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Islamic Ideology (23 Nov 2015 NewAgeIslam.Com)



Jihadist Atrocities and the Salafi-Wahhabi Doctrine of Al-Wala-Wal-Bara (Loyalty with Salafi-Wahhabi Muslims and Enmity against all non-Salafi-Wahhabi Muslims and non-Muslims)



By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi, New Age Islam

23 November 2015

We cannot accept any religious justification for the killing of innocent and non-combatant civilians whatever the motive, whatever the method or wherever the reason. However, if we Muslims are really concerned about war on terror, every narrative of victimhood, denial and conspiracy theories should be deconstructed and dismantled. Action-reaction theory is also run of the mill. The recent Paris attack showed an obnoxious picture of the violent extremists wantonly killing and terrorizing innocent civilians. It was not only an attack on peace and harmony prevailing in France but a clear indication of rapid rise in the global extremist ideology.  It was a direct result of ISIS jihadists returning from Syria with mindless violence motivated by a dangerous ideology of intolerance and wanton killing.    

Against the backdrop of the ISIS-led Paris massacre, it is high time we take cognizance of the extremist ideology that Daesh and its entire jihadist ilk adhere to. Throughout the Islamic history, the Kharjism-inspired doctrines provided the religious and ideological underpinnings to enable radical Islamist movements to take up arms against existing governments. While most governments are able to reconcile with the mainstream moderate Muslims, neo-Kharijite extremists reject any kind of compromise, insisting on their way to the exclusion of all others. In their crazy bid to fulfill their self-imposed duties of ‘Dawah and Irshad’ (preaching and proselytizing), Amr Bil Maruf Wa Nahy Anil Munkar (enjoining good and forbidding evil) and al-Wala wal-Bara (loyalty and enmity), they easily resort to armed struggle and wanton killing. Thank God, the global progressive Islamic media, particularly New Age Islam, has been carrying news and analysis on the global Jihadists inspired by a complete theology of intolerance rooted in the Islamic history. Of course, there is no way out without combating the hate-driven understanding of Islam which continues to attract recruits for the ISIS other Islamist terrorist organisations. Before more and more innocent lives are lost, it would be timely and expedient to identify the ideological roots of IS which lie in the extremist theology.

While the world leaders have openly called for war on ISIS, one should pay heed to what a Saudi scholar Fu’ad Ibrahim has brought out in his research findings. His findings need to be seriously studied. He says that the ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s expressions replicate exactly the language of Ibn Abdul Wahhab, the founder ideologue of Wahhabism. Most particularly, the constant use of the dangerous radical doctrine “al-Wala wal Bara” (friendship with Salafi-Wahhabi Muslims and enmity against other Muslims and non-Muslims) is cherished by the ISIS jihadists. The ferocious understanding of this doctrine is the core essence of the hardcore belief that Ibn Abdul Wahhab and his followers consider “an integral part to Iman-e-Kamil” (perfect faith in Islam).

In his famous book, Majmu’ah at-Tawhid, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab writes:

“Islam of a man can never be accepted, even if he abandons polytheism, unless he shows enmity in his words and actions towards the disbelievers and infidels”……. “Kufr and Islam are opposed to each other. The progress of one is possible only at the expense of the other and co-existences between these two contradictory faiths is unthinkable”……“The honour of Islam lies in insulting Kufr and Kafirs, One who respects Kafirs, dishonours the Muslims. To respect them does not merely mean honouring them and assigning them a seat of honour in any assembly, but it also implies keeping company with them or showing considerations to them. They should be kept at an arm's length like dogs”…..... “If some worldly business cannot be performed without them, in that case only a minimum of contact should be established with them but without taking them into confidence. The highest Islamic sentiment asserts that it is better to forego that worldly business and that no relationship should be established with the Kafirs”.

Following in his footsteps, another later Salafist ideologue Shaikh Hamad bin Ateeq, who studied Islam at Imam Muhammad bin Sa‘ud Islamic University in Riyadh and learned from leading Salafi clergy like Shaikh bin Baaz, Shaikh al-‘Uthaymeen and Shaikh al-Fawzaan, writes:

“In the book of Allah (Qur'an) there is no ruling more apparent and significant than the ruling of al-Wala' Wal Bara', after the requirement of Tawhid and the prohibition of its opposite” (An-Najaat wal-Fakak, p.14).

In fact, all the above extremist renditions are misleading interpretations of a Qur’anic verse mentioned in Surat al-Muja'dilah (verse: 22).They are entirely relied on an earlier interpretation rendered by the founder-ideologue of Salafism, Shaikh Ibn Taymiyya. He writes:

"The declaration of faith that there is no god but Allah, requires you to love only for the sake of Allah, to hate only for the sake of Allah, to ally yourself only for the sake of Allah, to declare enmity only for the sake of Allah; it requires you to love what Allah loves and to hate what Allah hates (al-Ihtijaj bil-Qadar, p.62).

It should be made clear that the hardcore Wahhabi belief of al-Wala wal-Bara (that a Muslim cannot be a perfect Muslim until he/she shows hatred in words and actions against the non-Muslims) also includes non-Salafi/Wahhabi Muslims such as the Sufis and Shias etc. Therefore, merely having faith in one Creator is not sufficient for them to be called Muslim. They have to harbour and foment hatred and enmity against the infidels, even if they happen to be their friends, classmates, neighbours, countrymen or even relatives. And yes, harbouring this evil emotion only in heart will not suffice. They need to convert them all to Islam or else slit their throats, chop off their heads, kill their wives, their children and destroy their properties and take them as the spoils of war. Those denying this ‘principle of faith’ or even entertaining doubts about it were declared by Ibn Abdul Wahhab as ‘Murtad’ (apostates) and hence were slaughtered.

So the ISIS jihadists, by trying to terrorise the non-Muslim or non-Wahhabi world today, are actually implementing one of the basic postulates of the Wahhabi version of Islam. No wonder then, Ibn Abdul Wahhab’s writings and other Wahhabi Ulema’s books and commentaries of Qur’an are widely distributed in the areas sized by the Daesh.

Regrettably, this radicalized understanding of Islam continues to spread unchecked and unchallenged, threatening social stability at the local, national, and regional levels and creating geopolitical dangers, especially to the common masses of the Middle East, USA and Europe. Stemming from the Middle East, particularly Saudi Arabia, the violent tide of faith-inspired fanaticism came all out to play havoc across the globe. It is directly linked with the Khariji-Wahhabi ideology which is completely antithetical to the mainstream spiritual narrative of Islam. This ideology is built on the concept of political enforcement of religious beliefs and thus allows aggression and violence in matters of faith. Much against this idea, the traditional Islam considers faith as a personal relationship between man and God. Therefore, in this spiritual belief, there can be no compulsion or force used in religion. From the time of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), peace and tolerance were practiced between different religious groups, with respect to distinctions in belief. However, many of us are turning a blind eye to a vicious xenophobia and intolerance. This is the major cause of the atrocities of ISIS or other extremist followers of Islam today which rely on brazenly un-Islamic doctrines.

A considerable number of Islamic clerics, Ulema and Imams, particularly those with Sufi orientation, have come out to denounce terrorism. The topmost Islamic university Al-Azhar’s chancellor Shaikh Ahmad Al-Tayyab’s categorical admission of link between violence and the extremist Islamic theology at a counter-terrorism summit in Mecca is a strong case in point. Even the current Grand Mufti of Syria, Ahmad Badreddin Hassoun, has stated that the ISIS jihadists follow a twisted understanding of Islamic beliefs. "They tell their followers that they will end up in paradise, if they murder people. But this goes against the Prophet’s teachings, because, of course, nobody gets to paradise using these methods. We need to preach the idea that a person gets to paradise through cultural enlightening, education and solidarity", he said in a recent interview to Russia Today on 13th Nov, 2015. Yet, Ulema are not yet refuting the terrorist ideology regularly, systematically and point by point, as done on NewAgeIslam.com.

Nearly all world religious leaders and governments have shown vital support to France in this troubling time.  But the same question remains to be answered: will they again restrict themselves to their verbal outrage against the ISIS as usual? Is merely condemning the culprits sufficient? Every condemnation, however vehement or spirited, will remain futile, unless they rebut the ideologies of terror. It is an opportune time for them to run down the extremist ideology that the ISIS and other jihadists adhere to. Surprisingly enough, a large part of the world are still purportedly oblivious to the ideological factor, while a considerable number of  Islamic scholars, spiritual masters and heads of global Islamic seminaries have alluded to the nexus between extremism and the misreading of Qur’an and Hadith (the primary Islamic scriptures). What else will it take us to wake up to the harsh reality that the Daesh has an ideology which is at war with the entire humanity including Muslims, not just the non-Muslims? Unless the world leaders declare an unequivocal war against the core ideology of the ISIS, no war on terror will help.

 However, Islamist ideology of terror is specific to a particular obnoxious stream of thought and not common to the entire religion of Islam. But unfortunately, after the Paris massacre, there is substantial evidence of increase in Islamophobic sentiments and anti-Muslim incidents such as ban on beard and Burqa, mosques, madrasas and other Islamic preaching centres. Obviously, it’s not a solution, rather a rash reaction to an action. It can’t just put an end to the constant tide of extremism until they curb the real culprits--the extremist ideologues and their blind followers. Instead of a rash generalisation based on oversimplification of radical Islamism, the governments should try to understand and combat it on a much deeper level. They need concrete action plans for rebutting and rooting out the terror ideologies in place of banning a complete faith tradition, its places of worship, or cultural dresses.  However, Muslims should also learn one thing: as long as their co-religionists keep playing havoc across the world loudly claiming that their faith tells them to do so, they can’t just live in a world free from Islamophobia.

Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi is a classical Islamic scholar, English-Arabic-Urdu writer, and a Doctoral Research Scholar, Centre for Culture, Media & Governance (JMI Central University).  After graduation in Arabic (Hons.), he has done his M. A. in Comparative Religions & Civilizations and a double M.A. in Islamic Studies from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.  He can be contacted at grdehlavi@gmail.com

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/ghulam-rasool-dehlvi,-new-age-islam/jihadist-atrocities-and-the-salafi-wahhabi-doctrine-of-al-wala-wal-bara-(loyalty-with-salafi-wahhabi-muslims-and-enmity-against-all-non-salafi-wahhabi-muslims-and-non-muslims)/d/105381





TOTAL COMMENTS:-   9


  • In order to know Islam's stand on bloodshed like the one we saw in Paris, we should reflect on the following prophetic tradition reported in Sahih Bukhari 299, Vol: 9:

    "When the news reached the Prophet of Islam that his commander Khalid Bin Waleed had executed members of Bani Khuzaimah Bedouins (Sabaeans) in cold blood, he was deeply grieved and raised his hands towards the heaven, uttering these words: "O Allâh! I am innocent of what Khalid has done" . 

    This Hadith teaches us a very important lesson. No matter what, Muslims must condemn the killings such as the one in Paris unambiguously without drawing parallels or trying to trace a background. The moment they do so, they would be taken as someone condoning the killings rather than condemning them even if they meant so.

    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 11/25/2015 1:38:22 AM



  • Ghulam Mohiuddin Sahab,

    If you were a Christan and lived 100 years ago or earlier, you would say why there is so much confusion with Bible but not with the Qur'an.

    Millions and millions of students are coming out of Islamic seminaries every year and ending up as Imams, mullas, Muftis and so forth. Given the porosity and diversity of Islamic theological sources, these people come up with diverse and often conflicting views. This is captured as follows in page 362 of my jt publication that you have:

    ·         Different individuals, agencies, groups and states, will be able to pick conveniently from their theological sources to legitimize their views and deeds in the whole range of matters concerning their societies. Such matters could be of social, political or theological nature, or pertain to statecraft, educational curriculum and women’s status, for example. Likewise, they will be able to enter into polemics, and have their clerics pass fatwas against conflicting views on all such matters.



    By muhammad yunus - 11/24/2015 9:59:53 PM



  • Yunus sahib, your point is well taken, but I still wonder why such misinterpretations are more common with the Quran than with the Bible although the Bible has very similar contents to the Quran.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 11/24/2015 2:53:13 PM



  • Dear Ghulam Mohiuddin Sahab,

    It is a pity you say "It is a shame that the Quran can be so misinterpreted."

    The truth is even the noblest gesture in day to day life can be taken otherwise and the most innocuous statement can be misconstrued as malicious. You give an affectionate look to your arrogant daughter-in-law and she takes it otherwise. You request  your proud son-in-law for a small favor, he thinks you are giving him orders. Such ambivalence of perception does happen in day to day life in inter-personal relationship. 

    Turning to the Qur'an, any of its verse exhorting the doing of good deeds can be interpreted as divine response to the Prophet's evil intentions that story tellers may speculate.

    According to an account appearing in al-Qaida's series fatwa that i refuted, the Prophet thought of mutilating some thirty corpses of the Qur'aysh when he saw Hind mutilating the corpse of his uncle Hamza and God sent an aya commanding restraint in retaliation.

    The truth is any narrative and even a cartoon can be claimed to be constructive - to expose the evil in the society or poisonous - to spread hatred.

    To cut this rambling short, the Qur'an declares that it can only touch the heart of those who approach it with 'pure heart' and who seek the best meaning in it. It does say: it guides some and it leaves straying others. So, sorry, it may not be  possible to protect the Qur'an against any misinterpretation.

    By muhammad yunus - 11/24/2015 6:55:21 AM



  • Dear Ghulam Mohiyuddin and Ghulam Ghaus saheban,

    Your points are well taken. 

    Much of the world agrees that the Daesh needs to be crushed. But how that can be accomplished, and what the unintended consequences may be, are a lot more complicated. The group, also known as ISIS, ISIL and Daesh, has proved to be as flexible and amoebalike as it is apocalyptic and brutal.

    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 11/24/2015 2:27:13 AM



  • If you all Muslims want to defend the dignity of Islam, you will primarily need to disassociate from hardcore Wahhabism the ideology of which resulted in the creation of ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Boko Haram etc. More than a century ago, many true scholars warned you of menace of Wahhabism, but some of you did not focus on it, but even got the hostile attitude towards non-Wahhabi Muslims. Now when the entire world including you all is facing this menace, yet you are still associated with Wahhabism.     

    Maulana Shaykhu-l-Islam Ahmad Zayni Dahlan, Chief Mufti of Mecca (d.1886) (RA) writes in his essay “Fitna ul Wahhabiyyah” (The menace of Wahhabism):

    “What Ibn 'Abdul-Wahhab's father, brother, and Shaykhs speculated about him came true. Ibn Abdul Wahhab created deviant and misleading ways and beliefs and managed to allure some ignorant people to follow him. His deviant and misleading ways and beliefs disagreed with the sayings of the scholars of Islam. His deviant beliefs led him to label the believers as blasphemers! He falsely declared visiting the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and performing the Tawassul by him as polytheism. Additionally, he falsely claimed visiting the graves of other prophets and righteous Muslims (Auliya’) and performing Tawassul by them was shirk (polytheism) as well. He added to this by saying, "To call upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) when performing Tawassul by the Prophet is shirk." He passed the same judgment of shirk on the ones who call upon other prophets and righteous Muslims (Auliya’) in performing Tawassul by them.

    "In an effort to give credibility to his innovations Ibn 'Abdul-Wahhab embellished his sayings by quotations which he selected from Islamic sources, i.e., quotations which are used as proofs for many issues but not the issues which Ibn 'Abdul-Wahhab attempting to support. He brought false statements and tried to beautify them for the laymen until they followed him. He wrote treatises for them until they believed that most of the People of Tawhid (believers in oneness of God) were blasphemers.”

    “Such were the ideologies that divided Muslims to a large extent. Hence the extremism, radicalization and every possible coercive ways began sweeping across the world. It happened so, because Ibn Abdul Wahhab declared all non-Wahhabi Muslims to be polytheists and called upon his followers to wage ‘Jihad’ against non-Muslims and as well as all non-Wahabi Muslims.”

    URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam,terrorism-and-jihad/ghulam-ghaus,-new-age-islam/patna-serial-blasts-perpetrated-allegedly-by-the-followers-of-ahl-e-hadees--we-muslims-should-not-allow-wahhabism-to-spread-its-poisonous-tentacles-in-india/d/14269
    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 11/24/2015 1:28:45 AM



  • "Daesh has an ideology which is at war with the entire humanity including Muslims." . . .

    Very true! It is a shame that the Quran can be so misinterpreted. Even if Daesh is destroyed, there will be new groups in the future making the same msinterpretations. There should be strenuous efforts to find ways to make our Holy Book  immune to such abuse.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 11/23/2015 1:36:49 PM



  • In his famous book, Majmu’ah at-Tawhid, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab writes:

    “Islam of a man can never be accepted, even if he abandons polytheism, unless he shows enmity in his words and actions towards the disbelievers and infidels”……. “Kufr and Islam are opposed to each other. The progress of one is possible only at the expense of the other and co-existences between these two contradictory faiths is unthinkable”……“The honour of Islam lies in insulting Kufrand Kafirs, One who respects Kafirs, dishonours the Muslims. To respect them does not merely mean honouring them and assigning them a seat of honour in any assembly, but it also implies keeping company with them or showing considerations to them. They should be kept at an arm's length like dogs”…..... “If some worldly business cannot be performed without them, in that case only a minimum of contact should be established with them but without taking them into confidence. The highest Islamic sentiment asserts that it is better to forego that worldly business and that no relationship should be established with theKafirs”.

    Following in his footsteps, another later Salafist ideologue Shaikh Hamad bin Ateeq, who studied Islam at Imam Muhammad bin Sa‘ud Islamic University in Riyadh and learned from leading Salafi clergy like Shaikh bin Baaz, Shaikh al-‘Uthaymeen and Shaikh al-Fawzaan, writes:

    “In the book of Allah (Qur'an) there is no ruling more apparent and significant than the ruling of al-Wala' Wal Bara', after the requirement of Tawhid and the prohibition of its opposite” (An-Najaat wal-Fakak, p.14).

    In fact, all the above extremist renditions are misleading interpretations of a Qur’anic verse mentioned in Surat al-Muja'dilah (verse: 22).They are entirely relied on an earlier interpretation rendered by the founder-ideologue of Salafism, Shaikh Ibn Taymiyya. He writes:

    "The declaration of faith that there is no god but Allah, requires you to love only for the sake of Allah, to hate only for the sake of Allah, to ally yourself only for the sake of Allah, to declare enmity only for the sake of Allah; it requires you to love what Allah loves and to hate what Allah hates (al-Ihtijaj bil-Qadar, p.62).


    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi - 11/23/2015 8:16:28 AM



  • Among other things, GRD is falsely attributing to Abdul Wahab, what Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi, a Sufi said :

    Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi (Andrew G Bostom quoting the works of Sayid Ather Abbas Rizvi and Yohanan Friedman)

    He wrote, “Shariat can be fostered through the sword. Kufr and Islam are opposed to each other. The progress of one is possible only at the expense of the other and co-existences between these two contradictory faiths in unthinkable. The honour of Islam lies in insulting kufr and kafirs. One who respects kafirs, dishonors the Muslims. To respect them does not merely mean honouring them and assigning them any seat of honour in any assembly, but it also implies keeping company with them or showing them any consideration. They should be kept at an arm’s length like dogs…. If some worldly business cannot be performed without them, in that case only a minimum of contact should be established with them but without taking them into confidence. The highest Islamic sentiment asserts it is better to forgo that worldly business and that no relationship should be established with the kafirs.

     

    …..The real purpose in levying jizya on them is to humiliate them to such an extent that, on account of fear of jizya, they may not be able to dress well and to live in grandeur. They should constantly remain terrified and trembling. It is intended to hold them under contempt and to uphold the honour and might of Islam.

    To Lala Beg he wrote: Cow-sacrifice in India is the noblest of Islamic practices. The kafirs may probably agree to pay jizya but they shall never concede to cow-sacrifice.

    GRD also says "They have to harbour and foment hatred and enmity against the infidels, even if they happen to be their friends, classmates, neighbours, countrymen or even relatives. And yes, harbouring this evil emotion only in heart will not suffice. They need to convert them all to Islam or else slit their throats, chop off their heads, kill their wives, their children and destroy their properties and take them as the spoils of war" without providing any reference to the writings of Abdul Wahab. This appears to be apocryphal which many repeat without anyone ever providing the reference.

    ISIS represents an evil the like of it we have not seen before. It is simply a complete contradiction of what Islam stands for and must be destroyed.

    From the point of ideology Abdul Wahab was a bigot but to a lesser extent than Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi who is venerated by the Sufis in India as the reviver of the millennium!



    By Naseer Ahmed - 11/23/2015 7:39:13 AM



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