By Noor Dahri
June 1, 2018
Before I provide the details of what
Islamic Theology of Counter Terrorism is and how it works, I need to go back in
the day to furnish the entire history about how Islamism/Jihadism (Political
Islam) was devised to accomplish the political ends by the western and some
regional Islamic powers. This is part
one of the topics of The Islamic Theology of Counter Terrorism.
It was the era when the Soviet Union (USSR)
invaded the state of Afghanistan and posed a direct threat to the Europe, the
US, Muslim countries and the state of Israel. The Western world was competing
with communism which had been a rising threat to the western capitalism for the
past 60 years.
After World War-II, the western world was
too exasperated to open another front in the near borders so the power of
capitalism was directly shifted from Europe to the US. The US was thought to be
capable enough to counter the ideology of communism which was rapidly spreading
all around the world, especially in the West.
The Capitalism and the Communism were not only
political but were also non-religious and economic ideologies. In the time of
communism, the people’s power and wealth were shifted from upper class to lower
class and that was not acceptable for the western world because the ideology of
capitalism was based on securing the capital of the rich class. The West was in
a worse situation from fighting with communism for nearly 60 years in war, from
political conflict to the military and ideological ones, and they wanted this
war to end but as victorious not defeated.
The USSR intelligence network was extremely
strong and powerful and it was also deeply rooted in the CIA and MI6. The
higher-ranking officers in the CIA and MI6 became double agents and started
working and sharing intelligence with the USSR. The KGB became an uncontrolled
dog and even Israeli intelligence network was not at par with the KGB. It
successfully maintained its intelligence network in Asian countries,
particularly in South Asian states such as India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
There was no remaining threat left for the USSR so they were able to invade
Afghanistan without any western confrontation.
It was such a great rout for the Western
powers that the USSR broke successfully into the region and they could not do
anything other than waiting and watching. The local Afghan fighters were
fighting with the USSR but it was inconceivable to defeat the red bear without
a strong backup support. It went on and on for years and suddenly the western
countries realised after seeing the Afghans’ fight with the USSR without any
military and financial support that they should step into the war and train
Afghan fighters to crash the enemy.
Although Afghans were completely oblivious
of the fact that it was not a religious war but an ideological one, the western
powers realised that the Afghans were successfully fighting with the most
powerful enemy without any sophisticated weapons and the only weapon they were
using at the time was religion, the name of Islam. Now, the western powers
actualised that they could change the game of chase if only they were able to
turn this into a religious war.
Though Capitalism and Communism themselves
were ideologies, they were completely non-religious and the countries had been
fighting for nearly 60 years but the USSR was not defeated yet. This time,
however, they concluded that they needed to create a very strong and powerful
ideology that could consume the ideology of communism. That ideology was
Islamism (the political Islam, the Jihadism) and the slogan of Jihad against
the communism, as an atheist regime.
The war between Islam and Kufr had started.
There were four major contributing countries that blatantly fuelled the war and
their entire objective was the collapse of Communism. Those four countries
whose national interests were to destroy the USSR were the US, Pakistan, Saudi
Arabia and the State of Israel. Israel’s role was very limited because her
prime goal was to defeat her old enemy (USSR) without directly jumping into
war. The USSR sustained Palestinian organisations to destabilise the state of
Israel so it was now time for Israel to take revenge; therefore, her role in
this war was pretty much understandable.
Islamist militants from all around the
world were welcomed, trained, financed and supported on the Afghan soil with
the help of the CIA, ISI, GIP (KSA Intel agency) and the Mossad. The Mossad
role was to provide arms and training along with the CIA. The Pakistan’s ISI
role was the same as well as to deliver financial support and accommodate these
militants from all parts of the globe. Saudi Arabia’s (KSA) role was to provide
finance and manpower into the war. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia along with
Pakistan not only invented this Islamist militant ideology but spread it all
around Pakistan by opening seminaries, mosques and they appointed these
militant scholars into such mosques. Also, they spread the Fatwas
(religious decree) in relations to legitimise the Jihad against communism
The Islamist ideology (Political Islam) was
now at its peak; Islamist militants from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia were granted
multiple visas of the western countries including the UK and the USA. They were
invited to not only give sermons on Jihad in local mosques but were allowed to
build their mosques, seminaries and social or charitable organisations on the
western soils. The official sermons from the western leaders were given in
favour of the militants and meetings were arranged between the American
President, the UK Prime Minister and the militant leaders.
Osama Bin Laden (later the Al-Qaeda chief),
Jalaluddin Haqqani (later the chief of Haqqani Network), Hafiz Saeed (later the
LeT chief) and other infamous militants were given the right to the freedom of
assembly (human rights article 11) and the freedom of expression (human rights
article 10) all around the European countries, particularly in the UK and in
The western Jihadists were sent to
Afghanistan to fight the holy war in the name of Islam and to protect Islam
from the ‘infidels’ (USSR). The global Islamist militancy was successfully
generated and the Muslim nations proudly participated in the holy cause. The
Muslim states warmly welcomed the western powers into the war and helped them
sustain their presence in the region. I personally asked one of the Islamist
leaders a question while I was in Afghanistan in the early 90s; why did they
support and welcome western powers against the USSR though both are non-Muslim
regimes? And the answer was: “We needed dogs to defeat the pig”. So, in this
case, it was not an Jihad but a Western Jihad in the name of Islamism which was
sustained and deeply rooted in Islam by none but Muslim countries themselves to
achieve their political objectives.
Noor Dahri is a author of books, director of the Middle East Affairs at
CommandEleven. He is a counter terrorism researcher based in the UK.