Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam
never for a day the religion of peace, Islam is the religion of war”, the
self-proclaimed caliph of ISIS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi asserts in an audio
address entitled “March Forth whether light or heavy”.
In its mouthpiece magazine ‘Dabiq’, ISIS publishes an article entitled “Islam
is the Religion Of the Sword, not Pacifism”, without mentioning the
author’s name. Before refuting this statement of ISIS, it is important to note
at the following excerpt from the article;
“There is a slogan repeated continuously by apologetic “du’āt” when
flirting with the West and that is their statement: “Islam is the religion of
peace,” and they mean pacifism by the word peace. They have repeated this
slogan so much to the extent that some of them alleged that Islam calls to
permanent peace with Kufr and the kāfirīn. How far is their claim from the
truth, for Allah has revealed Islam to be the religion of the sword, and the
evidence for this is so profuse that only a zindīq (heretic) would argue
otherwise.” (Dabiq, 7th issue, pg. 20-24)
of ISIS “Islam was never for a day the religion of peace, Islam is the religion
of war” is completely baseless. This claim denies the truth established in the
Quran and Sunnah that Islam is intrinsically a religion of peace and that the
preachers (du’at) of peace are neither apologetic nor heretic because they
serve Islam by spreading its teachings of peace. There is no denying the fact
that Islam grants permission for waging war but for the objectives of curbing
religious persecutions, preventing terrorism, violence and restoring peace and
tranquillity in its state.
following are evidences taken from the Quran and Sunnah which refute the statement
Almighty says, “But do not strive for Fasad (evil and terror) in the land.
Surely, Allah does not like (Mufsidin) those who violate peace.” (28:77)
“Allah does not like those who violate peace” implies that He Almighty likes
those who establish peace. This Quranic verse categorically refutes the claim
of ISIS that “Islam was never for a day the religion of peace”
word ‘Fasad’ in the Quranic verses connotatively renders ‘anarchy’,
‘terror’, ‘violence’, ‘corruption’, ‘mischief’ etc and according to the Quran,
the perpetrators of Fasad or terror will incur divine wrath (see these
Quran verses, 2:204-205, 28:77) and will be barred from Paradise (13:25, 28:77
safety is a great bounty of Allah for the entire humankind. Allah Almighty says
in the Quran, “Let them worship the Lord of this House, Who has fed them,
[saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear.” (106:4-5)
ISIS claims “Islam was never for a day the religion of peace...”!!!
ways of peace for the entire humankind is the main objective of revealing the
Quran and sending down the Prophet (peace be upon him). This is explicitly
clear from the words of Allah Almighty,
“There has indeed come to you a light from
Allah (i.e., Muhammad peace be upon him) and an Enlightening Book (i.e., the
Holy Qur’an). By this Allah guides those who seek His pleasure to the paths to
peace (and security) and takes them out of darkness by His command and leads
them to the light (of faith and guidance) and directs them towards the straight
ISIS claims “Islam was never for a day the religion of peace..”!!!
certain occasions for which some verses of the Quran were revealed to permit
war. But they were revealed for the Muslims so as to defend their religion and
lives. The basis of war was not denial of the faith but the cause of religious
persecutions. This can be understood from the following verse;
Almighty says, “Allah does not forbid you to be good to them and treat them
with equity and justice who did not fight against you on (the question of) Din
(Religion), nor did they drive you out of your homes (i.e., homeland). Surely,
Allah likes those who conduct themselves with equity and justice.” (60:8)
consensus of the majority of the scholars that this verse 60:8 is Muhkam and
not abrogated (Mansukh). The apparent meaning of this verse is that the
Muslims can be good to non-Muslims including Mushrikin and Kafirin who
do not fight Muslims in matters of religion and live in peace and justice. Thus
this implies that the nature of Islam is peace.
“But (do not fight) those who have allied with
a people that between you and them there is a (peace) treaty, or who (losing
heart) come to you in such a state that their breasts are afflicted (with this
obsession) whether they should fight you or their own people. If Allah had so
willed, He (strengthening their hearts) would have given them supremacy over
you. Then they would certainly have fought you. So if they keep away from you
and do not fight you and send you (a message) for peace, then (in the interest
of peace) Allah has left no way open for you (to launch any aggression) against
ponder over these Quranic messages. Allah Almighty Who chose Islam as His
Religion (Din) (3:19) and filled it with the teachings of peace, prefers peace
to war to such an extent that He orders the Muslim community through the
prophet (peace be upon him) to accept the hands stretched out for peace even if
the opponents have evil intentions.
first chapter of the Quran till the end, there are several verses which
encourage establishment of peace but it is ISIS which says, “Islam was never
for a day the religion of peace...”!!!
following are some Ahadith which also encourage peace, safety, and refute the
claim of ISIS.
reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever has three
qualities together will have gathered the faith: equity with yourself, offering
peace to the world, and spending from small amounts”. (Sahih Bukhari)
to this hadith, offering peace to the world is a source of strengthening the
faith. Then, how could Islam never be the religion of peace for a single day?!!
also said, “Establish reconciliation between people. Verily, corrupted
relations between people are the razor.”
(peace be upon him) said, “Worship the Most Merciful and spread peace.” (Ibn
Majah). Then, how could Islam never the religion of peace for a day?!!
Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said, “O Uqbah, reconcile whoever cuts
you off, give to whoever deprives you, and turn away from whoever wrongs you.”
Then, how could Islam never be for a day the religion of calling the believers
to establish good relationship which comes through peace?!!
(peace be upon him) said, “There should be neither harming nor reciprocating
harm in Islam in Islam”. (Ibn Majah, Dar Qutni, Muwatta, Mustadrak, according
to Imam Hakim and Imam Dhahbi, this hadith is Sahih on the conditions of Imam
In his address the Prophet (peace be upon him)
said to all the people including Muslims and non-Muslims,
“O sons of Adam and the men and women of the world all over! Your blood,
your properties and your prestige are declared forbidden for ever –they are as
sacred to your as are this day and this month in this Baitul Haram.”
address the Prophet (peace be upon him) declared the sacredness of human life.
Stanley Lane Pole expresses forgiveness and magnanimity of the Prophet (peace
be upon him) in these words, “Facts are harsh things and it is fact that the
day of Muhammad’s greatest triumph over his enemies was also the day of his
grandest victory over himself. He freely forgave the Quraish all the years of
sorrow and cruel scorn they had inflicted on him: he gave amnesty to the whole
population of Makka.” (The Prophet and Islam)
evidences mentioned above refute the claims of ISIS and rather establish that
Islam is a religion of peace. Therefore the preachers (du’at) of peace are
working for good cause of Islam and Muslims. And If Islam grants permission for
waging war, it is only for the objectives of preventing religious persecutions,
restraining terrorism, violence and restoring peace and security.
A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam
Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a
Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A
(Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is
Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and
Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).
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Muslim News, Arab
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Narrated `Asim Al-Ahwal:
I asked Anas bin Malik regarding Al-Qunut during the prayer. Anas replied, "Yes (Al-Qunut was said by the Prophet (ﷺ) in the prayer)." I said, "Is it before Bowing or after Bowing?" Anas replied, "(It was said) before (Bowing)." I said, "So-and-so informed me that you told him that it was said after Bowing." Anas replied, "He was mistaken, for Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said Al-Qunut after Bowing for one month. The Prophet (ﷺ) had sent some people called Al-Qurra who were seventy in number, to some pagan people who had concluded a peace treaty with Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) . But those who had concluded the treaty with Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) violated the treaty (and martyred all the seventy men). So Allah's Apostle said Al-Qunut after Bowing (in the prayer) for one month, invoking evil upon them.
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The pagans were of two kinds as regards their relationship to the Prophet and the Believers. Some of them were those with whom the Prophet was at war and used to fight against, and they used to fight him; the others were those with whom the Prophet (ﷺ) made a treaty, and neither did the Prophet (ﷺ) fight them, nor did they fight him. If a lady from the first group of pagans emigrated towards the Muslims, her hand would not be asked in marriage unless she got the menses and then became clean. When she became clean, it would be lawful for her to get married, and if her husband emigrated too before she got married, then she would be returned to him. If any slave or female slave emigrated from them to the Muslims, then they would be considered free persons (not slaves) and they would have the same rights as given to other emigrants. The narrator then mentioned about the pagans involved with the Muslims in a treaty, the same as occurs in Mujahid's narration. If a male slave or a female slave emigrated from such pagans as had made a treaty with the Muslims, they would not be returned, but their prices would be paid (to the pagans).
حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، وَقَالَ، عَطَاءٌ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، كَانَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ عَلَى مَنْزِلَتَيْنِ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ، كَانُوا مُشْرِكِي أَهْلِ حَرْبٍ يُقَاتِلُهُمْ وَيُقَاتِلُونَهُ، وَمُشْرِكِي أَهْلِ عَهْدٍ لاَ يُقَاتِلُهُمْ وَلاَ يُقَاتِلُونَهُ، وَكَانَ إِذَا هَاجَرَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْحَرْبِ لَمْ تُخْطَبْ حَتَّى تَحِيضَ وَتَطْهُرَ، فَإِذَا طَهُرَتْ حَلَّ لَهَا النِّكَاحُ، فَإِنْ هَاجَرَ زَوْجُهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْكِحَ رُدَّتْ إِلَيْهِ، وَإِنْ هَاجَرَ عَبْدٌ مِنْهُمْ أَوْ أَمَةٌ فَهُمَا حُرَّانِ وَلَهُمَا مَا لِلْمُهَاجِرِينَ. ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعَهْدِ مِثْلَ حَدِيثِ مُجَاهِدٍ وَإِنْ هَاجَرَ عَبْدٌ أَوْ أَمَةٌ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ أَهْلِ الْعَهْدِ لَمْ يُرَدُّوا، وَرُدَّتْ أَثْمَانُهُمْ.
The extract above is from Sahih al-Bukhari 5286, in-book reference: book 68, hadith 35; USC-MSA web (English) reference: vol. 7, book 63, hadith 210.
The phrase, the others were those with whom the Prophet made a treaty..neither did the Prophet fight them..nor did they fight him, as mentioned here implies Prophet Mohammad never fight with some pagans.
If Islam were a religion of war, Prophet Mohammad should fight with those whom he had made treaty with them. As he did not fight with them, it implies Islam is not a religion of war but of peace. It is of peace, since the Prophet sought peace with them instead of violence. Yet contemporary Muslim extremists act contrarily against the hadith since they seek violence with pagans instead of peace. The so-called Islamic State that Muslim extremists desire for is so much different from historical Islamic State, a state that sought peace with pagans in the past.