By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam
30 January 2016
Is it fair to describe Members of ISIS, Taliban and their likes as Kharijites or Khawarij? A number of Sunni religious scholars (‘Ulema) have identified these modern terrorists as neo-Kharijites. On the contrary, some argue that Kharijite ideas were particular to a historical period and could not re-emerge among these terrorists. How should a Muslim respond to these contradictory views? Should he or she believe such ‘Ulema’ or be neutral? Such are the questions answered in this article, with reference to 40 significant characteristics of the Kharijites.
Who are the Khawarij?
Before we begin, we must of necessity understand the concept of Khawarij. The Arabic term “Al-Khawarij is plural of kharija i.e. a faction. They are a group of (blameworthy) innovators who are named as such due to their leaving the Din (religion) and rebelling against the best of Muslims.” (Fathul Bari Sharh Sahih Ul Bukhari, vol 12, page 283).
Imam Ibn Nujaym al-Hanafi says, “Khawarij are a group that possesses strength and fanaticism and revolt against Muslims or governments, owing to their (self-styled) interpretation. They hold the view that Muslims or governments are upon falsehood, disbelief or disobedience and thus it is necessary to fight against them. They declare that the blood and wealth of Muslims are lawful for shedding. (Bahr al-Raiq by Ibn Nujaym, vol 2, page 234). This precise definition by Imam Ibn Nujaym fits on Kharijites of all times.
The history of Khawarij dates back to the first century of Islam and has appeared throughout the centuries since. They deviated from mainstream Muslims, adopted extremist tendencies, anathematized many illustrious Companions of the prophet (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam), rebelled majorly against Hazrat Ali (radi Allahuanahu) and were popularly known for killing Muslims under allegations of Takfir (excommunication).
Characteristics of Kharijites currently apply to ISIS, Taliban and Al-Qaeda?
Several characteristics of Khawarij, mentioned in Hadith and prophecies of the prophet Muhammad (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) speeches of holy companions and scholars, assuredly prove that the modern terrorist organizations such as ISIS, Taliban and Al-Qaeda are Kharijites. Their forty major Characteristics are as follows:
1. They are mostly young in age (حداث الأسنان/حدثاء الأسنان/أحداث الأسنان)
As prophesized by the prophet (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam), "In the last days of this world there will appear some people among you who are young in age, immature and senseless; they will use (in their claim) the best speech of all people (i.e. the Qur'an) and they will abandon Islam as an arrow going through the game. Their belief will not go past their throats (i.e. they will have practically no belief), so wherever you meet them, kill them, for he who kills them shall get a reward on the Day of Resurrection."
This hadith has been narrated in several places of the hadith books. The Arabic words used in hadith to refer to this first characteristic are ‘أحداث الأسنان’ or ‘حدثاء الأسنان’ or ‘حداث الأسنان’; all of them have the same meaning i.e. ‘Young people’ or ‘People with new teeth’ (i.e. young in age).
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 61, Chapter: “The signs of Prophethood in Islam”, Hadith 118)
(Ibid. Book 88, Chapter 6, Hadith 12)
(Ibid. Book 61, Chapter: “The signs of Prophet hood in Islam”, Hadith 118)
(Ibid. The book on Virtues of the Qur'an, Chapter: The sin of the person who recites the Qur'an to show off or to gain some worldly benefit, or to feel proud etc, Hadith 82)
(Sahih Muslim 1066 the Book of Zakat (12), Chapter (48): “Exhortation to kill the Khawarij”, Hadith 199)
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, the Book On Al-Fitan (33), Chapter (24): What has been Related About The Description Of The Renegades, Hadith 31, Grade: Sahih)
(Sunan Abi Dawud, Book 42, Chapter 31 “Fighting Against the Khawarij” Hadith 172, Grade: Sahih)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, the Book of the Sunnah, Hadith 168. Grade: Sahih)
2. They are immature/people with foolish thoughts and ideas (سفهاء الأحلام)
We see that the people of ‘ISIS’ and their likes are easily brainwashed by the dreams of so-called ‘heaven’ (i.e. ‘Jannat’) and have foolish thoughts.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 88, Chapter 6, Hadith 12)
(Ibid. Book 61, Chapter: “The signs of Prophethood in Islam”, Hadith 118)
(Ibid. the book on Virtues of the Qur’an, Chapter: the sin of the person who recites the Qur'an to show off or to gain some worldly benefit, or to feel proud etc, Hadith 82)
(Sahih Muslim 1066, The Book of Zakat (12), Chapter (48): “Exhortation to kill the Khawarij”, Hadith 199)
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, the Book on Al-Fitan (33), Chapter (24): What has been related About the Description of the Renegades, Hadith 31. Grade: Sahih)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, the Book of the Sunnah, Hadith 168, Grade: Sahih)
3. They will be the people with tucked-up loincloth / a waist sheet that was tucked up (مشمر الإزار)
(Sahih Muslim: The Book of Zakat 12, Chapter 47: The Khawarij and their attributes Hadith 189)
(Sahih al-Bukhari: The Book of Al-Maghazi 64, Chapter: Sending 'Ali and Khalid to Yemen, Hadith 378)
4. The people (Kharijites) will emerge from the East (يخرج ناس من قبل المشرق)
(Sahih al-Bukhari 7562: The Book of Oneness of Allah (Tawheed) 97, Chapter 57: The recitation of the Qur'an by an impious person or a hypocrite, Hadith 187)
In one narration, the prophet Muhammad (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said while pointing his hand towards Iraq: “There will emerge from [Iraq] a people who recite the Qur’an but it will not go beyond their throats, and they will stray from Islam as an arrow strays from the animal [at which it is shot].” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 9, Hadith 68)
5. They will continue to appear until the last of them comes with Dajjal [Anti-Christ] (لا يزالون يخرجون حتى يخرج آخرهم مع المسيح الدجال)
This prophecy refutes those who think that kharijite ideas were particular to historical period and could not re-emerge in modern days among terrorist groups.
(Sunan an-Nasa'i 4103, The Book of Fighting [The Prohibition of Bloodshed] 37, Chapter: “The One Who Unsheathes His Sword and Starts to Strike the People With it”, Hadith 138, Grade: Hasan)
6. Their faith will not exceed their throats (لا يجاوز إيمانهم حناجرهم)
(Sahih al-Bukhari, The book on Virtues of the Qur'an, Chapter: The sin of the person who recites the Qur'an to show off or to gain some worldly benefit, or to feel proud etc, Hadith 82)
(Ibid., Book 61, Chapter: “The signs of Prophet hood in Islam”, Hadith 118)
(Sunan an-Nasa'i, the Book of Prohibition of bloodshed, Chapter: “The One Who Unsheathes His Sword and Starts to Strike the People With it”, Hadith 137, Grade: Sahih)
7. They will become so deeply absorbed in the Din (Religion) to the point that they will leave it. (يتعمقون في الدين حتى يخرجوا امنه)
(As- Sunnah of Ibn Abi Aasim (no. 930) from 'Abdullaah bin 'Amr (Radi Allahu Anhu)
As the extremism of Khawarij is widely known, some scholars argue that Khawarij are disbelievers, adducing the prophet’s statement “to the point that they will leave it” as evidence for their standpoint. Other group of scholars keeps silence over the Takfir of Khawarij. However, all of them unanimously agree that the Khawarij have nothing to do with Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah: “orthodox Muslims”.
8. They are excessive in performing acts of worship (يجتهدون في العبادة)
(Mu’jam fi Usami Shuyukh e Abi Bakr Al-Ismaaeli by Abu Bakr Ahmed bin Ibrahim, Hadith 246, Zammul kalamWa Ahlihi, Hadith 58, Ithaaful Maharah, hadith 11567)
9. Every one among you will consider his prayer and fasting insignificant as compared with their prayer and fasting (يحقر أحدكم صلاته مع صلاتهم وصيامه مع صيامهم)
The Messenger of Allah (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Leave him (Dhul Khuwasira, one of BanuTamim), for he has friends (who would outwardly look to be so religious and pious) that everyone among you would consider his prayer insignificant as compared with their prayer, and his fast as compared with their fasts. They would recite the Qur'an but it would not go beyond their collar-bones. They would pass through (the teachings of Islam so hurriedly) just as the arrow passes through the prey”.
(Sahih al-Bukhari 6933, Book 88, Hadith 15)
(Ibid. 6163: The Book of Good Manners (Al-Adab) 78, Chapter 95: Saying “Wailaka.”, Hadith 189)
(Ibid. 3610, Book 61, Hadith 117)
(Sahih Muslim 1064: the Book of Zakat 12, Chapter 47: the Khawarij and their attributes, Hadith 193)
(SUNAN IBN MAJAH, Book 1, Hadith 174. Grade: Sahih)
10. Their prayer will not pass their collar-bones (لا تجاوز صلاتهم تراقيهم)
(Sunan Abi Dawud 4768, Book 42, Hadith 173, Grade: Sahih)
(Sahih Muslim 1066, Book 12, Hadith 204)
11. They will recite the Qur'an, the teachings of which will not go past their throats (يقرءون القرآن لا يجاوز حلوقهم)
Meaning: TheKhawarij will recite the Qur’an but they will not understand the teachings of Allah Almighty. This is why it is reported that the Qur’an “will not go past their throats”
(Sahih al-Bukhari 6931, Book 88, Hadith 13)
(Ibid. 6934, Book 88, Hadith 16)
(Ibid. 7562, Book 97, Hadith 187)
(Ibid. 7432, Book 97, Hadith 59)
(Ibid. 5058, Book 66, Hadith 83)
(Ibid. 3344, Book 60, Hadith 19)
(Sahih Muslim 822, Book 6, Hadith 336)
(Ibid. 1067, Book 12, Hadith 206)
(Ibid. 1066, Book 12, Hadith 199)
(Ibid. 1064, Book 12, Hadith 193)
(Ibid. 1064, Book 12, Hadith 188)
(Ibid. 1064, Book 12, Hadith 192)
(Sunan an-Nasa'i 4101, Book 37, Hadith 136, Grade: Sahih)
(Ibid. 4103, Book 37, Hadith 138)
(Sunan Abi Dawud 4764, Book 42, Hadith 169, Grade: Sahih)
(Ibid. 4765, Book 42, Hadith 170, Grade: Sahih)
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2188, Book 33, Hadith 31, Grade: Sahih)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Book 1, Hadith 173, Grade: Sahih)
(Ibid. Hadith 177, Grade: Sahih
(Ibid. Hadith 175, Grade: Sahih)
(Ibid. Hadith 179, Grade: Hasan)
(Ibid. Hadith 180, Grade: Sahih)
(Muwatta Imam Malik Book 15, Hadith 482)
12. They would recite the Qur'an thinking that it supports them, whereas it is evidence against them (يقرءون القرآن يحسبون أنه لهم وهو عليهم)
13. They call to the book of Allah, but they have nothing to do with it (يدعون إلى كتاب الله وليسوا منه في شيء)
It means they will try to use evidences from the Qur’an but err in understanding it and deriving the best meaning from it.
(Sunan Abi Dawud 4765, Book 42, Hadith 170, Grade: Sahih)
14. They talk (in such a manner) as if their words are the best among the creatures (يَقُولُونَ مِنْ خَيْرِ قَوْلِ الْبَرِيَّةِ)
(Sahih al-Bukhari 5057, Book 66, Hadith 82)
(Sahih Muslim 1066, Book 12, Hadith 199)
15. They will be good in speech and bad in work (قَوْمٌ يُحْسِنُونَ الْقِيلَ وَيُسِيئُونَ الْفِعْلَ)
It means the Khawarij beautify their speech but commit vile actions such as killing innocent lives and creating division in Muslim community.
16. They are worst of the people and animals/creatures (هم شر الخلق والخليقة)
(Sahih Muslim 1067, Book 12, Hadith 206)
(Ibid. 1065, Book 12, Hadith 194)
(Sunan an-Nasa'i 4103, Book 37, Hadith 138, Grade: Hasan)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Book 1, Hadith 175, Grade: Sahih)
17. They disparage their rulers and claim them to be upon misguidance, as 'Abdullaah bin Dhil Khuwaysirah did with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) (يطعنون على أمرائهم ويشهدون عليهم بالضلالة)
(As Sunnah by Ibn ‘Asim, 2/455, Hadith 967)
(MajmauzZawaid, Al-Haithmi, 6/228)
18. They will come out at the time of difference among the (Muslim) people. (يخرجون على حين فرقة من الناس)
(Sahih al-Bukhari 6163, Book 78, Hadith 189)
(Ibid. 6933, Book 88, Hadith 15)
(Sahih Muslim 1064, Book 12, Hadith 193)
19. They will kill the Muslims and leave alone the idolaters (يقتلون أهل الإسلام ويدعون أهل الإسلام)
This is a fact known to all of us by the situation in Syria, Iraq and other Muslim countries that they fight primarily against Muslims.
(Sahih al-Bukhari 3344, Book 60, Hadith 19)
(Sahih Muslim 1064, Book 12, Hadith 188)
(Sunan Abi Dawud 4764, Book 42, Hadith 169, Grade: Sahih)
20. They shed forbidden blood- whether their own by way of suicide or others by attacking them by way of murder (from the speech of Hazrat Ali Radi Allahu Anhu) (يسفكون الدم الحرام)
21. They lie in wait on the roads for the purpose of attacking the passers- by and spilling their blood without any justification from Allaah (from the speech of Hazrat Aisha RadiAllahuAnha)
(Al- Mustadrak by Al Hakim (2/153) and MajmauzZawaa'id (6/236)
22. They will believe the Muhkam verses and fight over allegorical verses (Mutashabihat) (يؤمنون بمحكمه ويهلكون عند متشابه) (from the speech of Ibn Abbas RadiAllahuAnhu)
(Jamiul Bayan fi Tafsiril Quran by Tabari, 3:181)
(Fathul Bari by Hajar Al-Asqalani 12/300)
23. They will speak the truth with their tongues, but it will not go past from their throats (يقولون الحق بألسنتهم لا يجاوز حلوقهم)
(From the speech of Hazrat Ali RadiAllahuAnhuh, Sahih Muslim, The book of Zakat, Hadith 1066)
24. They take verses that were revealed concerning the disbelievers and apply them to the believers. (ينطلقون إلى آيات نزلت في الكفار فيجعلوها على المؤمنين)
(From the speech of Ibn Umar (RadiAllahuAnhu), Sahih Al-Bukhari, chapter 'Killing the Khawarij and Heretics after establishin the proof against them)
25. They will go out of the religion (i.e. Islam) as an arrow goes through a game's body (يمرقون من الدين كما يمرق من الرمية)
(Sahih al-Bukhari: The Book of Al-Maghazi 64, Chapter: Sending 'Ali and Khalid to Yemen, Hadith 378) (Sahih Muslim)
26. Those who kill them (kharijites), shall get a reward on the Day of Resurrection (الأجر العظيم لمن قتلهم)
Those who are fighting against neo-Kharijites including ISIS, Taliban and Al-Qaeda, shall get a reward on the Day of Resurrection.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 61, Chapter: “The signs of Prophethood in Islam”, Hadith 118) (Sahih Muslim)
27. The best of the Slain are those who were killed by them (خير قتلى منقتلوه)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Book 1, Hadith 181) (Tirmidhi)
28. The Khawarij are the worst of the slain who are killed under heaven (شر قتلى تحت أديم السماء)
29. They (Khawarij) are dogs of the hellfire (إنهم كلاب النار)
30. The Khawarij hold that a Muslim becomes disbeliever due to every sin, saying “they leave the fold of faith and enter into disbelief”. (Sharhul 'Aqeedah al- Tahawiyyah page. 298)
31. The Khawarij believe that the Muslims who commit major sins will live eternally in the Hellfire. (Sharhul 'Aqeedah al- Tahawiyyah page. 360)
32. The Khawarij are the worst people in deriving rulings based on analogy. (Al-Milal wan Nihal 1/116)
33. Some sects of Khawarij consider those who do not accept their views to be disbelievers, and then declare their blood lawful for shedding. They also allow killing women, children and the old who oppose them. (Lawaamiul Anwaar al Bahiyyah (1/86)
34. One of the characteristics of khawarij is that those Muslims who are following Taqleed are a cause for disbelief and the destruction of Islamic ummah. Thus they oppose Muqallid scholars. (Diraasatun Anil FiraqwaTaareekhil Muslimeen, pg. 146-147)
35. Some of the Khawrij believe that a person who believes that the consensus (Ijma’) of the scholars is proof in Islamic Sharia is a disbeliever. (Diraasatun Anil FiraqwaTaareekhil Muslimeen, pg. 143)
36. They prefer illiteracy to education, claiming that the combination between religious sciences and the practical secular sciences is not possible. (Diraasatun Anil FiraqwaTaareekhil Muslimeen, pg. 134)
37. They use only those verses of the Qur'an that are about Wa'eed (Allaah's warning of punishment) while they avoid using the verses regarding the Wa'ad (Allaah's promise of forgiveness and mercifulness) (Al Khawarij Awwal ul Firaq fi Taarikhil Islam p. 38)
38. They make rulings in haste. (Al Khawarij Awwalul Firaq fi Taarikhil Islam p. 146)
39. They outwardly display the attributes of calling towards good and forbidding the evil, using Religious texts, while they dispute with and rebel against the rulers and fight against those Muslims who do not obey them. (Al Khawarij Awwal ul Firaq fi Taarikhil Islam p. 37)
40. They incite teenage girls, family members, and wives, mothers and fathers to break away from their relatives and family to join their Kharijism.
Ibn Kathir describes this characteristic of Khawarij:
"ثم خرجوا يتسللون وحدانا ، لئلا يعلم أحد بهم فيمنعوهم من الخروج فجرجوا من بين الآباء والأمهات والأعمام والعمات وفارقوا سائر القرابات ، يعتقدون بجهلهم وقلة علمهم وعقلهم أن هذا الأمر يرضي رب الأرض والسماوات ، ولم يعلموا أنه من أكبر الكبائر والذنوب الموبقات والعظائم والخطيئات وأنه مما يزينه لهم إبليس وأنفهسم التي هي بالسوء أمارات. وقد تدارك جماعة منهم بعض أولادهم وقراباتهم وإخوانهم فردوهم و وبخوهم ، فمنهم من استمر على الاستقامة ، ومنهم من فر بعد ذالك فلحق بالخوارج فخسر إلى يوم القيامة"
Translation: “Then they (Khawarij) went slipping away alone to avoid detection so that no one would be able to prevent them from leaving. They went from the midst of their fathers, mothers, uncles and aunts, leaving behind all the kith and kin. Due to their ignorance, little knowledge or understanding, they believed that it would please the Lord of Earth and Heaven, not realising that it was in fact of the greatest crimes, the most destructive sins, monstrosities and wrong doings. They did not realise that this had been made attractive to them by the devil and their own egos hell-bent on wickedness. Some people were able to salvage some of their offspring, relatives, and brethren, and return them back and rebuke them. Then, some of these remained upright while others fled afterwards and joined the Khawarij, and so became losers until the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bidaya wan Nihaya, v. 10, p. 581)
Given the characteristics of Kharijites clearly mentioned in several Hadith, speeches of holy companions and religious scholars, as some of which referenced above, it is quite fair to describe the ‘ISIS’ and other Islamist terrorists as Kharijite terrorists. It is also worthy to note here that in several Sahih Hadith, the Prophet (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has commanded Muslims to fight Kharijites. It is, therefore, incumbent (Wajib) upon Muslim governments and rulers to fight against the ISIS, Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Boko Haram, in order to protect Muslims and non-Muslims and establish peace worldwide. As for Muslim scholars, they ought to perform this fight as a wajib on ideological ground, refuting their Kharijite narratives and characteristics.
A regular columnist for New Age Islam, Ghulam Ghaus is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background. He completed the classical Islamic sciences from a Delhi-based Sufi Islamic seminary Jamia Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Zakir Nagar, New Delhi with specialization in Tafseer, Hadith and Arabic. He completed his Alimiat and Fazilat respectively from Jamia Warsia Arabic College, Lucknow and Jamia Manzar- e- Islam, Bareilly, U.P. He did his graduation in Arabic (Hons) and post-graduation (Arabic) from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
What Is Kufr And Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Full and
Revised Text of the New Age Islam Series on the Subject)
Janab Ghulam Ghaus Sb:
According to your theological study, some people or groups from Wahabis or Salafees who have taken laws in their hands and committing violent activities are bad innovators, hence they are Kharjites. On the contrary, the Wahabis, Ahl-e-Hadees or Salafees say the mainstream Sunni Barailvee Muslims of the sub-continent are bad innovators who celebrate the Hindu or Christian festivals are bad innovators, hence the mainstream Sunni Barailvee Muslims are Kharjites. What do you say upon it? Who are correct in your opinion?
1. Article dated Oct.23, 2013
In consideration of the
foregoing historical and Qur’anic analogy, and the concluding remarks of the
Refutations of two recently issued comprehensive global fatwas by the al-Qaida
and Taliban terror ideologues, it may be a fitting response to declare the al-Qaida,
Talibans, al Shabab, Boko haram and others, including lone terrorists who
justify killing of innocent men, women and children in terror attacks and
suicide bombing as apostates and renegades of Islam and refer to them
as Terrorist Apostate of Islam rather than Islamic terrorists,
For International Fatwas To Declare The Terrorists Who Advocate Wanton Killing
Of Innocent People In The Name Of Islam As ‘Terrorist Apostates’, Like The
Kharijites Of Early Islam
The author of this document, who earlier proposed for an international
fatwa against terrorism (link below)  hereby declares the expulsion of ISIS
from the pale of Islam in his personal capacity and calls upon the Muftis and
Ulama of different countries of the world where there is at least one mosque,
to declare them as such and to have nothing to do with them and warn all
members of the community to disown them and have no sympathy for them as their
Islamic title may evoke.
The ISIS As The Kharijites (Those Who Seceded From Islam) As This Article
Demonstrates And Declares: Global SOS To The Ulama, Muftis, Intellectuals And
Scholars Of Islam
April 02 2015
truth is, in historical perspective ISIS has far exceeded the early Kharijites
in its barbarism, bestiality and killing spree, in committing atrocities
against innocent civilians, Muslims and non-Muslims alike and in destroying all
kinds of civil amenities. It is also committing crimes that date back to the
pre-Islamic jahilliyah – notably mutilation of corpses, and meting out
punishment that God threatened humanity with - burning people alive. Since
Caliph Umar had outlawed the Kharijites – regarded them as terrorist-apostates
who had forfeited their claim to the faith of Islam, the ISIS can be paralleled
with them and no Alim or Imam should have any fear in warning the community as
proposed above: dying while fighting for ISIS may earn them hell, not heaven.
Heinous Crimes That ISIS Is Perpetrating Totally Opposed To Islam And Those
Killed Fighting For ISIS May Earn Divine Wrath Instead Of Paradise And ‘Hurs’ –
An SOS To All Mosque Imams
April 25, 2015
[Muslims’] deep seated frustration and agony at the sufferings of Muslim
civilians for the crimes of a handful of terrorist and at the increasingly
brutal occupation of Palestine as testified by first hand international
witnesses like Gideon Levy and Mads Gilbert has probably made them
psychologically impervious to the sufferings and destruction that the terror
groups are causing to fellow Muslims and Christians, but let them have no
illusion - the terror groups regard all of them except their own creed as
infidels and there singular aim is to trigger a religious war that would only
consolidate their position as expounded in the article. Hence, there is an
urgent need to outlaw and marginalize them as the Kharijites
(terrorist-apostates of Islam) – as advocated in the articles referenced above.
5. May 2015
The bottom line is Islam
never spread by cutting the throats of innocent people and forcibly converting
others at gun point and committing acts of brutality, except in some narrow
corridors of history as an exception and not a rule . The ISIS and its
ideological affiliates are a shame on the face of Islam and “like (the
Kharijites), their counterparts of almost a millennium ago, they are bound to
be increasingly marginalized, and eventually jettisoned from the world of
Violent Terrorism – Muslim Community Leaders Must Warn Youngsters against the
Dangers of Radicalization
Sep. 16, 2015
“it is time that Islamic Religious Leadership issues a religious
decree calling upon activists and fighters and passive supporters of ISIS, Boko
Haram, al-Shibab, Taliban and their affiliates that the terror ideology of
their groups as well as their aspiration to form a pan-Islamic state by murder,
rape, plunder, and creating anarchy represents the antithesis of Qur’anic
message and has run out its course in history. …The only way to achieve this
could be launching of massive campaign of a magnitude and weight never
undertaken since the birth of ISIS such as issue of a proclamation or decree
from the Custodian of the Sacred Mosques calling for an overthrow of its
leadership by its own followers. Whether this is going to happen or not in the
short/ middle term, time will show. But the greater time it takes, the greater
the stakes and the graver the consequences. Muslims will only console
themselves with diverse conspiracy theories but their masses will bear the
fatal consequences for the inaction of their religious leadership – the
Custodian of the Sacred Mosques.
Violent Extremism – Muslim Ulama And Custodians Of Faith Must Avert A Potential
of the characteristics of khawarij is that those Muslims who are
following Taqleed are
a cause for disbelief and the destruction of Islamic ummah. Thus they oppose
Muqallid scholars. (Diraasatun Anil FiraqwaTaareekhil Muslimeen, pg. 146-147)"
Wahhabis consider that Sufi minded
Muslims and Deobandis are following taqleed. So it means wahhabis are closer to kharijites?
wahhabis who have entered into groups of ISIS referred to as kharijites and are
killing innocent lives should be fought by Muslim governments until they stop
killing Muslims and non-Muslims.
As for common
Muslims, they should not take law in hand. Muslim scholars should fight this
war only on ideological ground and teach the common masses the true message of
matter of killing kharijites as mentioned in some hadith is up to Muslim rulers
and governments. Because the study of other hadith tells us that the matter of
punishment or forgiveness is up to Muslim rulers or governments. Muslims are
not allowed to take law in hand. In Islam, the law is not made by just the
study of one hadith, but rather it is formed after collecting all the relevant
hadith and rulings together by applying the criteria of hadith science and
checking Istishna, Explicit, Implicit, Preference between authentic and weak
narrations, Contextual, Universal natures, and many more.
you did not notice that despite the fact that the command of killing kharijites
is mentioned in some hadith, I did not ask all Muslims in my conclusion to take
law in hand, because according to the study of other hadith and the law
unanimously agreed upon among classical, traditional or even modern scholars,
Muslims should not take law in hand to punish criminals for their crimes.
read the conclusion of my article:
the characteristics of Kharijites clearly mentioned in several Hadith, speeches
of holy companions and religious scholars, as some of which referenced above,
it is quite fair to describe the ‘ISIS’ and other Islamist terrorists as
Kharijite terrorists. It is also worthy to note here that in several Sahih
Hadith, the Prophet (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has commanded Muslims to fight
Kharijites. It is, therefore, incumbent (Wajib) upon Muslim governments and
rulers to fight against the ISIS, Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Boko Haram, in order to
protect Muslims and non-Muslims and establish peace worldwide. As for Muslim
scholars, they ought to perform this fight as a wajib on ideological ground,
refuting their Kharijite narratives and characteristics”.
as ISIS being kharijites aka wahhabis, please ask those people who openly say
the ISIS is one of the groups of wahhabis. Mr. Sultan Shahin and a large number
of the commentators, columnists including of this newageislam.com say they are
wahhabis or influenced by wahhabism. Please also ask them if they do not
advocate killing ISIS, Taliban and other terrorist organizations.
may or might say those wahhabis who have entered the groups of ISIS should be
killed by the Muslim rulers or governments in the ongoing war, or if not, they
should express their minds or stop calling them wahhabis.
you do not know your fellow wahhabis have also issued fatwa in which they have
described ISIS as kharijite organization. They apparently give the statement
that the militants of ISIS are falsely using the narrative of Allama Ibn
Taimiya and Abdul Wahhab.
may not be they are doing it in order to defend their dignity at a time when
approximately the entire world has known the real identity of wahhabism or
you can read is as follows:
Members of ISIS call themselves to be the followers of Ibn Abdul Wahhab and
Allama Ibn Taimiya.
contrary to that, other followers of Ibn Taimiya and Abdul wahhab majorly known
among Muslims as wahhabis call the ISIS as kharijites.
question is if militants of ISIS referred to as kharijites or wahhabis or a new
kind of wahhabis associated with kharijites, should be killed or not, in order
to establish peace in the world. Or Muslims should not advocate killing of
ISIS, simply because they are a kind of wahhabis.
theological study, I have been taught that mutual agreement is more preferable
than individual interpretation or idea. This is also a lesson taught in hadith
science which you perhaps can never test. Let the people of the world decide,
which idea is based on mutual agreement.
spark of kharijism had started in the era of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon
him, though khawarij majorly rebelled against Hazrat Ali Radi Allahu Anhu.
word “Khawarij” is mentioned in several books of hadith and various speeches of
holy companions. I am quoting it for Mr. Naseer who perhaps has said somewhere
in his comment that the word ‘khawarij’ was not mentioned in hadith book or
something like that.
narrated that Sharik bin Shihab said:
used to wish that I could meet a man among the Companions of the Prophet [SAW]
and ask him about the Khawarij. Then I met Abu Barzah on the day of 'Id, with a
number of his companions. I said to him: 'Did you hear the Messenger of Allah
[Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam] mention the Khawarij?' He said: 'Yes. I heard the
Messenger of Allah [Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam] with my own ears, and saw him
with my own eyes. Some wealth was brought to the Messenger of Allah [SAW] and
he distributed it to those on his right and on his left, but he did not give
anything to those who were behind him. Then a man stood behind him and said:
"O Muhammad! You have not been just in your division!" He was a man
with black patchy (shaved) hair, wearing two white garments. So Allah's
Messenger [Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam] became very angry and said: "By
Allah! You will not find a man after me who is more just than me." Then he
said: "A people will come at the end of time; as if he is one of them,
reciting the Qur'an without it passing beyond their throats. They will go
through Islam just as the arrow goes through the target. Their distinction will
be shaving. They will not cease to appear until the last of them comes with
Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal. So when you meet them, then kill them, they are the worst
of created beings."
مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَعْمَرٍ الْبَصْرِيُّ الْحَرَّانِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ
الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، عَنِ الأَزْرَقِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ،
عَنْ شَرِيكِ بْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أَتَمَنَّى أَنْ أَلْقَى، رَجُلاً مِنْ أَصْحَابِ
النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْخَوَارِجِ فَلَقِيتُ أَبَا بَرْزَةَ
فِي يَوْمِ عِيدٍ فِي نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ هَلْ سَمِعْتَ رَسُولَ
اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَذْكُرُ الْخَوَارِجَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ
اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِأُذُنِي وَرَأَيْتُهُ بِعَيْنِي أُتِيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ
صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَالٍ فَقَسَمَهُ فَأَعْطَى مَنْ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَمَنْ عَنْ
شِمَالِهِ وَلَمْ يُعْطِ مَنْ وَرَاءَهُ شَيْئًا فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ فَقَالَ
يَا مُحَمَّدُ مَا عَدَلْتَ فِي الْقِسْمَةِ . رَجُلٌ أَسْوَدُ مَطْمُومُ الشَّعْرِ
عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبَانِ أَبْيَضَانِ فَغَضِبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم غَضَبًا
شَدِيدًا وَقَالَ " وَاللَّهِ لاَ تَجِدُونَ بَعْدِي رَجُلاً هُوَ أَعْدَلُ
مِنِّي " . ثُمَّ قَالَ " يَخْرُجُ فِي آخِرِ الزَّمَانِ قَوْمٌ كَأَنَّ
هَذَا مِنْهُمْ يَقْرَءُونَ الْقُرْآنَ لاَ يُجَاوِزُ تَرَاقِيَهُمْ يَمْرُقُونَ مِنَ
الإِسْلاَمِ كَمَا يَمْرُقُ السَّهْمُ مِنَ الرَّمِيَّةِ سِيمَاهُمُ التَّحْلِيقُ لاَ
يَزَالُونَ يَخْرُجُونَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ آخِرُهُمْ مَعَ الْمَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ فَإِذَا
لَقِيتُمُوهُمْ فَاقْتُلُوهُمْ هُمْ شَرُّ الْخَلْقِ وَالْخَلِيقَةِ " . قَالَ
أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ شَرِيكُ بْنُ شِهَابٍ لَيْسَ بِذَلِكَ الْمَشْهُورِ
should be noted here that kharijites “will continue to appear until the last of
them comes with Dajjal [Anti-Christ] (لا يزالون يخرجون حتى
يخرج آخرهم مع المسيح الدجال)” (Sunan an-Nasa'i 4103, The Book of Fighting [The Prohibition
of Bloodshed] 37, Chapter: “The One Who Unsheathes His Sword and Starts to
Strike the People With it”, Hadith 138, Grade: Hasan)
this hadith, this does not mean that khawarij will appear only in the era of
the prophet or the holy companions or in the end of time. It means they will
continue to appear until the last of them comes with Dajjal.
Mr. Raihan Nezami,
You say, “It means Kharjites are innovators, but we can observe
that many of the forty signs are available in other sects as well and as much I
know the terrorist groups you mentioned generally talk of early Islam or refer
to the age of Khulfa-e-Rashdin age. Some other sets are great innovators and
possess many signs of the list.
“My question is: Are other
Islamic groups/sect not in the category of Kharjites?”
In the quote taken from Fathul Bari, the Sunni commentary book of
Sahihul Bukhari, I used a bracketed word “(blameworthy)”, but you missed it.
According to Allama Hajar Asqalani, the kharijites are bad or
blameworthy innovators. He does not mean to say that kharijites are good
I can understand from your comment what you want to mean, but it
will be better if you explain it in your own words.
As you know, there are two types of innovators among Muslims;
first those who are doing good innovations, secondly those who are doing bad
innovations. Allama Hajar Asqalani in his commentary has referred to as bad or
Your question if other sects are not in the category of
kharijites, based on the characteristics mentioned in the article. I must reply
to you that those sects who have all these forty characteristics can be described
You said to me, “Janab Ghulam Ghous
Sb: You have referred a Hadith, "“Al-Khawarij is plural of kharija i.e. a
faction. They are a group of (blameworthy) innovators who are named as such due
to their leaving the Din (religion) and rebelling against the best of Muslims.”
(Fathul Bari Sharh Sahih Ul Bukhari, vol 12, page 283)."...................
First thing to tell you is that this
is not a Hadith. This is only introduction of kharijites made by Allama Hajar
Asqalani in his book ‘Fathul Bari’ which is Sunni commentary of Sahih Ul Bukhari.
Mr. Naseer Ahmed,
The ISIS claims they are ‘applying’ Quran, Hadith, Sharia and
Muslims like me believe that the ISIS is misusing Quran, Hadith
The ISIS claims they are not “kharijites”.
Muslims like me and Mr. Muhammad Yunus believe and even have
proved that the members of ISIS are kharijties.
But Mr. Naseer Ahmed,
You claim that the characteristics of kharijites can be applied by
ISIS for those who oppose ISIS.
On this basis you claim that the characteristics mentioned in this
article are weak.
While checking how you have measured my article, I found your
measurement as tantamount to say that Muslims should stop describing ISIS as
kharijites because according to you their characteristics can be applied by
Now please tell me! Based on your analogy, should Muslims stop applying
Quran, hadith, and Islam, because the ‘ISIS’ claims they are ‘applying’ Quran,
hadith and Islam. Or Maazallah, Should Muslims think “the Quran, hadith and
Islam are based on weak arguments”, because according to you, they can be
applied by ISIS too.
Muslims like me are making efforts for eliminating terrorism and
kharijism, whether by weak arguments or strong arguments, they are commendable.
If you think you have strong arguments to eliminate terrorism, why have you not
so far succeeded in it? In this case, the world needs you more than me like
Mr. Ghaus, such articles can prevent
many possibilities of people from joining ISIS.
Nice work dear! Let the commentators
speak of their mind, they have freedom of speech. Some of them may discourage
and criticize you and others of them encourage and felicitate you for this
work. As for me, you are doing a nice work. And i must also accept that the
people of ISIS are Kharijites who were outlawed by the prophet of islam 1400
Mr Ghaus says:
“'ISIS',is a branch of kharijites, also known as 'wahhabis'”
According to the "hadiths" quoted by him, the Kharjites
are the dogs of hellfire and those who kill
them (kharijites), shall get a reward on the Day of Resurrection.
So apparently he advocates killing all the Kharjites aka “Wahhabis”!
Aren’t these hadiths the disease itself? The term kharjite has been conveniently extended by Mr Ghulam Ghaus to include all so called "wahhabis" which perhaps includes all Deobandis also.
Ideologically speaking, Islamic theology stinks no matter which sect a person may belong to. They are all the same. There is no cure for this diseases unless the fabrications attributed to the Prophet (pbuh) and labeled as the ahadith are categorized as highly unreliable and doubtful apocrypha.
Mr. Sultan Shahin,
Could you please give me any quote where the so-called ‘Islamic State’ has
clearly claimed to fight the end-time war known as Al-Malhama Al-Kubra?
We do find some narrations about Al-Malhama
Al-Kubra that in Islam refers to the great final battle between the evil forces
of Dajjal (anti-Christ) and Muslim army led by the prophet Isa (Jesus) peace be
upon him and his assistant Imam Al-Mahdi (peace be upon him). This battle will
result into the defeat of Dajjal and victory for Hazrat Isa and Imam Mahdi
(peace be upon them).
If ‘ISIS’ has claimed to fight Al-Malhama Al-Kubra, then where is Hazrat Isa (Jesus) peace be
upon him and his assistant Imam Mahdi
peace be upon him? In this case, the same narrations regarding Al-Malhama
Al-Kubra refute the forged narrative of ‘ISIS’.