By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam
23 February 2019
the previous two parts, I have covered a few of the most important attributes
of Allah that are widely misunderstood. In this part, I cover the nature of the
Prophetic Mission which is also widely misunderstood.
Quran says in verse 5:3
“This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour
upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”
essential requirement for perfecting and completing the Deen was that the
Prophetic Mission was required to cover all the following four phases:
Phase 1: The peaceful
propagation phase teaching co-existence with other and even hostile faiths.
Phase 2: The Prophet becoming a
ruler for legislative verses to be revealed
Phase 3: Guidance covering just
wars from which the principles of war can be derived.
Phase 4: Guidance on how to
justly deal with the vanquished people.
these four phases, the Deen or religion would have been incomplete. We know
that only phase 1 was covered during the Prophethood of Jesus (PBUH) which is
why the Bible is like the Makki Quran. Did Allah know then that the religion
would be completed and perfected with Muhammad (PBUH) even before the
revelations began in 610 CE? Not with 100% certainty unless, all the subsequent
events are pre-determined, and no one had any choice to do anything except what
they did. Such pre-determination absolves all those who opposed the Prophet,
persecuted and fought wars of any blame. Nothing was therefore pre-determined.
The possibilities that such a mission would not have been the last and similar
to that of Jesus (pbuh) are:
1. The Kafirin had left the Muslims alone
and not persecuted them and heeded 109:6 “To you be your religion and to me
mine”. The Prophet then would have preached peacefully, and not migrated and
not fought the wars against the Mushrikin. Without active opposition by the
Kafirin, a large number may have accepted Islam making it the dominant
religion. Eventually, all may have accepted Islam.
2. The Prophet may have even become a ruler
and the legislative verses revealed. Any war then would have been with an
external aggressor but without any preceding oppression. This would have been a
normal war and not a religious war against religious persecution. The Deen would
have remained incomplete to be completed with a later prophet or prophets.
3. The Kafirin had heeded (8:38) “Say to the
kafaru, if (now) they desist (from religious persecution), their past would be
forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is
already (a matter of warning for them)” after the Battle of Badr and agreed to
cease religious persecution. The Prophet would then have returned to Mecca and
resumed peaceful preaching. Such a scenario would have resulted in only the first
3 of the 4 phases being completed.
4. In the Battle of Uhud, the Kafirin were
successful which made them bolder and a point of no return was near at hand. In
the battle of the Trench they returned with a great force and laid a siege to
Medina itself to annihilate Islam and the Muslims. The point of no return had
end result was not a certainty but became so only when the Mushrikin ganged up
and besieged Medina with an intention to annihilate Islam and the Muslims. It
was only at this stage, that it became Allah’s responsibility to complete the
Prophetic mission with complete military victory of the Muslims over their
enemy. This meant that all four phases would be completed and with it the Deen
of Allah, and therefore, Muhammad (pbuh) could be declared the seal of the
Prophets. This is exactly when the verse 33:40 was revealed in 5 AH, during or
after the Battle of the Trench, saying that Muhammad was the seal of the
Prophets. Before this, if the Mushrikin had agreed to desist from religious
persecution and agreed not to hinder Muslims from the path of Allah, it would
have been back to 109:6 “To you be your
religion and to me mine” and peaceful co-existence which may or may not
have lasted. If peace had lasted the lifetime of the Prophet, then he would not
have been the seal of the prophets since the Deen would have remained
incomplete. This discussion underlines the createdness of the Quran. The proof
of the correctness of this understanding is in the precise timing of the
announcement of Muhammad as the seal of the Prophets. This was not at the
beginning of revelations, but at the precise moment when it became certain that
the Deen would be completed with him.
Muslim scholarship without exception, however,
takes a deterministic view, which is why they struggle with verses such as
109:6, “To you be your religion and to me
mine”. Javed Ghamidi, a well-known moderate says:
The last verse of the Surah, it must be appreciated, is not an expression of
tolerance; it expresses renunciation on the part of the Prophet (sws) and a
warning to the disbelievers that they must now get ready to face the
consequences of their obdurate denial."
What he is saying effectively, is that 109:6
does not mean what it says but is a veiled warning of “wait and see now what we
do to you”! This is because in a deterministic view, war with the Kafirin and
their annihilation is inevitable, and therefore 109:6 cannot mean what it says.
The deterministic view makes Islam an immoral religion of deceit
they have the same problem with:
Say to the kafaru, if (now) they desist
(from religious persecution), their past would be forgiven them; but if they
persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning
twist is as follows:
to the kafaru, if (now) they desist (from disbelief and accept Islam), their
past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those
before them is already (a matter of warning for them)
And (8:39) And
fight them on until there is no more religious persecution (fitna), and there
prevail fully the deen of Allah; but if they cease, verily Allah doth see all
that they do.
Deen of Allah is for full religious freedom and no compulsion in religion)
(39) And fight them on until there is no more “shirk”, and all worship is
for Allah only; but if they cease, verily Allah doth see all that they do.
They cannot imagine a return to peaceful
co-existence with the ceasing of hostilities until and unless all accepted
Islam first. This is because, in a deterministic view, what was possible was
only what took place and nothing else. Any other scenario is unthinkable and
therefore the verses that appear to be offering a real choice, are
“interpreted” in such a manner, as to remove all choice from them.
end is also misinterpreted as offering no choice to the Mushrikin except
acceptance of Islam or death while the truth is that for those who had fought
the Muslims in violation of their treaty, the choice was migration, Islam or
death and for the remaining it was to become Jiziya paying citizens if they
wished to retain their faith. This is covered in my article:
The Nuances of Quranic The Correct
Understanding of the So Called ‘Sword’ Verses of Surah Taubah
thrives for the same reason. The deterministic view moves only in one direction
and cannot go back to a previous state and therefore, the Meccan verses are
treated as abrogated! As a matter of fact, these are not even thought to have
meant what they mean!
Not getting the attribute of Al-Qadr right,
has turned a moral religion into an immoral one. The question then is which god
do we worship? The moral one or the immoral one? That is the difference it
makes when we understand correctly or not, the important attributes of Allah.
Sign of Allah is that there can be no falsehood and no contradiction in His
Book. But the Muslims have made it the Book of Satan and cannot understand it
without numerous contradictions, and without considering many of the verses as
abrogated. Based on the most rigorous analysis and understanding of the
complete Book, I testify that this is indeed the Book of Allah, without a
contradiction, and no verse is abrogated. (The only exception being verse
4:176, the last verse to be revealed, contradicts 4:12, but this is intended to
solve a problem of inability to deal with 4:12 alone and is deliberate. Now
with better logic and mathematics, we know how to implement 4:12, 4:176 can be
treated as obsolete)
The Ultimate Success of our
فَادْخُلِي فِي عِبَادِي
(89:27) To the well satisfied
self (l-nafsu l-muṭ'ma-inatu)
will be said:
(28) "Come back thou to
thy Lord,- well pleased (with Allah), and well-pleasing unto Him!
(29) "Enter thou, then, among
(30) "Yea, enter thou My
state of being completely at peace and pleased with Allah and Allah being
completely pleased with us, can only be reached when we have understood and
accepted whole-heartedly, the nature/attributes of Allah, and moulded our lives
accordingly. It is we who must tune ourselves to the divine frequency, so that
the same becomes our natural frequency, and our whole self resonates with the
divine frequency. Our poorly tuned selves create doubts and blind us to the
truth or make us resonate with the Satanic frequencies.
understanding and whole-heartedly accepting the attributes of Allah and moulding ourselves to become a perfect instrument of Allah
for carrying out His purpose in creating us, is the ultimate success.
One of the Article:
of Understanding Correctly, the Attributes of Allah – Divine Will, Justice and
Mercy – Part One
Two of the Article:
The Importance of Understanding Correctly, the Attributes
of Allah – Kalam, Al-Alim, Al-Qadeer, Al-Muqtadi – Part Two
Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an independent IT
consultant after having served in both the Public and Private sector in
responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent contributor to
New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in
Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In
Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim Women
in West, Islam Women and Feminism
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