack the US and Israel. Bill Cooper another broadcaster warned the
same day, that “whatever is going to happen, they will blame it on Osama, and don’t
you even believe it”!
Bill Cooper was shot dead less than two months later on Nov 5, 2001 by
Susan Lindauer, a CIA asset says in the
video, that between August 23rd
to about September 02, trucks were seen arriving at the WTC at 3 AM after
the janitorial trucks had left and leaving at 5 AM before people started
arriving. They tried convicting Susan Lindauer on various charges of espionage
and treason failing which; they declared her a nut case!
David Chandler, retired physics teacher analyses
the collapse of WTC 1 with visual evidence. He shows clear evidence of corner
columns being cut with “cutter charge” or explosives.
John Gross leading engineer for NIST says Steel did not melt.
Yes, it cannot melt from the fire alone but
only with explosives.
Metallurgist, shows clear evidence of molten steel
physicist – evidence of nano thermite used as explosive for cutting the steel. Demonstration
of how thermite cuts steel. Government experts claimed that thermite cannot cut
– Pentagon cannot account 25% of its expenses. Cannot account for 2.3 Trillion
public has believed in the mother of all miracles of not one, but three WTC
buildings, collapsing to the ground on their foot-print, in the manner of a
perfectly executed job of controlled demolition, and not in the manner of a
demolition job gone awry as it should have been, is hardly surprising. The government went
about its business taking the gullibility of the people for granted. To crown
it all, WTC7 was not even hit by a plane, and it is the only building in the
world, that collapsed because of an office fire, if are to believe what we are
told! To uncover the falsehoods takes very little knowledge, but even this very
little knowledge is too much for most people. The government knows this and cynically
makes use of this weakness.
economists and evolutionary psychologists have demonstrated that most human
decisions are based on emotional reactions and heuristic shortcuts rather than
on rational analysis. Not only rationality, but individuality too is a myth.
People rarely think for themselves. Rather, they think in groups.
they know a lot, because they treat knowledge in the minds of others and in the
books as if it were their own. This is the illusion of knowledge. We rely on
the expertise of others for most of our needs. This is the result of extreme
specialization facilitated by globalization. We consume very little of what we
produce and most of what we consume, is produced by others. Most people know
very little beyond what they produce. We have progressed as a civilization by
developing the ability to place our trust in others and cooperate with them. From
an evolutionary perspective, trusting in the knowledge of others has worked
extremely well for us
of the people – inability to think for themselves from lack of knowledge and their
complete reliance on groupthink placing their trust in experts, is cynically
exploited by the powerful government supported by the media and the establishment
experts. The gullible public unsurprisingly consumes whatever the government backed
by its crony “experts” produces. After all, they put their trust in the
government by voting it to power, and they would not like to appear stupid by
being proved wrong. To distrust the government or their parents or other loved
ones is extremely painful for people, and they will rather believe in delusional
myths, than face the truth.
suffer from conspiracy phobia are fond of saying: “Do you actually think
there’s a group of people sitting around in a room plotting things?” For some
reason that image is assumed to be so patently absurd as to invite only
disclaimers. But where else would people of power get together – on park
benches or carousels? Indeed, they meet in rooms: corporate boardrooms,
Pentagon command rooms, at the Bohemian Grove, in the choice dining rooms at
the best restaurants, resorts, hotels, and estates, in the many conference
rooms at the White House, the NSA, the CIA, or wherever. And, yes, they
consciously plot – though they call it “planning” and “strategizing” – and they
do so in great secrecy, often resisting all efforts at public disclosure. No
one confabulates and plans more than political and corporate elites and their
hired specialists. To make the world safe for those who own it, politically
active elements of the owning class have created a national security state that
expends billions of dollars and enlists the efforts of vast numbers of people.”
― Michael Parenti,
American political scientist, historian and culture critic.
normally refers to a controlled demolition technique. However, this theory has
also been forwarded to explain the collapse. The collapse of a floor drew the
outer columns inward causing an implosion is how they try to explain. It is a
strange theory. The collapse of one floor was enough to cause an implosion while
the remaining 109 floors could not prevent it! Even if such an impossible event
did take place, you would still have the 59 columns 362 feet high in one piece
collapsing on the neighbouring buildings and not breaking into hundreds of smaller pieces
and collapsing in a heap on the footprint of the building. The difference
between a controlled demolition and an unplanned collapse caused by a disaster
is precisely in the way the building collapses.
buildings, are destroyed by building implosion using explosives. This is very
fast—the collapse itself only takes seconds and it is as fast as a free fall—and
an expert can ensure that the structure falls into its own footprint, so as not
to damage neighboring structures. A dangerous scenario is the partial failure of an attempted
implosion. When a building fails to collapse completely the structure may be
unstable, tilting at a dangerous angle.
worst that could have happened to the WTC building is that the top floors above
the floor that was hit, tilting. Nothing can cause the steel columns to break
in smaller pieces except cutting them with oxy acetylene torch with temperature
of 3773 degrees centigrade which takes considerable time, or faster with explosives.
Just try cutting structural steel by a
fire caused by aviation fuel or kerosene. No amount of burning will have any significant
effect as the temperature will never cross 300 degrees centigrade. Steel loses
half its strength only at 600 degrees. Also, the fire affected only a few floors
and not the entire building and only for an hour before the edifice crumbled. A controlled demolition is the only plausible
explanation else what explains the floors unaffected by fire crumbling as they
WTC collapse, is the most perfect example of a controlled demolition and
nothing else can explain the very orderly collapse on its own footprint in just
a few seconds (in exactly the time that it takes an object falling through thin
air from the top of the building hitting the ground) without leaving any part
of the building standing or any of the 59 steel columns 360 feet long not cut
into hundreds of pieces. A steel column may be melted completely (only
theoretically because this is practically impossible) but how can it get cut
into several pieces? Only by cutting them with oxy acetylene torches (very slow
process) or explosives (extremely fast) as in a controlled demolition.
is a waste of time to discuss anything with GM Sb. He goes by groupthink on
every subject - not this alone, since he lacks the skills and knowledge to think
for himself. In this case, it may not even be groupthink but group position. The
group of American Muslims kowtowing to their new masters can only faithfully parrot the
term Free-fall and Implosion is often juxtaposed. It is highly
technical, scientific, engineering and art skill of using explosives
to collapse a tall building in controlled manner on the ground in
sequence to fall within its own footprint.
1988 two years before 9/11 al Qaida or its affiliates claimed to have
bombed the US Embassies in Nairobi and Dares-salaam; the softest
targets in the world for them at the time. The damage there to the
buildings could hardly be said as skilfully carried out but the loss
of lives of the innocent citizens was phenomenal in comparison!
just in short period of time, for them to belatedly claim to have
acquired the unbelievable skills to accomplished 9/11, seven seas
away can only be accepted by those who believe that Moses
miraculously split the Red Sea just by hitting it with his walking
stick, the Rod/A'saa.