Rashid Samnakay, New Age Islam
30 May 2016
layperson’s perspective of Economics!
Case a): It
is often shown in the media the leaders of Muslim countries performing
religious rites when in office to bolster their standing in the nation. Not
uncommon is the allegation that the publicity stunt was political and at the
expense of the nation’s treasury.
Many individuals, in various countries who of their own, take in abandoned
new-born children, some even disabled, to foster and nurture. The case of an
elderly couple in Japan who have installed fully wired comfortable safe box
named ‘Baby Cot’ at their house and the ‘Palnaa’ - Cradle- of Eidhi
Foundation of Pakistan are examples of practical selfless acts, purely for
The case a)
is ‘Selfish Effort’ for personal gains and the case b) is ‘Selfless Endeavour’
to bringing long term change for the betterment of humanity.
nature’s law as articulated by Isaac Newton that every Action has equal and
opposite Reaction. In the above two examples, each one was
practically-undertaken action but with vastly different outcomes. In social
terms the first one would be considered as ‘wasted’ and the later as ‘lasting’
one wonder as to why the Quran repeats, over eighty times, the phrase A’millus
Saalihaatih- the righteous acts or beneficial acts?
action-A’amal, whether for evil or good, has a reaction, the specific qualification
of ‘righteous/beneficial’ is necessary to differentiate between the two; since
the Book’s main aim is to guide humanity on the path of righteousness. This
guidance was asked for by mankind in 1-6 of the Book.
context of beneficial acts, the one addressed in the very beginning, verse 2-3,
of the Book, is the spending out of ones excess sustenance provided by nature,
for the benefit of humanity as a whole- Yunfiqoon. This is repeated over
seventy times therein.
chapter 107-Ma’oon of the Book is addressed here out of many, specifically as
an example of the social Codes- ad Deen ul Islam (ref. 5-4) for its
highlights the people who negate this aspect of the Code for change in the
economic condition of humanity. The chapter is variously termed by translators
as ‘Neighbourly Deeds’, ‘Act of kindness’, ’Assistance’, ‘Small kindness’, ‘The
Spring of Sustenance’, and even ‘Religion’.
Rodwell’s ‘The Quran’, this chapter is named ‘Religion’. Although the word Madhab-
for religion is an Arabic word, it is not used in Quran. The specific term for
its system of Codes is ad-Deen. It is based on goodly/beneficial actions
A’millus Salihaat (ref. 16-97).
This is a
précis that exposes those who are negligent of this particular Code. And so, in
the process it defines Islam as being a ‘Do’ based ideology (2-3). It
establishes the ideals of mankind’s (including women-kind’s!) dignity 17-70,
and it’s the basis of prosperity.
Have you marked the one who attaches lies to ad-Deen?
the question it marks out who belies ad-Deen and thus negates Islam. So who is
the one who shows animosity towards the orphans- Yateem,
Orphan is a
child bereft of parental love, care, nurturing and protection; by the fact that
one or both parents have passed away or while alive, had abandoned the child,
thus depriving it of its rights to all the necessities of healthy development.
embraces all those in humanity who lack the necessities of life that ensure the
balanced development of mankind! And adds:
and urges not others the feeding of the needy. (Refer also 89-17 to 20).
the ‘feeding’ is not just the giving of food to poor (during the month of
Ramadhan only) but providing provisions of continuous nourishment for the
development of a healthily humanity. Additionally to discourage others from
doing the righteous acts is negating the Code, since that creates inequality in
So! Woe to the Musalleen, …the praying ones,
For it can
be argued that the Musalleen, those who pray do a lot of “good work”. Religious
school is often cited as an example. However, the act of providing boarding,
lodging and religious knowledge with the ulterior and parochial motives (such
as of recruiting youth to their version of Religion) is not an example of
‘Doing good’ for humanity.
implication is obvious. Parents, relatives, friends, neighbours, teachers and
everybody around the child contributes to it healthy development. The nation
and the State.
Distribution of sustenance’ is extensively discussed from the very beginning of
the Book. It is ordained upon those individuals who loudly and willingly (on
being elected) take the oath (on scriptures) to shoulder all the
responsibilities of leadership of the State. When they renege, the nation, the
State fails. Then humanity suffers!
Spirituality is individual’s worship of a Deity; such as worship/praying on
prayer rug/Musalla, and Musalleen are therefore those who pray on
So why is
the Book condemning Musalleen? Because:
they are negligent of their (duty) of Salat,
2-3 at the very start, along with the command to implement the Quranic Codes,
is the command for ‘establishment’ of Salat. This establishment – Aqimus
Salat is not the prayer, as the Musalleen insisted to be the rituals
performed on the prayer rug. These rituals are condemned as shown in 107-4
is practical ‘Do’ system, established to benefit humanity and not as
spirituality expressed on Musalla by Musalleen to show off piety.
The next verses make it clear:
perform these to be seen by others. (Refer also to 2-264, 4-142)
“advertise” their piety by pretending that they are performing their duty of Salat;
like performing Hajj at taxpayer expenses and publicizing it to win votes. And finally;
who shy away from doing righteous deeds,
a wasted Effort! How so? One way is by locking out their excess wealth which is
beyond their needs 2-219. As one translator puts this wealth as the Spring of
Sustenance for the needy; and therefore good for humanity as whole.
seem like drawing a long bow for those who take Quran as a religious scripture,
a book of church dogma, liturgy and easy spirituality of the church.
“we found our ancestors follow this custom”’.
following ancestors is an excuse for the ignorant 7-173. Verse 9-34 is scathing
in condemnation of this class. Quran calls them Mutrifeen, the
freeloaders and parasites. This is the class which perpetuates the custom for
its own aggrandisement and to gain status.
always repeats its instructions in different ways (refer to verses 76-6 to 9,
89-17 to 20). A lengthy Verse 2-177 is briefly quoted here as an example.
by condemnation of religious rituals. For, that which focuses the Creator’s
Lordship of the universe on just one holy place on earth:
is not righteous that you turn your faces towards East(s) or West(s), (summer
and winter solstice); but what is righteous: But what is righteous is to spend
out of your sustenance for love of Him ……and establish Salat and…And then a
long list of ‘Do’s follow. Refer 9-60 also.
concludes that those who fulfill all the requirements “are the people of truth
and are God conscious”. In 2-5 it says: they are the ones on the path of Lord’s
guidance (asked earlier in1-6) and they will prosper.
of mankind depends on the practical actions to eliminate poverty by equitable
distribution of wealth- Yunfiqoon; layperson’s system of ‘egalitarian
economics’, with a heavy dose of morality that comes from one’s “self” and
looking at the “big picture” like the people of Baby Cot and Palnaa. But it is
an anathema to the wealthy; they say ‘…let God feed them’ 36-47
emerges from the above is that Quranic Code is not a nebulous, ritualistic and
spiritual dogma either for churches or politics, all operated by ‘the elevated
class’ of people it calls Taghut; but it is a universal system of
command for “Do’s” and “Don’ts” by all for the good of all. That is, the
result-orientated spirituality of Islam.
comes from the capacity to perform those deeds that lifts the performers’
‘self’ to a higher level:
is the reward for Good other than Good?
leaders do not covet Nobel Prize, for doing what should be done as a duty in
the first place, because:
for that which is good for humanity remains on earth… That is goodness for goodness sake, as the
It begs the
question then: If those who belie the code ad-Deen, are they not the companions
of the Devil whom Almighty has cursed and who, as of their share, plunder and
destroy the humanity and its soul in many ways?
he (the Devil) said, ‘certainly I will take my appointed share of Your
companions portray themselves as ‘the elevated class’, for their appointed
share of Human soul; with hoarded wealth, military might, bruised foreheads and
with flags adorned with holy text, pretending it is from the Book (2-79).
the Book of Codes but fails to recognise the carpet baggers: the
Devil-incarnates (2-98). Once these are recognised and driven out of ad-Deen,
there is enough left to go round for the human nation (10-19) to prosper as one
and in peace.
A regular contributor to New Age Islam, Rashid
Samnakay is a (Retd.) Engineer
Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic
Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim Women in West, Islam Women and Feminism