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Islamic Ideology (14 Jan 2015 NewAgeIslam.Com)



Hadith Is Not a Divine Scripture of Islam – a la Qur’an

 

 

By Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

14 January, 2015

(Muhammad Yunus, co-author (Jointly with Ashfaque Ullah Syed), Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009)

This condensed article aims at corroborating the above claim made in Sultan Shahin Sahab’s article now under debate, ref:

Muslims Must Confront Islamist Terror Ideologically: An Islamic Reformation Required

Since the commentaries are not debating the issue as raised in the article in a focused way and instead going around it and debating an irresolvable issue, whether the Qur’an is created or uncreated, the need is felt for this focused article.

It consists of some simple questions and quotations from some of the most eminent scholars of Islam. The Ahadith quoted are all from the most reputed of Hadith compilations – that of Imam Bukhari.

Question 1. Will it be correct to claim the following today? 

•        The sun goes down every day under the Throne (of God) and takes permission to rise again [Vol.4/ Acc.421].

•        Fever is from the heat of hell [Vol.7/ Acc. 619, 620, 621, 622/Volume 7],

•        Cupping operations or branding (cauterization) offer best for healing of wounds [Vol.7/ Acc. 584, 585 and 587, 605],

•        One should run away from the leper as one runs away from the lion. [Vol.7/ Acc.608/],

•        No contagious disease is conveyed to others without Allah's permission

•        The majority of the dwellers of hell-fire will be women [Acc.28, 301/Vol.1, Acc. 541/Vol.2].

•        A woman (`that is sterile or discontented or impudent') can be a bad omen [Vo.7/ Acc.649, 666.]

Q.2 Can anyone claim infallibility of the following Ahadith which are self-contradictory

•        Hajj is redemption of all past sins [Vol.2, Acc. 596]. The reward for hajj is commensurate to the hardship undertaken for it [Vol.3, Acc. 15].

•        The dog is a clean animal as dogs used to roam about the Prophet’s mosque and even urinate there [Vol.1, Acc. 174]. The dog is an unclean animal, and so if a dog eats from a container, it is to be washed seven times to purify it before human use [Vol.1, Acc. 173].

•        The dog is a blessed creature as a man was promised Paradise by God because he brought water from a well to quench the thirst of a dog [Vol.1, Acc. 174]. The dog is an accursed creature as its sale is forbidden [Vol.3, Acc. 439, 440].

•        The Prophet forbade the killing of women and children [Vol.4, Acc. 257, 258]. The Prophet tacitly approved the killing of pagans at night when women were also exposed (and could be killed during attack) [Vol.4, Acc. 256].

3. Can anyone claim eternal validity of the following Ahadith that were specific to the era?

Muslims must not carry the Qur’an to a hostile land [Vol.4, Acc. 233],

They must not keep agricultural implements at homes [Vol.3, Acc. 514], take the price of a dog [Vol.3, Acc. 439, 440], or sell fruits until they are ripe and red [Vol.1, Acc. 565]

4. Can anyone claim that the Hadith that project the Prophet as a sadist and sexually obsesses person as quoted in my last article [2] divinely revealed? 

The answer to the above four simple questions is “No”

5. Did the Prophet show any of the various miracles as great many Ahadith claim? 

The answer in ‘No’ because the Qur’an which is the infallible word of God repeatedly refutes such notion (6:37, 11:12, 13:7, 17:90-93, 21:5, 25:7/8, 29:50), though it claims its own miraculous character [1].

Now let us quote some of the most eminent scholars of Islam including the compilers of the Hadith:

1.       Imam al-Bukhari: “Why do people impose conditions which are not in Allah’s book (Kitab il Lah)? Whoever imposes such conditions as are not in Allah’s Laws (Kitab il Lah), then that condition is invalid even if he imposes one hundred such conditions, for Allah’s conditions (as stated in the Qur’an) are truth and more valid.”[Acc. 364, 735/Vol.3].

2.       Imam Muslim: "If we discuss about all those accounts which are held authentic (Sahih) before the learned, and suspect by a critical scholar (who demands a proof of personal meeting between the narrators and transmitters of Hadith in each generation), - we would simply be tired (because they are so large in number)." …‘This argument is novel in its approach, and it is wrong that early scholars did not believe in this. Neither is its denial by those who came later, any ground for its repudiation... and God is there to help repudiate what is wrong in the religion of the learned and I trust in Him” – Imam Muslim [Concluding pages of Muqaddimah of his compilation]

3.       Shibli Noumani: “Caliph Umar is reported to have remarked: Fanan Shaqaluhum Jar’rethul Qur’ana (Do not mix things with the Qur’an), and Wa Qil’lur Rawa’ayata Un Rasul’illahe” (Quote sparingly from the Prophet). [Shibli Noumani, al Faruq, 1898, Karachi reprint 1991]

4.       Yusuf Guraya records, on the strength of al-Tabari:4  

“The seven jurists of Madinah were primarily Fuqaha as their epithet suggests, and it was only secondarily that they related to Ahadith. They were Sa'id b. al-Musayyib (d. 93 A.H.)... These were the people who laid down the foundations of Madinese Fiqh. They were not strictly traditionalist, and the majority of them preoccupied themselves with juridical opinions and Fiqh, rather than Hadith.” [Yusuf Guraya, Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence, Delhi 1992, p. 29/30]

Conclusion: The above illustrations are more than enough to establish that the Hadith could not be divinely revealed – parallel or complementary or even remotely synergetic to the Qur’an as the article claims. Any further elaboration, which can no doubt be added, will, however, be like killing the scarecrow and tax the readers. Indeed we need the Hadith to know the ways the Prophet performed the Islamic rituals like prayer, fasting and hajj but we cannot consider it divine or even indirect revelation (Wah’i) because then we will make a gross error by elevating what is fallible and historically derived, era specific to the level of divinity – an open shirk.

The evolution of Hadith sciences is a highly technical subject and those interest may read the following articles posted on this website sometimes back:

Related Articles:

Evolution of Hadith Sciences and Need for Major Paradigm Shift in Role of Hadith Corpus and Scope of Madrasa Education

http://newageislam.com/islamic-sharia-laws/evolution-of-hadith-sciences-and-need-for-major-paradigm-shift-in-role-of-hadith-corpus-and-scope-of-madrasa-education/d/6581

Defending the Hadith and Its Compilers – The Great Imams Who Are Sometimes Misunderstood and Even Reviled

http://newageislam.com/islamic-sharia-laws/by-muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/defending-the-hadith-and-its-compilers-–-the-great-imams-who-are-sometimes-misunderstood-and-even-reviled/d/8011

Muslims Must Confront Islamist Terror Ideologically: An Islamic Reformation Required

http://www.newageislam.com/islam,terrorism-and-jihad/sultan-shahin,-editor,-new-age-islam/muslims-must-confront-islamist-terror-ideologically--an-islamic-reformation-required/d/100918

Notes

1.       The Qur’an challenges its audience successively “to produce a discourse (hadith) like this, if they are truthful” (52:34); “to forging ten or producing a single chapter like it (11:13, 2:23)” and warned them that they can never do it (2:24). It further claims that it is of such a literary grandeur that only God Almighty could be its Author (10:37).

Muhammad Yunus, a Chemical Engineering graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, and a retired corporate executive has been engaged in an in-depth study of the Qur’an since early 90’s, focusing on its core message. He has co-authored the referred exegetic work, which received the approval of al-Azhar al-Sharif, Cairo in 2002, and following restructuring and refinement was endorsed and authenticated by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl of UCLA, and published by Amana Publications, Maryland, USA, 2009.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/hadith-is-not-a-divine-scripture-of-islam-–-a-la-qur’an/d/100996

 




TOTAL COMMENTS:-   10


  • Lodhia
    You are following GM unconsciously in not picking. You mmust define cult mentality?
    What is a cult and what is cultist mentality? What you call if somebody kills and being killed for the love and honor of prophet?
    What do you call somebody who can sacrifices his parwnts , children and relatives for the sake of unconditional love for prophet?

    By rational mohammed yunus - 2/6/2015 12:16:14 AM



  • Sultan Shahin Saheb,

     

    Subject: What Is Cult Mentality?  

     

    One of your forum’s most favorite commentators wrote to Muhammad Yunus Saheb, “Is it not cult mentality?

     

    You of all know well that Yunus Saheb is very well versed in the subject related to our Holy Quran. Therefore, I remain baffled by this particular question.

     

    For sure, those readers who have a highest respect for Muhammad Yunus Saheb, (which includes this humble Muslim), will certainly appreciate your kind response.

     

    Mohammed Rafiq Lodhia    


    By Mohammed Rafiq Lodhia - 2/5/2015 11:09:49 PM



  • Mohammed yunus saheb
    Many commentators are absent. Those who could write in support of fanciful attributes to the prophet. 
    Now to core of my objection against you.
    In this comment you called attributes of prophet fanciful not derogatory of insulting. Playing with words. You call it derogatory if I quote them and my comment hate speech for which I can be booked under law.
    Who attributed these derogatory and insulting stories to the prophet hz Mohammed who is dearest to you than anything in the world even parents who gave birth to you and brought you to a respectful position. Is it not cult mentality?
    Why fabricators of insulting stories are great personalities to you and quoter the lowest creature? Is justice dear you? You go in silence when I ask this question. 
    Muslims do khatm e bukhari for blessing and you call it derogatory. 
    You are applying double standard. Why harsh words are not for fabricators from your tongue?
    Is everything attached to Islam just beautiful? 
    I am sorry to say that you played double standard. Do you learn it from the Quran. I never quoted a false quotation. It can be verified. You have verified. 
    How can you be with victims of Charlie habdo killing if you have intense hate for who insult Islam in your view. You proved stand of killers with verbal war. They used guns you used words. Yet you show solidatory with victims. Is it due to your living in west?

    By rational mohammed yunus - 2/5/2015 10:57:22 PM



  • Dear Rational,
    You said " If you wrote an article to show that the prophet had no shadow or ilm e ghaib etc there will be a pile of comments from Sufi muslims"

    Well this is what I wrote in another article referenced below:

    The truth is the simple Muslims in early Islam created fanciful imageries around the person of the Prophet to make him a legendary and extra-ordinary figure. That included, among other things, colourful details about some of his marriages, which may sometimes be as imaginative as the stories surrounding the birth of the Prophet: a blaze of white light on Abdullah’s forehead as he went to consume marriage with his bride that led to the conception of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), light from Amina’s pregnant belly illuminating the night sky right up to Syria,  a violent earthquake made the palace of Chosroes the Great tremble, and shattered fourteen of its towers; the sacred fire, kept alight for more than a thousand years by Persian worshippers went out, all the idols of the universe were found with their heads bowed down in great shame and so forth. The early listeners of these accounts listened to them with awe and admiration as the bizarre and the fantabulous fired their imagination. Narrated today, they are simply gossipy or Islamic mythology rubber stamped as theology or weak Hadith.

    Ref: Defending the Prophet of Islam against Vulgar Charges from both Islamophobic and Radical Islamic Intellectuals and So Called Rationalists

    Only five or six people commented including yourself.

    Don't you differentiate between myth and truth. Have you really read the Qur'an with its simple meaning or are you among those who try to understand the Qur'an in light of Hadith and take all embellishments on their face value.    

    By muhammad yunus - 2/5/2015 9:33:01 AM



  • Article draws but a few comments. Why?
    Because either the article is not worth responding or Muslims specially sufis under the cloack of modernism opt silence. Majority of Muslims including moderates consider Hadith equal to the Quran or a key to understand the Quran.
    Best way to hide one's favor to hadith is silence. Their voice will expose the disease. So few keep writing to pull down the hadith one paddle below but the majority keep revering hadith equal or even higher than the Quran.
    The article is not well taken by peaceful Sufi Muslims of the site. If you wrote an article to show that the prophet had no shadow or ilm e ghaib etc there will be a pile of comments from Sufi muslims.


    By rational mohammed yunus - 1/28/2015 9:49:53 PM



  • Dear Bhandriji,

    The historical significance of Hadith is undeniable and noted as below in my article referenced below:

    "When the common people in Europe were sleeping in communal halls on haystacks in pitch darkness and had no more than a pair of clothes or leather jerkins to wear, and spent their whole winter indoors living on potato and porridge cooked over the left over in the same pot, year after year, and had no schools, colleges or centers of learning, the Muslims lived in great luxury and sophistication and popularized and advanced all forms of art, craft and knowledge at grass roots level that was beyond the imagination of their European counterparts. While their cultural superiority owed to their newfound Qur’anic wisdom, military successes, adoption of the cultural paradigms of the major civilizations they subsumed (the Romans, Egyptians, Persians, Indian for example) and an unremitting passion to acquire knowledge, the inner fabric of the society was immensely benefited by the ancestral wisdom, passed from generation to generation in the form of narrations or Hadith. The Hadith sciences covered practically all the activities of the community and fields of knowledge and provided a common set of paradigms that filled the gap in practical knowledge in the early centuries of Islam. Thus, Imam Bukhari’s compilation [2] is spread over 9 volumes, divided into a total of 93 sections (or books) and 3981 chapters. Broadly speaking, it covers the following areas of life:

    Agricultural activities: Sowing and planting of seeds, keeping a watchdog at the farm, use of oxen for ploughing, share cropping, distribution of water, use of wells, irrigation and dams, documentation, etc.

    Financial dealings: Bartering, advance booking of goods, sale and purchase of cattle-heads and property, collection of debt, lost and found, mortgaging, evaluation of joint property, dividing of houses, sharing of land, gold, silver, food, and slaves; bankruptcy, renting, transfer of debts, freezing of property, representation of authority etc.

    Legal matters: Litigation for executing the will of the deceased; fraud and cheating; status and handling of slave girls; law of inheritance, al-hudud (limits of punishment), blood money, coercion, sexual assault etc.

    Interpretation of selective Qur’anic verses: Beginning of creation, accounts of Adam's fall from the Paradise, blessings and healing powers of Qur'anic verses, description of the rewards and punishment in the Day of Judgement etc.

    There is a full chapter Book (XVI/Vol.3) on freeing of slaves and its superiority’. ‘Whoever frees a Muslim slave, God will save all the parts of his body from the (Hell) Fire (693). To free the most expensive and the most beloved slave (694), to free slaves at the time of solar eclipse (695) lunar eclipse (696), to educate and treat slave girls nicely then free them, and take them in wedlock (Acc.720, 723/Vol.3). Since some slaves were under joint ownership in those days, the Prophet is reported to have urged the rich partner to free such slaves completely (not partially) (697, 698, 699, 700, 701, 702) or alternatively the price of the slave is to be estimated, and the slave is to be helped to work without hardship till he pays the rest of his price (672, 704).

    Simple daily chores: Rising from sleep, cleaning of teeth, washing, bathing, ablution, dressing up, eating, keeping a pet, clipping of nail, cutting of hair, going for a walk, attending to natural call etc.

    Invocation to cover practically each of the daily rituals, including getting up in the morning, going to toilet, while ascending a high place, going down a valley, against and in favour of pagans, during and after prayer, while dusting the bed sheet before going to bed, while going to bed, sleeping on the right side, waking up at midnight, putting the right hand under right cheek etc. 

    Marriage: Its divine blessing, marrying a virgin, a matron, several women, one's own slave girl; who all are prohibited in marriage, presenting one's daughter or sister to a man, marrying off one's young children, beating the tambourine during the nikah, consummating marriage on journey, during the day, and with a nine year old girl; perfume for the bridegroom, etc.

    Different aspects of a divorce, including among others: giving the divorce during a woman’s monthly period, in a state of anger, using gestures to express divorce, divorcing thrice at a time, stoning a woman accused of adultery, remarriage after divorce etc.

    Emotions, wishes, afflictions, judgements, patients, medicines, interpretation of dreams, meals, aqiqa, slaughtering of animal, festivals, religious rites; personal virtues and manners; social norms etc.

    Armed conflicts, jihad, war-booty; the virtues of ansars, Medina, and the Prophet's companions, treatment of non-Muslims at peace and wartime etc.

    For its era, the knowledge contained in the Hadith enabled the growing Muslim community to lead a peaceful, harmonious and progressive life and contributed to the phenomenal rise of Islam. However, we must remember that human civilization has advanced by more than a millennium and the customs, methods and exigencies of life and the scope of knowledge has seen waves upon waves of changes and therefore we cannot lock ourselves to the glorious era of Hadith domination.

    The evolution of the Hadith sciences and the Prophet’s Sunna and the need for a Major Paradigm Shift regarding the role of the Hadith Corpus and the scope of Madrassa education.

    http://www.newageislam.com/NewAgeIslamIslamicShariaLaws_1.aspx?ArticleID=6581



    By muhammad yunus - 1/21/2015 9:27:51 PM



    • The following comment relocated under this thread where it belongs:
    • Hadith is not Divine like the Holy Quran which is supreme. Hadith comes at the second place. Even here the Agreed Upon Hadith is considered better than others. Among the sayings of the  Holy Prophet Mohammed PBUH perhaps Saying with the Divine Inspiration will have priority. This has  been discussed by scholars of the past and present. There might be some 'mixing' which needs to be checked at the touchstone of the teachings of the Holy Quran. Hadith is another  great thing which Islam has given to the world. Islam should be proud of the Hadith.
      By P.S. Bhandari - 1/21/2015 5:18:26 PM

    By muhammad yunus - 1/21/2015 8:02:14 PM




  • Well done, Mr Yunus.

    Here is a link I received a few days ago.

    The book  Biblical Mullahs: Discovering True Islam Behind The Myths is now up at Google Books. You can see it here :  https://play.google.com/store/search?q=Biblical%20Mullahs&c=books


     


    The book exposes  a lot of the misinformation Muslims have been fed over a long time leading to their misery and downfall. It certainly opened my eyes.


     


    It is worth acquiring the book and getting others to do the same. It cannot be copied or printed.It should generate a lot of comment.


     


     



    By A Khan - 1/15/2015 10:41:30 PM



  • Hadiths are neither holy nor binding. Some Hadiths containing genuine pearls of wisdom may be read just as we read works of Aesop, Voltaire or Ghalib.
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 1/14/2015 3:04:29 PM



  • If citing half a dozen reasons as to why the Quran is created cannot resolve the question whether it is created or not created, then why does Mr Yunus think that a similar exercise for the Ahadith can resolve the issue? 

    If the issue was resolvable, it would have been resolved by now and there would have been no need for his article. 


    By Observer - 1/14/2015 1:59:55 AM



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