By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam
23 April 2019
The radical Islamist groups believe that the concept
of homeland (Watan) is against the Islamic belief system. They describe
a homeland as “worthless dust.” They hold the view that patriotism (Hubbul
Watani) is a desperate human passion and a sin that should be resisted.
Concept of patriotism, according to them, is a part of ignorance (Jahiliyyah)
and should be rejected because it goes against the ideology of Khilafah
(Caliphate) and Ummah (global Muslim community). A country, they
believe, is nothing but a name of geographical boundaries created by colonial
powers; therefore, they do not have any sanctity for them. They impose a lie
and say that the homelands are places of dwellings which the people like but
Allah has condemned them and that the hadith about the Prophet’s love towards
his homeland (Makkah) is specific only to Makka. Therefore, they think they
should not apply this patriotism to any other countries.
Sayyid Qutb has repeatedly expressed such extremist
ideas in his book of Tafsir “Fi Zilal al-Quran”, describing all concepts of
patriotism as Jahiliyyah. (Fi Zilal al-Quran, Arabic version, vol.2, P.708)
These concepts of Sayyid Qutb are completely wrong,
because the homeland cannot be described as ‘worthless dust’. In fact, it
consists of nation, culture, civilization, history, politics, intellectual
tendencies, organizations, geographical borders and the citizens including
His declaration of patriotism to be a sinful act amounts
to mixing right with wrong. Love of a country exists in every good human being.
Even an animal loves its homeland and makes all possible effort to construct
and develop the place in which it lives.
Patriotism is not a concept antithetical to religion or
community. The country where a citizen enjoys religious rights, security,
liberty and freedom is a beloved place for him. For Muslims, a country where
they freely bow down before God Almighty in five-times prayer and have freedom
to devote all their time to remember God and His Prophet (peace be upon him) is
indeed their beloved homeland, the safety and security of which is their
Patriotism (Hubbul Watani) is not a part of Jahiliyyah.
Love of country is a tendency which naturally resides in citizens and increases
when they continuously feel secure and have full freedom to practice their
religious rituals. On the contrary, Jahiliyyah is a personal shortcoming which
can be repelled by education, good deeds, piety and adherence to rights of Allah
(Huquq Allah) and human rights (Huquq al-Ibad). A country, which gives equal
opportunities to its citizens to become good human beings in all walks of life,
is not responsible for Jahiliyyah.
The meaning of patriotism could not be clear to the terror
organizations because they did not utilize correct sources of understanding the
Quran. The indications of patriotism are mentioned in the Quran and its
commentaries written by several exegetes of the Quran (Mufassirin). The
concept of patriotism has also been encouraged in the books of Ahadith and
their commentaries, the Sharihin-Ahadith. According to a hadith,
whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) came back from journeys, he used to
see the wall of Makkah with love. In the commentary of this hadith, Imam
Asqalani and Imam Aaini etc have written that this hadith justifies patriotism
or love towards country.
Additionally, jurists (Fuqaha), saints (Auliya),
the wise (hukama), and Muslim authors have expressed their affection for
their respective homelands. A number of Ulama have written books on patriotism,
for instance, “Al-Hunain ilal Awtan (Love towards the homeland)”
authored by Jahiz.
Being away from the homelands, according to the Muslim
scholars, is extremely difficult moment equal to pain of losing one’s life.
Allama Mulla Ali Qari, in his book “Mirqatul Mafatih (commentary of
Hadith book – Mishkatul Masabih)”, says, “Being away from the homeland
is one of the most painful situations”.
It is narrated by Hazrat Anas that “whenever the
Prophet (peace be upon him) returned from a journey and observed the walls of
Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a
horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina” (Bukhari, 1886,
Book 29, Hadith 20). The same hadith is also mentioned in Jami al-Tirmidhi.
In the commentary of this hadith, Allama Ibn Hajar
Asqalani says, “This hadith is evidence of the virtue of Madina and
permissibility of love to country/Hubbul Watan” (Fathul Bari commentary
on Sahih Bukhari, Arabic version 3/621). Allama Aini has also made the same
interpretation of this hadith. (Please see, Umdatul Qari –commentary on Sahih
Allama Ibn Jawzi says in his book “Muthir al-gharam
al-sakin ilá ashraf al-amakin p.75”, “homelands are always beloved”.
Imam Abu Nuwaim said in “Hilyatul Awliya 7/380”,
“Being away from the homeland was the most painful experience of all that I
Out of many these are just few examples extracted from
the books of jurists, Ulama and scholars which speak of love of country (Hubbul
Classical Muslim scholars set a jurisprudential maxim
that “In principle all things, of various categories and types, are
permissible” for human beings until they violate Islamic injunctions. In other
words, everything which is not forbidden is permissible in Islam. The scholars
comprehensively apply this maxim when ruling on issues faced by people. In
terms of patriotism, there is nothing anywhere in Islamic injunctions which
might be the case for declaring patriotism ‘forbidden’. Therefore, love of
country or patriotism is not a forbidden act. Instead we see at several
occasions in the biographies of the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and the
pious people that they feel the pangs of homesickness when away and encourage
We should continue to love our homeland and take part
in its progress and development. Our love of our country should not be confined
merely to slogans, but rather this love should practically reflect into our
daily activities. Additionally, we should take necessary steps to refute and
defeat extremist thought which declare ‘patriotism’ (Hubbul watani) to
A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is
an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and
English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in
Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic
Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism
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In Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim
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people should join classes to understand Ahadith. The Muhaddethin who memorized
Ahadith had to consult the jurists to understand the meaning and application of
those Ahadith. However in this age, the problem with the people is that they
search for Ahadith or listen to any speaker and take out the meaning on their
own to support their views.
of Ahadith is not allowed for a common man, as some Ahadith cannot be better
understood literally. Therefore, he should consult the jurists.
towards country is a natural phenomenon which cannot go against the natural religion
of Islam. According to a hadith, whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) came
back from journeys, he used to see the wall of Makkah with love. In the
commentary of this hadith, Imam Asqalani and Imam Aaini etc have written that
this hadith justifies patriotism or love towards country.
Miss Kaniz Fatma,
According to some scholars of Hadith,
the hadith “to love your country is part of faith” is weak in its chain of
narration. The ruling of weakness over this hadith is due to chain of
narration. However the weak hadith is reliable in virtues [fazail] if not in
Ahkaam. However other scholars consider it to be fabricated and the fabricated
hadith is not reliable in any case.
But the weakness or fabrication of this
hadith does not mean that “love the homeland is not allowed”. You can use this
article for him as a reference which has used authentic evidences to prove that
love to country is natural and does not contradict any message of the Quran and
but obviously, the majority doesn't buy it.
central messaging of Qur'an is to clear to be missed: extirpation of kaffirs,
possession/occupation of all their goods.
there's also a 3rd problem:
for Muslims doesn't mean that they will let up on their+
are two main problems in this outlook:
It still searches for answers in some or the other Islamic text to justify what
one feels naturally. Why is own internally felt logic not enough? If it
ultimately has to be disregarded for fidelity to a text, one Muslim can
A the other to Z and both claim to be right.
'Watan' can easily be interpreted as country of Muslims, i.e. the land of
Mecca. And longing directed towards that fabled Islamic homeland.
lot of such alternative views about peace and kindness towards non-Muslims has
agenda (Christians are the same, btw) to turn 'dar al-Harb' to 'dar al-Islam'.
Sure, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis are also patriotic, but they annihilated all
native traditions in their respective countries.
is that if something can be naturally proved then why to go for other Islamic
text to prove something. Patriotism is natural then why to need to look for
can be translated as ‘definitive obligation’. Three things are farz in bathing;
Gargling, drawing water into nostrils, and the washing of the entire body.
Almighty says in the Quran “If you are in a state of ceremonial impurity then acquire
(full) purification” (5:6). According to Hanafis, the command in this ayat is
for acquiring full purification. The word ‘ittehar’ mentioned in this ayat
denotes purification of the full body. The parts of the body where water can
reach are included in this command. However those parts where water can’t reach
are exluded from the operation of the command in the ayat, because according to
a hadith, Haraj has been removed from the Ummah of the beloved Prophet peace be
upon him. We see that men are able to gargle and draw water into nostrils
without facing any haraj (difficulty) and that ittehar of the ayat demans
purification of full body. So along with the washing of the full body, gargling
and drawing water into nostrils are also definitve obligation.
to Shafeis, from this ayat (5:6) only the washing of the full body is
definitive obligation. As for gargling and drawing water into nostrils, they
are excluded from the word ‘ittehar’ and are Sunnah rather than definitive
obligation (Farz), because of the words of the Prophet (peace be upon him) “Ten
things are part of Fitrah (i.e. Sunnah) and among these are gargling and drawing
water into nostrils. They also do qiyas from the minor ablution (wuzu) because
both are sunnah in wuzu.
reply to Shafeis with the implication of the Quranic verse “O you who believe!
When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands
(forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and
(wash) your feet up to ankles” (5:6). Hanafis hold the view that in this verse ‘washing
your faces’ do not include gargling and drawing water into nostrils because these
two acts are excluded from the face. The limits of the face extend from the
hairline on the forehead up to the lower jaw and from earlobe to earlobe because
the meaning of being ‘face to face’ is realized in this way. As for gargling
and drawing water into nostrils, they are excluded from the face. They do not
consider these two acts to be definitive obligation (farz) in wuzu. However they
consider them to be Sunnah in wuzu because the prophet (peace be upon him) did
these acts persistently.
the reason of both acts [gargling and drawing water into nostrils] to be farz
in bathing, the word ittehar demands purification of the full body and internal
part of mouth and nose are included in this command because the washing of them
is not problematic.
is need of elaborating the concept of Duniya. What is Duniya? There are two things
in Duniya; right and wrong.
the question is: what is right and what is wrong? Something is right for some
people and wrong for others and vice versa. Consequently human beings can’t come
at a single path on accepting one single right path.
example, majority of Muslims are peaceful. Only a tiny group is involved in
acts of terrorism. For majority of Muslims, peace is part of right path and for
tiny group terrorism is part of right path.
several anti-terrorism steps taken by global organizations, leaders and
scholars are dominantly varied. If they start debating one another about what
is the right path; there will be controversy after controversy. To the extent
of academics, such a debate might continue with peace whereas the same on the
common ground might result in clashes, as we often observe that people initiate
their fighting over trifle.
statement quoted in your comment needs elaboration and it is difficult to
understand his perception in its entirety.
one thing in which he has made a mistake is about concept of patriotism. The
concept of patriotism in its principle does not oppose Deen. if one is supposed
to put it into Duniya, he will have to attach it with good part of Duniya, and
good for good is part of Deen.
Almighty has mentioned in the Quran His Favours that He gave to mankind and
reminded them of His favours. Take Surah Rahman for example. The Quran
beautifully says, “Is the reward for good [anything] but good? So which of the
favors of your Lord would you deny?” (55:60-61)
Almighty is the Lord of the entire universe including our country. We should
thank God Almighty for making this country a place of shelter for us. Our love
to this country is that we should pray for this country, its safety and
development and be loyal to this country. God Almighty has granted a good favour
by granting us a very good country. So can we hate this favour, that is, can we
hate our country? No, not at all, because good for good is part of the Divine
Message as mentioned above, regardless of the fact that at some times, good for
evil is also the preferred teaching of Islam.
does not mean one should torture, blame and kill other co-nationalists. But rather
it means to think of all possible causes which can be helpful for the
development of the country.
Therefore, it is wrong to say that there is not place for patriotism in Islam.
For further, you can quote this article to him.
Ghaus sb, thank you for reply. Could you please reply to such a concept which
is somewhat popular on social media circles? A man wrote on twitter “No room
for patriotism in Islam. Pakistan/Kashmir are where my roots are from my
Grandparents/Parents/Relatives. But my Deen is more meaningful. May Allah swt protect and preserve all Muslim
countries though. We need to get rid of the love in our hearts for the Duniya.”
(BY HalimeIYI on twitter)